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The Hart Memorial Trophy, originally known as the Hart Trophy, is awarded annually to the "player judged most valuable to his team" in the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL). The original trophy was donated to the league in 1923 by David Hart, the father of Cecil Hart, the longtime head coach of the Montreal Canadiens. The Hart Trophy has been awarded 92 times to 56 different players since its beginnings in 1924. Each year, members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association vote to determine the player who was the most valuable to his team during the regular season.

Contents

1 History 2 Winners 3 See also 4 References

History

The first winner of the original trophy, Frank Nighbor, in the picture[1]

Elmer Lach
Elmer Lach
with the original trophy in 1945

The Hart Memorial Trophy
Hart Memorial Trophy
is named in honour of Canadian Dr. David Hart. Dr. Hart, who donated the original trophy to the NHL, was the father of Cecil Hart, a former Coach and General Manager of the Montreal Canadiens. The trophy was first awarded at the conclusion of the 1923–24 NHL season to Frank Nighbor
Frank Nighbor
of the Ottawa Senators. The original Hart Trophy was retired to the Hockey Hall of Fame
Hockey Hall of Fame
in 1960, and the NHL began presenting a new trophy, which was dubbed the Hart Memorial Trophy in its place.[2] With the exceptions of Tommy Anderson, Al Rollins, and José Theodore, every eligible player who won the Hart Trophy (and retired) has been inducted into the Hall of Fame. Wayne Gretzky
Wayne Gretzky
won the award a record nine times during his career, eight consecutively. He has been named MVP more times than any other player in the history of the other three North American major professional leagues ( Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(MLB), National Basketball Association, and National Football League). Barry Bonds
Barry Bonds
is second, having won the MVP award seven times in the MLB. Gretzky and his Edmonton Oilers
Edmonton Oilers
teammate Mark Messier
Mark Messier
are the only players to win the Hart Trophy with more than one team.[3] Players from the Montreal Canadiens
Montreal Canadiens
have won the award sixteen times; players from Boston Bruins
Boston Bruins
are second with twelve winners, while the Edmonton Oilers
Edmonton Oilers
have seen players win the award ten times. Joe Thornton became the only Hart Trophy winner to have switched clubs during his winning campaign during the 2005–06 season, having played for both the Bruins and San Jose Sharks
San Jose Sharks
that year. The defenseman with the most trophy victories is Eddie Shore, who has four. By contrast, it is rare for a goaltender to win the award, which has happened only eight times in its history by 7 different goaltenders; Buffalo Sabres goaltender Dominik Hasek is the only two-time winner. The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10-7-5-3-1 point(s) system.[4] Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs. The closest the voting for the Hart Trophy has ever come was in the 2001–02 season, when Jose Theodore and Jarome Iginla
Jarome Iginla
tied in the total voting. The tiebreaker for choosing the Hart Trophy winner in such a case is number of first-place votes: Theodore claimed it, who had 86 first-place votes to Iginla's 82.[5] In 2008, the NHL's official online shop came under criticism after they placed a T-shirt advertising Alexander Ovechkin
Alexander Ovechkin
as the award winner on sale a week before the results were revealed. A spokesperson for the league said "in an effort to offer our fans the merchandise they want in a timely manner following an event such as the NHL Awards, our licensees prepare product for all possible outcomes. In this situation, the link for one of the possible products became live early through an error by our e-commerce provider."[6] Ovechkin was later confirmed to be the winner. Winners

Nels Stewart, two-time winner

Wayne Gretzky, nine-time winner

Mario Lemieux, three-time winner

Sergei Fedorov, first European trained player to win it, one-time winner

Dominik Hasek, two-time winner

Alexander Ovechkin, three-time winner

Sidney Crosby, two-time winner

Joe Thornton, only player to switch clubs during his winning season, one-time winner

Positions key

C Centre

LW Left Wing

D Defence

RW Right Wing

G Goaltender

  Player is still active in the NHL   Eligible player not yet elected to Hockey Hall of Fame   Inactive player not yet eligible for Hockey Hall of Fame

Season Winner Team Position Win #

1923–24 Nighbor, FrankFrank Nighbor Ottawa Senators C 1

1924–25 Burch, BillyBilly Burch Hamilton Tigers C 1

1925–26 Stewart, NelsNels Stewart Montreal Maroons C 1

1926–27 Gardiner, HerbHerb Gardiner Montreal Canadiens D 1

1927–28 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 1

1928–29 Worters, RoyRoy Worters New York Americans G 1

1929–30 Stewart, NelsNels Stewart Montreal Maroons C 2

1930–31 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 2

1931–32 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Montreal Canadiens C 3

