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Abdul Qadeer (Pashto: عبدالقدیر‎, born c. 1951 in Jalalabad, Afghanistan, assassinated July 6, 2002 in Kabul, Afghanistan) was a Pashtun leader in Afghanistan. Qadir was a prominent member of the Northern Alliance
Northern Alliance
and opposed the Taliban. He served as the head of Eastern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Shura and later Vice President of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Minister of Public Works in the administration of Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
from late 2001 until his assassination in 2002. Qadeer belonged to the influential Pashtun Arsala family from the Afghan province of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
in Afghanistan.[1] His brother was the anti-Soviet and Northern Alliance
Northern Alliance
leader Abdul Haq, who was executed in late 2001 by the Taliban. From 1992 to 1996, before the Taliban gained power, Abdul Qadeer was the governor of Nangahar province.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Personal 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Biography[edit] Abdul Qadeer's was involved in Afghan politics even before the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in 1979. When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, Qadeer fought against them as a key resistance commander with the Hezb-e Islami Khalis
Hezb-e Islami Khalis
faction.[1] After the Soviet retreat in 1989 and the fall of the Afghan communist regime in 1992, Qadeer was appointed governor of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
province in eastern Afghanistan.[1] On September 27, 1996, the Taliban
Taliban
took power in Kabul
Kabul
with military support by Pakistan
Pakistan
and financial support by Saudi Arabia. Qadeer had to flee from Nangarhar
Nangarhar
and entered neighbouring Pakistan. Because of his opposition to the Taliban, however, he soon faced trouble with the authorities in Pakistan. Qadir then left for Germany.[1] In the following years he shuttled between Germany
Germany
and Dubai
Dubai
where he had started a trading business. In 1999, Qadeer returned to Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to serve their people & he made united Afghanistan
Afghanistan
by unity to all people of Afghanistan, which was left as the only resistance force against the Taliban
Taliban
regime and its allies.[1] The United Front included forces and leaders from different political backgrounds as well as from all Afghan ethnicities including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras or Turkmens. Qadeer came to lead the United Front's Eastern Shura and ensured the alliance's influence in the largely Pashtun east of Afghanistan.[1] From the Taliban
Taliban
conquest in 1996 until November 2001 the United Front controlled roughly 30% of Afghanistan's population in provinces such as Badakhshan, Kapisa, Takhar and parts of Parwan, Kunar, Nuristan, Laghman, Samangan, Kunduz, Ghōr and Bamyan. Ahmad Shah Massoud
Ahmad Shah Massoud
did not intend for the United Front to become the ruling government of Afghanistan. His vision was for the United Front to help establish a new government, where the various ethnic groups would share power and live in peace through a democratic form of government. Qadeer's younger brother Abdul Haq, a famous anti-Soviet resistance fighter, was executed by Taliban
Taliban
Interior Minister Mola Abdul Razaq from Zhob Pakistan, (captain Imam's student). Taliban
Taliban
agents on October 26, 2001 when trying to rally anti- Taliban
Taliban
support among the Pashtuns
Pashtuns
apart of the US-led effort against the Taliban
Taliban
after 9/11.[1] After the fall of the Taliban
Taliban
regime Abdul Qadeer joined with two other leaders, Hazrat Ali and Haji Mohammed Zaman, to lead the Eastern Shura.[2] After the 2001 Bonn Conference on Afghanistan, Afghan interim president Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
nominated Qadeer to be one of the Vice Presidents of Afghanistan, and Minister of Public Works. Abdul Qadeer was alleged to have had connections with those engaged in Afghanistan's opium poppy trade.[3] On July 6, 2002, Qadeer and his son-in-law were killed by gunmen. In 2004, one man was sentenced to death and two others to prison sentences for the assassination.[4][5][6][7] Personal[edit] Qadeer belonged to the very influential Pashtun Arsala family from the east of Afghanistan.[1] His brother was the well-known anti-Soviet commander of Kabul
Kabul
Front Abdul Haq who was executed in late 2001 by the Taliban. The Arsala family is based in the Afghan province of Nangarhar. The capital of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
is Jalalabad. He had very strong ties with the late Afghan King, Zaher Shah. The Afghans, in particular the people of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
refer to him as the "Warrior of Afghanistan". He is known to have accomplished many things in the time of his power, especially in Nangarhar
Nangarhar
where he governed.[8] Abdul Qadeer's son Zahir Qadir, a former military commander in the Afghan National Army, is currently serving as the deputy speaker of the Afghan House of Representatives.[9] See also[edit]

