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Haketia
Haketia
(Hebrew: חקיטייה‬, Arabic: حاكيتيا‎) (also written as Hakitia or Haquitía) is an endangered Jewish Romance language also known as Djudeo Spañol, Ladino Occidental, or Western Judaeo-Spanish. It was historically spoken by the North African Sephardim[1] in the Moroccan cities of Tétouan, Tangier, Asilah, Larache
Larache
and the Spanish towns of Ceuta
Ceuta
and Melilla. Tetuani Ladino was also spoken in Oran, Algeria.

Contents

1 Description 2 Modern use 3 References 4 External links

Description[edit]

An original letter in Haketia
Haketia
from Tangier, written in 1832.

The well-known form of Judaeo-Spanish
Judaeo-Spanish
spoken by Jews
Jews
living in the Balkans, Greece, Turkey and Jerusalem
Jerusalem
is "Ladino Oriental" (eastern Ladino). Haketia
Haketia
may be described by contrast as "Ladino Occidental". The language is a variety of Spanish that borrows heavily from Judeo-Moroccan Arabic. It evidently also contains a number of words of Hebrew origin and was originally written using Hebrew letters. There is some cultural resemblance between the two Judaeo-Spanish
Judaeo-Spanish
dialect communities, including a rich shared stock of Romanzas (ballads) from medieval Spain, though both words and music often differ in detail (as indeed they do between one Oriental-Sephardic community and another). The name "Haketia" derived from the Arabic
Arabic
ḥaká حكى, "tell",[2] and is therefore pronounced with IPA: [ḥ], reflecting the Arabic
Arabic
ḥāʾ ح. In some places it is written "Jaquetía" with the same pronunciation. Haketia
Haketia
is considered to have influenced Llanito, the vernacular spoken in the British overseas territory
British overseas territory
of Gibraltar
Gibraltar
due to migration of Moroccan Jews. Modern use[edit] Haketia, unlike other varieties of Judaeo-Spanish, did not develop a literary tradition and so the language remained as a colloquial form of communication and was not used as a vehicle for formal education since in Spanish Morocco, Spanish was used, along with French, at the Alliance Israélite Universelle
Alliance Israélite Universelle
schools. The influence of the Spanish and French conquests and the large number of Jews
Jews
from northern Morocco
Morocco
who emigrated to Venezuela, Spain and later Argentina, the language was levelled with modern Spanish, which has contributed greatly to its extinction. Still, there has been a slow renaissance of the language, helped by musicians such as Doris Benmaman (lad), Mor Karbasi
Mor Karbasi
and Kol Oud Tof Trio (lad), among others. Jose Benoliel (lad) and Alegría Bendayan de Bendelac (lad) have both compiled Spanish-Haketía[3] dictionaries, published in 1977 and 1995, respectively. The Caracas Center of Sephardic Studies (lad) publishes regularly articles in Haketia
Haketia
in its magazine Magen-Escudo. References[edit]

^ La Haketia ^ Benoliel, José (1977). Dialecto Judeo-hispano-marroquí o Hakitía. Madrid. OCLC 5982985.  ^ Haketía: El Djudeo-Espagnol de la Afrika del Nord

External links[edit]

List of articles written in Haketia
Haketia
at eSefarad.com Rodrigues-da-Cunha, Alvaro Fernando (2012): Narrativa na (língua judaico-marroquina) hakitía (Portuguese summary)

v t e

Jewish languages

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Dialects / Argots

Eastern Western Litvish Poylish Ukrainish Galitzish Yiddish
Yiddish
Dutch Scots Yiddish Alsatian Yiddish Klezmer-loshn ganovim-loshn balagole-loshn katsoves-loshn Sabesdiker losn Judendeutsch Yiddish
Yiddish
sign language Lachoudisch

Jewish English

Yeshivish Yinglish Heblish

Romance

Judaeo-Romance

Judaeo-Catalan Judaeo-Italian Judaeo-Piedmontese Judaeo-Spanish Haketia Tetuani Judeo-Latin Judaeo-Occitan Judaeo-French Judaeo-Portuguese Judaeo-Aragonese

Indo-Iranian

Judaeo-Iranian

Bukhori Juhuri Dzhidi Judaeo-Hamedani Judaeo-Shirazi Judaeo-Esfahani Judaeo-Kurdish Judaeo-Yazdi Judaeo-Kermani Judaeo-Kashani Judaeo-Borujerdi Judaeo-Khunsari Judaeo-Golpaygani Judaeo-Nehevandi

Others

Yevanic (Hellenic) Knaanic (Slavic) Judaeo-Marathi (Indo-Aryan)

