The Info List - Halifax, Nova Scotia

Halifax (/ˈhælɪfæks/), legally known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada. The municipality had a population of 403,131 in 2016, with 316,701 in the urban area centred on Halifax Harbour.[3][4] The regional municipality consists of four former municipalities that were amalgamated in 1996: Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford, and the Municipality of Halifax County. Halifax is a major economic centre in Atlantic Canada
with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, the Halifax Shipyard, various levels of government, and the Port of Halifax. Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality. Halifax was ranked by MoneySense
magazine as the fourth best place to live in Canada
for 2012,[5] placed first on a list of "large cities by quality of life" and placed second in a list of "large cities of the future", both conducted by fDi Magazine for North and South American cities.[6] Additionally, Halifax has consistently placed in the top 10 for business friendliness of North and South American cities, as conducted by fDi Magazine.[7]


1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Cityscape and neighbourhoods

3.1 Architecture 3.2 Public spaces 3.3 Rural
area 3.4 Urban area

4 Culture

4.1 Tourism 4.2 Sports 4.3 Media

5 Demographics

5.1 Ethnic origins 5.2 Religious belief

6 Economy 7 Government 8 Education 9 Transportation 10 Sister cities 11 Notable Haligonians 12 See also 13 Notes 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of the Halifax Regional Municipality; History of Halifax (former city); History of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia; Bedford, Nova Scotia; and Halifax County, Nova Scotia Halifax is located within the traditional ancestral lands of the Mi'kmaq
indigenous peoples, known as Mi'kma'ki.[8] The Mi'kmaq
have resided in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick
New Brunswick
and Prince Edward Island
Prince Edward Island
since prior to European landings in North America
North America
in the 1400s and 1500s to set up fisheries. The Mi'kmaq
name for Halifax is K'jipuktuk, pronounced "che-book-took".[9]

Wooden palisade erected along Dartmouth in response to the raid on Dartmouth, opposite side of the harbour from the Great Pontack, during Father Le Loutre's War, 1759.

The first permanent European settlement in the region was on the Halifax Peninsula. The establishment of the Town
of Halifax, named after the 2nd Earl of Halifax, in 1749 led to the colonial capital being transferred from Annapolis Royal. The establishment of Halifax marked the beginning of Father Le Loutre's War. The war began when Edward Cornwallis
Edward Cornwallis
arrived to establish Halifax with 13 transports and a sloop of war on June 21, 1749.[10] By unilaterally establishing Halifax, the British were violating earlier treaties with the Mi'kmaq
(1726), which were signed after Father Rale's War.[11] Cornwallis brought along 1,176 settlers and their families. To guard against Mi'kmaq, Acadian, and French attacks on the new Protestant settlements, British fortifications were erected in Halifax (Citadel Hill) (1749), Bedford (Fort Sackville) (1749), Dartmouth (1750), and Lawrencetown (1754), all areas within the modern-day Regional Municipality. St. Margaret's Bay was first settled by French-speaking Foreign Protestants
Foreign Protestants
at French Village, Nova Scotia who migrated from Lunenburg, Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
during the American Revolution. December 1917 saw one of the greatest disasters in Canadian history, when the SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship carrying munitions, collided with the Belgian Relief vessel SS Imo in "The Narrows" between upper Halifax Harbour
Halifax Harbour
and Bedford Basin. The resulting explosion, the Halifax Explosion, devastated the Richmond District of Halifax, killing approximately 2,000 people and injuring nearly 9,000 others.[12] The blast was the largest artificial explosion before the development of nuclear weapons.[13] Significant aid came from Boston, strengthening the bond between the two coastal cities.

Aftermath of the Halifax Explosion, a maritime disaster that devastated the city in 1917.

The four municipalities in the Halifax urban area had been coordinating service delivery through the Metropolitan Authority since the late 1970s, but remained independent towns and cities until April 1, 1996, when the provincial government amalgamated all municipal governments within Halifax County to create the Halifax Regional Municipality. The municipal boundary thus now includes all of Halifax County except for several First Nation reserves.[14] Since amalgamation, the region has officially been known as the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), although "Halifax" has remained in common usage for brevity. On April 15, 2014, the regional council approved the implementation of a new branding campaign for the region developed by the local firm Revolve Marketing. The campaign would see the region referred to in promotional materials simply as "Halifax", although "Halifax Regional Municipality" would remain the region's official name. The proposed rebranding was met with mixed reaction from residents, some of whom felt that the change would alienate other communities in the municipality through a perception that the marketing scheme would focus on Metropolitan Halifax only, while others expressed relief that the longer formal name would no longer be primary. Mayor Mike Savage defended the decision, stating: "I'm a Westphal guy, I'm a Dartmouth man, but Halifax is my city, we’re all part of Halifax. Why does that matter? Because when I go and travel on behalf of this municipality, there isn’t a person out there who really cares what HRM means."[15][16][17] Geography[edit]

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Unlike most municipalities with a sizable metropolitan area, the Halifax Regional Municipality's suburbs have been completely incorporated into the "central" municipality, often by referendum. For example, the community of Spryfield, in the Mainland South area, voted to amalgamate with Halifax in 1968. The most recent amalgamation, which brought the entirety of Halifax County into the Municipality, has created a situation where a large "rural commutershed" area encompasses almost half the municipality's landmass. Topography[edit]

The coastline of Halifax from Duncan's Cove. The city has a significant amount of coastline due to its heavy indentation.

The Halifax Regional Municipality occupies an area of 5,577 square kilometres (2,153 sq mi),[18] which is approximately 10% of the total land area of Nova Scotia. The land area of HRM is comparable in size to the total land area of the province of Prince Edward Island, and measures approximately 165 kilometres (103 mi) in length between its eastern and western-most extremities, excluding Sable Island. The nearest point of land to Sable Island
Sable Island
is not in HRM, but rather in adjacent Guysborough County. However, Sable Island
Sable Island
is considered part of District 7 of the Halifax Regional Council. The coastline is heavily indented, accounting for its length of approximately 400 kilometres (250 mi), with the northern boundary of the municipality usually being between 50–60 kilometres (31–37 mi) inland. The coast is mostly rock with small isolated sand beaches in sheltered bays. The largest coastal features include St. Margarets Bay, Halifax Harbour/Bedford Basin, Cole Harbour, Musquodoboit Harbour, Jeddore Harbour, Ship Harbour, Sheet Harbour, and Ecum Secum Harbour. The municipality's topography spans from lush farmland in the Musquodoboit Valley
Musquodoboit Valley
to rocky and heavily forested rolling hills. It includes a number of islands and peninsulas, among them McNabs Island, Beaver Island, Melville Island, Deadman's Island and Sable Island. Climate[edit] Halifax has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with warm summers and relatively mild winters, which is due to Gulf Stream moderation. The weather is usually milder in the winter or cooler in the summer than areas at similar latitudes inland, with the temperature remaining (with occasional notable exceptions) between about −8 °C (18 °F) and 24 °C (75 °F).[19] January is the coldest month, being the only month with a high that is slightly below freezing at −0.1 °C (31.8 °F), while August is the warmest. The sea heavily influences the climate of the area, causing significant seasonal lag in summer, with August being significantly warmer than June and with September being the third mildest month in terms of mean temperature.[20] The January mean is only 1.1 °C colder than the isotherm for the oceanic climate.

