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Hammersmith Farm
Hammersmith Farm
is a Victorian mansion and estate located at 225 Harrison Avenue in Newport, Rhode Island, United States. It was the childhood home of First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, and the site of the reception for her 1953 wedding to U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy. During his presidency, it was referred to as the "Summer White House".

Contents

1 History

1.1 Summer White House 1.2 Post-presidency 1.3 Restoration

2 See also 3 Notes 4 External links

History[edit]

President John F. Kennedy, First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy and their children sitting on the stairs at Hammersmith, September 29, 1961.

Hammersmith Farm's 28-room main house was built in 1887 for John W. Auchincloss, the great-grandfather of Hugh D. Auchincloss (1897–1976), Jacqueline Kennedy's stepfather. It was erected on what had been originally known as "Hammersmith Island," possibly named after the English hometown of William Brenton, the 17th-century governor of Rhode Island who established the first farm on the site in 1640.[1]

Senator John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
and Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy
on their wedding day, September 12, 1953.

Summer White House[edit] During a stay at Hammersmith in late September 1961, President Kennedy announced that John McCone would become the new Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Additionally, Kennedy signed Public Law 87-293, the Peace Corps
Peace Corps
Act of 1961. [2] Post-presidency[edit] The main house remained in the Auchincloss family until the 1976 death of Hugh Auchincloss. Janet Lee Auchincloss (1907–1989), Jacqueline Kennedy's mother, sold the main house and moved into one of the guesthouses on the farm, called "The Castle". There was another guest house on the farm built to resemble a windmill. A group of investors bought main house in 1977, and opened it for public tours and special events. Fruit of the Loom
Fruit of the Loom
executive William F. Farley bought it in 1997 for $6.675 million. Restoration[edit] In 1999, Farley sold the main house for over $8 million to Peter Kiernan, a partner at Goldman Sachs, who restored the failing building and converted the house back to private use. It had not been lived in since 1974 (over 25 years), and had fallen into serious disrepair. Much of the original plumbing was inoperable, and wiring had frayed from time and rodent damage. Bricks were coming loose and wood rot was everywhere. Each year the building was listing a little more northward, toward Fort Adams. A major restoration was required to save the damaged structure. Kiernan oversaw a multi-year rehabilitation of the building, working with noted restoration architectural firm Windigo, headed by James Gubelman. Major structural flaws necessitated the removal of one end of the building and the installation of steel and wooden beams for support. The house had suffered from decades of wood rot from leaking windows. Outside, the brick was bowing due to many successive winters of freezing and expansion. Popping and falling bricks during the winter was routine. The interiors were painstakingly disassembled and numbered and new plumbing, HVAC, and wiring were installed. Later the numbered moldings and fixtures were replaced in their original positions so the historic rooms looked exactly as they had when the building was constructed in 1887, save for the electricity and modern plumbing. The exterior was restored with equal sensitivity to the original structure. Working with Gubelman and the Historic District Commission, the team removed metal and plexiglass porches, reset brick to match the original, and removed the light green paint used to hide the mismatched brick from decades of repairs. Windows were rebuilt to protect the house from the fierce sea winds of winter. New shingles and roof were installed following the original architectural plans, and using the many sketches and photographs taken of the building over its 120-year history. Happily, the building had been recorded from numerous angles and vantage points over the many decades, and a clear visual history existed as a guide. The goal of the owners, architects, and the HDC was to restore the farm as closely as possible to the appearance one might have enjoyed in 1888. About half of the original furnishings were returned to the Auchincloss family under a prior agreement, and the family sold them off in a Christie's
Christie's
auction in 2000, which fetched $233,620.[3]

Hammersmith Farm
Hammersmith Farm
garden, 1930.

President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
arriving at Hammersmith Farm
Hammersmith Farm
in 1962.

Hammersmith Farm, 1968.

See also[edit]

Rhode Island portal

Brenton Point Fort Adams

Notes[edit]

^ Brenton, Elizabeth C. (1877). History of Brenton's Neck from 1638. Newport, RI: John P. Sanborn, Printer, Mercury Office.  ^ " Peace Corps
Peace Corps
Act". Peace Corps
Peace Corps
Worldwide. Retrieved 3 Sep 2016.  ^ "Jackie's Family Farm". Forbes.com. Retrieved 31 May 2009. 

