HOME
The Info List - Haute-Savoie


--- Advertisement ---



Haute- Savoie
Savoie
([ot savwa] ( listen); Arpitan: Savouè d’Amont or Hiôta-Savouè; English: Upper Savoy; German: Obersavoyen or Hochsavoyen; Italian: Alta Savoia) is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
region of south-eastern France, bordering both Switzerland
Switzerland
and Italy. Its capital is Annecy. To the north is Lake Geneva
Geneva
and Switzerland; to the south and southeast are the Mont Blanc and Aravis mountain ranges. The French entrance to the Mont Blanc Tunnel to Italy
Italy
is in Haute-Savoie. It is noted for winter sports; the first Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
were held at Chamonix in 1924.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Forests 2.2 Lakes

3 Economy

3.1 Agriculture 3.2 Crafts 3.3 Construction and public works 3.4 Trade 3.5 Retail 3.6 Companies 3.7 Industry

3.7.1 Companies in Haut-Savoie

3.8 Research 3.9 Services 3.10 Tourism 3.11 Cross-border workers 3.12 Export 3.13 Taxation 3.14 Transport 3.15 Sources

4 See also

4.1 History 4.2 Language 4.3 Places 4.4 Wine

5 References 6 External links

History[edit] See also: Savoy Before 1860, the territory occupied by modern Haute- Savoie
Savoie
and the adjoining department of Savoie
Savoie
had been part of the Kingdom of Sardinia since the Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty of Utrecht
in 1713. Annexation of the region by France
France
was formalized in the Treaty of Turin on March 24, 1860. From November 1942 to September 1943, Haute- Savoie
Savoie
was subjected to military occupation by Fascist Italy. The Maquis des Glières (a band of Free French Resistance fighters who opposed the Nazi, Vichy and Milice
Milice
regimes during World War II) operated from Haute-Savoie. Geography[edit]

Haute- Savoie
Savoie
highlighted in brown in the former Rhône-Alpes region, with arrondissements outlined

Haute- Savoie
Savoie
comprises four arrondissements, divided into 281 communes and 17 cantons. To the north, it borders the Swiss Canton of Geneva and Lake Geneva; to the east the Swiss Canton of Valais
Valais
and Italy's Aosta Valley; to the west the French department of Ain, and to the south the department of Savoie. Haute- Savoie
Savoie
has the largest range of elevations of all the departments in France; the lowest point is 250 metres (820 ft) in the Rhône
Rhône
River Valley, and the highest Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
at 4,810.40 metres (15,782.2 ft).[1]:9 Some of the world's best-known ski resorts are in Haute-Savoie. The terrain of the department includes the Alpine Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Range; the French Prealps
French Prealps
of the Aravis Range, the Chablais, Bornes and Bauges Alps; and the peneplains of Genevois haut-savoyard and Albanais
Albanais
(known collectively as L'Avant-pays savoyard).[1]:9 Its mountainous terrain makes mountain passes important to trade and economic life. Some of the most important are the Col de la Forclaz
Col de la Forclaz
(which connects Chamonix to the Canton of Valais) and the Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
Tunnel, linking Chamonix to Courmayeur
Courmayeur
in the Aosta Valley.[1]:10 Forests[edit] As of 1996, 178,624 hectares (441,390 acres) of Haute- Savoie
Savoie
is forested (38.8 percent of the total land area), compared to 34.4 percent for the Rhone-Alpes
Rhone-Alpes
region and 27.1 percent for France
France
as a whole. Of the forested area 141,063 hectares (348,570 acres) (79 percent) is managed for timber and other forest products, with the remaining 37,561 hectares (92,820 acres) having no commercial value or used for outdoor recreation.[1]:12

Map of Haute-Savoie

National nature reserves are designated by the French government as areas where an outstanding natural heritage is present in both rare and typical areas in terms of species and geology. Management is charged to local organizations, with direction and evaluation focusing on long-term protection for future generations and environmental education.[2] Of the 37,561 hectares (92,820 acres) of land not managed for timber, Haute- Savoie
Savoie
has nine national nature reserves totaling 24,542 hectares (60,640 acres).[3]

Aiguilles Rouges National Nature Reserve
Aiguilles Rouges National Nature Reserve
– 3,276 hectares (8,100 acres) Bout du Lac d' Annecy
Annecy
National Nature Reserve – 84 hectares (210 acres) Carlaveyron National Nature Reserve – 599 hectares (1,480 acres) Contamines-Montjoie National Nature Reserve – 5,500 hectares (14,000 acres) Delta de la Dranse National Nature Reserve
Delta de la Dranse National Nature Reserve
– 539.7 hectares (1,334 acres) Passy National Nature Reserve
Passy National Nature Reserve
– 2,000 hectares (4,900 acres) Roc de Chère National Nature Reserve
Roc de Chère National Nature Reserve
– 68.24 hectares (168.6 acres) Sixt- Passy National Nature Reserve
Passy National Nature Reserve
– 9,200 hectares (23,000 acres) Vallon de Bérard National Nature Reserve – 3,276 hectares (8,100 acres)