Snowfall in Halifax is heavy during the winter, although snow cover is usually patchy owing to the frequent freeze-thaw cycles.

is high year-round. Winter features a mix of rain, freezing rain and snow with frequent freeze-thaw cycles. Snowfall is heavy in winter, but snow cover is usually patchy owing to the frequent freeze-thaw cycles, which melt accumulated snow. Some winters feature colder temperatures and fewer freeze-thaw cycles; the most recent of which being the winter of 2014–2015, which was the coldest, snowiest and stormiest in about a century. Spring is often wet and cool and arrives much later than in areas of Canada
at similar latitudes, due to cooler sea temperatures. Summers are mild and pleasant, with hot and humid conditions very infrequent. Warm, pleasant conditions often extend well into September, sometimes into mid-October. Average monthly precipitation is highest from November to February due to intense late-fall to winter storms migrating from the Northeastern U.S., and lowest in summer, with August being the year's warmest and driest month on average. Halifax can sometimes receive hurricanes, mostly between August and October. An example is when Hurricane Juan, a category 2 storm, hit in September 2003 and caused considerable damage to the region. Hurricane Earl grazed the coast as a category 1 storm in 2010. Atlantic sea surface temperatures have risen in recent years, making Halifax and the coast of Nova Scotia somewhat more susceptible to hurricanes than the area had been in the past. The highest temperature ever recorded in the city of Halifax was 37.2 °C (99 °F) on 10 July 1912,[21] and the lowest temperature recorded was −29.4 °C (−21 °F) on 18 February 1922.[22] The March 2012 North American heat wave
March 2012 North American heat wave
brought unusually high temperatures to the city of Halifax. On March 22, the mercury climbed to 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) at the Halifax Windsor Park weather station,[23] and 27.2 °C (81 °F) at Halifax Stanfield International Airport.[24] In spite of the possibility of high temperatures, in a normal year there is only one day that goes above 30 °C (86 °F).[25] Halifax also has a modest frost count by Canadian standards due to the maritime influence, averaging 131 air frosts and 49 full days below freezing annually.[25] On average the frost-free period is 182 days, ranging from May 1 to October 31.[25]

Climate data for Halifax (Citadel Hill), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1863–present[a]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 14.0 (57.2) 16.0 (60.8) 28.2 (82.8) 28.3 (82.9) 33.3 (91.9) 34.4 (93.9) 37.2 (99) 34.4 (93.9) 34.6 (94.3) 31.1 (88) 23.3 (73.9) 16.7 (62.1) 37.2 (99)

Average high °C (°F) −0.1 (31.8) 0.4 (32.7) 3.6 (38.5) 8.7 (47.7) 14.4 (57.9) 19.6 (67.3) 23.1 (73.6) 23.1 (73.6) 19.3 (66.7) 13.4 (56.1) 8.1 (46.6) 2.8 (37) 11.4 (52.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) −4.1 (24.6) −3.6 (25.5) −0.2 (31.6) 4.9 (40.8) 10.1 (50.2) 15.2 (59.4) 18.8 (65.8) 19.1 (66.4) 15.5 (59.9) 9.9 (49.8) 4.8 (40.6) −0.8 (30.6) 7.5 (45.5)

Average low °C (°F) −8.2 (17.2) −7.5 (18.5) −3.9 (25) 1.0 (33.8) 5.8 (42.4) 10.7 (51.3) 14.4 (57.9) 15.1 (59.2) 11.8 (53.2) 6.4 (43.5) 1.5 (34.7) −4.3 (24.3) 3.6 (38.5)

Record low °C (°F) −27.2 (−17) −29.4 (−20.9) −23.3 (−9.9) −13.9 (7) −5.0 (23) 0.0 (32) 4.4 (39.9) 3.9 (39) −1.7 (28.9) −7.2 (19) −15.6 (3.9) −25.6 (−14.1) −29.4 (−20.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 139.7 (5.5) 110.1 (4.335) 132.5 (5.217) 118.3 (4.657) 119.1 (4.689) 111.8 (4.402) 110.3 (4.343) 96.4 (3.795) 108.9 (4.287) 124.3 (4.894) 151.4 (5.961) 145.1 (5.713) 1,468.1 (57.799)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 96.7 (3.807) 75.1 (2.957) 101.3 (3.988) 111.3 (4.382) 118.4 (4.661) 111.8 (4.402) 110.3 (4.343) 96.4 (3.795) 108.9 (4.287) 124.1 (4.886) 143.6 (5.654) 115.9 (4.563) 1,313.9 (51.728)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 43.1 (16.97) 35.0 (13.78) 31.2 (12.28) 7.0 (2.76) 0.8 (0.31) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.04) 7.8 (3.07) 29.2 (11.5) 154.2 (60.71)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 13.8 11.6 13.1 15.2 15.8 13.6 12.1 11.1 11.7 14.1 15.3 14.5 161.8

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.5 6.5 10.2 14.1 15.7 13.6 12.1 11.1 11.7 14.1 14.5 10.8 142.7

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 6.8 6.1 4.1 1.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 5.2 25.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 109.5 127.2 142.8 156.6 193.3 220.7 235.2 226.6 180.5 157.8 107.4 105.2 1,962.5

Percent possible sunshine 38.2 43.3 38.7 38.8 42.1 47.5 49.9 52.1 47.9 46.2 37.2 38.2 43.3

Source #1: Environment Canada
(Sunshine data recorded at CFB Shearwater)[26][27][28][29][30][31][32]

Source #2: Nova Scotian Institute of Science[33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40]

Climate data for Halifax Stanfield International Airport, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1953−present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high humidex 18.4 18.3 27.7 32.1 36.0 40.2 42.4 41.9 42.1 31.9 25.4 20.4 42.4