External links[edit]

Article on the sale of the property

Coordinates: 41°28′09″N 71°20′46″W / 41.469109°N 71.346062°W / 41.469109; -71.346062

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hammersmith Farm.

v t e

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis

Family

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(first husband, presidency) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Aristotle Onassis
Aristotle Onassis
(second husband) John Vernou Bouvier III
John Vernou Bouvier III
(father) Janet Lee Bouvier (mother) Lee Radziwill
Lee Radziwill
(sister) Hugh D. Auchincloss
Hugh D. Auchincloss
(stepfather) Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
Janet Auchincloss Rutherfurd
(half-sister) Edith Ewing Bouvier (aunt)

Life events

Hammersmith Farm Kennedy Compound First Lady of the United States

White House restoration Televised White House tour White House Historical Association White House Curator Committee for the Preservation of the White House

Assassination of John F. Kennedy State funeral of John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum Eternal Flame and burial site

Fashion

Wedding dress of Jacqueline Bouvier The bouffant hairstyle Pillbox hat Pink Chanel suit

Honors and memorials

Jacqueline Kennedy Garden Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
High School for International Careers Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Reservoir Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis
School ballet

Other

Cultural depictions Jackie O (1997 opera) Jackie (2016 film)

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
United States
(1961–1963) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1953–1960) U.S. Representative for MA-11 (1947–1953)

Presidency (timeline)

Presidential Office: Inauguration Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Presidential pardons

Domestic policy: Clean Air Act Communications Satellite Act Community Mental Health Act Equal Pay Act Federal affirmative action Federal housing segregation ban Fifty-mile hikes Food for Peace New Frontier Pilot Food Stamp Program Space policy Status of Women (Presidential Commission) University of Alabama integration Voter Education Project

Foreign policy: Alliance for Progress Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Flexible response Kennedy Doctrine Peace Corps Trade Expansion Act USAID Vietnam War Cuba: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Project Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Soviet Union: Berlin Crisis Moscow–Washington hotline Vienna summit

White House: Presidential limousine Presidential yacht Resolute desk Situation Room

Presidential speeches

Inaugural address American University speech "We choose to go to the Moon" Report to the American People on Civil Rights "Ich bin ein Berliner" "A rising tide lifts all boats"

Elections

U.S. States House of Representatives elections, 1946 1948 1950 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts, 1952 1958 1960 Presidential primaries 1960 Presidential campaign Democratic National Convention 1956 1960 U.S. presidential election, 1960

debates

Personal life

Birthplace and childhood home Kennedy Compound US Navy service PT-109

Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana Arthur Evans PT-59 Castle Hot Springs

Hammersmith Farm Coretta Scott King phone call Rocking chair "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"

Books

Why England Slept
Why England Slept
(1940) Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1956) A Nation of Immigrants
A Nation of Immigrants
(1958)

Death

Assassination

timeline reactions in popular culture

State funeral

Riderless horse attending dignitaries

Gravesite and Eternal Flame

Legacy

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum (Boston) 1964 Civil Rights Act Apollo 11
Apollo 11
Moon landing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(Florida) Kennedy Round U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development VISTA Cultural depictions

films Kennedy half dollar U.S. postage stamps U.S. five cent stamp Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences

Operation Sail

Memorials, namesakes

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (Washington, D.C.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
International Airport (New York) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (London) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Dallas) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Portland, Oregon) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (Runnymede, Britain) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Bridge (Kentucky–Indiana) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
School of Government (Harvard Univ.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Special
Special
Warfare Center and School (Fort Bragg, North Carolina) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
University (California) John Kennedy College (Mauritius) Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
(Chicago) MV John F. Kennedy USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) Yad Kennedy
Yad Kennedy
(Jerusalem)

Family

Jacqueline Bouvier (wife) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr.

son plane crash

Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg (granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
(sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

Category

v t e

Mansions of Newport, Rhode Island

Preservation Society mansions

The Breakers Chateau-sur-Mer Chepstow The Elms Isaac Bell House Kingscote Marble House Rosecliff

Not owned by the Preservation Society

Beechwood Belcourt Castle Fairholme Hammersmith Farm Malbone Castle and Estate Miramar Ochre Court Rough Point Seaview Terrace

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