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Harrison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 187,105, making it the second-most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seats are Biloxi and Gulfport. The county is named after U.S. President William Henry Harrison. Harrison County is part of the Gulfport-Biloxi, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county was severely damaged from both Hurricane Camille on August 17, 1969 and Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, causing catastrophic effects.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which is land and (41%) is water. The Tchoutacabouffa River has its mouth at Biloxi Bay just north of the city of Biloxi. Gulfport, Mississippi is the chief port in the state, with access to the Gulf of Mexico through a ship channel. This is the second-largest county in Mississippi by total area.

Wildlife

A single pond in the county contains the critically endangered dusky gopher frog.

Major highways

* Interstate 10 * Interstate 110 * U.S. Highway 49 * U.S. Highway 90 * Mississippi Highway 15 * Mississippi Highway 53 * Mississippi Highway 67 * Mississippi Highway 605 * Mississippi Highway 43

Adjacent counties

* Stone County (north) * Jackson County (east) * Hancock County (west)

National protected areas

* De Soto National Forest (part) * Gulf Islands National Seashore (part)

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 187,479 people, 71,538 households, and 48,574 families residing in the county. The population density was 326 people per square mile (126/km2). There were 79,636 housing units at an average density of 137 per square mile (53/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.15% White, 21.09% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 2.60% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. 2.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 71,538 households, out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.10% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.00% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 30.50% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males. The main income for a household in the county was $35,624, and the median income for a family was $41,445. Males had a median income of $29,867 versus $22,030 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,024. 14.60% of the population and 11.60% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.70% of those under the age of 18 and 11.30% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. Harrison County has the sixth highest per capita income in the State of Mississippi.

Corrections system

Harrison County has been studied by CNN and other media, which have reported on the beatings of inmates in the Harrison County Jail in Gulfport, Mississippi. Inmate Jessie Lee Williams Jr. died while in custody on February 4, 2006. In 2006 and 2007, six Harrison County Sheriff's Department deputies pleaded guilty to crimes related to the abuse of inmates at the jail."Sixth Harrison County Sheriff's Department Officer Pleads Guilty"
/ref> Sheriff Melvin Brisolara-R was elected in 2008, for Harrison County.

Communities

thumb|right|Water from the Old_Hwy_67_and_[[Mississippi_Highway_15.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Mississippi Highway 67">Old Hwy 67 and MS_15_on_September_29,_1998,_after_[[Hurricane_Georges.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Mississippi Highway 15">MS 15 on September 29, 1998, after [[Hurricane Georges">Mississippi Highway 15">MS 15 on September 29, 1998, after [[Hurricane Georges made landfall.]]

Cities

* [[Biloxi, Mississippi|Biloxi]] (county seat) * [[D'Iberville, Mississippi|D'Iberville]] * [[Gulfport, Mississippi|Gulfport]] (county seat) * Long Beach * Pass Christian

Census-designated places

* DeLisle * Henderson Point * Lyman * Saucier

Unincorporated communities

* Cuevas * Howison * Lizana * Wool Market

Politics

Since 1964, Harrison County has voted overwhelmingly Republican. The last Democrat to receive over 40% of the vote was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

See also

* Friendship Oak (Long Beach, Mississippi) * Grass Lawn (Gulfport, Mississippi) * Historic Grand Hotels on the Mississippi Gulf Coast * Land Trust for the Mississippi Coastal Plain * Mississippi Aquarium * National Register of Historic Places listings in Harrison County, Mississippi * Old Brick House (Biloxi, Mississippi) * Tivoli Hotel (Biloxi, Mississippi) * Turkey Creek Community Historic District

References



Further reading

* Burt, D.E. and H.L. Welch. (2007). ''Quality of water in selected wells, Harrison County, Mississippi, 1997-2005'' .S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1287 Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links


Official county site

Harrison County Sheriff

Harrison County Courthouse Pictures
{{coord|30.42|-89.09|display=title|type:adm2nd_region:US-MS_source:UScensus1990 Category:Mississippi counties Category:Gulfport–Biloxi metropolitan area Category:1841 establishments in Mississippi Category:Populated places established in 1841