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The HASHEMITES ( Arabic
Arabic
: الهاشميون‎‎, Al-Hāshimīyūn; also HOUSE OF HASHEM) is the ruling royal family of Jordan
Jordan
. The House was also the royal family of Syria (1920), Hejaz (1916–1925), Iraq (1921–1958). The family belongs to the Dhawu Awn, one of the branches of the Hasanid Sharifs of Mecca
Mecca
– also referred to as Hashemites
Hashemites
– who ruled Mecca
Mecca
continuously from the 10th century until its conquest by the House of Saud
House of Saud
in 1924. Their eponymous ancestor is Hashim ibn Abd Manaf , great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad
Muhammad
.

The current dynasty was founded by Sharif Hussein ibn Ali , who was appointed as Sharif and Emir of Mecca
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
by Sultan Abdul Hamid II
Abdul Hamid II
in 1908, then in 1916 was proclaimed King of the Arab Lands (but only recognized as King of the Hejaz) after initiating the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. His sons Abdullah and Faisal assumed the thrones of Jordan
Jordan
and Iraq in 1921. The dynasty is the oldest ruling dynasty in the Islamic World, and the second-oldest in the world.

CONTENTS

* 1 Members * 2 History * 3 During and after World War I * 4 Family tree * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

MEMBERS

* The King and Queen (The monarch and his wife)

* The Crown Prince (The King's elder son) * Princess Iman (The King's elder daughter) * Princess Salma (The King's younger daughter) * Prince Hashem (The King's younger son)

Queen Noor (King Hussein 's widow)

* Prince Hamzah and Princess Basmah (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

* Princess Haya (The King's niece) * Princess Zein (The King's niece) * Princess Noor (The King's niece) * Princess Badiya (The King's niece)

* Prince Hashim and Princess Fahdah (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

* Princess Haalah (The King's niece) * Princess Rayet (The King's niece) * Princess Fatima (The King's niece) * Prince Hussein (The King's nephew)

* Princess Iman (The King's half-sister) * Princess Raiyah (The King's half-sister) * Princess Haya (The King's half-sister)

* Prince Ali
Ali
and Princess Rym (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

* Princess Jalila (The King's niece) * Prince Abdullah (The King's nephew)

Princess Muna (The King's mother)

* Prince Faisal and Princess Zeina (The King's brother and sister-in-law)

* Princess Ayah (The King's niece) * Prince Omar (The King's nephew) * Princess Sara (The King's niece) * Princess Aisha (The King's niece) * Prince Abdullah (The King's nephew) * Prince Muhammad
Muhammad
(The King's nephew)

* Princess Alia (The King's ex-sister-in-law) * Princess Aisha (The King's sister) * Princess Zein (The King's sister)

Princess Dina (King Hussein's first wife)

* Princess Alia (The King's eldest half-sister)

Prince Muhammad
Muhammad
and Princess Taghrid (The King's uncle and aunt)

* Prince Talal and Princess Ghida (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

* Prince Hussein (The King's first cousin once removed) * Prince Muhammad
Muhammad
(The King's first cousin once removed) * Princess Rajaa (The King's first cousin once removed)

* Prince Ghazi and Princess Areej (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

* Princess Tasneem (The King's first cousin once removed) * Prince Abdullah (The King's first cousin once removed) * Princess Jennah (The King's first cousin once removed) * Princess Salsabil (The King's first cousin once removed)

Princess Firyal
Princess Firyal
(The King's ex-aunt)

Prince Hassan and Princess Sarvath (The King's uncle and aunt)

* Princess Rahma (The King's cousin) * Princess Sumaya (The King's cousin) * Princess Badiya (The King's cousin)

* Prince Rashid and Princess Zeina (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

* Prince Hassan (The King's first cousin once removed) * Prince Talal (The King's first cousin once removed)

Princess Basma (The King's aunt)

Prince Ali
Ali
and Princess Reema (King Hussein's cousin and cousin-in-law)

* Prince Muhammad
Muhammad
and Princess Sima (The King's second cousin and his wife) * Prince Hamzah (The King's second cousin) * Princess Rania (The King's second cousin) * Princess Karma (The King's second cousin) * Prince Haidar (The King's second cousin) * Princess Na'afa (The King's second cousin) * Princess Rajwa (The King's second cousin) * Princess Basma Fatima (The King's second cousin)

Prince Asem and Princess Sana (King Hussein's cousin and cousin-in-law)

* Princess Yasmine (The King's second cousin) * Princess Sara (The King's second cousin) * Princess Noor (The King's second cousin) * Princess Salha (The King's second cousin) * Princess Nejla (The King's second cousin) * Prince Nayef (The King's second cousin)

HISTORY

Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca
Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca
(1853-1931), the founder of the modern dynasty.

