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Politics of Israel
On 27 November 2012
Tzipi Livni officially announced the establishment
of the Movement.
Hatnuah (Hebrew: הַתְּנוּעָה, lit. The Movement) is
a liberal political party in Israel formed by former Israeli
Tzipi Livni to present an alternative to voters
frustrated by the stalemate in the Israeli–Palestinian peace
The party was formed by dissidents in Kadima, which Livni, who had led
the party's progressive wing, headed until March 2012 when she
lost a leadership primary election to rival Shaul Mofaz, who was
part of the party's more conservative wing. Although the
establishment of the party was announced in late 2012, it is actually
based on the infrastructure of Hetz, a faction that broke away from
Shinui in 2006. Relatively close in ideology to
Yesh Atid and the
Labor Party, which focused mostly on domestic and socioeconomic issues
in their 2013 campaigns,
Hatnuah stands out for its aggressive push
for a pragmatic peace settlement with the Palestinians.
In the 2013 legislative election,
Hatnuah ran on a joint list with the
Green Movement, and incorporated many of its core ideals into the
party's platform. Hatnuah's 2013 platform emphasized
Arab–Israeli peace, social justice, environmental protection, the
integration of all citizens into the military and workforce, and
In the 2015 legislative election, it ran on a joint electoral list
with the Labor Party called the Zionist Union, which became the
second-largest parliamentary group.
2 Ideology and politics
3 19th Knesset
4 Electoral history
6 External links
Following months of speculation, Livni announced the establishment of
Hatnuah at a press conference in
Tel Aviv on 27 November 2012,
describing it as a "liberal, secular, and democratic party," with
"room for the very best of Likud" and Labor. In her announcement,
Livni cited the need for the party after the government had entered
into ceasefire negotiations with
Hamas while peace talks with the
Palestinian Authority were not occurring. She later described her
mission in an op-ed in the Jerusalem Post, saying, "I've come to fight
for peace. ... I've come to fight for security. ... I've come to fight
for a Jewish state. ... I've come to fight for a democratic Israel." I
have come to fight for
Israel as a Jewish state." In addition, Livni
pledged to push for military conscription of the ultra-Orthodox and to
promote social justice initiatives for Israel's youth, noting that the
Likud primaries only strengthened the party's hard-right
The party was formed by taking over the remains of the Hetz party,
also inheriting the NIS 1.8 million in the party's bank account.
It began with seven members of the Knesset, all of whom were allies of
Livni who were breaking away from Kadima.
Following its establishment,
Ynetnews published a poll on 30 November
2011 showing Livni to be more favored than Labor leader Shelly
Yachimovich, and overall the strongest candidate for Prime Minister
against the incumbent, Netanyahu. On 1 December 2012, former Labor
Amram Mitzna joined the party. A second former Labor
leader, Amir Peretz, joined the party on 6 December. The party
campaigned on diplomatic issues, mainly peace with the Palestinians
and preserving international support for Israel.
Before forming Hatnuah, Livni turned away an offer from
Yair Lapid for
the No. 2 seat on the
Yesh Atid list, as well as an offer from Shelly
Yachimovich for a seat on the Labor Party list.
Jerusalem Post interview, Livni said she created
there was a vacancy for a non-socialist party "representing the need
to relaunch negotiations." She suggested that other parties had narrow
agendas and that her party would not ignore the Israeli–Palestinian
conflict, which she said was connected to other issues affecting
Eighteen days before the 2013 election, Livni called on Yachimovich
and Lapid to come together and form a united front against Likud
Beiteinu. Both leaders were receptive to the idea, but Lapid said
the parties should consider joining a Netanyahu-led government after
the election to prevent extremist parties from joining the governing
Ideology and politics
Having worked as Israel's lead peace negotiator, Livni is well
respected internationally and has a good relationship with the
Palestinian leadership. The party campaigned almost exclusively on
foreign policy issues, pushing for renewed peace talks with the
Palestinians and preserving support from the international
community, especially the United States.
Livni has stated that there should be a three-step process in order to
resume negotiations with the Palestinians; the first step would be to
ensure coordination with America; the second step would be utilizing
the EU to back the negotiations; the third step would be to direct
negotiations with the Palestinians; she also stated that there would
be no negotiations with
Hamas unless it renounced terrorism. It is
also committed to passing Basic Laws that protect the environment
and social rights. It is in favor of a differential value added tax as
well as canceling existing subsidies for West Bank settlements and
ultra-Orthodox sectoral interests while increasing the fees charged
for the mining of natural resources. Livni has long been an advocate
for women's rights and gay rights, and her party supports same-sex
marriage in Israel.
The party's social agenda is similar to that of other center-left
parties. Livni is socially progressive and is well known for
having refused the coalition terms of religious parties as the leader
Hatnuah is liberal on matters of religion and state.
Like Yesh Atid, it is in favor of conversion reform.
The party sees economic issues, as with other issues, as
interconnected with the country's security and diplomacy
situation. It supports
Third Way economic
policies. According to Livni, the absence of a peace
deal can hinder Israel's economic growth and its chances of allying
with moderate Arab states.
