A hat is a head covering which is worn for various reasons, including
protection against weather conditions, ceremonial reasons such as
university graduation, religious reasons, safety, or as a fashion
accessory. In the past, hats were an indicator of social status.
In the military, hats may denote nationality, branch of service, rank
or regiment. Police typically wear distinctive hats such as peaked
caps or brimmed hats, such as those worn by the Royal Canadian Mounted
Police. Some hats have a protective function. As examples, the hard
hat protects construction workers' heads from injury by falling
objects and a British police
1 History 2 Famous hatmakers 3 Collections 4 Styles 5 Size 6 References 7 External links
Some archaeologists[weasel words] think that the 26,000-year-old
Venus of Brassempouy
While there are not many official records of hats before 3,000 BC,
they probably were commonplace before that.
Archaeologists[which?] think that the
Venus of Brassempouy
Carle Vernet's 1796 painting showing two decadent French "Incredibles" greeting each other, one with what appears to be a top hat, perhaps its first recorded appearance.
One of the first pictorial depictions of a hat appears in a tomb
painting from Thebes, Egypt, which shows a man wearing a conical straw
hat, dated to around 3200 BC. Hats were commonly worn in ancient
Egypt. Many upper-class Egyptians shaved their heads, then covered it
in a headdress intended to help them keep cool. Ancient Mesopotamians
often wore conical hats or ones shaped somewhat like an inverted vase.
Other early hats include the Pileus, a simple skull-like cap; the
Phrygian cap, worn by freed slaves in Greece and Rome (which became
iconic in America during the Revolutionary War and the French
Revolution, as a symbol of the struggle for liberty against the
Monarchy); and the Greek petasos, the first known hat with a brim.
Women wore veils, kerchiefs, hoods, caps and wimples.
Left-to-right: Top-hat, peaked cap, Borsalino, bowler hat (Sweden, early 20th century)
A hat shop from about 1900 inside the Roscheider Hof Open Air Museum
In the first half of the 19th century, women wore bonnets that
gradually became larger, decorated with ribbons, flowers, feathers,
and gauze trims. By the end of the century, many other styles were
introduced, among them hats with wide brims and flat crowns, the
flower pot and the toque. By the middle of the 1920s, when women began
to cut their hair short, they chose hats that hugged the head like a
The tradition of wearing hats to horse racing events began at the
Women's picture hats from 1911.
Ancient Greek statue of a lady with blue and gilt garment, a fan and a sun hat, from Tanagra, circa 325–300 BC.
Hats as an indicator of social status: a foreman (with horse) wears a hat of greater height than the accompanying inquilino (19th-century Chile).
New York City, 1918: A large crowd of people, almost all wearing hats.
Family-owned hat factory in Montevarchi, Italy, date unknown.
Millinery department of Bourne & Hollingsworth, in London's Oxford Street in 1942. Unlike most other clothing, hats were not strictly rationed in wartime Britain and there was an explosion of adventurous millinery styles.
John Paul II
This is a short list of some common and iconic examples of hats. There is a longer version at List of hat styles. Further information: List of headgear
Image Name Description
Ascot cap A hard men's cap, similar to the flat cap, but distinguished by its hardness and rounded shape.
Balmoral bonnet Traditional Scottish bonnet or cap worn with Scottish Highland dress.
Baseball cap A type of soft, light cotton cap with a rounded crown and a stiff, frontward-projecting bill.
Beanie A brimless cap, with or without a small visor, once popular among school boys. Sometimes includes a propeller. Note: In New Zealand, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, "beanie" also or otherwise refers to the tuque.
The tall, furry hat of the Brigade of Guards' full-dress uniform,
originally designed to protect them against sword-cuts, etc. Commonly
Beret A soft round cap, usually of woollen felt, with a bulging flat crown and tight-fitting brimless headband. Worn by both men and women and traditionally associated with Basque people, France, and the military. Often part of [European?] schoolgirls' uniform during the 1920s, '30s and '40s.
Bicorne A broad-brimmed felt hat with brim folded up and pinned front and back to create a long-horned shape. Also known as a cocked hat. Worn by European military officers in the 1790s and, as illustrated, commonly associated with Napoleon.