Record high °C (°F) 14.8 (58.6) 17.5 (63.5) 27.2 (81) 29.5 (85.1) 32.8 (91) 33.4 (92.1) 33.9 (93) 35.0 (95) 34.2 (93.6) 25.8 (78.4) 19.4 (66.9) 16.3 (61.3) 35.0 (95)

Average high °C (°F) −1.3 (29.7) −0.6 (30.9) 3.1 (37.6) 9.1 (48.4) 15.3 (59.5) 20.4 (68.7) 23.8 (74.8) 23.6 (74.5) 19.4 (66.9) 13.1 (55.6) 7.3 (45.1) 1.7 (35.1) 11.3 (52.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) −5.9 (21.4) −5.2 (22.6) −1.3 (29.7) 4.4 (39.9) 10.0 (50) 15.1 (59.2) 18.8 (65.8) 18.7 (65.7) 14.6 (58.3) 8.7 (47.7) 3.5 (38.3) −2.4 (27.7) 6.6 (43.9)

Average low °C (°F) −10.4 (13.3) −9.7 (14.5) −5.7 (21.7) −0.3 (31.5) 4.6 (40.3) 9.7 (49.5) 13.7 (56.7) 13.7 (56.7) 9.7 (49.5) 4.2 (39.6) −0.4 (31.3) −6.4 (20.5) 1.9 (35.4)

Record low °C (°F) −28.5 (−19.3) −27.3 (−17.1) −22.4 (−8.3) −12.8 (9) −4.4 (24.1) 0.6 (33.1) 6.1 (43) 4.4 (39.9) −0.8 (30.6) −6.7 (19.9) −13.1 (8.4) −23.3 (−9.9) −28.5 (−19.3)

Record low wind chill −40.4 −41.1 −33.9 −24.4 −10.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 −3.0 −10.1 −23.9 −35.6 −41.1

Average precipitation mm (inches) 134.3 (5.287) 105.8 (4.165) 120.1 (4.728) 114.5 (4.508) 111.9 (4.406) 96.2 (3.787) 95.5 (3.76) 93.5 (3.681) 102.0 (4.016) 124.9 (4.917) 154.2 (6.071) 143.3 (5.642) 1,396.2 (54.969)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 83.5 (3.287) 65.0 (2.559) 86.9 (3.421) 98.2 (3.866) 109.8 (4.323) 96.2 (3.787) 95.5 (3.76) 93.5 (3.681) 102.0 (4.016) 124.6 (4.906) 139.1 (5.476) 101.8 (4.008) 1,196.1 (47.091)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 58 (22.8) 45 (17.7) 37 (14.6) 16 (6.3) 2 (0.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 17 (6.7) 45 (17.7) 221 (87)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.7 15.2 15.1 14.8 13.7 12.9 11.3 11.0 10.2 12.1 15.1 17.4 167.4

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 8.0 6.1 8.6 12.1 13.5 12.9 11.3 11.0 10.2 12.1 12.8 9.8 128.4

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 14.6 12.0 9.6 5.2 0.61 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.14 3.9 11.7 57.7

Average relative humidity (%) (at 1500) 73.0 67.4 64.5 62.9 61.9 62.6 63.0 62.9 64.4 66.9 73.2 75.5 66.5

Source: Environment Canada[41]

Cityscape and neighbourhoods[edit] Main article: Communities in the Halifax Regional Municipality

A map of Halifax's Community Planning Areas.

The Halifax Regional Municipality is an amalgamation of four municipal governments in the urban and rural areas. There are over 200 official rural and urban communities within Halifax County that have maintained their original geographic names, including the dissolved cities of Halifax and Dartmouth and the town of Bedford.[42] These community names are used on survey and mapping documents, for 9-1-1
service, municipal planning, and postal service. The Halifax Regional Municipality is divided into eighteen community planning areas which are further divided into neighbourhoods or villages.[43] The regional municipality has taken steps to reduce duplicate street names for its 9-1-1
emergency dispatch services; at the time of amalgamation, some street names were duplicated several times throughout the municipality.[44] Halifax is famed for the quality of several of its neighbourhoods. Spring Garden, adjacent to downtown Halifax, is a lively mixed-use neighbourhood with a variety of shopping and entertainment options as well as the new Halifax Central Library. The area has seen an uptick in development over the past few years, with new housing being built on most of the surface parking lots. The North End is a multicultural and artistic neighbourhood with a long history centred on several community nodes including the venerable Gottingen Street and Hydrostone commercial areas. The Quinpool District
Quinpool District
forms the community centre of the West End. Downtown Dartmouth
Downtown Dartmouth
offers dining and shopping and has also been subject to revitalization with the redevelopment of the Dartmouth Marine Slips
Dartmouth Marine Slips
as the King's Wharf housing area. North Preston, just outside Dartmouth, is Canada's largest and oldest black community. Halifax is also known for its high walkability, particularly on the Halifax Peninsula, where 25-50% of residents regularly walk to work.[45] Unlike numerous other North American cities, expressways were never built in the urban core (with the exception of the truncated Harbour Drive), resulting in high pedestrian connectivity. Peninsular Halifax is also mixed-use, contributing to an elevated quality of urban convenience and vibrancy as compared to suburban districts with highly segregated land use and car-oriented transportation networks. In recent years, the city has also begun to place increased emphasis on developing bicycling infrastructure. Architecture[edit] Main article: Buildings and structures in Halifax, Nova Scotia Further information: List of tallest buildings in Halifax, Nova Scotia

The Halifax Town Clock
Halifax Town Clock
overlooks most of the structures in downtown Halifax.

Halifax's urban core is home to a number of regional landmark buildings and retains significant historic buildings and districts. The downtown's office towers are overlooked by the fortress of Citadel Hill with its iconic Halifax Town
Clock. The architecture of Halifax's South End is renowned for its grand Victorian houses while the West End and North End, Halifax have many blocks of well-preserved wooden residential houses with notable features such as the "Halifax Porch". Dalhousie University's campus is often featured in films and documentaries. Dartmouth also has its share of historic neighbourhoods. The urban core is home to several blocks of typical North American high-rise office buildings, however segments of the downtown are governed by height restrictions which prevent buildings from obstructing certain sight lines between Citadel Hill and Halifax Harbour. This has resulted in some modern high rises being built at unusual angles or locations. Public spaces[edit] Main article: Parks in Halifax, Nova Scotia The Halifax area has a variety of public spaces, ranging from urban gardens, public squares, expansive forested parks, and historic sites. The original grid plan devised when Halifax was founded in 1749 included a central military parade square, the Grand Parade. The square hosts the City Hall at one end, and is a popular site for concerts, political demonstrations, as well as the annual Remembrance Day ceremony at the central cenotaph. Another popular downtown public space is the timber Halifax Boardwalk, which stretches approximately three kilometres and is integrated with several squares and monuments.