Lakes[edit] See also: Lakes in Haute-Savoie

Aerial view of Annecy
Annecy
Lake from the southeast

Haute- Savoie
Savoie
has significant freshwater resources. Lake Annecy
Annecy
is a major attraction, along with the town of Évian-les-Bains, perhaps the best-known town on the French shore of Lake Geneva, and known worldwide for its Evian
Evian
mineral water. Haute- Savoie
Savoie
is entirely within the watershed of the Rhone. Economy[edit] Agriculture[edit] See also: Abondance (cattle)
Abondance (cattle)
and Savoy
Savoy
wine In 2006 approximately 142,000 hectares (350,000 acres) of land was suitable for agriculture, of which 33,600 hectares (83,000 acres) (24 percent) was arable land suitable for market gardening, cultivation or pasture; 600 hectares (1,500 acres) was orchards; 300 hectares (740 acres) was vineyards, and 108,300 hectares (268,000 acres) was alpine tundra or grasses.[4] There were 4,450 farmers in 1999, 4,800 farmers and over 1,700 full-time farm employees at the end of 2006. In 1999, crop production was valued at €71.5 million and animal production at €165.4 million.

Reblochon
Reblochon
cheese

Dairy
Dairy
production is a large part of the Haute- Savoie
Savoie
economy, earning €117.2 million in 2006 and representing 74 percent of the net animal-product worth. Cattle
Cattle
earned €29.7 million.[4]:8 Cheese production (by variety) in 1999 (except as noted) was:

Reblochon
Reblochon
– 16,950 tons Tomme de Savoie
Savoie
– 5,500 tons Emmental – 3,000 tons (2006); 4,050 tons in 1999 Raclette
Raclette
raw milk – 2,000 tons Abondance – 700 tons Tome des Bauges – 650 tons

Crafts[edit] In late 2000 crafts occupied 15 percent of the workforce, or 28,443 employees and 1,922 apprentices. The 11,951 companies represented on the Répertoire des Métiers (Trade Index) were divided into:

Food: 955 companies Construction: 4,924 Production: 2,834 Services: 3,238

Construction and public works[edit] In late December 2000, building construction and public works included 13,867 employees in 4,838 companies as follows:

Construction: 20 percent Decoration, electricity, plastering, painting: 70 percent Public works: 10 percent

Trade[edit] In late December 2000, the trade sector accounted for 33,994 employees in 9,351 companies as follows:

Tourism, culture and recreation: 23.7 percent Food and restaurants: 22.5 percent Hygiene and health: 15.2 percent Service: 14.3 percent Cars, motorcycles, bicycles: 13.1 percent Household equipment, home appliances: 11.2 percent

Retail[edit] In late 2006, the département had 600 commercial establishments in over 300 square metres (3,200 sq ft) (for a total area of 705,419 square metres (7,593,070 sq ft)), including:

13 hypermarkets (78,105 square metres (840,720 sq ft)) 92 supermarkets (112,844 square metres (1,214,640 sq ft)) 24 maxidiscounts (17,600 square metres (189,000 sq ft)) 6 department and variety stores (14,640 square metres (157,600 sq ft)) 465 other stores (482,230 square metres (5,190,700 sq ft))

From 1998 to 2005, 65 new supermarkets were built for an area totaling 50,000 square metres (540,000 sq ft). The average expenditure per capita in 2006 was €21,706. With the 2004–2007 rise of the euro, Swiss customer traffic decreased five or six percent (Swiss shoppers make up half the shoppers in the Geneve Savoyard district). At the end of 2006, traditional small businesses (less than 300 square metres (3,200 sq ft)) represented 84 percent of businesses and 40 percent of retail space. Companies[edit] 4,301 companies were established in 2004 in Haute-Savoie: nearly 80 percent in the service sector, with a high percentage offering service to individuals (hotels, restaurants, recreational, cultural, sports, personal and household services). This accounted for 21.6 percent of new businesses. The most active sectors were real estate (up 24 percent), construction (up 15.4 percent), business services (up 12.4 percent) and the food industry (up 10 percent). Industry[edit] In 1999, Haute- Savoie
Savoie
had 2,779 industrial companies producing 13.60 percent of all business income. Companies in Haut-Savoie[edit]

