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The Hamdanid dynasty
Hamdanid dynasty
(Arabic: حمدانيون‎ Ḥamdānyūn) was a Shi'a[1] Muslim
Muslim
Arab
Arab
dynasty of northern Iraq
Iraq
(al-Jazirah) and Syria (890-1004). They descended from the ancient Banu Taghlib
Banu Taghlib
Christian tribe of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and Eastern Arabia. The Hamdanid dynasty
Hamdanid dynasty
was founded by Hamdan ibn Hamdun
Hamdan ibn Hamdun
(after whom it is named), when he was appointed governor of Mardin
Mardin
in SE Anatolia
Anatolia
by the Abbasid
Abbasid
Caliphs in 890. His son Abdallah (904-929) was in turn appointed governor of Mosul
Mosul
in northern Iraq
Iraq
(906) and even governed Baghdad
Baghdad
(914). His sons were installed as governors in Mosul
Mosul
and Aleppo. The rule of Hassan Nasir al-Dawla
Nasir al-Dawla
(929-968), governor of Mosul
Mosul
and Diyar Bakr, was sufficiently tyrannical to cause him to be deposed by his own family. His lineage still ruled in Mosul, a heavy defeat by the Buyids
Buyids
in 979 notwithstanding, until 990. After this, their area of control in northern Iraq
Iraq
was divided between the Uqaylids
Uqaylids
and the Marwanids. Ali Sayf al-Dawla
Sayf al-Dawla
'Sword of the State' ruled (945-967) Northern Syria from Aleppo, and became the most important opponent of the Christian Byzantine Empire's re-expansion. His court was a centre of culture, thanks to its nurturing of Arabic literature, but it lost this status after the Byzantine conquest of Aleppo. To stop the Byzantine advance, Aleppo
Aleppo
was put under the suzerainty of the Fatimids
Fatimids
in Egypt, but in 1003 the Fatimids
Fatimids
deposed the Hamdanids anyway.

Contents

1 Hamdanid rulers 2 See also 3 References 4 Notes

Hamdanid rulers[edit] Hamdanids in Al-Jazira

Hamdan ibn Hamdun al- Husayn ibn Hamdan
Husayn ibn Hamdan
(895-916) Abdallah ibn Hamdan (906-929) Nasir al-Dawla
Nasir al-Dawla
(929-967) Abu Taghlib
Abu Taghlib
(967-978) Directly administered as part of the Buyid-controlled Abbasid Caliphate, 979–981 Abu Tahir Ibrahim ibn al-Hasan (989-997) Abu Abdallah al-Husayn ibn al-Hasan (989-997)

Hamdanids in Aleppo

Sayf al-Dawla
Sayf al-Dawla
(945-967) Sa'd al-Dawla
Sa'd al-Dawla
(967-991) Sa'id al-Dawla
Sa'id al-Dawla
(991-1002)

See also[edit]

Rulers of Aleppo List of Shi'a
Shi'a
Muslim
Muslim
dynasties Mirdasids

References[edit]

Bikhazi, Ramzi J. (1981). The Hamdanid Dynasty of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
and North Syria
Syria
254–404/868–1014. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.  Canard, Marius (1951). Histoire de la dynastie des Hamdanides de Jazîra et de Syrie (in French). Algiers: Faculté des Lettres d'Alger. OCLC 715397763.  Freytag, G. W. (1856). "Geschichte der Dynastien der Hamdaniden in Mosul
Mosul
und Aleppo". Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German). X: 432–498.  Freytag, G. W. (1857). "Geschichte der Dynastien der Hamdaniden in Mosul
Mosul
und Aleppo". Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German). XI: 177–252.  Kennedy, Hugh N. (2004). The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates: The Islamic Near East from the 6th to the 11th Century (Second Edition). Harlow, England: Longman. ISBN 978-0-58-240525-7.  Hukam (Arabic)

Notes[edit]

^ شاكر مصطفى, موسوعة دول العالم الأسلامي ورجالها الجزء الأول, (دار العلم للملايين: 1993), p.352

v t e

Islamic dynasties in Mashriq
Mashriq
region

Umayyads (661–750) Abbasids (750–1258) Tulunids
Tulunids
(868–905) Hamdanids (890-1004) Hadhabani
Hadhabani
(10th-11th century) Fatimids
Fatimids
(909-1171) Ikhsidids (935–969) Jarrahids
Jarrahids
(970-11th/12th century) Numayrids (990-1081) Marwanids
Marwanids
(990-1085) Uqaylids
Uqaylids
(990-1096) Mirdasids
Mirdasids
(1024-1080) Artuqids
Artuqids
(11th–12th century) Burids (1104–1154) Zengids (1127–1250) Ayyubids (1171–1341) Lu'lu'ids (1234-1262) Bahri (1250–1382) Bahdinan (1376-1843) Burji (1382–1517) Harfush (15th-19th century) Soran (16th-19th century) Ridwan (1560s-1690) Baban
Baban
(1649–1850) Shihabs (1697-1842) Mamluks (1704-1831) Jalilis (1726-1834) Alawiyya (1805–1952) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Iraq
Iraq
(1921–1958) Hashemites
Hashemites
of Jordan
Jordan
(1921–present)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 62606

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