Halifax Public Gardens
Halifax Public Gardens
is a Victorian era
Victorian era
public garden in the city. The Gardens was designated as a National Historic Sites of Canada
in 1984.

The Halifax Common, granted for the use of citizens in 1763, is Canada's oldest public park.[46] Centrally located on the Halifax peninsula, the wide fields are a popular location for sports. The slopes of Citadel Hill, overlooking downtown, are favoured by sunbathers and kite-flyers. The Halifax Public Gardens, a short walk away, are Victorian era
Victorian era
public gardens formally established in 1867 and designated a National Historic Site in 1984. Victoria Park, across the street, contains various monuments and statues erected by the North British Society, as well as a fountain. In contrast to the urban parks, the expansive Point Pleasant Park
Point Pleasant Park
at the southern tip of the peninsula is heavily forested and contains the remains of numerous British fortifications. Located on the opposite side of the harbour, the Dartmouth Commons
Dartmouth Commons
is a large park next to Downtown Dartmouth
Downtown Dartmouth
laid out in the 1700s. It is home to the Leighton Dillman gardens and various sports grounds. Nearby, the Dartmouth waterfront trail stretches from Downtown Dartmouth to Woodside. Among residents of central Dartmouth, the area around Sullivan's Pond
Sullivan's Pond
and Lake Banook
Lake Banook
is popular for strolling and paddling. The forested Shubie Park, through which the historic Shubenacadie Canal
Shubenacadie Canal
runs, is a major park in suburban Dartmouth. Mainland Halifax
Mainland Halifax
is home to several significant parks, including Sir Sandford Fleming
Sandford Fleming
Park, gifted to the people of Halifax by Sir Sandford Fleming. It houses the Dingle Tower, dedicated in 1912 by the Duke of Connaught to commemorate 150 years of representative government in Nova Scotia. The Mainland Common, in Clayton Park, is a modern park home to various sports and community facilities. Long Lake Provincial Park, comprising more than 2,000 hectares, was designated in 1984 and affords Halifax residents access to a scenic wilderness in close proximity to the city.[47] Rural

Urban, suburban, and rural divisions as defined by HRM planning department.[48] The majority of Halifax is made up of rural areas.

Halifax is centred on the urban core and surrounded by areas of decreasing population density. Rural
areas lie to the east, west and north of the urban core. The Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
lies to the south. Certain rural communities on the urban fringe function as suburban or exurban areas, with the majority of those residents commuting to and working in the urban core. Farther away, rural communities in the municipality function like any resource-based area in Nova Scotia, being sparsely populated and their local economies developing around four major resource industries: agriculture, in the Musquodoboit Valley, fishing, along the coast, mining, in the Musquodoboit Valley[49] and in Moose River Gold Mines[50] and forestry, in most areas outside the urban core. Also, the tourism industry is beginning to change how some rural communities in Halifax function, particularly in communities such as Hubbards, Peggys Cove, with its notable lighthouse[51] and Lawrencetown, with Lawrencetown Beach.[52] There are two other large beaches along the coast, Martinique Beach, near Musquodoboit Harbour[53] and Taylor Head Beach, located in Spry Bay, within the boundaries of Taylor Head Provincial Park.[54] The northeastern area of the municipality, centred on Sheet Harbour and the Musquodoboit Valley, is completely rural, with that area sharing more in common with the adjacent rural areas of neighbouring Guysborough, Pictou
and Colchester counties. Most economic activity in the Musquodoboit Valley
Musquodoboit Valley
is based around agriculture, as it is the largest farming district in the HRM.[55] Most coastal communities are based around the fishing industry. Forestry
is prevalent in this area as well. It is also prevalent in the Musquodoboit Valley, but it takes a backseat to the more prevalent agricultural industry.[55]

View of Purdy's Wharf, an office complex in Metropolitan Halifax.

Urban area[edit] Metropolitan Halifax is a term used to describe the urban concentration surrounding Halifax Harbour, including the Halifax Peninsula, the core of Dartmouth, and the Bedford-Sackville areas. It is the Statistics Canada
"population centre" of Halifax (2016 pop: 316,701).[56] The dense urban core is centred on the Halifax Peninsula and the area of Dartmouth inside of the Circumferential Highway. The suburban area stretches into areas known as Mainland Halifax
Mainland Halifax
to the west, Cole Harbour to the east, and Bedford, Lower Sackville and Windsor Junction areas to the north.[57] This urban area is the most populous on Canada's Atlantic coast, and the second largest coastal population centre in the country after Vancouver, British Columbia. Halifax currently accounts for 40% of Nova Scotia's population, and 15% of that of Atlantic Canada. Metropolitan Halifax benefits from a process of increased rural depopulation and corresponding urban growth in Atlantic Canada
during the late 20th century—a demographic shift that was delayed several decades in the region compared with other parts of North America. Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of Halifax, Nova Scotia

Halifax is home to the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, the largest art gallery in Atlantic Canada.

Halifax is a major cultural centre within the Atlantic provinces. The city has maintained many of its maritime and military traditions, while opening itself to a growing multicultural population. The municipality's urban core also benefits from a large population of post-secondary students who strongly influence the local cultural scene. Halifax has a number of art galleries, theatres and museums, as well as most of the region's national-quality sports and entertainment facilities. Halifax is also the home to many of the region's major cultural attractions, such as Halifax Pop Explosion, Symphony Nova Scotia, the Art Gallery of Nova Scotia, The Khyber, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Neptune Theatre. The region is noted for the strength of its music scene and nightlife, especially in the central urban core. See List of musical groups from Halifax, Nova Scotia for a partial list.

The Historic Properties are a collection of historical buildings on Halifax's boardwalk.