Bowler / Derby A hard felt hat with a rounded crown created in 1850 by Lock's of St James's, the hatters to Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, for his servants. More commonly known as a Derby in the United States.
Cloche hat A bell-shaped ladies' hat that was popular during the Roaring Twenties.
Conical Asian hat A conical straw hat associated with East and Southeast Asia. Sometimes known as a "coolie hat", although the term "coolie" may be interpreted as derogatory.
Coonskin cap A hat, fashioned from the skin and fur of a raccoon, that became associated with Canadian and American frontiersmen of the 18th and 19th centuries.
Custodian helmet A helmet traditionally worn by British police constables while on foot patrol.
Deerstalker A warm, close-fitting tweed cap, with brims front and behind and ear-flaps that can be tied together either over the crown or under the chin. Originally designed for use while hunting in the climate of Scotland. Worn by –and so closely associated with – the character Sherlock Holmes.
Fedora A soft felt hat with a medium brim and lengthwise crease in the crown.
Fez Red felt hat in the shape of a truncated cone, common to Arab-speaking countries.
Fulani hat A conical plant fiber hat covered in leather both at the brim and top, worn by men of the Fulani people in West Africa.
Keffiyah Three piece ensemble consisting of a Thagiyah skull cap, Gutrah scarf, and Ogal black band. Gutrahs are plain white or checkered, denoting ethnic or national identities..
Hard hat A rounded rigid helmet with a small brim predominantly used in workplace environments, such as construction sites, to protect the head from injury by falling objects, debris and bad weather.
Kippah A hemispherical cap worn by Jews to fulfill the customary requirement held by halachic authorities that the head be covered at all times.
Kufi A brimless, short, rounded cap worn by Africans and people throughout the African diaspora.
Mitre Distinctive hat worn by bishops in the Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion.
Montera A crocheted hat worn by bullfighters.
A soft conical cap pulled forward. In sculpture, paintings and
caricatures it represents freedom and the pursuit of liberty. The
popular cartoon characters
Pillbox hat A small hat with straight, upright sides, a flat crown, and no brim.
Pith Helmet A lightweight rigid cloth-covered helmet made of cork or pith, with brims front and back. Worn by Europeans in tropical colonies in the 1800s.
A tall, round, usually crocheted and brightly colored, cap worn by
Santa Hat A floppy pointed red hat trimmed in white fur traditionally associated with Christmas.
Sombrero A Mexican hat with a conical crown and a very wide, saucer-shaped brim, highly embroidered made of plush felt.
Also known as a beaver hat, a magician's hat, or, in the case of the
tallest examples, a stovepipe hat. A tall, flat-crowned, cylindrical
hat worn by men in the 19th and early 20th centuries, now worn only
with morning dress or evening dress. Cartoon characters
Toque (informally, "chef's hat") A tall, pleated, brimless, cylindrical hat traditionally worn by chefs.
A soft hat with a low crown and broad brim, pinned up on either side
of the head and at the back, producing a triangular shape. Worn by
Europeans in the 18th century. Larger, taller, and heavily ornamented
brims were present in
Tuque In Canada, a knitted hat, worn in winter, usually made from wool or acrylic. Also known as a ski cap, knit hat, knit cap, sock cap, stocking cap, toboggan, watch cap, or goobalini. In New Zealand, Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom, the term "beanie" is applied to this cap.
Turban A headdress consisting of a scarf-like single piece of cloth wound around either the head itself or an inner hat.
Ushanka A Russian fur hat with fold-down ear-flaps.
Zucchetto Skullcap worn by clerics typically in Roman Catholicism.
