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Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
(born 19 February 1962) is a former professional tennis player from Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
who later obtained Australian citizenship. During her career, she won four Grand Slam singles titles: the 1980 Australian Open, 1981 French Open, 1985 US Open, and the 1987 Australian Open. She was also the runner-up at four Grand Slam singles events, including the Wimbledon finals of 1981 and 1986, and won one Grand Slam women's doubles title, the 1989 US Open with Martina Navratilova. Mandlikova had a career high singles ranking of number three, and was ranked in the world top 50 for 12 consecutive seasons (1978–89), including seven in the top 10. She led Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
to three consecutive Fed Cup
Fed Cup
titles from 1983–1985, and was only the third woman to win grand slam titles on grass, clay, and hard courts, joining Chris Evert
Chris Evert
and Martina Navratilova. She defeated both Evert and Navratilova on consecutive days to accomplish this feat at the 1985 US Open. She retired in 1990, and went on to coach Jana Novotná to the 1998 Wimbledon singles title and a career high ranking of number two. She also served as the Czech Republic's Olympic and Fed Cup coach until 1996.

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Career

2.1 Junior 2.2 Professional

3 Grand Slam performance timelines

3.1 Singles 3.2 Doubles

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Personal life[edit] Born in Prague, Mandlíková is the daughter of Vilém Mandlík, who was an Olympic 200-meter semifinalist for Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
in 1956.[1] She married Australian restaurateur Jan Sedlak in Prague
Prague
in 1986;[2] the couple divorced two years later, shortly after Mandlikova obtained Australian citizenship. In May 2001, she gave birth to twins Mark Vilém and Elisabeth Hana.[3] Their father was a friend who was to have no role in their upbringing. Mandlikova is raising her two children with her female partner, Sydney Billier, in Bradenton, Florida. Both children are junior tennis players. Career[edit]

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Junior[edit] Mandlíková first came to the tennis world's attention as a junior player. In 1978, the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation launched the world junior rankings, and Mandlíková became the first ever female World No. 1 junior player. Professional[edit] Mandlíková captured her first Grand Slam singles title at the Australian Open
Australian Open
in 1980, defeating Wendy Turnbull
Wendy Turnbull
in straight sets in the final.[4] Her second came a year later at the French Open
French Open
with straight-sets wins over Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the semifinals and West German left-hander Sylvia Hanika in the final. Mandlíková was also the runner-up at the US Open in 1980 and 1982 and at Wimbledon in 1981, losing in all three finals to Evert. From the Us Open 1980 through to Wimbledon 1981, she made four consecutive Grand Slam singles finals. Mandlikova ended Chris Evert's 72 match win streak on clay at the 1981 French Open. In 1983, Mandlíková led Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
to the first of three consecutive Fed Cup
Fed Cup
titles. The following year she defeated Martina Navratilova in three sets in the final at Oakland, California, ending Navratilova's 54 match winning streak, two short of tying the record held by Evert at the time.[1] Navratilova then embarked on a 74 match winning streak, a record that still stands. In 1985, Mandlíková became the first woman since Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
to beat both Evert and Navratilova in the same tournament when she beat the top seeded Evert in the semifinals and then the second seeded Navratilova in the three-set final at the US Open. This win made her only the third woman, after Evert and Navratilova, to win grand slam titles on grass, clay and hard courts. Since then, only three other woman have achieved this feat, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams
Serena Williams
and Maria Sharapova. The following year, Mandlíková teamed with Turnbull to win the women's doubles title at the WTA Tour Championships. In doing so, they defeated the top two teams of the time, Navratilova and Pam Shriver in the semifinals and Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
and Helena Suková in the final. Mandlíková and Turnbull were also runners-up to Navratilova and Shriver at Wimbledon and the US Open in 1986. Mandlíková also lost in the Wimbledon singles final that year to Navratilova but not before avenging her 1981 final loss to Evert in the semifinals. Another high point of Mandlíková's summer that year was a win over Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
in the quarterfinals of the French Open. Graf had won four titles that season on clay with victories over Mandlíková, Evert, Navratilova, Kohde Kilsch, and Gabriela Sabatini, and even held a match point in the second set of their quarterfinal before Mandlíková stopped another win streak, as Graf had won her previous 23 matches that year. In 1987, Mandlíková won her fourth and final Grand Slam singles title when she beat Navratilova in straight sets in the final of the Australian Open.[5][4] With this victory, she once again ended a Navratilova win streak, this time after 56 matches. With three titles in early 1987, she seemed poised to finally overtake the rivals ahead of her, but a pulled stomach muscle, hamstring pull and heel injury, kept her off the tour for period in 1987 and 1988. Mandlikova attained Australian citizenship in 1988,[6] and her last consistent performance in a Grand Slam event was at the 1988 Australian Open, where, as the defending champion, she reached the quarterfinals before losing to the eventual champion, Steffi Graf. 1988 also saw her divorced from Sedlak. Her injury problems saw her year-end ranking for 1988 drop to 29, her lowest since 1978. She ended the 1989 season ranked 14 in the world. Mandlíková and Navratilova teamed in 1989, to win the US Open women's doubles title, defeating Shriver and Mary Joe Fernández
Mary Joe Fernández
in the final. She retired from the professional tennis tour in 1990, at the relatively early age of 28, having won 27 singles titles and 19 doubles titles. Her career-high singles ranking was World No. 3. Since retiring from the tour, she has become a successful tennis coach. She coached Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
for 9 years (1990–99), during which time Novotná won Wimbledon and reached the World No. 2 ranking. Mandlíková has also captained the Czech Republic's Fed Cup
Fed Cup
team. Mandlíková is one of 13 women during the open era to have reached the singles final of all four Grand Slam tournaments. She is one of six women who have won Grand Slam singles titles on clay, grass, and hard courts, with the others being Graf, Navratilova, Evert, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova. During her professional career Mandlíková was coached by former tennis player Betty Stöve.[1][7][8] Mandlíková was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in 1994 and received the Hall of Fame ring in 2017.[4] Grand Slam performance timelines[edit] Main article: Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
career statistics