Halifax hosts a wide variety of festivals that take place throughout the year, including the Atlantic Film Festival, the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo, the Halifax International Busker Festival, Greekfest, the Atlantic Jazz Festival, the Multicultural Festival, the largest Canada
Day celebration east of Ottawa, Natal Day, the Halifax Pop Explosion, periodic Tall Ship events, Nocturne Festival, and Shakespeare by the Sea, to name a few. Halifax Pride is the largest LGBT event in Atlantic Canada
and one of the largest in the country. Many of Halifax's festivals and annual events have become world-renowned over the past several years. Halifax is home to many performance venues, namely the Rebecca Cohn Auditorium, the Neptune Theatre, and The Music Room. The Neptune Theatre, a 43-year-old establishment located on Argyle Street, is Halifax's largest theatre. It performs an assortment of professionally produced plays year-round. The Shakespeare by the Sea theatre company performs at nearby Point Pleasant Park. Eastern Front Theatre performs at Alderney Landing
Alderney Landing
in Downtown Dartmouth
Downtown Dartmouth
which can easily be accessed via the Halifax Transit
Halifax Transit
ferry service. There are smaller performance venues at the Halifax Central Library, Citadel High School
Citadel High School
(Spatz Theatre), and Halifax West High School
Halifax West High School
(Bella Rose Arts Centre). Halifax has also become a significant film-production centre, with many American and Canadian filmmakers using the streetscapes, often to stand in for other cities that are more expensive to work in. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
has its Atlantic Canada
production centres (radio and television) based in Halifax, and quite a number of radio and television programs are made in the region for national broadcast. The new Halifax Central Library
Halifax Central Library
on Spring Garden Road has received accolades for its architecture and has been described as a new cultural locus, offering many community facilities including a 300-seat auditorium. Tourism[edit]

The community of Peggy's Cove is a major tourist attraction.

Halifax's tourism industry showcases Nova Scotia's culture, scenery and coastline. There are several museums and art galleries in downtown Halifax. The Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21, an immigrant entry point prominent throughout the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s, was opened to the public as a National Historic Site of Canada
in 1999 and is the only national museum in the Atlantic provinces. The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is a maritime museum containing extensive galleries including a large exhibit on the famous Titanic, over 70 small craft and a 200-foot (61 m) steamship CSS Acadia. In summertime the preserved World War II corvette HMCS Sackville operates as a museum ship and Canada's naval memorial. The Art Gallery of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
is housed in a 150-year-old building containing over 9000 works of art. The Black Cultural Centre for Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
in Dartmouth reflects the region's rich ethnic heritage.

The Halifax Boardwalk
Halifax Boardwalk
is a public footpath along Halifax Harbour.

Halifax has numerous National Historic Sites, most notably Citadel Hill (Fort George). Just outside the urban area, the iconic Peggys Cove is internationally recognized and receives more than 600,000 visitors a year.[58] The waterfront in Downtown Halifax
Downtown Halifax
is the site of the Halifax Harbourwalk, a 3-kilometre (2 mi) boardwalk popular amongst tourists and locals alike. Many mid-sized ships dock here at one of the many wharfs. The harbourwalk is home to a Halifax Transit
Halifax Transit
ferry terminal, hundreds of stores, Historic Properties, several office buildings, the Casino Nova Scotia, and several public squares where buskers perform, most prominently at the annual Halifax International Busker Festival every August. Downtown Halifax, home to many small shops and vendors, is a major shopping area. It is also home to several shopping centres, including Scotia Square, Barrington Place Shops, and Maritime Mall. Numerous malls on Spring Garden Road, including the Park Lane Mall, are also located nearby. The area is home to approximately 200 restaurants and bars, offering a wide array of world cuisines.[59] There are also more than 60 sidewalk cafes that open in the summer months. The nightlife is made up of bars and small music venues as well as Casino Nova Scotia, a large facility built partially over the water. Cruise ships visit the province frequently. In 2015, the Port of Halifax welcomed 141 vessel calls with 222,309 passengers.[60] Sports[edit] Main article: Sport in Halifax, Nova Scotia

The Scotiabank Centre
Scotiabank Centre
is the largest multi-purpose sporting arena in Atlantic Canada.

Halifax has various recreational areas, including ocean and lake beaches and rural and urban parks. It has a host of organised community intramural sports at various facilities. Public schools and post-secondary institutions offer varsity and intramural sports. The Scotiabank Centre
Scotiabank Centre
is largest arena in Atlantic Canada. It plays host to most of the major sporting events and concerts that visit Halifax and is home to several semi-professional sport franchises, including the Halifax Hurricanes
Halifax Hurricanes
of the NBL Canada
and the Halifax Mooseheads of the Quebec
Major Junior Hockey League. The Nova Scotia International Tattoo is held here every year. The facility is connected to the Downtown Halifax
Downtown Halifax
Link, and directly to the World Trade and Convention Centre. The region has hosted several major sporting events, including the 2003 World Junior Hockey Championship, 2003 Nokia Brier, the 2004 Women's World Ice Hockey Championships, the 2005 Canadian Olympic Curling Trials, and 2007 World Indoor Lacrosse Championship. From 1984 to 2007, the region was home to the CIS Men's Basketball Championship; the tournament was moved to Ottawa, Ontario, from 2008 to 2010 and returned to Halifax in 2011 and 2012. The 2008 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships was held between May 2 and 18, 2008, in Halifax and Quebec
City. Halifax was selected in 2006 as the host city in Canada's bid for the 2014 Commonwealth Games
2014 Commonwealth Games
but withdrew on March 8, 2007, well before the November 9, 2007 selection date, citing financial uncertainties. In February 2011, the municipality hosted the 2011 Canada
Winter Games. On May 26, 2013, the Halifax Mooseheads
Halifax Mooseheads
capped a 74-win season (going 74-7-3-1[61]) by defeating the Portland Winterhawks
Portland Winterhawks
6-4 in the MasterCard Memorial Cup Final, earning their first Memorial Cup in the process.[62] Halifax is also home to several rugby clubs, the Halifax Rugby Football Club, Halifax Tars, Dartmouth PigDogs, Riverlake Ramblers and the Eastern Shore Rugby Football Club. The Halifax Gaels are the local Hurling
and Gaelic Football
Gaelic Football
team that compete in Canadian GAA
Canadian GAA
events. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Halifax, Nova Scotia

Headquarters for The Chronicle Herald, the only local daily newspaper in Halifax.

Halifax is the Atlantic region's central point for radio broadcast and press media. CBC Television, CTV Television Network
CTV Television Network
(CTV), and Global Television Network and other broadcasters all have important regional television concentrators in HRM. CBC Radio
CBC Radio
has a major regional studio and there are also regional hubs for Rogers Radio and various private broadcast franchises, as well as a regional bureau for The Canadian Press/Broadcast News. Halifax's print media is centred on its single daily newspaper, the broadsheet Chronicle Herald as well as two free newspapers, the daily commuter-oriented edition of Metro International
Metro International
and the free alternative arts weekly The Coast. Frank provides the municipality with a bi-weekly satirical and gossip magazine. The city has several online daily newspapers. allNovaScotia is a daily, subscriber-only outlet which focuses on business and political news from across the province.[63] Local Xpress
Local Xpress
is a free online newspaper covering local and national news, sports, business and entertainment created by the journalists of the Chronicle Herald during their 2016-2017 strike. The Halifax Examiner
Halifax Examiner
was founded by the former news editor of The Coast
The Coast
in 2014 and, like allNovaScotia, is supported through subscriptions. From 1974-2008, Halifax had a second daily newspaper, the tabloid The Daily News which still publishes several neighbourhood weekly papers such as The Bedford-Sackville Weekly News, The Halifax West-Clayton Park Weekly News and the Dartmouth-Cole Harbour Weekly News. These weekly papers compete with The Chronicle-Herald's weekly Community Heralds HRM West, HRM East, and HRM North. Demographics[edit] In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Halifax Regional Municipality recorded a population of 403,131 living in 173,324 of its 187,338 total private dwellings, a change of 7000330000000000000♠3.3% from its 2011 population of 390,086. With a land area of 5,490.35 km2 (2,119.84 sq mi), it had a population density of 73.4/km2 (190.2/sq mi) in 2016.[1] In 2016, 15% of the population was 14 years old or younger, while 16% were 65 and older.

