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ABDUL QADEER (عبدالقدیر, born c. 1951 in Jalalabad
Jalalabad
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, assassinated July 6, 2002 in Kabul
Kabul
, Afghanistan) was a Pashtun leader in Afghanistan. Qadir was a prominent member of the Northern Alliance
Northern Alliance
and opposed the Taliban
Taliban
. He served as the head of Eastern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Shura and later Vice President of Afghanistan
Vice President of Afghanistan
and Minister of Public Works in the administration of Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
from late 2001 until his assassination in 2002.

Qadeer belonged to the influential Pashtun Arsala family from the Afghan province of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
in Afghanistan. His brother was the anti-Soviet and Northern Alliance
Northern Alliance
leader Abdul Haq , who was executed in late 2001 by the Taliban. From 1992 to 1996, before the Taliban gained power, Abdul Qadeer was the governor of Nangahar province.

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography * 2 Personal * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Abdul Qadeer's was involved in Afghan politics even before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in 1979. When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, Qadeer fought against them as a key resistance commander with the Hezb-e Islami Khalis faction. After the Soviet retreat in 1989 and the fall of the Afghan communist regime in 1992, Qadeer was appointed governor of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
province in eastern Afghanistan.

On September 27, 1996, the Taliban
Taliban
took power in Kabul
Kabul
with military support by Pakistan
Pakistan
and financial support by Saudi Arabia. Qadeer had to flee from Nangarhar
Nangarhar
and entered neighbouring Pakistan
Pakistan
. Because of his opposition to the Taliban, however, he soon faced trouble with the authorities in Pakistan. Qadir then left for Germany
Germany
. In the following years he shuttled between Germany
Germany
and Dubai
Dubai
where he had started a trading business.

In 1999, Qadeer returned to Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to serve their people & he made united Afghanistan
Afghanistan
by unity to all people of Afghanistan, which was left as the only resistance force against the Taliban
Taliban
regime and its allies. The United Front included forces and leaders from different political backgrounds as well as from all Afghan ethnicities including Pashtuns, Tajiks , Uzbeks
Uzbeks
, Hazaras or Turkmens . Qadeer came to lead the United Front's Eastern Shura and ensured the alliance's influence in the largely Pashtun east of Afghanistan.

From the Taliban
Taliban
conquest in 1996 until November 2001 the United Front controlled roughly 30% of Afghanistan's population in provinces such as Badakhshan , Kapisa , Takhar and parts of Parwan , Kunar , Nuristan , Laghman , Samangan , Kunduz , Ghōr and Bamyan . Ahmad Shah Massoud did not intend for the United Front to become the ruling government of Afghanistan. His vision was for the United Front to help establish a new government, where the various ethnic groups would share power and live in peace through a democratic form of government.

Qadeer's younger brother Abdul Haq , a famous anti-Soviet resistance fighter, was executed by Taliban
Taliban
Interior Minister Mola Abdul Razaq from Zhob Pakistan, (captain Imam's student). Taliban
Taliban
agents on October 26, 2001 when trying to rally anti- Taliban
Taliban
support among the Pashtuns
Pashtuns
apart of the US-led effort against the Taliban
Taliban
after 9/11
9/11
.

After the fall of the Taliban
Taliban
regime Abdul Qadeer joined with two other leaders, Hazrat Ali and Haji Mohammed Zaman , to lead the Eastern Shura . After the 2001 Bonn Conference on Afghanistan, Afghan interim president Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
nominated Qadeer to be one of the Vice Presidents of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, and Minister of Public Works.

Abdul Qadeer was alleged to have had connections with those engaged in Afghanistan's opium poppy trade.

On July 6, 2002, Qadeer and his son-in-law were killed by gunmen. In 2004, one man was sentenced to death and two others to prison sentences for the assassination.

PERSONAL

Qadeer belonged to the very influential Pashtun Arsala family from the east of Afghanistan. His brother was the well-known anti-Soviet commander of Kabul
Kabul
Front Abdul Haq who was executed in late 2001 by the Taliban
Taliban
. The Arsala family is based in the Afghan province of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
. The capital of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
is Jalalabad
Jalalabad
. He had very strong ties with the late Afghan King, Zaher Shah. The Afghans, in particular the people of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
refer to him as the "Warrior of Afghanistan". He is known to have accomplished many things in the time of his power, especially in Nangarhar
Nangarhar
where he governed.

Abdul Qadeer's son Zahir Qadir , a former military commander in the Afghan National Army, is currently serving as the deputy speaker of the Afghan House of Representatives.

SEE ALSO

* Afridi (Pashtun)
Afridi (Pashtun)
* Abdul Haq * Ahmad Shah Massoud
Ahmad Shah Massoud
* Zahir Shah
Zahir Shah

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H Meena Baktash (July 8, 2002). "Abdul Qadeer: Key leader in Afghan struggle". London: The Guardian
The Guardian
. Retrieved 2007-12-31. * ^ Pepe Escobar (December 7, 2001). "Taking a spin in Tora Bora". Asia Times . Retrieved 2007-12-31. * ^ Syed Saleem Shahzad
Syed Saleem Shahzad
(July 9, 2002). "A body blow to U.S.". Asia Times . Retrieved 2007-12-31. * ^ "Afghanistan". US Department of State
US Department of State
. February 28, 2005. Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2007-12-19. * ^ Burke, Jason (October 6, 2002). "A year of living on the edge". London: The Guardian
The Guardian
. Retrieved 2007-12-31. * ^ "Pak seals border tem