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Air Vice-Marshal
Air Vice-Marshal
Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma
Halim Perdanakusuma
(18 November 1922 – 14 December 1947), better known as Halim Perdanakusuma, was an Indonesian airman and National Hero of Indonesia. Biography[edit] Perdanakusuma was born in Sampang, Madura, Dutch East Indies, on 18 November 1922.[1] After attending elementary and middle school at schools for native Indonesians,[2] he attended the Opleidingschool voor Inlandsche Ambtenaren (a school for the training of native officials) in Magelang.[3] However, he dropped out in his second year and joined the Naval Academy of Surabaya to answer the Dutch colonial government's call for militia.[4][5] After finishing the academy, he spent some time in the Dutch Colonial Navy's information department.[4] At the time of the Japanese invasion of the Indies in 1942, against which he had been trained to fight, Perdanakusuma was in Britain, training in navigation with the Royal Canadian Air Force; as part of his training, he flew on 44 missions throughout Europe, including flying Avro Lancasters
Avro Lancasters
in bombing missions over Nazi Germany.[3][4][5] After the end of World War II, Perdanakusuma returned to newly independent Indonesia.[3] He joined the nascent military (then called the Tentara Keamanan Rakyat; Military for the People's Safety) under Commodore Suryadi Suryadarma; together with Agustinus Adisucipto and Abdul Rahman Saleh, he was tasked with organizing the Indonesian Air Force.[6] In early 1947 Perdanakusuma was promoted to air commodore and tasked with establishing a branch of the air force in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra; to complete his task he penetrated the Dutch blockade of the island.[2][6][7] Air Officer Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
was also tasked to assist with managing the base.[4] At the time, the various air units in Sumatra were managed individually and under the command of the army; Perdanakusuma and Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
proceeded to unite them into their own branch.[8] On 17 August 1947, he led paratroops into Borneo. That December, Perdanakusuma was ordered to fly to Thailand with Iswahyudi
Iswahyudi
to pick up medical supplies. On their return trip on 14 December, the Avro Anson they were flying stalled, leading it to crash outside of Tanjung Hantu, Malaysia, killing both.[7] Perdanakusuma's body was originally buried in Lumut, Malaysia, but later relocated to Kalibata Heroes Cemetery in 1975.[9] Legacy[edit] Perdanakusuma was declared a National Hero of Indonesia
National Hero of Indonesia
on 9 August 1975 with Presidential Decree Number 063/TK/Year 1975;[6][9] with this declaration came a posthumous promotion to air vice marshal.[8] Halim Perdanakusuma Airport in Jakarta is named after him.[9] References[edit]

Footnotes

^ Sudarmanto 1996, p. 245. ^ a b Komandoko 2006, p. 1. ^ a b c Sudarmanto 1996, p. 246. ^ a b c d Komandoko 2006, p. 2. ^ a b Ajisaka & Damayanti 2010, p. 121. ^ a b c Ajisaka & Damayanti 2010, p. 122. ^ a b Sudarmanto 1996, p. 247. ^ a b Jakarta City Government, Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma. ^ a b c Komandoko 2006, p. 3.

Bibliography

Ajisaka, Arya; Damayanti, Dewi (2010). Mengenal Pahlawan Indonesia [Knowing Indonesian Heroes] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Kawan Pustaka. ISBN 978-979-757-430-7.  "Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma". Encyclopedia of Jakarta (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Jakarta City Government. Archived from the original on 8 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2012.  Komandoko, Gamal (2006). Kisah 124 Pahlawan & Pejuang Nusantara [Stories of 124 Indonesian Heroes and Fighters] (in Indonesian). Sleman: Pustaka Widyatama. ISBN 978-979-661-090-7.  Sudarmanto, Y.B. (1996). Jejak-Jejak Pahlawan dari Sultan Agung hingga Syekh Yusuf [The Footsteps of Heroes from Sultan Agung to Syekh Yusuf] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Grasindo. ISBN 978-979-553-111-1. 