Afridi (Pashtun) Abdul Haq Ahmad Shah Massoud Zahir Shah

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h Meena Baktash (July 8, 2002). "Abdul Qadeer: Key leader in Afghan struggle". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ Pepe Escobar (December 7, 2001). "Taking a spin in Tora Bora". Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ Syed Saleem Shahzad
Syed Saleem Shahzad
(July 9, 2002). "A body blow to U.S." Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ "Afghanistan". US Department of State. February 28, 2005. Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2007-12-19.  ^ Burke, Jason (October 6, 2002). "A year of living on the edge". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ "Pak seals border temporarily following shootout in Afghanistan". Outlook India. November 8, 2002. Archived from the original on May 21, 2008. Retrieved 2007-12-19.  ^ "Border clashes open new Afghan front line". London: The Telegraph. July 18, 2003. Retrieved 2007-12-19.  ^ Syed Saleem Shahzad
Syed Saleem Shahzad
(July 9, 2002). "A body blow to U.S." Asia Times. Retrieved 2007-12-31.  ^ " Zahir Qadir elected as first deputy house speaker". Khaama Press. January 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abdul Qadir.

US State Department press release after his assassination A detailed analysis of Qadir's death from a security standpoint Interview with Qadir less than a month before his death Abdul Qadir at Find a Grave

Political offices

Preceded by ? Governor
Governor
of Nangarhar
Nangarhar
Province, Afghanistan (? prior to Taliban
Taliban
period), again 2001–2002 Succeeded by Haji Din Mohammad

v t e

Governors of the provinces of Afghanistan

Badakhshan

Munshi Abdul Majid
Munshi Abdul Majid
(2007–2009) Baz Mohammad Ahmadi (2009–)

Badghis

Gul Mohammad Arefi (2001–2005) Enayatullah Enayat (2005–2007) Mohammad Ashraf Naseri Dilbar Jan Arman Shinwari
Dilbar Jan Arman Shinwari
(2009–)

Baghlan

Mohammad Akbar Barakzai (2009–2010) Munshi Abdul Majid
Munshi Abdul Majid
(2010–)

Balkh

Atta Muhammad Nur
Atta Muhammad Nur
(2004–)

Bamyan

Habiba Sarabi
Habiba Sarabi
(2005–)

Daykundi

Qurban Ali Oruzgani
Qurban Ali Oruzgani
(2010–)

Farah

Roohul Amin
Roohul Amin
(2008–2012) Mohammad Akram Khpalwak
Mohammad Akram Khpalwak
(2012-2014) Mohammad Asif Nang (2015-)

Faryab

Abdul Haq Shafaq
Abdul Haq Shafaq
(2006–)

Ghazni

Asadullah Khalid
Asadullah Khalid
(2001–2005) Sher Alam Ibrahimi (2005–2006) Faizanullah Faizan (2007–2008) Osman Osmani (2008–2010) Musa Khan Ahmadzai
Musa Khan Ahmadzai
(2010–)

Ghor

Ibrahim Malikzada (2001–2004) Abdul Qadir Alam (2004–2005) Shah Abdul Ahad Afzali (2005–2007) Baz Mohammad Ahmadi (2007–2009) Mohammad Eqbal Munib (2009–)

Helmand

Sher Mohammad Akhundzada (2001–2005) Mohammad Daoud (2005–2006) Assadullah Wafa (2006–2008) Mohammad Gulab Mangal
Mohammad Gulab Mangal
(2008–)

