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Hatzor
Hatzor
(Hebrew: חָצוֹר‬), officially Hatzor
Hatzor
Ashdod, is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located near Ashdod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia
Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 582.[1]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Before the establishment of the kibbutz 2.2 After the establishment of the kibbutz

3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Etymology[edit] The kibbutz is named after a biblical city in the territory of the Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah
called Hatzor
Hatzor
(Joshua 15:23). The extended name Hatzor Ashdod
Ashdod
is to distinguish between this kibbutz and the Galilean town of Hatzor
Hatzor
HaGlilit, although the kibbutz is best known as simply "Hatzor".[2][3] History[edit] Before the establishment of the kibbutz[edit] The gar'in of the kibbutz was founded by a group of Hashomer Hatzair graduates from Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
who gathered at Mishmar HaEmek
Mishmar HaEmek
in 1936. It was named as Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Eretz Israeli Gimel (Gimel is the third letter of the Hebrew Alphabet). In 1937 the members left Mishmar HaEmek and moved to Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
and settled in a camp used by another gar'in that left to establish the kibbutz of Sha'ar HaGolan. At Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
the members were occupied in manual work at orchards, factories, road paving (for the Solel Boneh
Solel Boneh
company) and established a carpentry shop and a Laundrette. In 1938, some of the members were sent for agricultural training in Beit Gan. In 1941 the gari'n absorbed a group of pioneers from Bulgaria, graduates of Hashomer Hatzair and in the years 1945 and 1946 two groups from the United States and Canada, graduates of the movement as well. In 13 May 1943, a group of the gar'in members founded Gvulot, one of the three lookouts, the first Jewish settlements in the Negev. The members settled in Gvulot
Gvulot
for three years where they worked the lands of the Jewish National Fund
Jewish National Fund
and asked to remain there as a permanent settlement. In 1946 Jewish establishments decided to give the land to members of kibbutz Nirim
Nirim
and in return the members of Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Eretz Israeli Gimel were given lands near Yasur.[4] After the establishment of the kibbutz[edit] On 17 June 1946 some of the members arrived at the point and established the kibbutz, which is when they renamed themselves as "Hatzor". The location chosen for the kibbutz was a naked hill, with four Arab villages surrounding it and a British airbase. Initially, the residents lived in tents and built two sheds that were used as a dining room and a barrack. In January 1947 the residents began building permanent buildings and the rest of the members of the gar'in gradually arrived at the kibbutz from Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
until all of them arrived in November 1947.[4]

Frontlines in the area of Hatzor, 16–17 July 1948

During the 1947-1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
transportation was limited and was only carried out with armored vehicles and field work was done under guards. Following the Israeli Declaration of Independence in 14 May 1948, the army of Egypt invaded the former territory of Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
and advanced along the coast line until it reached Ad Halom
Ad Halom
bridge. From the end of May till October 1948, the kibbutz was near the front lines of the Egyptian Army
Egyptian Army
and was repeatedly shelled by artillery fire. Many of members of the kibbutz were recruited to the Israeli Defense Forces
Israeli Defense Forces
and participated in the Battles of Negba. The children, as well as livestock, were evacuated to Holon, while the members who stayed in the kibbutz hid in trenches and shelters. Following Operation Yoav
Operation Yoav
in October the Egyptians withdrew and the kibbutz returned to routine life.[4] The surrounding Arab villages were depopulated and their residents became refugees in the Gaza Strip. Their land was confiscated by the state of Israel
Israel
and part of it was leased to the kibbutz.[4] In the 1950s, another group of Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer Hatzair
members from France
France
and Switzerland
Switzerland
also joined the kibbutz.[4] Like other kibbutzim founded by Hashomer Hatzair
Hashomer Hatzair
members, Hatzor
Hatzor
was affiliated with the Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Artzi movement,[4] which in the 1990s merged into the Kibbutz
Kibbutz
Movement. Since the 1990s the Kibbutz
Kibbutz
has undergone changes towards privatization and abandoned many of its original collective habits. The latest step was the switch to "Safety Net" model in 2006, which in principle means every member is responsible to earn his own living, with a method of slightly reducing the difference between the "richer" and "poorer". As a result of that, more than 100 new members were admitted within 7 years. A new neighborhood of 44 families, populated by those new members, has been completed in spring 2014.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Hatzor
Hatzor
Airbase

References[edit]

^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017.  ^ "Hatzor-Ashdod" (in Hebrew). Mapa. Retrieved 14 August 2016.  ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel
Israel
and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.193, ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English) ^ a b c d e f " Hatzor
Hatzor
(Ahsdod)" (in Hebrew). Israeli Labour Movement. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Official website (in Hebrew)

v t e

Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia
Regional Council

Kibbutzim

Hatzor

Moshavim

Arugot Avigdor Azrikam Be'er Tuvia Beit Ezra Bitzaron Emunim Giv'ati Hatzav Kfar Ahim Kfar Warburg Neve Mivtah Nir Banim Orot Sde Uziyahu Shtulim Talmei Yechiel Timorim Yenon

Other villages

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