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National Heroes of Indonesia

Political

Abdul Halim Achmad Soebardjo Adam Malik Adnan Kapau Gani Andi Djemma Andi Sultan Daeng Radja Arie Frederik Lasut Bagindo Azizchan B.W. Lapian Tjilik Riwut Djoeanda Kartawidjaja Ernest Douwes Dekker Ferdinand Lumbantobing Gatot Mangkoepradja Hamengkubuwono IX Hazairin Idham Chalid Ida Anak Agung Gde Agung Ignatius Joseph Kasimo Hendrowahyono I Gusti Ketut Pudja Iwa Koesoemasoemantri Izaak Huru Doko Johannes Leimena Kusumah Atmaja Lambertus Nicodemus Palar Maskoen Soemadiredja Mohammad Hatta Mohammad Husni Thamrin Mohammad Natsir Moewardi Nani Wartabone Oto Iskandar di Nata Rajiman Wediodiningrat Rasuna Said Sahardjo Sam Ratulangi Samanhudi Soekarni Sukarno Sukarjo Wiryopranoto Supeno Soepomo Soeroso Ario Soerjo Soerjopranoto Sutan Sjahrir Sjafruddin Prawiranegara Tan Malaka Teuku Muhammad Hasan Teuku Nyak Arif Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto Wahid Hasyim Zainul Arifin

Military

Abdul Haris Nasution Abdul Rahman Saleh Adisucipto Andi Abdullah Bau Massepe Basuki Rahmat Djamin Ginting Djatikoesoemo Gatot Soebroto Halim Perdanakusuma Harun Thohir Hasan Basry Iswahyudi I Gusti Ngurah Rai John Lie R. E. Martadinata Mas Isman Moestopo Muhammad Mangundiprojo Muhammad Yasin Noer Alie Oerip Soemohardjo Slamet Rijadi Sudirman Supriyadi Sutomo
Sutomo
(Bung Tomo) T. B. Simatupang Usman Janatin Robert Wolter Mongisidi Yos Sudarso

Independence

Fatmawati

Revolutionaries

Ahmad Yani Karel Satsuit Tubun Mas Tirtodarmo Haryono Katamso Darmokusumo Donald Izacus Pandjaitan Pierre Tendean Siswondo Parman Sugiyono Mangunwiyoto Suprapto Sutoyo Siswomiharjo

Resistance

Alimin Dr. Soetomo Tjipto Mangoenkoesoemo Wahidin Soedirohoesodo

Literary

Abdoel Moeis Agus Salim Amir Hamzah Mohammad Yamin Raja Ali Haji

Art

Ismail Marzuki Wage Rudolf Supratman

Education

Dewi Sartika Herman Johannes Kartini Ki Hajar Dewantara Ki Sarmidi Mangunsarkoro Maria Walanda Maramis

Integration

Frans Kaisiepo Johannes Abraham Dimara Marthen Indey Pajonga Daeng Ngalie Silas Papare Syarif Kasim II

Press

Ilyas Yakoub Tirto Adhi Soerjo

Development

Suharso Siti Hartinah Wilhelmus Zakaria Johannes

Religion

Abdul Wahab Hasbullah Ahmad Dahlan As'ad Syamsul Arifin Albertus Soegijapranata Bagoes Hadikoesoemo Fakhruddin Haji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah Hasyim Asy'ari Lafran Pane Mas Mansoer Nyai Ahmad Dahlan

Struggle

Abdul Kadir Achmad Rifa'i Ageng Tirtayasa Andi Mappanyukki Prince Antasari Sultan Agung Teungku Chik di Tiro Cut Nyak Dhien Cut Nyak Meutia Diponegoro Raja Haji Fisabilillah Hamengkubuwono I Hasanuddin Tuanku Imam Bonjol Iskandar Muda I Gusti Ketut Jelantik I Gusti Ngurah Made Agung Kiras Bangun La Maddukelleng Mahmud Badaruddin II Mangkunegara I Martha Christina Tiahahu Nuku Muhammad Amiruddin Nyi Ageng Serang Pakubuwono VI Pakubuwono X Pattimura Pong Tiku Radin Inten II Ranggong Daeng Romo Sisingamangaraja XII Syech Yusuf Tajul Khalwati Tuanku Tambusai Teuku Umar Thaha Syaifuddin Untung Surapati Zainal M

.