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The Town of Haswell is a Statutory Town located in Kiowa County, Colorado, United States. The town population was 84 at the 2000 census.

History

Haswell was established in 1905[8] or 1908,[2] having grown up around one of the section houses built along the Missouri Pacific Railroad in eastern Colorado that were named after prominent men in alphabetical order from the Kansas State line to the west toward Pueblo, by Helen, daughter of railroad magnate Jay Gould, at the time of the railroad line's construction in 1888.[8][9] It was incorporated in 1920.[2][8]

Geography

Haswell is located at 38°27′6″N 103°9′47″W / 38.45167°N 103.16306°W / 38.45167; -103.16306 (38.451774, -103.163116).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 156
1940 163 4.5%
1950 163 0.0%
1960 169 3.7%
1970 135 −20.1%
1980 126 −6.7%
1990 62 −50.8%
2000 84 35.5%
2010 68 −19.0%
Est. 2016 67 [6] −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 84 people, 31 households, and 24 families residing in the town. The population density was 99.8 people per square mile (38.6/km²). There were 41 housing units at an average density of 48.7 per square mile (18.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 90.48% White, 2.38% African American, 5.95% Native American, and 1.19% from two or more races.

There were 31 households out of which 41.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town, the population was spread out with 33.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 127.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $30,938, and the median income for a family was $32,500. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $9,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,638. There were 25.0% of families and 27.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including 34.6% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Notable facilities

Haswell is believed to have the United States' smallest jail.[13] The Jail is approximately 12 feet by 14 feet (Exterior Dimensions), which makes it several feet smaller in each dimension than that of Randsburg, California's jail.

Also, the Paul Plishner Radio Astronomy and Space Sciences Center is located a few miles from Haswell in a remote, radio-quiet area. The center includes a 60-foot parabolic dish antenna used for radio astronomy research.[14]

Naming of Intel Microchip

In 2013, the Intel corporation announced that it was naming its newest processor microarchitecture Haswell, after the town.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  2. ^ a b c "KIOWA COUNTY: THE HIGH PLAINS OF SOUTHEAST COLORADO". Archived from the original (MS Word) on 2006-10-23. Retrieved 2007-09-30. 
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  4. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original (JavaScript/HTML) on September 3, 2007. Retrieved September 30, 2007. 
  8. ^ a b c William Bright, Colorado Place Names, 3rd ed., Boulder, Col.:Johnson Books, 2004, p. 83.
  9. ^ John Frank Dawson, Place Names in Colorado: why 700 communities were so named, 150 of Spanish or Indian Origin, J. F. Dawson Pub. Co., 1954, p. 3.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Town of Eads. World's smallest jail. Viewed September 8, 2013.
  14. ^ Deep Space Exploration Society. Paul Plishner Radio Astronomy and Space Sciences Center. Viewed Sept. 8, 2013.
  15. ^ Denver Post, June 2, 2013. Intel's newest processor named after small Colorado town of Haswell.

External links