The Info List - Hashemite

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The Hashemites
The Hashemites
(Arabic: الهاشميون‎, Al-Hāshimīyūn; also House of Hashem) is the ruling royal family of Jordan. The House was also the royal family of Syria (1920), Hejaz (1916–1925) and Iraq (1921–1958). The family belongs to the Dhawu Awn, one of the branches of the Hasanid Sharifs of Mecca
– also referred to as Hashemites
– who ruled Mecca
continuously from the 10th century until its conquest by the House of Saud
House of Saud
in 1924. Their eponymous ancestor is Hashim ibn Abd Manaf, great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The current dynasty was founded by Sharif Hussein ibn Ali, who was appointed as Sharif and Emir of Mecca
Sharif and Emir of Mecca
by Sultan Abdul Hamid II
Abdul Hamid II
in 1908, then in 1916 was proclaimed King of the Arab Lands (but only recognized as King of the Hejaz) after initiating the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire. His sons Abdullah and Faisal assumed the thrones of Jordan
and Iraq in 1921. The dynasty is the oldest ruling dynasty in the Islamic World, and the second-oldest in the world.[1]


1 Members 2 History 3 During and after World War I 4 Family tree 5 See also 6 References 7 External links


The King and Queen (The monarch and his wife)

The Crown Prince (The King's elder son) Princess Iman (The King's elder daughter) Princess Salma (The King's younger daughter) Prince Hashem (The King's younger son)

Queen Noor (King Hussein's widow)

Prince Hamzah and Princess Basmah (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

Princess Haya (The King's niece) Princess Zein (The King's niece) Princess Noor (The King's niece) Princess Badiya (The King's niece)

Prince Hashim and Princess Fahdah (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

Princess Haalah (The King's niece) Princess Rayet (The King's niece) Princess Fatima (The King's niece) Prince Hussein (The King's nephew)

Princess Iman (The King's half-sister) Princess Raiyah (The King's half-sister) Princess Haya (The King's half-sister) Prince Ali
and Princess Rym (The King's half-brother and half-sister-in-law)

Princess Jalila (The King's niece) Prince Abdullah (The King's nephew)

Princess Muna (The King's mother)

Prince Faisal and Princess Zeina (The King's brother and sister-in-law)

Princess Ayah (The King's niece) Prince Omar (The King's nephew) Princess Sara (The King's niece) Princess Aisha (The King's niece) Prince Abdullah (The King's nephew) Prince Muhammad
(The King's nephew)

Princess Alia (The King's ex-sister-in-law) Princess Aisha (The King's sister) Princess Zein (The King's sister)

Princess Dina (King Hussein's first wife)

Princess Alia (The King's eldest half-sister)

Prince Muhammad
and Princess Taghrid (The King's uncle and aunt)

Prince Talal and Princess Ghida (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

Prince Hussein (The King's first cousin once removed) Prince Muhammad
(The King's first cousin once removed) Princess Rajaa (The King's first cousin once removed)

Prince Ghazi and Princess Areej (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

Princess Tasneem (The King's first cousin once removed) Prince Abdullah (The King's first cousin once removed) Princess Jennah (The King's first cousin once removed) Princess Salsabil (The King's first cousin once removed)

Princess Firyal
Princess Firyal
(The King's ex-aunt) Prince Hassan and Princess Sarvath (The King's uncle and aunt)

Princess Rahma (The King's cousin) Princess Sumaya (The King's cousin) Princess Badiya (The King's cousin) Prince Rashid and Princess Zeina (The King's cousin and cousin-in-law)

Prince Hassan (The King's first cousin once removed) Prince Talal (The King's first cousin once removed)

Princess Basma (The King's aunt) Prince Ali
and Princess Reema (King Hussein's cousin and cousin-in-law)

Prince Muhammad
and Princess Sima (The King's second cousin and his wife) Prince Hamzah (The King's second cousin) Princess Rania (The King's second cousin) Princess Karma (The King's second cousin) Prince Haidar (The King's second cousin) Princess Na'afa (The King's second cousin) Princess Rajwa (The King's second cousin) Princess Basma Fatima (The King's second cousin)

Prince Asem and Princess Sana (King Hussein's cousin and cousin-in-law)

Princess Yasmine (The King's second cousin) Princess Sara (The King's second cousin) Princess Noor (The King's second cousin) Princess Salha (The King's second cousin) Princess Nejla (The King's second cousin) Prince Nayef (The King's second cousin)


Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca
Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca
(1853-1931), the founder of the modern dynasty.

