Hatzor (Hebrew: חָצוֹר), officially
Hatzor Ashdod, is a
kibbutz in southern Israel. Located near Ashdod, it falls under the
Be'er Tuvia Regional Council. In 2016 it had a
population of 582.
2.1 Before the establishment of the kibbutz
2.2 After the establishment of the kibbutz
3 See also
5 External links
The kibbutz is named after a biblical city in the territory of the
Tribe of Judah
Tribe of Judah called
Hatzor (Joshua 15:23). The extended name Hatzor
Ashdod is to distinguish between this kibbutz and the Galilean town of
Hatzor HaGlilit, although the kibbutz is best known as simply
Before the establishment of the kibbutz
The gar'in of the kibbutz was founded by a group of Hashomer Hatzair
Mandatory Palestine who gathered at
Mishmar HaEmek in
1936. It was named as
Kibbutz Eretz Israeli Gimel (Gimel is the third
letter of the Hebrew Alphabet). In 1937 the members left Mishmar
HaEmek and moved to
Rishon LeZion and settled in a camp used by
another gar'in that left to establish the kibbutz of Sha'ar HaGolan.
Rishon LeZion the members were occupied in manual work at orchards,
factories, road paving (for the
Solel Boneh company) and established a
carpentry shop and a Laundrette. In 1938, some of the members were
sent for agricultural training in Beit Gan. In 1941 the gari'n
absorbed a group of pioneers from Bulgaria, graduates of Hashomer
Hatzair and in the years 1945 and 1946 two groups from the United
States and Canada, graduates of the movement as well. In 13 May 1943,
a group of the gar'in members founded Gvulot, one of the three
lookouts, the first Jewish settlements in the Negev. The members
Gvulot for three years where they worked the lands of the
Jewish National Fund
Jewish National Fund and asked to remain there as a permanent
settlement. In 1946 Jewish establishments decided to give the land to
members of kibbutz
Nirim and in return the members of
Israeli Gimel were given lands near Yasur.
After the establishment of the kibbutz
On 17 June 1946 some of the members arrived at the point and
established the kibbutz, which is when they renamed themselves as
"Hatzor". The location chosen for the kibbutz was a naked hill, with
four Arab villages surrounding it and a British airbase. Initially,
the residents lived in tents and built two sheds that were used as a
dining room and a barrack. In January 1947 the residents began
building permanent buildings and the rest of the members of the gar'in
gradually arrived at the kibbutz from
Rishon LeZion until all of them
arrived in November 1947.
Frontlines in the area of Hatzor, 16–17 July 1948
During the 1947-1948 Civil War in
Mandatory Palestine transportation
was limited and was only carried out with armored vehicles and field
work was done under guards. Following the Israeli Declaration of
Independence in 14 May 1948, the army of Egypt invaded the former
Mandatory Palestine and advanced along the coast line
until it reached
Ad Halom bridge. From the end of May till October
1948, the kibbutz was near the front lines of the
Egyptian Army and
was repeatedly shelled by artillery fire. Many of members of the
kibbutz were recruited to the
Israeli Defense Forces
Israeli Defense Forces and participated
in the Battles of Negba. The children, as well as livestock, were
evacuated to Holon, while the members who stayed in the kibbutz hid in
trenches and shelters. Following
Operation Yoav in October the
Egyptians withdrew and the kibbutz returned to routine life.
The surrounding Arab villages were depopulated and their residents
became refugees in the Gaza Strip. Their land was confiscated by the
Israel and part of it was leased to the kibbutz. In the
1950s, another group of
Hashomer Hatzair members from
Switzerland also joined the kibbutz.
Like other kibbutzim founded by
Hashomer Hatzair members,
affiliated with the
Kibbutz Artzi movement, which in the 1990s
merged into the
Since the 1990s the
Kibbutz has undergone changes towards
privatization and abandoned many of its original collective habits.
The latest step was the switch to "Safety Net" model in 2006, which in
principle means every member is responsible to earn his own living,
with a method of slightly reducing the difference between the "richer"
and "poorer". As a result of that, more than 100 new members were
admitted within 7 years. A new neighborhood of 44 families, populated
by those new members, has been completed in spring 2014.[citation
^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel
Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
^ "Hatzor-Ashdod" (in Hebrew). Mapa. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
^ Carta's Official Guide to
Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites
in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.193,
ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
^ a b c d e f "
Hatzor (Ahsdod)" (in Hebrew). Israeli Labour Movement.
Retrieved 14 August 2016.
Official website (in Hebrew)
Be'er Tuvia Regional Council