Other

Krymchak / Karaim (Turkic) Judaeo-Malayalam (Dravidian) Judaeo-Georgian (Kartvelian)

v t e

Languages of Morocco

Official languages

Arabic1 Berber

Native vernaculars

Arabic

Pre-Hilalian

Northern Judeo-Moroccan Old Urban

Hilal-Mâqil

Western Eastern Hassaniya

Koiné

Darija

Berber

Atlas

Central Atlas Tashelhit Judeo-Berber Sanhaja de Srair Ghomara Gharbi†

Zenati

Tarifit Tabeldit Eastern Middle Atlas Eastern Morocco

Romance

Western

Sabir† Haketia Spanish†,4

Undescribed

African Latin†

Main liturgical languages

Arabic1 2 Hebrew3

Main foreign languages

French Spanish4 English

1 Modern Standard Arabic 2 Classical Arabic 3 Medieval Hebrew 4 Formerly native to Moriscos, extinct as native in Morocco † Extinct

v t e

Ceuta

Architecture

Anyera Arab Baths Bienes de interés cultural in Ceuta Casa de los Dragones Cathedral of St Mary of the Assumption Ceuta
Ceuta
border fence Ceuta
Ceuta
Heliport Church of San Francisco Shrine of Our Lady of Africa Ermita de San Antonio Estadio Alfonso Murube Hotel Tryp Ceuta Lighthouse of Punta Almina Military Museum of the Legion Monumento del Llano Amarillo Mosque of Muley El Mehdi Palace of Assembly of Ceuta Parque Marítimo del Mediterráneo Plaza de África Royal Walls of Ceuta Marinid Walls of Ceuta

Geography

Bay of Ceuta Benzú Isla de Santa Catalina Monte Hacho Peninsula of Almina Perejil Island Pillars of Hercules Playa Benítez Playa Calamocarro Playa del Chorillo Playa El Desnarigado Playa El Tarajal Playa Miramar Playa de la Ribera Playa del Sarchal Playa San Amaro Playa Tramaguera Port of Ceuta Príncipe Punta Blanca Tingitana Peninsula

History

Roman Ceuta Banu Isam Battle of Ceuta Daniel and Companions Julian, Count of Ceuta Kingdom of the Algarve Roman Catholic Diocese of Ceuta Siege of Ceuta
Ceuta
(1419) Sieges of Ceuta
Ceuta
(1694–1727) Taifa of Ceuta Treaty of Lisbon (1668) Vidal Marín del Campo

Politics

2007 Morocco–Spain diplomatic conflict Caballas Coalition Ceuta
Ceuta
(Spanish Congress Electoral District) Ceutan Democratic Union Movement for Dignity and Citizenship Elections to the Ceuta
Ceuta
Assembly, 2011 List of governors of Ceuta Mayor-President of Ceuta Statute of Autonomy of Ceuta Democratic and Social Party of Ceuta Socialist Party of the People of Ceuta Union of Muslims of Ceuta

Sport

AD Ceuta AD Ceuta
Ceuta
FC AgD Ceuta Ceuta
Ceuta
Football Federation Ceuta- Melilla
Melilla
derby Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in Ceuta
Ceuta
and Melilla Estadio Alfonso Murube

Other

Africa Star Coat of arms of Ceuta Flag of Ceuta Haketia Medalla de la Autonomía de Ceuta Radio Televisión Ceuta Victimes de nos richesses

v t e

Melilla

Architecture

Bienes de interés cultural in Melilla
Melilla
(es) Melilla
Melilla
border fence Estadio Municipal Álvarez Claro Melilla
Melilla
Airport Melilla
Melilla
la Vieja Transport in Melilla

Geography

Río de Oro

History

Conquest of Melilla Siege of Melilla
Melilla
(1774) First Melillan campaign Second Melillan campaign July 1936 military uprising in Melilla

Politics

2007 Morocco–Spain diplomatic conflict Coalition for Melilla Melilla
Melilla
(Spanish Congress Electoral District) Elections to the Melilla
Melilla
Assembly, 2011 List of governors of Melilla Mayor-President of Melilla Statute of Autonomy of Melilla

Sport

UD Melilla Casino del Real CF Melilla
Melilla
Football Federation Ceuta- Melilla
Melilla
derby Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in Ceuta
Ceuta
and Melilla CD Tercio Estadio Municipal Álvarez Claro Melilla
Melilla
Baloncesto

Other

Coat of arms of Melilla Flag of Melilla Haketia Melilla
Melilla
Airlines Victimes de nos richesses

v t e

Sephardi Jewish topics

Origins

Sepharad Roman Empire Golden Age Expulsion

Conversos Degredados Lançados Marranos

Dispersion

Eastern Mediterranean

Bosnian Bulgarian Egyptian Ottoman Palestinian Syrian Thessaloniki

North Africa

Algerian Libyan Moroccan Tunisian

Western Europe and overseas

Dutch English Hamburg Indian Livornese

Crypto-Sephardim

Amazonian Xuetas

Modern history

History of the Jews
Jews
under Muslim rule Antisemitism in the Arab world Islam and antisemitism Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries

Languages

Judeo-Berber Sephardi Hebrew Judeo-Arabic Judaeo-Portuguese Judaeo-Spanish

Haketia Tetuani Ladino

Religion and culture

Cuisine Music Rite and customs

Sephardi chief rabbi

Haredim

Politics

B

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