The is a Japan
ese Shinto shrine
on the shores of Lake Ashi
in the town of Hakone
in the Ashigarashimo District
of Kanagawa Prefecture
It is also known as the .
[Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005)]
in ''Japan Encyclopedia'', p. 279.
The primary ''kami
'' of Hakone Shrine are
They are known collectively as the .
According to shrine tradition, ''Hakone-jinja'' was founded in 757
during the reign of Emperor Kōshō
. The original shrine was at the summit of the Komagatake peak of Mount Hakone
The shrine was relocated to the shores of Lake Ashi
; its current form dates to 1667. Credit for establishment is also given to Priest Mangan, for pacifying the nine-headed dragon that lived at the bottom of Lake Ashi
. According to the ''Azuma Kagami
'', Minamoto no Yoritomo
sought guidance and shelter from the kami at Hakone after his defeat in Battle of Ishibashiyama
during the Genpei War
. Upon becoming shōgun, Yoritomo became a patron of the shrine.
In the Kamakura period
, the shrine was popular with samurai.
This support continued through the Sengoku period
The shrine was burned down by the forces of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
during the Battle of Odawara
. It was reconstructed by Tokugawa Ieyasu
and given a grant of 200 ''koku
'' of revenue. The Tokugawa shogunate
continued to support the shrine.
In the system of ranked Shinto shrines, Hakone was listed in 1875 among the 3rd class of nationally significant shrines or .
[Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). ''The Imperial House of Japan'', p. 125.]
Hakone Shrine has a small museum, which displays a number of the shrine's treasures. These include five items which are ranked as national Important Cultural Property
The main festival of the shrine is held annually on August 1.
* List of Shinto shrines in Japan
* Modern system of ranked Shinto shrines
File:Crowd - Hakone-jinja - Hakone, Japan - DSC05780.jpg
File:Hakone-jinja - Hakone, Japan - DSC05819.jpg
File:Processional shrines - Hakone-jinja - Hakone, Japan - DSC05744.jpg
File:Stairs - Hakone-jinja - Hakone, Japan - DSC05716.jpg
File:Ducks & floating torii.jpg
File:Avenue - Hakone-jinja - Hakone, Japan - DSC05864.jpg
箱根神社 (''Hakone jinja'') website(''Lake Ashi'') website
Category:Shinto shrines in Kanagawa Prefecture
Category:Buildings and structures in Hakone, Kanagawa