Historical populations

Year Pop. ±%

1851 39,914 —    

1861 49,021 +22.8%

1871 56,963 +16.2%

1881 67,917 +19.2%

1891 71,358 +5.1%

1901 74,662 +4.6%

1911 80,257 +7.5%

1921 97,228 +21.1%

1931 100,204 +3.1%

1941 122,656 +22.4%

1951 162,217 +32.3%

1961 225,723 +39.1%

1971 261,461 +15.8%

1981 288,126 +10.2%

1991 332,518 +15.4%

2001 359,111 +8.0%

2011 390,096 +8.6%

2016 403,131 +3.3%

Source: Statistics Canada[Note 1]

Mother tongue language (2016)[64]

Language Population Pct (%)

English 353,165 89.6%

French 10,140 2.6%

Arabic 6,430 1.6%

Mandarin 3,950 1.0%

Tagalog (Filipino) 1,420 0.4%

Spanish 1,375 0.3%

German 1,205 0.3%

Russian 1,150 0.3%

Persian (Farsi) 1,145 0.3%

Ethnic origins[edit]

2016 Census Population % of Total Population

Visible minority group Source:[65] Black 15,090 7000380000000000000♠3.8%

Chinese 6,975 7000180000000000000♠1.8%

Arab 7,335 7000180000000000000♠1.8%

South Asian 6,555 7000160000000000000♠1.6%

Filipino 2,575 6999600000000000000♠0.6%

West Asian 1,390 6999300000000000000♠0.3%

Korean 1,225 6999300000000000000♠0.3%

American 1,210 6999300000000000000♠0.3%

Southeast Asian 860 6999200000000000000♠0.2%

Japanese 490 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Other visible minority 490 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Mixed visible minority 1,095 6999300000000000000♠0.3%

Total visible minority population 45,285 7001114000000000000♠11.4%

Aboriginal group Source:[66] First Nations 7,880 7000200000000000000♠2%

Métis 6,905 7000170000000000000♠1.7%

Inuit 405 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Total Aboriginal population 15,735 7000400000000000000♠4%

European Canadian 336,375 7001846009999900000♠84.6%

Total population 403,131 100%

St. Paul's Church is the oldest church in Halifax. In the 2016 census, more than 71 percent of residents in Halifax claimed an affiliation with a Christian denomination.

Religious belief[edit] Breakdown:[67]

71.49%: Christian 24.88%: none 1.96%: Muslim 0.41%: Buddhist 0.40%: Hindu 0.35%: Jewish 0.35%: Other Religions 0.009%: Sikh 0.001%: Aboriginal/Traditional

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of Halifax, Nova Scotia The urban area of Halifax is a major economic centre in eastern Canada with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Halifax serves as the business, banking, government and cultural centre for the Maritime region. The largest employment sectors in the city include trade (36,400 jobs), health care and social assistance (31,800 jobs), professional services (19,000 jobs), education (17,400 jobs), and public administration (15,800 jobs).[68] The Halifax economy is growing, with the Conference Board of Canada predicting strong 3.0% GDP growth for 2015.[68]

The Halifax Shipyards
Halifax Shipyards
of Irving Shipbuilding. Irving is a major employer in Halifax.

Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, the Port of Halifax, Irving Shipbuilding, the Nova Scotia Health Authority, IMP Group, Bell Aliant, Emera, the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, government, banks, and universities.[69] The municipality has a growing concentration of manufacturing industries and is becoming a major multi-modal transportation hub through growth at the port, the Halifax Stanfield International Airport, and improving rail and highway connections. Halifax is one of Canada's top four container ports in terms of the volume of cargo handled.[70] A real estate boom in recent years has led to numerous new property developments, including the gentrification of some former working-class areas.[68] Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality. Halifax's largest agricultural district is in the Musquodoboit Valley; the total number of farms in Halifax is 150, of which 110 are family-owned. Fishing
harbours are located along all coastal areas with some having an independent harbour authority, such as the Sheet Harbour
Sheet Harbour
Industrial Port,[71] and others being managed as small craft harbours under the federal Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Other resource industries in Halifax include the natural gas fields off the coast of Sable Island, as well as clay, shale, gold, limestone, and gypsum extraction in rural areas of the mainland portion of the municipality. Limestone is extracted in the Musquodoboit Valley
Musquodoboit Valley
and gold is extracted in Moose River. Government[edit] Main article: Government in the Halifax Regional Municipality

Halifax City Council
Halifax City Council
is the seat of municipal government.

The Halifax Regional Municipality is governed by a mayor (elected at large) and a sixteen-person council. Councillors are elected by geographic district, with municipal elections occurring every four years. The current mayor of Halifax is Mike Savage. The Halifax Regional Council is responsible for all facets of municipal government, including the Halifax Regional Police, Halifax Public Libraries, Halifax Fire and Emergency, Halifax Regional Water Commission, parks and recreation, civic addressing, public works, waste management, and planning and development.[72] The provincial legislation that provides governance oversight to the municipality is the Halifax Regional Municipality Charter.[72] The city has a proposed operating budget of $869 million for 2015–2016.[73] The city also has three community councils that consider local matters. Each community council comprises five or six regional councillors representing neighbouring districts.[74] Most community council decisions are subject to final approval by regional council.[72] As the capital city of Nova Scotia, Halifax is also the meeting place of the Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
House of Assembly, the oldest assembly in Canada and the site of the first responsible government in British North America.[75] The legislature meets in Province House, a nearly 200-year-old National Historic Site in downtown Halifax hailed as one of the finest examples of Palladian architecture
Palladian architecture
in North America.[76] Education[edit]

Halifax is home to Dalhousie University. Established in 1818, it is the oldest English-language post-secondary institution in Canada.