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. Singles[edit]

Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Career SR

Australian Open A QF W QF 2R 2R A SF NH W QF 4R 3R 2 / 10

French Open 2R QF SF W SF QF SF QF SF 2R 2R 1R A 1 / 12

Wimbledon A 4R 4R F 2R 4R SF 3R F A 3R 4R 2R 0 / 11

US Open 3R 2R F QF F QF QF W 4R 4R A 3R A 1 / 11

SR 0 / 2 0 / 4 1 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 1 / 4 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 2 4 / 44

Year-end ranking 45 17 4 5 7 12 3 3 4 5 29 14 NR

Doubles[edit]

Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Career SR

Australian Open A A 1R 2R A A A 2R NH QF QF 1R 1R 0 / 7

French Open 2R QF SF 3R 3R QF F 3R SF 1R 3R 3R A 0 / 12

Wimbledon 1R 2R 2R A 2R 2R QF SF F A 2R 3R A 0 / 10

US Open A A 3R SF 3R 2R 3R SF F 3R A W A 1 / 9

SR 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 1 / 4 0 / 1 1 / 38

Year-end ranking

11 6 7 12 60 17 46

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number played. See also[edit]

Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final

References[edit]

^ a b c Jaime Diaz (20 May 1985). "Hana Is Getting It All Together". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 62 no. 20. pp. 49–54, 79.  ^ John Roberts (5 August 2001). "Kournikova limits her partners to Hingis". The Independent.  ^ Harvey Fialkov (14 July 2015). "Hana Mandlikova happily shifts from Grand Slam champ to tennis mom". SunSentinel.  ^ a b c Justin Ross (25 March 2017). "Hana Mandlikova Receives Her International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
Ring at the Miami Open". Miami Open.  ^ Roy S. Johnson (4 September 1987). "Mandlikova Won't Step Aside for Graf". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times.  ^ "Mandlikova Is Now an Australian". Los Angeles Times. 2 January 1988.  ^ "Hana Mandlikova advances". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times. 28 May 1982.  ^ Julie Cart (23 March 1986). "Tennis : Mandlikova Thinks Diplomacy May Be Better Way to Go". articles.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hana Mandlíková.

Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
at the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
at the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame

Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
in the slams

v t e

French Open
French Open
girls' singles champions

Pre Open Era

1953 Christine Brunon 1954 Beatrice de Chambure 1955 Maria-Teresa Reidl 1956 Eliane Launay 1957 Ilse Buding 1958 Francesca Gordigani 1959 Joan Cross 1960 Françoise Dürr 1961 Robyn Ebbern 1962 Kaye Dening 1963 Monique Salfati 1964 Nicole Seghers 1965 Esme Emanuel 1966 Odile de Roubin 1967 Corinne Molesworth

Open Era

1968 Lesley Hunt 1969 Kazuko Sawamatsu 1970 Veronica Burton 1971 Elena Granatourova 1972 Renáta Tomanová 1973 Mima Jaušovec 1974 Mariana Simionescu 1975 Regina Maršíková 1976 Michelle Tyler 1977 Anne Smith 1978 Hana Mandlíková 1979 Lena Sandin 1980 Kathleen Horvath 1981 Bonnie Gadusek 1982 Manuela Maleeva 1983 Pascale Paradis 1984 Gabriela Sabatini 1985 Laura Garrone 1986 Patricia Tarabini 1987 Natalia Zvereva 1988 Julie Halard 1989 Jennifer Capriati 1990 Magdalena Maleeva 1991 Anna Smashnova 1992 Rossana de los Ríos 1993 Martina Hingis 1994 Martina Hingis 1995 Amélie Cocheteux 1996 Amélie Mauresmo 1997 Justine Henin 1998 Nadia Petrova 1999 Lourdes Domínguez 2000 Virginie Razzano 2001 Kaia Kanepi 2002 Angelique Widjaja 2003 Anna-Lena Grönefeld 2004 Sesil Karatantcheva 2005 Ágnes Szávay 2006 Agnieszka Radwańska 2007 Alizé Cornet 2008 Simona Halep 2009 Kristina Mladenovic 2010 Elina Svitolina 2011 Ons Jabeur 2012 Annika Beck 2013 Belinda Bencic 2014 Daria Kasatkina 2015 Paula Badosa Gibert 2016 Rebeka Masarova 2017 Whitney Osuigwe

v t e

Australian Open
Australian Open
women's singles champions

(1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Margaret Court (1972) Virginia Wade (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Evonne Goolagong (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977 (Jan)) Kerry Reid (1977 (Dec)) Evonne Goolagong (1978) Chris O'Neil (1979) Barbara Jordan (1980) Hana Mandlíková (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Chris Evert (1985) Martina Navratilova (1987) Hana Mandlíková (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Steffi Graf (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Monica Seles (1994) Steffi Graf (1995) Mary Pierce (1996) Monica Seles (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Martina Hingis (2000) Lindsay Davenport (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Jennifer Capriati (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Justine Henin (2005) Serena Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Serena Williams (2008) Maria Sharapova (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Kim Clijsters (2012) Victoria Azarenka (2013) Victoria Azarenka (2014) Li Na (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Serena Williams (2018) Caroline Wozniacki

v t e

French Open
French Open
women's singles champions

(1968) Nancy Richey (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Sue Barker (1977) Mima Jaušovec (1978) Virginia Ruzici (1979) Chris Evert (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Hana Mandlíková (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Chris Evert (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Chris Evert (1986) Chris Evert (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Arantxa Sánchez (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Iva Majoli (1998) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1999) Steffi Graf (2000) Mary Pierce (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Anastasia Myskina (2005) Justine Henin (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Ana Ivanovic (2009) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2010) Francesca Schiavone (2011) Li Na (2012) Maria Sharapova (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Maria Sharapova (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Garbiñe Muguruza (2017) Jeļena Ostapenko