1932–33 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 1

1933–34 Joliat, AureleAurele Joliat Montreal Canadiens LW 1

1934–35 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 2

1935–36 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 3

1936–37 Siebert, BabeBabe Siebert Montreal Canadiens D 1

1937–38 Shore, EddieEddie Shore Boston Bruins D 4

1938–39 Blake, ToeToe Blake Montreal Canadiens LW 1

1939–40 Goodfellow, EbbieEbbie Goodfellow Detroit Red Wings D 1

1940–41 Cowley, BillBill Cowley Boston Bruins C 1

1941–42 Anderson, TommyTommy Anderson Brooklyn Americans D 1

1942–43 Cowley, BillBill Cowley Boston Bruins C 2

1943–44 Pratt, BabeBabe Pratt Toronto Maple Leafs D 1

1944–45 Lach, ElmerElmer Lach Montreal Canadiens C 1

1945–46 Bentley, MaxMax Bentley Chicago Black Hawks C 1

1946–47 Richard, MauriceMaurice Richard Montreal Canadiens RW 1

1947–48 O'Connor, BuddyBuddy O'Connor New York Rangers C 1

1948–49 Abel, SidSid Abel Detroit Red Wings C 1

1949–50 Rayner, ChuckChuck Rayner New York Rangers G 1

1950–51 Schmidt, MiltMilt Schmidt Boston Bruins C 1

1951–52 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 1

1952–53 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 2

1953–54 Rollins, AlAl Rollins Chicago Black Hawks G 1

1954–55 Kennedy, TedTed Kennedy Toronto Maple Leafs C 1

1955–56 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens C 1

1956–57 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 3

1957–58 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 4

1958–59 Bathgate, AndyAndy Bathgate New York Rangers RW 1

1959–60 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 5

1960–61 Geoffrion, BernieBernie Geoffrion Montreal Canadiens RW 1

1961–62 Plante, JacquesJacques Plante Montreal Canadiens G 1

1962–63 Howe, GordieGordie Howe Detroit Red Wings RW 6

1963–64 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens C 2

1964–65 Hull, BobbyBobby Hull Chicago Black Hawks LW 1

1965–66 Hull, BobbyBobby Hull Chicago Black Hawks LW 2

1966–67 Mikita, StanStan Mikita Chicago Black Hawks C 1

1967–68 Mikita, StanStan Mikita Chicago Black Hawks C 2

1968–69 Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito Boston Bruins C 1

1969–70 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 1

1970–71 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 2

1971–72 Orr, BobbyBobby Orr Boston Bruins D 3

1972–73 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 1

1973–74 Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito Boston Bruins C 2

1974–75 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 2

1975–76 Clarke, BobbyBobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers C 3

1976–77 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur Montreal Canadiens RW 1

1977–78 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur Montreal Canadiens RW 2

1978–79 Trottier, BryanBryan Trottier New York Islanders C 1

1979–80 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 1

1980–81 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 2

1981–82 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 3

1982–83 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 4

1983–84 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 5

1984–85 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 6

1985–86 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 7

1986–87 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers C 8

1987–88 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 1

1988–89 Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky Los Angeles Kings C 9

1989–90 Messier, MarkMark Messier Edmonton Oilers C 1

1990–91 Hull, BrettBrett Hull St. Louis Blues RW 1

1991–92 Messier, MarkMark Messier New York Rangers C 2

1992–93 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 2

1993–94 Fedorov, SergeiSergei Fedorov Detroit Red Wings C 1

1994–95 Lindros, EricEric Lindros Philadelphia Flyers C 1

1995–96 Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins C 3

1996–97 Hasek, DominikDominik Hasek Buffalo Sabres G 1

1997–98 Hasek, DominikDominik Hasek Buffalo Sabres G 2

1998–99 Jagr, JaromirJaromir Jagr Pittsburgh Penguins RW 1

1999–2000 Pronger, ChrisChris Pronger St. Louis Blues D 1

2000–01 Sakic, JoeJoe Sakic Colorado Avalanche C 1

2001–02 Theodore, JoseJose Theodore Montreal Canadiens G 1

2002–03 Forsberg, PeterPeter Forsberg Colorado Avalanche C 1

2003–04 St. Louis, MartinMartin St. Louis Tampa Bay Lightning RW 1

2004–05[a] & —

& —

& —

& —

2005–06 Thornton, JoeJoe Thornton Boston Bruins/San Jose Sharks C 1

2006–07 Crosby, SidneySidney Crosby Pittsburgh Penguins C 1

2007–08 Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals LW 1

2008–09 Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals LW 2

2009–10 Sedin, HenrikHenrik Sedin Vancouver Canucks C 1

2010–11 Perry, CoreyCorey Perry Anaheim Ducks RW 1

2011–12 Malkin, EvgeniEvgeni Malkin Pittsburgh Penguins C 1

2012–13 Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals RW 3

2013–14 Crosby, SidneySidney Crosby Pittsburgh Penguins C 2

2014–15 Price, CareyCarey Price Montreal Canadiens G 1

2015–16 Kane, PatrickPatrick Kane Chicago Blackhawks RW 1

2016–17 McDavid, ConnorConnor McDavid Edmonton Oilers C 1

^ The trophy was not awarded in the 2004–05 season due to the league's lockout.

See also

Ted Lindsay Award List of NHL statistical leaders

References

General

"Hart Memorial Trophy". National Hockey League. Retrieved July 11, 2014.  Hockey Hall of Fame. "Legends of Hockey - NHL Trophies - Hart Memorial Trophy". Legends of Hockey. Retrieved July 11, 2014.  "NHL Hart Memorial Trophy
Hart Memorial Trophy
Winners". Hockey Reference. Retrieved July 12, 2014.  Hollander, Zander; Bock, Hal, eds. (1970). The Complete Encyclopedia of Ice Hockey. Prentice-Hall Inc. ISBN 0-13-159905-4. 

Specific

^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". Official website of Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 15 February 2018.  ^ Hollander & Bock 1970, p. 311. ^ "99 Reasons Why Wayne Gretzky
Wayne Gretzky
is "The Great One"". National Hockey League. Retrieved January 1, 2012.  ^ Dolezar, Jon (April 20, 2003). "Foppa shows the most Hart". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved August 4, 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". National Hockey League. Retrieved July 11, 2014.  ^ "Did NHL Shop Reveal Ovechkin as Hart Winner?". The Sports Network. June 6, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved August 4, 2016. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

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