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The Haryanka dynasty
Haryanka dynasty
was the second ruling dynasty of Magadha, an ancient kingdom in India, which succeeded the mythological Barhadratha dynasty. The reign of this dynasty probably began in the middle of 6th century BCE. Initially, the capital was Rajagriha. Later, it was shifted to Pataliputra, near the present day Patna
Patna
in India. Around 566 BC, Brihadaratha founded the dynasty, although Bimbisara, his grandson, established it successfully in 544 BC and ruled upto 492 BC. Thus, Bimbisara
Bimbisara
is considered as the main founder of this dynasty himself. His father was Bhattiya. According to the Buddhist text, the Mahavamsa, Bimbisara
Bimbisara
was anointed king by his father at the age of fifteen.[2] According to George Turnour and N.L. Dey, the name of the father of Bimbisara
Bimbisara
was Bhatiya or Bhattiya, but the Puranas refer him as Hemajit, Kshemajit, Kshetroja or Ksetrauja and the Tibetan texts mention him as Mahapadma.[3] This dynasty was succeeded by the Shishunaga dynasty.

Contents

1 Bimbisara 2 Ajatashatru 3 Udayin 4 Later rulers 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References

Bimbisara[edit] Main article: Bimbisara

Eastern border of the Achaemenid Empire

The Haryanka king Bimbisara
Bimbisara
was responsible for expanding the boundaries of his kingdom through matrimonial alliances and conquest. The land of Kosala
Kosala
fell to Magadha
Magadha
in this way. He is referred to as King Shrenik in Jain scriptures.[citation needed] Estimates place the territory ruled by this early dynasty at 300 leagues in diameter, and encompassing 80,000 small settlements.[citation needed] Ajatashatru[edit] Main article: Ajatashatru In some sources, Bimbisara
Bimbisara
was imprisoned and killed by his son and successor, Ajatashatru, under whose rule the dynasty reached its largest extent. Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
was contemporary with Mahavira
Mahavira
(599–527 BCE) and Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
(563–483 BCE). Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
fought a war against Vajji, ruled by the Lichhavis, and conquered the republic of Vaisali. Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
followed policies of conquest and expansion. He defeated his neighbors including the king of Kosala; his brothers, when at odds with him, went to Kashi, which had been given to Bimbisara
Bimbisara
as dowry. This led to a war between Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala. Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
occupied Kashi and captured the smaller kingdoms. Magadha under Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
became the most powerful kingdom in North India.[citation needed] Udayin[edit] Main article: Udayin The Mahavamsa
Mahavamsa
states that Udayabhadra eventually succeeded his father, Ajātasattu, moving the capital to Pataliputra, which, under the later Mauryan dynasty, would become the largest city in the world. He is believed to have ruled for sixteen years from 460 BC to 444 BC.[citation needed] Later rulers[edit] The kingdom had a particularly bloody succession. Anuruddha eventually succeeded Udaybhadra through assassination, and his son Munda succeeded him in the same fashion, as did his son Nagadasaka.[citation needed] Due in part to this bloody dynastic feuding, it is thought that a civil revolt led to the emergence of the Shishunaga dynasty.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Pradyota dynasty

Notes[edit]

^ Upinder Singh 2016, p. 273. ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, pp. 97 ^ Raychaudhuri 1972, p. 105ff

References[edit]

Raychaudhuri, H.C. (1972), Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta  Bhargava, P.L., The origins of the Nanda (PDF) 

Preceded by Pradyota dynasty Haryanka dynasty middle of 6th century –425 BCE Succeeded by

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