Main article: Education in Halifax, Nova Scotia Halifax has a well-developed network of public and private schools, providing instruction from grade primary to grade twelve; 136 public schools are administered by the Halifax Regional School Board, while six public schools are administered by the Conseil scolaire acadien provincial.[77] The city's fourteen private schools are operated independently. The municipality is also home to the following post-secondary educational institutions: Dalhousie University, Saint Mary's University, Mount Saint Vincent University, University of King's College, Atlantic School of Theology, NSCAD University, and Nova Scotia Community College, in addition to the Halifax campus of Université Sainte-Anne
Université Sainte-Anne
and several private institutions. The largest of these, Dalhousie University, is Atlantic Canada's premier research-intensive university ranking 7th in Maclean's and 228th in the world. This school is host to most of the province's professional schools while other institutions focus primarily though not exclusively on undergraduate education. The plethora of university and college students contributes to the vibrant youth culture in the region, as well as making it a major centre for university education in eastern Canada. Transportation[edit] Halifax Harbour
Halifax Harbour
is a major port used by numerous shipping lines, administered by the Halifax Port Authority. The Royal Canadian Navy and the Canadian Coast Guard
Canadian Coast Guard
have major installations along prominent sections of coastline in both Halifax and Dartmouth. The harbour is also home to a public ferry service connecting downtown Halifax to two locations in Dartmouth. Sheet Harbour
Sheet Harbour
is the other major port in the municipality and serves industrial users on the Eastern Shore.

The Port of Halifax
Port of Halifax
is North America's first inbound and last outbound shipping gateway to Europe.

The Halifax Port Authority's various shipping terminals constitute the eastern terminus of Canadian National Railway's transcontinental network. Via Rail
Via Rail
provides overnight passenger rail service from the Halifax Railway Station three days a week to Montreal
with the Ocean, a train equipped with sleeper cars that stops in major centres along the way, such as Moncton. The Halifax Railway Station also serves as the terminus for Maritime Bus, which serves destinations across the Maritimes. Halifax Stanfield International Airport
Halifax Stanfield International Airport
serves Halifax and most of the province, providing scheduled flights to domestic and international destinations. The airport served 3,908,799 passengers in 2016, making it Canada's eighth busiest airport by passenger traffic.[78] Shearwater, part of CFB Halifax, is the air base for maritime helicopters employed by the Royal Canadian Navy
Royal Canadian Navy
and is located on the eastern side of Halifax Harbour. The urban core is linked by the Angus L. Macdonald and A. Murray MacKay suspension bridges, as well as the network of 100-series highways which function as expressways. The Armdale traffic circle is an infamous choke point for vehicle movement in the western part of the urban core, especially at rush hour. Public transit is provided by Halifax Transit, which operates standard bus routes, regional express bus routes, as well as the pedestrian-only Halifax-Dartmouth Ferry
Service. Established in 1752, the municipality's ferry service is the oldest continuously running salt water ferry service in North America.[79] Sister cities[edit]

Hakodate, Japan
(1982). The cities chose to twin because they both have star forts and are both maritime ports. Halifax has donated many fir trees to the annual Hakodate
Christmas Fantasy festival.[80][81] Campeche, Mexico
(1999). Campeche was chosen because, like Halifax, it is "a capital of a state" and is "a city of similar size to Halifax on or near the coast having rich historical tradition".[82] Norfolk, Virginia, United States
United States
(2006). Norfolk was chosen because, like Halifax, its economy "depends heavily on the presence of the Armed Forces, and both cities are very proud of their military history".[83]

Notable Haligonians[edit] Main article: List of people from the Halifax Regional Municipality See also[edit]

Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia

Boston–Halifax relations Halifax (electoral district), a federal electoral district since Confederation Halifax Regional Search and Rescue Halifax West, a federal electoral district since 1979 List of municipalities in Nova Scotia


^ 1996 figures onwards are for Halifax Regional Municipality. Prior figures are for Halifax County.

^ Based on station coordinates provided by Environment Canada
and documentation from the Nova Scotian Institute of Science, weather data was collected in West End, Halifax
West End, Halifax
from January 1863 to July 1933, at Citadel Hill from August 1933 to August 1939, at Downtown Halifax
Downtown Halifax
from September 1939 to July 1974, at Citadel Hill from August 1974 to January 2002 and at CFB Halifax
CFB Halifax
(Windsor Park and Halifax Dockyard) from September 2004 to present.


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Nova Scotia
and Halifax [Population centre], Nova Scotia". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2017.  ^ "Census Profile - Halifax (population centre)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "Census Profile - Halifax (municipality)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 8, 2017.  ^ "Best Places to Live in Canada". MoneySense. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2012.  ^ American Cities Of The Future 2011/12 Winners PDF file from www.fDiIntelligence.com ^ American Cities of the Future 2015/16 Winners PDF file ^ "Halifax schools to start each day by recognizing Mi'kmaq
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Halifax Explosion
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Nova Scotia
Government. Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved May 28, 2015.  ^ a b " Agriculture
& Industry". TownCryer News. Retrieved 23 October 2015.  ^ "Census Profile - Halifax (population centre)". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 7, 2012.  ^ "HRM - Traffic and Transportation - Urban Core Boundaries". Halifax.ca. January 27, 2009. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2011.  ^ "Peggy's Cove: Assessment of Capacity Issues and Potential Tourism Opportunities" (PDF). The Economic Planning Group of Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 21, 2012. Retrieved December 26, 2011.  ^ "About Downtown". Downtown Halifax
Downtown Halifax
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expands to Newfoundland". Globe and Mail. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 13 April 2016.  ^ Statistics Canada: 2016 census ^ "Community Profiles from the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada
- Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.  ^ "NHS Profile, Halifax, RGM, Nova Scotia, 2011". statcan.ca. September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2016.  ^ a b c "Introduction to Halifax" (PDF). Proposed Operating Budget 2015-2016. Halifax Regional Municipality. [permanent dead link] ^ "Transportation and Logistics Sector Profile" (PDF). Halifax Gateway Council. April 2012.  ^ Bonney, Joseph (2 September 2013). "Canada's Big 4 Container Ports Put Focus on Infrastructure". The Journal of Commerce.  ^ "Port of Sheet Harbour". Halifax Port Authority. Retrieved 25 November 2015.  ^ a b c "Halifax Regional Municipality Charter" (PDF). Nova Scotia Legislature. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ "2015-16 Operating & Project Budgets". Halifax Regional Municipality. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ "Community Council". Halifax Regional Municipality. Retrieved 31 May 2015. [permanent dead link] ^ "Responsible Government". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2 December 2015.  ^ "Province House". Canada's Historic Places. Parks Canada. Retrieved 2 December 2015.  ^ "Nos Écoles". Conseil scolaire acadien provincial. Retrieved October 11, 2014.  ^ "Airport Statistics". Halifax Stanfield International Airport. Halifax International Airport Authority.  ^ "HRM - History - Main". Halifax.ca. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2011.  ^ "July 4, 2000 - HRM Media Room Press Releases 2000". Halifax Regional Municipality. July 4, 2000. Archived from the original on July 8, 2003. Retrieved January 20, 2018.  ^ "HRM- Hakodate
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Further reading[edit]