v t e

US Open women's singles champions

(1968) Virginia Wade (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Billie Jean King (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Billie Jean King (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Chris Evert (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Chris Evert (1979) Tracy Austin (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Tracy Austin (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Hana Mandlíková (1986) Martina Navratilova (1987) Martina Navratilova (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Gabriela Sabatini (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Lindsay Davenport (1999) Serena Williams (2000) Venus Williams (2001) Venus Williams (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2005) Kim Clijsters (2006) Maria Sharapova (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Serena Williams (2009) Kim Clijsters (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Samantha Stosur (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Flavia Pennetta (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Sloane Stephens

v t e

US Open women's doubles champions

(1968) Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
/ Margaret Court (1969) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Darlene Hard (1970) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Judy Tegart Dalton (1971) Rosemary Casals / Judy Tegart Dalton (1972) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Betty Stöve (1973) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Virginia Wade (1974) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1975) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Virginia Wade (1976) Delina Boshoff / Ilana Kloss (1977) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Betty Stöve (1978) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navratilova (1979) Betty Stöve
Betty Stöve
/ Wendy Turnbull (1980) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navratilova (1981) Kathy Jordan / Anne Smith (1982) Rosemary Casals / Wendy Turnbull (1983) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1984) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1985) Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
/ Helena Suková (1986) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1987) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1988) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Robin White (1989) Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
/ Martina Navratilova (1990) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Martina Navratilova (1991) Pam Shriver / Natalia Zvereva (1992) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1993) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
/ Helena Suková (1994) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1996) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1997) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Jana Novotná (1998) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Jana Novotná (1999) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2000) Julie Halard-Decugis / Ai Sugiyama (2001) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Rennae Stubbs (2002) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Paola Suárez (2003) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Paola Suárez (2004) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Paola Suárez (2005) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Samantha Stosur (2006) Nathalie Dechy
Nathalie Dechy
/ Vera Zvonareva (2007) Nathalie Dechy
Nathalie Dechy
/ Dinara Safina (2008) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2009) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2010) Vania King
Vania King
/ Yaroslava Shvedova (2011) Liezel Huber
Liezel Huber
/ Lisa Raymond (2012) Sara Errani
Sara Errani
/ Roberta Vinci (2013) Andrea Hlaváčková
Andrea Hlaváčková
/ Lucie Hradecká (2014) Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
/ Elena Vesnina (2015) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Sania Mirza (2016) Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
/ Lucie Šafářová

v t e

WTA Year-end championships winners doubles

(1972) not held (1973) Rosemary Casals / Margaret Court (1974) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1975) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Virginia Wade (1976) not held (1977) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Betty Stöve (1978) not held (1979) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Betty Stöve (1980) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navratilova (1981) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1982) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1983) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1984) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1985) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1986 (1)) Hana Mandlíková
Hana Mandlíková
/ Wendy Turnbull (1986 (2)) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1987) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1988) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1989) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1990) Kathy Jordan / Elizabeth Smylie (1991) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1992) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
/ Helena Suková (1993) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1994) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natasha Zvereva (1995) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1996) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Mary Joe Fernández (1997) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Jana Novotná (1998) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Natasha Zvereva (1999) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Anna Kournikova (2000) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Anna Kournikova (2001) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Rennae Stubbs (2002) Elena Dementieva
Elena Dementieva
/ Janette Husárová (2003) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Paola Suárez (2004) Nadia Petrova
Nadia Petrova
/ Meghann Shaughnessy (2005) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Samantha Stosur (2006) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Samantha Stosur (2007) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2008) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2009) Nuria Llagostera Vives
Nuria Llagostera Vives
/ María José Martínez Sánchez (2010) Gisela Dulko
Gisela Dulko
/ Flavia Pennetta (2011) Liezel Huber
Liezel Huber
/ Lisa Raymond (2012) Maria Kirilenko
Maria Kirilenko
/ Nadia Petrova (2013) Hsieh Su-wei
Hsieh Su-wei
/ Peng Shuai (2014) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Sania Mirza (2015) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Sania Mirza (2016) Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
/ Elena Vesnina (2017) Tímea Babos
Tímea Babos
/ Andrea Hlaváčková

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 92980357 LCCN: n93054786 ISNI: 0000 0000 7861 4433 GND: 119134497 NLA: 35642960

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