(Heer / Luftwaffe)
Rank insignia German officer rank
Introduction 19th century
Rank group Commissioned officers
Army / Air Force Hauptmann_
NATO equivalent OF-2
Navy Captain lieutenant
_HAUPTMANN_ is a German word usually translated as captain when it is
used as an officer's rank in the German , Austrian and Swiss armies .
While "_haupt_" in contemporary German means "main", it also has the
meaning of "head", i.e. _Hauptmann_ literally translates to "head
man", which is also the etymological root of "captain" (from Latin
_caput_ head). It equates to Captain in the British and US Armies ,
and is rated OF-2 in
More generally, it can be used to denote the head of any hierarchically structured group of people, often as a compound word. For example, a _Feuerwehrhauptmann_ is the captain of a fire brigade, while the word _Räuberhauptmann_ refers to the leader of a gang of robbers.
Official Austrian/German titles incorporating the word include _ Landeshauptmann _, _Bezirkshauptmann _, _Burghauptmann _ and _Berghauptmann _.
The word may cognate with the Swedish Hövitsman , which has the root
meaning "Head man" or "the man at the head" and is closely related to
the word "hövding," meaning
On the shoulder straps (Heer, Luftwaffe) there are three silver pips (stars).
* Hauptmann (field suit)
junior Rank Oberleutnant German Bundeswehr officer rank HAUPTMANN senior Rank Major