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The Info List - Haryanka Dynasty


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The HARYANKA DYNASTY was the second ruling dynasty of Magadha
Magadha
, an ancient kingdom in India
India
, which succeeded the Barhadratha dynasty . The reign of this dynasty probably began in the middle of 6th century BCE. Initially, the capital was Rajagriha . Later, it was shifted to Pataliputra , near the present day Patna
Patna
in India
India
.

The founder of this dynasty was either Bimbisara himself or his father Bhattiya. According to the Buddhist text, the Mahavamsa , Bimbisara was anointed king by his father at the age of fifteen. According to George Turnour and N.L. Dey, the name of the father of Bimbisara was Bhatiya or Bhattiya, but the Puranas refer him as Hemajit, Kshemajit, Kshetroja or Ksetrauja and the Tibetan texts mention him as Mahapadma. This dynasty was succeeded by the Shishunaga dynasty .

CONTENTS

* 1 Bimbisara * 2 Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
* 3 Udayin * 4 Later rulers * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References

BIMBISARA

Main article: Bimbisara Eastern border of the Achaemenid Empire

The Haryanka king Bimbisara was responsible for expanding the boundaries of his kingdom through matrimonial alliances and conquest. The land of Kosala fell to Magadha
Magadha
in this way. He is referred to as King Shrenik in Jain scriptures.

Estimates place the territory ruled by this early dynasty at 300 leagues in diameter, and encompassing 80,000 small settlements.

AJATASHATRU

Main article: Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru

In some sources, Bimbisara was imprisoned and killed by his son and successor, Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
, under whose rule the dynasty reached its largest extent. Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
was contemporary with Mahavira
Mahavira
(599–527 BCE) and Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
(563–483 BCE). Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
fought a war against Vajji , ruled by the Lichhavis , and conquered the republic of Vaisali . Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
followed policies of conquest and expansion. He defeated his neighbors including the king of Kosala ; his brothers, when at odds with him, went to Kashi, which had been given to Bimbisara as dowry. This led to a war between Magadha
Magadha
and Kosala. Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
occupied Kashi and captured the smaller kingdoms. Magadha under