The Hashemites
The Hashemites
claim to trace their ancestry from Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf (died c. 497 AD), the great-grandfather of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, although the definition today mainly refers to the descendants of Muhammad's daughter Fatimah.[2] The early history of the Hashemites
saw them in a continuous struggle against the Umayyads for control over who would be the caliph or successor to Muhammad. The Umayyads were of the same tribe as the Hashemites, but a different clan. After the overthrow of the Umayyads, the Abbasids would present themselves as representatives of the Hashemites, as they claimed descent from Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, an uncle of Muhammad. Muhammad's father had died before he was born, and his mother died while he was a child, so Muhammad
was raised by his uncle Abu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, chief of the Hashemites.[3] From the 10th century onwards, the sharif (religious leader) of Mecca and its Emir
was, by traditional agreement, a Hashemite. Before World War I, Hussein bin Ali
of the Hashemite Dhawu-'Awn clan ruled the Hejaz on behalf of the Ottoman sultan. For some time it had been the practice of the Sublime Porte to appoint the Emir
of Mecca
from among a select group of candidates. In 1908, Hussein bin Ali
was appointed to the Emirate of Mecca. He found himself increasingly at odds with the Young Turks
Young Turks
in control at Istanbul, while he strove to secure his family's position as hereditary Emirs. During and after World War I[edit] Sharif Hussein bin Ali
rebelled against the rule of the Ottomans during the Arab Revolt
Arab Revolt
of 1916.[4] Between 1917 and 1924, after the collapse of Ottoman power, Hussein bin Ali
ruled an independent Hejaz, of which he proclaimed himself king, with the tacit support of the British Foreign Office. His supporters are sometimes referred to as "Sharifians" or the "Sharifian party". Hussein bin Ali's chief rival in the Arabian Peninsula, the king of the Najd
(highlands), Ibn Saud, annexed the Hejaz in 1925 and established his own son, Faysal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, as governor. The region was later incorporated into Saudi Arabia. Hussein bin Ali
had five sons:

Ali, who briefly succeeded to the throne of Hejaz before its loss to the Saud family in 1925. Abdullah, became the amir of Transjordan in 1921 and king of Jordan
in 1946, and whose descendants continue to rule the kingdom known ever since as the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Faisal, briefly proclaimed King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria
Kingdom of Syria
in 1920, became King of Iraq
King of Iraq
in 1921. Prince Zeid bin Hussein, who moved to Jordan
when his brother's grandson, King Faisal II
Faisal II
of Iraq, was overthrown and murdered in a coup in 1958. Hassan, died at a young age.

Family tree[edit] [5][6]

Hashim (eponymous ancestor)


Abu Talib


Muhammad (Islamic prophet)

Ali (fourth caliph)


Hasan (fifth caliph)

Hasan Al-Mu'thanna


Musa Al-Djawn









Abd Al-Karim



Qatada ( Sharif of Mecca)


Hassan ( Sharif of Mecca)

Abu Numayy I ( Sharif of Mecca)

Rumaythah ( Sharif of Mecca)

'Ajlan ( Sharif of Mecca)

Hassan ( Sharif of Mecca)

Barakat I ( Sharif of Mecca)

Muhammad ( Sharif of Mecca)

Barakat II ( Sharif of Mecca)

Abu Numayy II ( Sharif of Mecca)

Hassan ( Sharif of Mecca)

Abdullah ( Sharif of Mecca)




Auon, Ra'i Al-Hadala

Abdul Mu'een

Muhammad ( Sharif of Mecca)


Hussein ( Sharif of Mecca
Sharif of Mecca
King of Hejaz)

Ali (King of Hejaz)

Abdullah I (King of Jordan)

Faisal I (King of Syria King of Iraq)

Zeid (pretender to Iraq)

'Abd Al-Ilah (Regent of Iraq)

Talal (King of Jordan)

Ghazi (King of Iraq)

Ra'ad (pretender to Iraq)

Hussein (King of Jordan)

Faisal II (King of Iraq)


Abdullah II (King of Jordan)

Hussein (Crown Prince of Jordan)

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hashemites.

Hashemite custodianship of Jerusalem holy sites Line of succession to the Jordanian throne Line of succession to the Iraqi throne


^ http://themuslim500.com/profile/king-abdullah-ii-jordan ^ T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
(1926), Seven Pillars of Wisdom, reprinted 2000 Penguin classics, p. 48 ^ Time-Life Books, What Life Was Like: In the Land of the Prophet, p. 17 ^ T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
(1926), Seven Pillars of Wisdom, reprinted 2000 Penguin classics, p. 53 ^ Kamal Salibi (15 December 1998). The Modern History of Jordan. I.B.Tauris. Retrieved 7 February 2018.  ^ "Hashemite Ancestry". alhussein.gov. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2018. 

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40181