Food: Entremont, Evian
Evian
(mineral water), Cereal Partners France, La Gerbe Savoyarde, France, Decoration, Besnier, Fruity Chemistry-Pharmacy-Medical: Labcatal, Nicholas Roche, Pierre Fabre Galderma, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Corneal, SNCI, Anthogyr Commerce: Provencia, Botanic Electrical and electronic: Chauvin-Arnoux, DAV, Label, Amphenol Socapex, Cartier, Varilac CEB Mechanical equipment: Dassault, adixen Vacuum Products, Bosch-Rexroth, Union Pump-Guinard Pumps (Group Textron) Home, household equipment: Tefal, Scaime Bourgeois, Mobalpa, Somfy Personal items: S.T. Dupont, Rexam Reboul, Gay, Maped, Pilot Data: Sopra, Cross Systems Machine tools and special machines: Stäubli, Prosys, Mach 1, Techmeta (Bodycote), Wirth and Gruffat, Mecasonic, Almo Mechanics: SNR Bearings, Parker Hannifin, Glacier Vandervell, Invensys, Eurodec, Frank and Pignard, Bouverat, Nicomatic, ZF, Sandvik, Rossignol Technology Metals and materials: PSB Industries, Pechiney Rhenalu, Fonlem Lachenal Plastics: Veka, SMPI, Decoplast Sport and leisure goods: Salomon (skiing), Mavic, Dynastar, Millet, Fusalp, Eider Other: Velsol France, Mecalac, ABMT (Bodycote)

Screw-cutting is a precision parts-machining industry, and Haute- Savoie
Savoie
generates the bulk of French screws. Firms engaged in screw-cutting are major employers in the department. While the automotive industry is the principal client, firms also service the electronics, household-appliance and medical sectors.[5] Arve Industries is part of 67 "competitiveness clusters" created in 2005. The cluster is dedicated to mechatronics and includes 60,000 industrial jobs in over 280 companies (primarily small), 1,200 researchers and 250 patents in 2002. Among the projects supported by the cluster is inertial tolerancing, a new approach in evaluating the quality of machined parts. Based on the Taguchi loss function, inertia is defined by its deviation from its target. Inertial tolerancing is a research-and-development program supported by the cluster for its member companies. It is led by a research team from the Symme Laboratory of the University of Savoie
Savoie
and the CTDEC (Centre Technique du Decolletage). The publication of the French standard NFX 04-008 demonstrates the relevance of topics covered by the cluster. Other programs involve the production of clean parts (4P project), developing new models of customer-supplier relationships to improve the effectiveness of simultaneous engineering tasks, and development of the international visibility of the cluster and its members. The companies concerned are involved with industrial mechanics, precision engineering, precision turning and sub-assemblies and mechanical assemblies, often associated with integrating technologies such as plastics, electronics and hydraulics. Markets served by member companies of the cluster include transport (cars, trucks, rail and air), production and distribution of electricity, hydraulics (gas or liquid, high-pressure vacuum), medical and health-related. Research[edit] The research sector in Haute- Savoie
Savoie
filed 201 patents in 2000. It is represented by:

Laboratory for Particle Physics in Annecy-le-Vieux Technology Center Engineering Industries (CETIM) Research laboratories related to Polytech Savoie, ESIA and Savoy University Technical center for screw-machining industry (CTDEC) in Cluses The Thésame - mechatronics and management

Services[edit] In late December 2000, the service sector employed 75,768 people in 11,129 companies in:

Hotels and restaurants – 26.5 percent Real estate activities – 24.6 percent Consulting and assistance – 14.0 percent Transportation – 6.1 percent Financial activities – 6.2 percent

Tourism[edit] As of late December 2000, the tourism sector had a total of 635,000 beds divided as follows:

1,250 – Rural lodgings 803 – Hotels 453 – Guest rooms 191 – Campsites 70 – Bed-and-breakfasts 40 – Mountain huts

In 1999 there were 37.9 million overnight stays: 56 percent in winter and 44 percent during the rest of the year.

