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The Info List - Han River (Hanshui)


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The Han River, also known by its Chinese names Hanshui
Hanshui
and Han Jiang, is a left tributary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
in central China. It has a length of 1,532 kilometers (952 mi) and is the longest tributary of the Yangtze
Yangtze
system. The river gave its name to the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
and, through it, to the Han Chinese, the dominant ethnicity in China
China
and the most populous ethnic group in the world. It is also the namesake of the city of Hanzhong
Hanzhong
on its upper course.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Hydroelectric Projects 3 Culture 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References

Geography[edit] The headwaters of the Han flow from Mount Bozhong in southwestern Shaanxi.[1] The stream then travels east across the southern part of that province.[1] Its highland valley—known as the Qinba Laolin[a]—divides and is protected by the Qinling or Qin Mountains to its north and the Dabashan or Daba Mountains
Daba Mountains
to its south.[1] The main cities are Hanzhong
Hanzhong
in the west and Ankang
Ankang
in the east. It then enters Hubei. It crosses most of Hubei
Hubei
from the northwest to the southeast, falling into the Yangtze
Yangtze
at the provincial capital Wuhan,[1] a city of several million inhabitants. The merging rivers divide the city of Wuhan
Wuhan
into three sections: Wuchang in the south, Hankou
Hankou
to the northeast of the confluence, and Hanyang to its southwest. The area surrounding the confluence is known as the Jianghan Plain.[1] Apart from a few major basins, such as the area around Hanzhong, the highlands of the Han were covered in primeval forests as late as the 19th century. The Nanshan Forest covered the northern slopes; the Bashan Forest, the southern.[2] Hydroelectric Projects[edit] Danjiangkou Dam
Danjiangkou Dam
was constructed on the Han River in northern Hubei
Hubei
in 1958. It has been heightened since. The Danjiangkou Reservoir
Danjiangkou Reservoir
created thereby is now used as part of the South–North Water Transfer Project. Culture[edit] The river was previously considered holy by the inhabitants on its banks.[1] It is also considered part of the dividing line between northern and southern China.[1] See also[edit]

Xihan River, the "Western Han"

Notes[edit]

^ Also known in Chinese as "one river enclosed by two mountains" (Liangshan Jia Yichuan).[1]

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Wang Wensheng, White Lotus Rebels and South China Pirates, p. 54 . ^ Wang, p. 55.

v t e

Major rivers of China

Seven Great Rivers of Eastern China Yangtze
Yangtze
· Yellow · Pearl · Heilongjiang · Huai · Hai · Liao

Yangtze
Yangtze
system

Yalong Min Dadu Qingyi (Sichuan) Tuo Jialing Bailong Fu (Sichuan) Qu Wu Hanshui Muma Chi Du Bao Qing Chishui Xiang

Xiao Lei Mi

Zi Yuan Lishui Miluo Gan Fu (Jiangxi) Xin Qingyi (Anhui) Qinhuai Xitiao Huangpu Suzhou Creek

Yellow system

Daxia Tao Qingshui Wuding Fen Wei Jing Luo (Henan) Luo (Shaanxi) Qin Xiaoqing

Pearl system

North East Han (Guangdong) Mei Ting West Yujiang Yong Xun Qian Hongshui Nanpan Beipan Rong Li (Guangxi) Gui Liu

Heilongjiang system

Songhua 2nd Songhua Nen Mudan Ussuri Argun Kherlen Woken Huifa

Huai system

Guo Ying Shiguan Quan Hui Hong

Hai system

Chaobai Yongding Hutuo Ziya Daqing Wenyu Juma Sanggan Fuyang Wei Ju Jiyunhe

Liao system

Hun Taizi Xar Moron Xinkai Western Liao Eastern Liao

Other major rivers

Tarim Black Karatash Ili Shule Tumen Yalu Luan Red Minjiang Longjiang Lancang Beilun Nujiang Lion Spring Elephant Spring Yarlung Tsangpo (Horse Spring) Nyang Subansiri Irtysh Suifen Qiantang Puyang Jiao (Shandong) Dai Si Shu Cao'e Jiao (Zhejiang) Ou Mulan Jin (Fujian) Nandu Wanquan Taping

Major canals

Grand Canal Lingqu North Jiangsu Main Irrigation Canal

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China
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