Youth S/M Youth L/XL XXS XS S M L XL XXL XXXL
Age (years) 0 ½ 1 1½ 2
UK hat size
5 5¾ 6 6 6–6¼⅜ 6–6½⅝ 6–6¾⅞ 7–7⅛ 7–7¼⅜ 7–7½ 7–7¾⅞ 8–8⅛
US hat size
5⅞ 6 6⅛ 6¼ 6–6½ 6⅝- 6¾ 6–7 7–7¼ 7–7½ 7–7¾ 7–8 8–8¼
French hat size
0 ½ 1 1½ 2–2½ 3–3½ 4–4½ 5–5½ 6–6½ 7–7½ 8–8½ 9–9½
^ Pauline Thomas (2007-09-08). "The Wearing of Hats
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v t e
Boss of the Plains
Canadian military fur wedge
Apostolnik Balmoral bonnet Bashlyk Birrus Bonnet Boshiya Burqa Caul Chador Chaperon Christian Cornette Dastar Do-rag Dumalla Dutch Emamah Feather bonnet Għonnella Gook Gugel Gulle Haredi burqa sect Hijab Hogeon Hood Jangot Litham Mysore Peta Niqāb Pagri Paranja Pheta Poke bonnet Puneri Pagadi Roach Snood Tam o' shanter Tudong Turban Veil War bonnet Yashmak
Agal Aigrette Brim Bumper brim Campaign Cords Cointoise Gamsbart Hackle Lappet Plume Sarpech Visor
v t e
Asian conical Baseball Beanie Bonnet Beret Bucket Casquette Cowboy Cricket Easter Fedora Fez Flat Gandhi Knit Kofia Newsboy Pillbox Pork pie Sombrero Stormy Kromer Straw Sun Top Tricorne Trucker Ushanka
Bearskin Boonie Campaign Forage Mitznefet Peaked Sailor Side Utility cover
Do-rag Hood Turban Veil
Crowns and bands
Astral Circlet Consort Corolla Coronation Coronet Diadem Eastern Ferronnière Fillet Hoop Imperial Makuṭa "Queens" State Tiara Wreath (laurel)
Corinthian Imperial Barbute Close Great Morion Sallet Advanced Combat Enhanced Combat (US) Flight Mk 7 Paratrooper Stahlhelm
Firefighter Hard hat Welding
Batting Bicycle Football Motorcycle Racing
Balaclava Earmuffs Earplug Face shield Facekini Padded headgear Scarf Sports visor
Pince-nez Browline GI Rimless
Monocle Goggles Sunglasses Head-mounted display
Hairwear and other items
Barrette Deely bobber Dush-toh Hair drop Hair tie Hairnet Headband Headphones Headpiece Kerchief Peineta Scrunchie Shpitzel
List of headwear
v t e
Historical clothing • Traditional and national clothing
A-line skirt Ballerina skirt Denim skirt Men's skirts Miniskirt Pencil skirt Prairie skirt Rah-rah skirt Sarong Skort Tutu Wrap
Ball gown Bouffant gown Coatdress Cocktail dress Débutante dress Formal wear Frock Evening gown Gown House dress Jumper Little black dress Princess line Sheath dress Shirtdress Slip dress Strapless dress Sundress Wedding dress Wrap dress
Suits and uniforms
Apron Blazer British Warm Cagoule Cape Chesterfield Coat Covert coat Cut-off Duffel coat Flight jacket Gilet Goggle jacket Guards coat Harrington jacket Hoodie Jacket Jerkin Leather jacket Mess jacket Opera coat Overcoat Parka Paletot Pea coat Poncho Raincoat Robe Safari jacket Shawl Shrug Ski suit Sleeved blanket Smoking jacket Sport coat Trench coat Ulster coat Waistcoat Windbreaker
Bra Camisole Undershirt
Diaper Panties Plastic pants Slip Thong Underpants
Boxer briefs Boxer shorts Midway briefs Briefs
Adult bodysuit Infant bodysuit Long underwear Playsuit Teddy
Baseball cap Beret Cap Fedora Hat Helmet Hood Kerchief Knit cap Toque Turban Veil
Ascot tie Bow tie Cravat Neckerchief Necktie Scarf
Babydoll Blanket sleeper Negligee Nightgown Nightshirt Pajamas
Bikini Burkini Boardshorts Dry suit Monokini One-piece Rash guard Square leg suit Swim briefs Swim diaper Trunks Wetsuit
Belt Coin purse Cufflink Cummerbund Gaiters Glasses Gloves Headband Handbag Jewellery Muff Pocket protector Pocket watch Sash Sunglasses Suspenders Umbrella Wallet Wristwatch
Fashion Haute couture History of clothing See-through clothing