The Hashemites
The Hashemites
claim to trace their ancestry from Hashim ibn \'Abd Manaf (died c. 497 AD), the great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
, although the definition today mainly refers to the descendants of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah
Fatimah
. The early history of the Hashemites
Hashemites
saw them in a continuous struggle against the Umayyads for control over who would be the caliph or successor to Muhammad. The Umayyads were of the same tribe as the Hashemites, but a different clan. After the overthrow of the Umayyads, the Abbasids would present themselves as representatives of the Hashemites, as they claimed descent from Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib , an uncle of Muhammad. Muhammad's father had died before he was born, and his mother died while he was a child, so Muhammad
Muhammad
was raised by his uncle Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib , chief of the Hashemites.

From the 10th century onwards, the sharif (religious leader) of Mecca and its Emir
Emir
was, by traditional agreement, a Hashemite. Before World War I, Hussein bin Ali
Ali
of the Hashemite Dhawu-'Awn clan ruled the Hejaz on behalf of the Ottoman sultan. For some time it had been the practice of the Sublime Porte to appoint the Emir
Emir
of Mecca
Mecca
from among a select group of candidates. In 1908, Hussein bin Ali
Ali
was appointed to the Emirate of Mecca
Mecca
. He found himself increasingly at odds with the Young Turks in control at Istanbul
Istanbul
, while he strove to secure his family's position as hereditary Emirs.

DURING AND AFTER WORLD WAR I

Sharif
Sharif
Hussein bin Ali
Ali
rebelled against the rule of the Ottomans during the Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
of 1916. Between 1917 and 1924, after the collapse of Ottoman power, Hussein bin Ali
Ali
ruled an independent Hejaz, of which he proclaimed himself king, with the tacit support of the British Foreign Office . His supporters are sometimes referred to as "Sharifians" or the "Sharifian party". Hussein bin Ali's chief rival in the Arabian Peninsula, the king of the Najd
Najd
(highlands), Ibn Saud
Ibn Saud
, annexed the Hejaz in 1925 and established his own son, Faysal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud , as governor. The region was later incorporated into Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
.

Hussein bin Ali
Ali
had five sons:

* Ali
Ali
, who briefly succeeded to the throne of Hejaz before its loss to the Saud family in 1925. * Abdullah , became the amir of Transjordan in 1921 and king of Jordan
Jordan
in 1946, and whose descendants continue to rule the kingdom known ever since as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Jordan
. * Faisal , briefly proclaimed King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria
Kingdom of Syria
in 1920, became King of Iraq
King of Iraq
in 1921. * Prince Zeid bin Hussein
Prince Zeid bin Hussein
, who moved to Jordan
Jordan
when his brother's grandson, King Faisal II of Iraq , was overthrown and murdered in a coup in 1958 . * Hassan, died at a young age.

FAMILY TREE

Hashim ibn Abd Manaf

Abdul-Muttalib
Abdul-Muttalib

Abdullah

Abu Talib

MUHAMMAD

Fatimah
Fatimah

Ali
Ali

Hasan

Hasan al-Mu'thannā

Abdullah

Musa al-Djawn

Abdullah

Musa

Muhammad

Abdullah

Muhammad

Abdullah

Ali

Suleiman

Al-Hussein

Issa

Abd al-Karim

Muta'in

Idris

Qatada

Ali

Al-Hassan

Muhammad
Muhammad
Abu Numayy

Rumaythah

'Ajlan

Al-Hassan

Barakat I

Muhammad
Muhammad

Barakat II

Abu Numayy II

Al-Hassan

Abdullah

Al-Hussein

Abdullah

Muhsin

Auon, Ra'i al-Hadala

Abdul Mu'een

Muhammad
Muhammad

Ali

Hussein

Abdullah I

Talal

Hussein

Abdullah II
Abdullah II

Hussein

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HASHEMITES .

* Hashemite custodianship of Jerusalem holy sites
Hashemite custodianship of Jerusalem holy sites
* Line of succession to the Jordanian throne * Line of succession to the Iraqi throne * Alaouite dynasty
Alaouite dynasty
, Morocco
Morocco
’s ruling family that also claims descent from the Islamic prophet Muḥammad

REFERENCES

* ^ http://themuslim500.com/profile/king-abdullah-ii-jordan * ^ T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
(1926), Seven Pillars of Wisdom
Seven Pillars of Wisdom
, reprinted 2000 Penguin classics, p. 48 * ^ Time-Life Books
Time-Life Books
, What Life Was Like: In the Land of the Prophet, p. 17 * ^ T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
(1926), Seven Pillars of Wisdom, reprinted 2000 Penguin classics, p. 53

EXTERNAL LINKS

* v * t

.