ABDUL QADEER (عبدالقدیر, born c. 1951 in
Afghanistan , assassinated July 6, 2002 in
Kabul , Afghanistan) was a
Pashtun leader in Afghanistan. Qadir was a prominent member of the
Northern Alliance and opposed the
Taliban . He served as the head of
Afghanistan Shura and later
Vice President of Afghanistan
Vice President of Afghanistan and
Minister of Public Works in the administration of
Hamid Karzai from
late 2001 until his assassination in 2002.
Qadeer belonged to the influential Pashtun Arsala family from the
Afghan province of
Nangarhar in Afghanistan. His brother was the
Northern Alliance leader Abdul Haq , who was executed
in late 2001 by the Taliban. From 1992 to 1996, before the Taliban
gained power, Abdul Qadeer was the governor of Nangahar province.
* 1 Biography
* 2 Personal
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Abdul Qadeer's was involved in Afghan politics even before the Soviet
Afghanistan in 1979. When the Soviets invaded Afghanistan,
Qadeer fought against them as a key resistance commander with the
Hezb-e Islami Khalis faction. After the Soviet retreat in 1989 and
the fall of the Afghan communist regime in 1992, Qadeer was appointed
Nangarhar province in eastern Afghanistan.
On September 27, 1996, the
Taliban took power in
Kabul with military
Pakistan and financial support by Saudi Arabia. Qadeer had
to flee from
Nangarhar and entered neighbouring
Pakistan . Because of
his opposition to the Taliban, however, he soon faced trouble with the
authorities in Pakistan. Qadir then left for
Germany . In the
following years he shuttled between
Dubai where he had
started a trading business.
In 1999, Qadeer returned to
Afghanistan to serve their people & he
Afghanistan by unity to all people of Afghanistan, which
was left as the only resistance force against the
Taliban regime and
its allies. The United Front included forces and leaders from
different political backgrounds as well as from all Afghan ethnicities
including Pashtuns, Tajiks ,
Uzbeks , Hazaras or Turkmens . Qadeer
came to lead the United Front's
Eastern Shura and ensured the
alliance's influence in the largely Pashtun east of Afghanistan.
Taliban conquest in 1996 until November 2001 the United
Front controlled roughly 30% of Afghanistan's population in provinces
such as Badakhshan , Kapisa , Takhar and parts of Parwan , Kunar ,
Nuristan , Laghman , Samangan , Kunduz , Ghōr and Bamyan . Ahmad Shah
Massoud did not intend for the United Front to become the ruling
government of Afghanistan. His vision was for the United Front to help
establish a new government, where the various ethnic groups would
share power and live in peace through a democratic form of government.
Qadeer's younger brother Abdul Haq , a famous anti-Soviet resistance
fighter, was executed by
Taliban Interior Minister Mola Abdul Razaq
from Zhob Pakistan, (captain Imam's student).
Taliban agents on
October 26, 2001 when trying to rally anti-
Taliban support among the
Pashtuns apart of the US-led effort against the
After the fall of the
Taliban regime Abdul Qadeer joined with two
other leaders, Hazrat Ali and Haji
Mohammed Zaman , to lead the
Eastern Shura . After the 2001 Bonn Conference on Afghanistan, Afghan
Hamid Karzai nominated Qadeer to be one of the Vice
Afghanistan , and Minister of Public Works.
Abdul Qadeer was alleged to have had connections with those engaged
in Afghanistan's opium poppy trade.
On July 6, 2002, Qadeer and his son-in-law were killed by gunmen. In
2004, one man was sentenced to death and two others to prison
sentences for the assassination.
Qadeer belonged to the very influential Pashtun Arsala family from
the east of Afghanistan. His brother was the well-known anti-Soviet
Kabul Front Abdul Haq who was executed in late 2001 by
Taliban . The Arsala family is based in the Afghan province of
Nangarhar . The capital of
Jalalabad . He had very strong
ties with the late Afghan King, Zaher Shah. The Afghans, in particular
the people of
Nangarhar refer to him as the "Warrior of Afghanistan".
He is known to have accomplished many things in the time of his power,
Nangarhar where he governed.
Abdul Qadeer's son
Zahir Qadir , a former military commander in the
Afghan National Army, is currently serving as the deputy speaker of
the Afghan House of Representatives.
* Abdul Haq
Ahmad Shah Massoud
Ahmad Shah Massoud
* ^ A B C D E F G H Meena Baktash (July 8, 2002). "Abdul Qadeer:
Key leader in Afghan struggle". London:
The Guardian . Retrieved
Pepe Escobar (December 7, 2001). "Taking a spin in Tora Bora".
Asia Times . Retrieved 2007-12-31.
Syed Saleem Shahzad
Syed Saleem Shahzad (July 9, 2002). "A body blow to U.S.". Asia
Times . Retrieved 2007-12-31.
* ^ "Afghanistan".
US Department of State
US Department of State . February 28, 2005.
Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2007-12-19.
* ^ Burke, Jason (October 6, 2002). "A year of living on the edge".
The Guardian . Retrieved 2007-12-31.
* ^ "Pak seals border tem