Laffoley, Steven (2007). Hunting Halifax: In Search of History, Mystery and Murder. Pottersfield Press. ISBN 978-1895900934.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutHalifax, Nova Scotiaat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Travel guide from Wikivoyage

Official website Photographs of historic monuments in Halifax Regional Municipality

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Halifax, Nova Scotia


Regional Council Community Councils Mayor List of Mayors City Hall 2004 election 2008 election 2012 election 2016 election

Services and agencies

Police (see also RCMP) Fire and Emergency Library Water Transit

Articles of interest

Airport Buildings and structures Communities Culture Economy Famous people Geography Grand Parade Halifax Harbour Halifax Explosion Harbour Solutions History Media Parks Port Sports Transportation



Halifax Regional Centre For Education Conseil scolaire acadien provincial


Dalhousie University Mount Saint Vincent University Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
Community College (Akerley, IT & Waterfront campuses) NSCAD University Saint Mary's University Université Sainte-Anne University of King's College

& archives

Cambridge Military Library Halifax Public Libraries Halifax Tool Library Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia
and Records Management

Major neighbourhoods & communities

Bedford-Sackville Bedford Fall River Lower Sackville Dartmouth Burnside Downtown Dartmouth Shannon Park Westphal Woodlawn Woodside Halifax Peninsula Downtown Halifax North End West End South End Mainland Halifax Armdale Clayton Park Fairview Rockingham Spryfield Other Major Communities Cole Harbour Eastern Passage Enfield Lake Echo Lawrencetown Middle Musquodoboit Musquodoboit Harbour North Preston Peggy's Cove Prospect Sheet Harbour Timberlea Upper Musquodoboit Upper Tantallon

Category:Halifax, Nova Scotia Portal:Nova Scotia WikiProject:Nova Scotia

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Subdivisions of Nova Scotia

Historical counties

Annapolis Antigonish Cape Breton Colchester Cumberland Digby Guysborough Halifax Hants Inverness Kings Lunenburg Pictou Queens Richmond Shelburne Victoria Yarmouth

Economic regions

Annapolis Valley Cape Breton Island Halifax Regional Municipality North Shore Southern Nova Scotia

Regional municipalities

Cape Breton Halifax Queens

County municipalities

Annapolis Antigonish Colchester Cumberland Inverness Kings Pictou Richmond Victoria

District municipalities

Argyle Barrington Chester Clare Digby East Hants Guysborough Lunenburg Shelburne St. Mary's West Hants Yarmouth


Amherst Annapolis Royal Antigonish Berwick Bridgewater Clark's Harbour Digby Hantsport Kentville Lockeport Lunenburg Mahone Bay Middleton Mulgrave New Glasgow Oxford Parrsboro Pictou Port Hawkesbury Shelburne Stellarton Stewiacke Trenton Truro Westville Windsor Wolfville Yarmouth


Aylesford Baddeck Bible Hill Canning Chester Cornwallis Square Dover Freeport Greenwood Havre Boucher Hebbville Kingston Lawrencetown New Minas Port Williams Pugwash River Hebert St. Peter's Tatamagouche Tiverton Westport Weymouth


List of communities in Nova Scotia List of municipalities in Nova Scotia List of people from Nova Scotia

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Places adjacent to Halifax, Nova Scotia

Hants County / Colchester County

Lunenburg County

Halifax Regional Municipality

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Atlantic Ocean

Links to related articles

v t e

Subdivisions of Nova Scotia

Historical counties

Annapolis Antigonish Cape Breton Colchester Cumberland Digby Guysborough Halifax Hants Inverness Kings Lunenburg Pictou Queens Richmond Shelburne Victoria Yarmouth

Economic regions

Annapolis Valley Cape Breton Island Halifax Regional Municipality North Shore Southern Nova Scotia

Regional municipalities

Cape Breton Halifax Queens

County municipalities

Annapolis Antigonish Colchester Cumberland Inverness Kings Pictou Richmond Victoria

District municipalities

Argyle Barrington Chester Clare Digby East Hants Guysborough Lunenburg Shelburne St. Mary's West Hants Yarmouth


Amherst Annapolis Royal Antigonish Berwick Bridgewater Clark's Harbour Digby Hantsport Kentville Lockeport Lunenburg Mahone Bay Middleton Mulgrave New Glasgow Oxford Parrsboro Pictou Port Hawkesbury Shelburne Stellarton Stewiacke Trenton Truro Westville Windsor Wolfville Yarmouth


Aylesford Baddeck Bible Hill Canning Chester Cornwallis Square Dover Freeport Greenwood Havre Boucher Hebbville Kingston Lawrencetown New Minas Port Williams Pugwash River Hebert St. Peter's Tatamagouche Tiverton Westport Weymouth


List of communities in Nova Scotia List of municipalities in Nova Scotia List of people from Nova Scotia

Category:Nova Scotia Portal:Nova Scotia WikiProject:Nova Scotia

v t e

Provincial and territorial capitals of Canada

AB Edmonton

BC Victoria

MB Winnipeg

NB Fredericton

NL St. John's

NS Halifax

ON Toronto

PE Charlottetown

QC Quebec

SK Regina


NT  Yellowknife

NU  Iqaluit

YT  Whitehorse

v t e

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) in Canada
by size

Toronto, ON Montreal, QC Vancouver, BC Calgary, AB Ottawa-Gatineau, ON/QC Edmonton, AB Quebec
City, QC Winnipeg, MB Hamilton, ON Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, ON London, ON St. Catharines-Niagara, ON Halifax, NS Oshawa, ON Victoria, BC Windsor, ON Saskatoon, SK Regina, SK Sherbrooke, QC St. John's, NL Barrie, ON Kelowna, BC Abbotsford, BC Greater Sudbury, ON Kingston, ON Saguenay, QC Trois-Rivières, QC Guelph, ON Moncton, NB Brantford, ON Thunder Bay, ON Saint John, NB Peterborough, ON

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150052288 LCCN: n99830155 GN