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Hartington is a village in the Derbyshire
Derbyshire
Peak District, England, lying on the River Dove close to the Staffordshire
Staffordshire
border. According to the 2001 census, the parish of Hartington Town Quarter, which also includes Pilsbury, had a population of 345 reducing to 332 at the 2011 Census.[1] Formerly known for cheese-making and the mining of ironstone, limestone and lead, the village is now popular with tourists.

Contents

1 Architecture 2 Attractions 3 History 4 Cheese 5 Notable residents 6 References 7 External links

Architecture[edit] Notable buildings in the village include: the market hall (formerly the site of a market); the 13th-century parish church of Saint Giles; and 17th-century Hartington Hall. The prominent Bank House in the centre of the village was built by the former village mill owner, and in the past was used as the village bank. A half-mile (800 m) to the south of the village, on the Dove, is the fishing house of the famous angler Charles Cotton. In the north of the village is Pilsbury Castle,[2] an 11th-century motte-and-bailey castle, that survives only as an earthwork. Near Hartington is the finest neolithic stone circle in the Peak District, Arbor Low. There are numerous ancient tumuli and cairns in the landscape around Hartington, probably dating from the Bronze Age.[citation needed] Hartington Mill, now a private house, stands by the River Dove. This was the local water mill for grinding corn. Attractions[edit] The village has a youth hostel at Hartington Hall, which serves two major National Cycle Network
National Cycle Network
routes; the Tissington Trail
Tissington Trail
and the High Peak Trail, which meet at nearby Parsley Hay. These trails pass just under one mile (1500 m) to the east of the village, and offer 30 miles (50 km) of off-road cycling and walking along old railway trackbeds through the Peak District
Peak District
National Park. Hartington signal box, on the site of the former Hartington railway station, and nearly two miles (3 km) from the village, has been renovated and converted into a visitor centre. A little south of the village, overlooking the Dove, stands Wolfscote Hill (388 m at grid reference SK137583), a good viewpoint, now in the care of the National Trust. Three miles (5 km) to the south-west lies the small settlement of Hulme End, which marks the northern starting point of the Manifold Way, an 8-mile (13 km) tarmacked walk- and cycle-route following the route of the former Leek and Manifold Valley Light Railway. History[edit] According to the English Place-Name Society the name of the village derives from the Old English
Old English
for either 'Stags' hill' or 'hill connected with Heorta'.[3] Hartington was mentioned in the Domesday book as belonging to Henry de Ferrers
Henry de Ferrers
and being worth forty shillings.[4] The parish was originally quite large, and part of the hundred of Wirksworth. Hartington had four townships, known as the Town Quarter, Nether Quarter, and Middle Quarter, and Upper Quarter, which are now all separate parishes. These became separate civil parishes in their own right in 1866.[5] They are marked on Ordnance Survey maps. Surnames that originate from this area include Heathcote. Hartington railway station
Hartington railway station
on the Cromford and High Peak Railway
Cromford and High Peak Railway
was opened in 1899. Regular passenger services ceased in 1954, and the line through Hartington was lifted in 1964. Cheese[edit] The former creamery in the village, often called the cheese factory, was founded by the Duke of Devonshire
Duke of Devonshire
in the 1870s;[6] it was one of the three sources of Stilton, and also produced its own unique Dovedale cheese and others such as Buxton Blue cheese. The factory was closed in 2009 after being sold by Dairy Crest
Dairy Crest
to the Long Clawson Dairy Company.[7] The cheese shop associated with the factory has re-opened under private ownership.[8] Notable residents[edit]

Marie Litton, English actress and theatre manager, was born here in 1847 James F. Redfern, sculptor, was born here in 1838 Steve Sutton, former Nottingham Forest F.C.
Nottingham Forest F.C.
goalkeeper, was born here in 1961

References[edit]

^ "Hartington Town Quarter civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 25 March 2016.  ^ Walking Britain website ^ English Place Name Society database at Nottingham University ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.745 ^ Vision of Britain site ^ About Derbyshire
Derbyshire
website ^ "End of era as 150 jobs go at Hartington dairy". Buxton Advertiser. 18 March 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2014.  ^ This Is Business Staffordshire
Staffordshire
Nov 2009

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hartington.

Cheese
Cheese
Making in the Peak & Hartington Cheese. Hartington Hall
Hartington Hall
Youth Hostel

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Peaks of the Peak District
Peak District
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