Herat

Ahmad Yusuf Nuristani
Ahmad Yusuf Nuristani
(2009–2010) Daud Shah Saba
Daud Shah Saba
(2010–)

Jowzjan

Mohammad Hashim Zare (2007-2010) Alhaj Baymorad Qoyunly (July 2013 - )

Kabul

Haji Din Mohammad (2004–2009) Zabihullah Mojaddidy
Zabihullah Mojaddidy
(2009–2011) Ahmadullah Alizai
Ahmadullah Alizai
(2011-)

Kandahar

Gul Agha Sherzai
Gul Agha Sherzai
(2001–2003) Yousef Pashtun
Yousef Pashtun
(2003–2005) Asadullah Khalid
Asadullah Khalid
(2005–2008) Rahmatullah Raufi (2008–2008) Tooryalai Wesa
Tooryalai Wesa
(2008–)

Kapisa

Ghulam Qawis Abubaker (2007–)

Khost

Arsala Jamal
Arsala Jamal
(2006–2008) Hamidullah Qalandarzai (2008–2009) Abdul Jabbar Naeemi (2010–)

Kunar

Fazlullah Wahidi
Fazlullah Wahidi
(2007–2013) Shuja ul-Mulk Jalala (2013-2014) Mohammad Omar Safi (2014-)

Kunduz

Engineer Mohammad Omar (2006–2010) Muhammad Anwar Jigdaleg (2010-)

Laghman

Mohammad Golab Mangal
Mohammad Golab Mangal
(2006–08) Lutfullah Mashal
Lutfullah Mashal
(2008–2010) Mohammad Iqbal Azizi
Mohammad Iqbal Azizi
(2010–)

Logar

Fazlullah Mojadeddi (2001–2004) Mohammad Aman Hamimi (2004–2005) Sayed Abdul Karim Hashimi (2005–2007) Abdullah Wardak
Abdullah Wardak
(2007–2008) Atiqullah Ludin (2008–)

Nangarhar

Abdul Qadir (2001–2002) Haji Din Mohammad (2002–04) Gul Agha Sherzai
Gul Agha Sherzai
(2004–)

Nimruz

Abdul Karim Brahui
Abdul Karim Brahui
(2001–2005) Ghulam Dastagir Azad (2005–2010) Abdul Karim Brahui
Abdul Karim Brahui
(2010– )

Nuristan

Jamaluddin Badr
Jamaluddin Badr
(2008–)

Oruzgan

Jan Mohammed Khan
Jan Mohammed Khan
(2002–2006) Maulavi Abdul Hakim Munib (2006–2007) Assadullah Hamdam
Assadullah Hamdam
(2007–2010) Mohammad Sherzad (2010-)

Paktia

Pacha Khan Zadran (2001–2002) Taj Mohammad Wardak (2002–2002) Raz Mohammed Dalili (2002–04) Assadullah Wafa (2004–05) Hakim Taniwal (2005–2006) Rahmatullah Rahmat
Rahmatullah Rahmat
(2006–2007) Juma Khan Hamdard (2007–)

Paktika

Mohibullah Samim
Mohibullah Samim
(2010–2014) Abdul Karim Matin (2015–)

Panjshir

Keramuddin Keram
Keramuddin Keram
(2010–)

Parwan

Abdul Basir Salangi
Abdul Basir Salangi
(2009–)

Samangan

Khairullah Anosh (2010–)

Sar-e Pol

Anwar Rahmati (2010–2012) Abdul Jabar Haqbeen (2012-)

Takhar

Abdul Jabbar Taqwa (2010–)

Wardak

Abdul Jabbar Naeemi (2005–2008) Mohammad Halim Fidai (2008–)

Zabul

Mohammad Ashraf Naseri
Mohammad Ashraf Naseri
(2009–)

v t e

Vice President of Afghanistan

Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan
Afghanistan

Arsala Fahim Shahrani Khalili Qadir

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Afghanistan

First Vice President

Massoud Fahim Qanuni Dostum

Second Vice President

.