The party went on to win six seats in the 2013
It did not endorse any candidate for prime minister to President
Shimon Peres. Amid reports that coalition negotiations between
Netanyahu and the
Yesh Atid and
Jewish Home factions, which formed an
alliance, were floundering,
Hatnuah became the first party sign on to
joining Benjamin Netanyahu's government. As part of its
Hatnuah received the Justice Ministry (held by
Livni) and the Environmental Protection Ministry (held by Peretz), and
a ministerial team for the peace process with the Palestinians was
established with Livni as chief negotiator. Coalition negotiations
also involved the issue of ultra-Orthodox military conscription.
Hatnuah MK Elazar Stern, whose long-running work on the matter also
formed Yesh Atid's position thereon, sought to stiffen sanctions
against yeshivas that fail to meet conscription targets. Livni
said she would not officially join Netanyahu's government without
other center-left parties;
Yesh Atid eventually signed on as a
During his tenure as environmental protection minister, Peretz
championed the slogan "it is impossible to separate environmental and
social justice", and his campaigns within the ministry have followed
suit. Many of the changes Peretz led involved minority or periphery
communities, such as ongoing efforts to bring waste infrastructure to
Arab towns and Bedouin villages, in particular. Other accomplishment
involved the government approval of a NIS 45 million budget for
addressing environmental deficiencies for residents of the south and
the eradication of free plastic bags from grocery stores. With Livni's
approval, he resigned as cabinet minister in November 2014, citing his
frustration with Netanyahu's policies and the lack of peace
negotiations. He remained a member of
Hatnuah and the governing
Hatnuah often sparred with The Jewish Home, another coalition partner,
particularly with regard to peace negotiations, which Hatnuah
continuously pushed for, and which The
Jewish Home vehemently
opposed. As Justice Minister, Livni also advanced a bill to give
equal inheritance rights to same-sex couples.
On 2 December 2014, Netanyahu fired Livni from her cabinet portfolio,
accusing her and
Yesh Atid leader
Yair Lapid then Minister of Finance,
of conspiring to bring down the governing coalition in a "putsch".
The following week,
Hatnuah agreed to run on a joint list with the
opposition Labor Party in the ensuing March 2015 election, with Livni
Likud had been taken over by right-wing extremists. If
the joint list wins the election and is able to form a government,
under the agreement, the position of Prime Minister would rotate
between Livni and Labor leader Isaac Herzog. In protest of the
Elazar Stern left the party on 20 December 2014 and soon
joined Yesh Atid. Tzur, Mitzna, and Sheetrit announced their
retirement from politics altogether; of them, Tzur and Mitzna
expressed support for the alliance with Labor, while Sheetrit said he
opposed it. Peretz, the only MK to join Livni, not only
supported the alliance, but later added he would like to see a full
merger between the parties.
As part of its agreement with Labor, Livni received the second spot on
the joint list. Spots 8, 16, 21, 24, 25, 28 were also reserved for
Hatnuah members, going, in order, to Peretz, former
Kadima MK and
Livni ally Yoel Hasson, Channel 9 journalist and analyst on Arab
affairs Ksenia Svetlova, Maj. Gen. (res.) Eyal Ben-Reuven, Israeli
Green Movement co-chair Yael Cohen-Paran, and former
Kadima MK Robert
In the Israeli legislative election, 2013,
Hatnuah won 6 seats with
almost 5% of the votes, while the remainder of
Kadima won 2 seats with
2% of the votes. The party had a surplus vote agreement with Meretz.
The six seats were taken by:
In the 2015 elections
Hatnuah had seven seats reserved for it on the
Zionist Union list, with five elected as the list won 24 seats. In
Amir Peretz defected to their Zionist Union
sister party Labor, thus reducing Hatnuah's representation to 4 seats.
In November 2015, Labor Party MK
Danny Atar resigned from the Knesset
to chair the Jewish National Fund, leaving
Hatnuah candidate Yael
Cohen Paran, to replace him, increasing Hatnuah's representation back
to 5 seats. Cohen Paran's entrance in the
Knesset brought the total
number of female MKs to 32, the highest ever.
Hatnuah's faction in the 20th
Knesset comprises MKs:
Yael Cohen Paran (the Green Movement )
Amir Peretz was elected as a
Hatnuah member, but rejoined the Labor
Party during the
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político israelí", ABC, 16/03/2015. "Desde entonces, Livni se ha
visto despojada del liderazgo del Kadima, creó una nueva formación
de corte liberal -Hatnuá- con la que ganó sólo seis escaños en los
comicios de 2013, y ha visto languidecer su otrora prometedor
horizonte político hasta tal punto que, para salvarse, ha preferido
la unión con el Laborismo, partido del que ideológicamente ha estado
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Union to oust Netanyahu". Euronews. She quit the traditional Likud
party of the right to join the
Kadima centrists before she formed the
Hatnuah party. He’s a socialist. Together, they head the
centre-left Zionist Union, with a mantra ‘to defend a Jewish and
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^ See also the political compasses made for the 2013 elections by
Haaretz and Kieskompas (in collaboration with the
Institute and The Jerusalem Post), both of which place
Hatnuah led by
Tzipi Livni to left of
Kadima led by Mofaz.
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Tzipi Livni launches new party,
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Amram Mitzna joins Livni's new party".
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^ Yuval Karni (2012-12-06). "
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Hatnuah on Facebook
Hatnuah's channel on YouTube
Parliamentary groups in Israel
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Jewish Home (Tkuma)
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List of political parties in Israel
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