Yvoire
Yvoire
and the Lake Léman

Arve Valley and the town of Cluses

Chateau de Ruphy in Duingt

Seyssel

Montriond Lake

Aiguille du Midi

Cross-border workers[edit] Many people who live in Haute- Savoie
Savoie
(more than 52,200 in November 2006) work in Switzerland
Switzerland
(in the cantons of Geneva, Vaud
Vaud
and Valais).[citation needed] The phenomenon has accelerated since bilateral agreements concluded between Switzerland
Switzerland
and the European Union, of which a significant part concerned free movement of people. In 2007, commuting increased over 12%. Effective June 1, 2007 a resident of Haute- Savoie
Savoie
may freely work in Switzerland. The department and municipalities receive compensation ("frontier funds") allocated to municipalities in proportion to the number of border residents there. Following an agreement signed in Geneva
Geneva
in 1973, the Canton of Geneva
Canton of Geneva
transferred to Haute- Savoie
Savoie
3.5 percent of total worker compensation, equivalent in December 2006 to €77.687 million. Export[edit] Exports are an important part of the economy; forty percent of Haute- Savoie
Savoie
employees work for exporting firms. Exports are primarily to Germany, the United States, Switzerland, Italy
Italy
and the United Kingdom. Imports come mainly from Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Switzerland
Switzerland
and the United States. Taxation[edit] Haute- Savoie
Savoie
has property and income taxes. In 2006, 312,823 households were subject to property taxes and 27,747 were exempt. The average income tax per household was €25,621 in 2007 (compared with the national average of €21,930). Transport[edit] Haute Savoie
Savoie
is served by the A41 and A43 highways. Annecy
Annecy
is accessible from Lyon, with an estimated travel time between two and three hours in normal traffic. Since it is closer to Geneva, the new highway connects the two cities in about an hour. Meythet Airport in Annecy
Annecy
has Air France
France
Regional round-trip service to Paris
Paris
Orly. Saint-Gervais is the only railroad station directly serving a ski resort. The main rail line serves Annecy-Annemasse-Geneva. The Annecy railway station has TGV (high speed trains) departures and arrivals to and from Paris
Paris
via the high-speed line from Lyon Part-Dieu. Sources[edit]

Assedic (January 2000) Construction 74 (January 2000) ERC / DDAF 1999 Chamber of Agriculture Chamber of Trade (December 2000) Customs SIRENE of INSEE (July 2003) CTDEC Chamber of Commerce Thésame

See also[edit] History[edit]

Savoy
Savoy
- Historical region House of Savoy
Savoy
- Ruling dynasty of Savoy
Savoy
from 1032 to 1860 Duchy of Savoy
Savoy
- Rulers of Savoy
Savoy
region from 1416 to 1720 Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia
- 1720 to 1860.

Language[edit]

Arpitan language French language

Places[edit]

Lake Annecy
Annecy
- The third largest lake in France. Lake Geneva
Lake Geneva
- Lake which joins Upper Savoy
Savoy
and Switzerland.

Wine[edit]

French wine
French wine
- Haute- Savoie
Savoie
AOC Wines Savoy
Savoy
wine or Wine of Savoie
Savoie
Allobrogie

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Haute-Savoie: IIIe inventaire 1998" (pdf). Inventaire forestier départemental. Inventaire Forestier National. 2005. Retrieved 2010-09-03.  ^ "What is a nature reserve?". Réserves naturelles de France. Archived from the original on August 24, 2003. Retrieved 2010-09-03.  ^ "Rhône-Alpes". Les réserves naturelles de France
France
- les réserves - par region. Réserves naturelles de France. Archived from the original on May 4, 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-03.  ^ a b "Mémento agricole et rural Haute-Savoie". Direction Départementale de l’ Agriculture
Agriculture
et de la Forêt. April 2008. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-09-03.  ^ "Haute- Savoie
Savoie
sub-contracting". Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de la Haute-Savoie. 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2011. Industry at the heart of dynamism in Haute-Savoie. 30% of GDP in Haute- Savoie
Savoie
comes from industry (compared with 20% in France) A concentration of several professions/skills on one region: screw-cutting, pre-cutting, assembly of sub-assemblies, innovative materials, surface treatment, grinding, tool manufacture. Three key activities: - Sub-contracting and manufacture of sub-assemblies - Capital goods (specialist machinery, robotics) - Consumer goods: agri-food, sports and leisure, household equipment Some 2,500 production organisations 52,000 industrial employees (of which 26,000 in metallurgy and metal-working) Industrial fabric made up primarily of SMEs (79.2% of businesses with fewer than 10 employees). The Arve valley: the global benchmark for screw-cutting The capital of screw-cutting, Haute- Savoie
Savoie
represents 65% of screw-cutting in France, and 20% of industrial enterprises within the administrative area + 800 sub-contracting SMEs and almost 500 SMEs specialising in screw-cutting More than 8,000 employees work in screw-cutting in the Arve valley. Main client screw-cutting client sectors in decreasing order of size: automotive (60% of screw-cutting organisations work for this sector), electronics, household appliances, medical. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haute-Savoie.

Haute- Savoie
Savoie
travel guide from Wikivoyage (in French) General Council website (in French) Prefecture website (in French) Haute- Savoie
Savoie
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Employment statistics access to regional statistics (Department of Labor Region Rhone-Alpes)

v t e

Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140311233 LCCN: n80149001 GND: 4089179-3 SUDOC: 026603063 BNF:

.