Harrodsburg is a home rule-class city in Mercer County, Kentucky,
in the United States. It is the seat of its county. The population
was 8,340 at the 2010 census.
Harrodsburg was formally established by the House of
Burgesses after Boonesborough and was not incorporated by the Kentucky
legislature until 1836, it is usually considered the oldest city in
Kentucky and has been honored as the oldest permanent American
settlement west of the Appalachians.
8 Sister city
9 Notable people
10 See also
12 External links
Harrodstown (sometimes Harrod's Town) was laid out and founded by
James Harrod on June 16, 1774. Later that same year, amid Dunmore's
War, the settlement was abandoned as a result of
Resettled the following year, it was one of three settlements in
Kentucky at the time the 13 colonies declared independence
in 1776, along with Logan's Fort and Boonesborough. Also known as
Oldtown, Harrodstown was the first seat of Virginia's
Lincoln (1780), and Mercer (1785) counties upon their formations.
It remains the seat of Mercer County in Kentucky.
The settlement was formally established by the Virginia General
Assembly in 1785 as Harrodsburg. Four years later, it was named the
location for the newly created
United States District Court for the
Kentucky by the Judiciary Act of 1789. The Kentucky
General Assembly incorporated
Harrodsburg in 1836.
During the Civil War, the town was pro-Confederate but Union
control permitted the organization 2 Union regiments, the 19th
Kentucky Volunteer Infantry and the 11th Regiment Kentucky
Volunteer Cavalry. The 19th Infantry as organized at nearby Camp
Harwood for a three-year enlistment commencing January 2, 1862, under
the command of Col. William J. Landram. Companies A, C, D, and F of
Kentucky Cavalry were organized at Harrodsburg, Kentucky, in
July 1862. The remainder of the regiment was organized in Louisville,
Kentucky, and mustered in on September 26, 1862, and mustered in for
three years under the command of Colonel Alexander W. Holeman.
Following the Battle of Perryville, much of the city was converted
into makeshift hospitals; 1600 sick and wounded Confederate soldiers
were captured during a raid by the 9th
Kentucky Cavalry under Lt Col.
John Boyle on October 10, 1862. The city then remained under martial
law for the remainder of the war.
Louisville Southern Railroad
Louisville Southern Railroad (LS) network reached the city in
1888. Louisville Southern Railway's construction commenced in 1884 and
ran from Louisville through Shelbyville and Lawrenceburg to
Harrodsburg, which was reached in 1888. A spur was constructed to
Burgin, where the Louisville Southern joined the Cincinnati Southern's
Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway
Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway CNO&TP mainline.
Now all run and operated by Norfolk Southern Railway.
Pioneer Memorial Park (now Old Fort Harrod State Park) was opened on
June 16, 1927. In 1936, Pres.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt honored the
city with a monument honoring the 'first permanent settlement west of
Company D of the
192nd Tank Battalion
192nd Tank Battalion in the
Battle of Bataan
Battle of Bataan was from
Harrodsburg is located at 37°45′50″N 84°50′46″W /
37.76389°N 84.84611°W / 37.76389; -84.84611 (37.764019,
-84.845974). According to the
Census Bureau, the city
has a total area of 5.3 sq mi (13.7 km2), all land.
U.S. 127 runs North-South through Harrodsburg. U.S. 127 Bypass goes
U.S. 68 runs East-West through Harrodsburg, but
U.S. 68 turns onto U.S. 127 some of the time in Harrodsburg. SR 152
also runs East-West through Harrodsburg.
These are the following routes that runs through Harrodsburg.
Harrodsburg is in the humid subtropical climate zone, although verging
on a humid continental climate. Summers are hot and humid, and
winters are cool with mild periods.
Average high is 87 °F in July and August, the warmest months,
with the average lows of 26 °F in January, the coolest month.
The highest recorded temperature was 105 °F in September 1954.
The lowest recorded temperature was -18 °F in January 1985.
Average annual precipitation is 45.73 inches (1,162 mm), with the
wettest month being May, averaging 4.68 inches (119 mm).
Climate data for Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Average high °F
Average low °F
Average precipitation inches
Average high °C
Average low °C
Average precipitation mm
Source: The Weather Channel 
Mercer County Courthouse, 2006
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,014 people, 3,449
households, and 2,234 families residing in the city. The population
density was 1,510.5/sq mi (583.2/km2). There were 3,709 housing
units at an average density of 699.1/sq mi (269.9/km2). The
racial makeup of the city was 88.92% White, 7.52% African American,
0.14% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.14% from
other races, and 1.50% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of
any race were 2.15% of the population.
There were 3,449 households out of which 31.3% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 45.4% were married couples living
together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and
35.2% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of
individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family
size was 2.91.
The age distribution was 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to
24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65
years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100
females there were 85.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over,
there were 79.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was US $27,500, and the
median income for a family was $34,503. Males had a median income of
$31,214 versus $21,216 for females. The per capita income for the city
was $15,327. About 14.2% of families and 17.1% of the population were
below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and
13.2% of those age 65 or over.
Public education is provided by the Mercer County School District. The
following list consists of the schools located within the
Harrodsburg Area Technology Center
Mercer County Senior High School
Kenneth D. King Middle School
Mercer County Intermediate School
Mercer County Elementary School
Harlow Early Learning Center
Conover Education Center (Campbellsville University Branch) of
Hitachi Automotive Products is based in Harrodsburg
Corning Incorporated has a plant located in Harrodsburg, which makes
Trim Masters - Automotive Parent Supplier, maker of seats for Toyota
Kentucky in Georgetown, Ky
Ralph G. Anderson, founder Belcan Corporation, philanthropist
Kiami Davael, actress
Maria Thompson Daviess
Maria Thompson Daviess (1872–1924), author
Jason Dunn, National Football League player
David Winfield Huddleston, Christian author and minister
Frances Wisebart Jacobs, philanthropist
Dennis Johnson, National Football League player
William Logan, politician
Beriah Magoffin, Governor of
Kentucky (1859 − 1862) and namesake of
Magoffin County, Kentucky
William Sullivan, politician and lawyer
John Burton Thompson, politician
Al Wilson, actor and stunt pilot
Craig Yeast, National Football League player
Low Dutch Station
Rocky Point Manor
^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9,
^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331
Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30,
^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved
^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land
Office. "Harrodsburg, Kentucky". Accessed 30 July 2013.
^ a b Rennick, Robert M. (1987).
Kentucky Place Names. University
Press of Kentucky. p. 132. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
^ a b c d Kleber, John E. (1992). The
Kentucky Encyclopedia. Lexington
KY: The University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-1772-0.
^ "Statutes at Large, 1st Congress, 1st Session". A Century of
Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates,
1774–1875. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
^ Life Magazine 1942
^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".
United States Census
Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
^ How Stuff Works Archived 2014-10-19 at the Wayback Machine. Map of
American climate zones. Retrieved on 2010-04-03
^ Monthly Averages for Harrodsburg,
Kentucky Retrieved on 2010-04-03
^ "Monthly Averages for
Harrodsburg KY". The Weather Channel. Archived
from the original on 2011-05-22.
Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4,
^ "American FactFinder".
Census Bureau. Retrieved
^ Mercer County School District Archived 2010-04-13 at the Wayback
Machine. Retrieved on 2010-05-04
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
City of Harrodsburg
Mercer County Chamber of Commerce
Harrodsburg / Mercer County Tourist Commission
Municipalities and communities of Mercer County, Kentucky, United
County seat: Harrodsburg
Commonwealth of Kentucky
Seal of Kentucky
Western Coal Fields