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Haimen (simplified Chinese: 海门; traditional Chinese: 海門; pinyin: Hǎimén, Qihai dialect: [haɪ.məŋ], Shanghai: [hɛ̝.məŋ]) is a county-level city under the administration of Nantong, Jiangsu province, with a population of approximately 1 million. It is located at the opposite side of the Yangtze River to Shanghai and is directly north of Chongming Island except for a small portion that forms Haimen City's Haiyong Township.Haimen is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Haimen.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions 2.2 Climate

3 Transport 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] The area that is now Haimen was formed from silt deposits from the Yangtze River. Several sandbanks, including Dongzhou (东洲; 東洲) and Buzhou (布洲), joined together with the mainland in the Tang dynasty. In 958 CE, during the Later Zhou dynasty in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period, Haimen County was established, the seat established at Dongzhou Town.[8] Because the mouth of the Yangtze River moved northward during the Ming dynasty, Haimen has dealt with flooding that destroyed parts of the county, including Lüsi (吕四; 呂四), Yudong (余东; 余東), and Sijia (Chinese: 四甲).[8] In 1672, under the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty, the seat moved to Jinghai Township (静海乡; 靜海鄉). Starting from 1701, the river's course moved south, creating more than 40 new sandbanks. In 1768, the county became an independent subprefecture with the seat moving to Maojia Town (茅家镇; 茅家鎮).[8] In 1912, one year after the Republic of China was founded, Haimen once again became a county. However, in 1949, when the China was founded, Haimen became governed under Nantong Prefecture. Once county-level governments started to reappear in 1983, Haimen was reinstated as a county, and in June 1994, Haimen became a county-level city.[8] Geography[edit] Administrative divisions[edit] Haimen is divided into twenty-one towns and one township, the pene-exclave of Haiyong on Chongming. These towns are further divided into 231 villages and three fishery villages.[9] Climate[edit] According to the Köppen climate classification system, Haimen has a humid subtropical climate (Cwa). This means that Haimen experiences four distinct seasons; the summers are hot and the winters are cold. The summers are rainier than the other seasons, and the summer rains usually bring flooding.[10] The average temperature is 15.2 °C (59.4 °F) in Haimen. January is the coldest month, and July is the hottest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Haimen was 38.0 °C (100.4 °F), occurring on both August 7, 1966 and July 31, 1992. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −9.3 °C (15.3 °F) on January 31, 1977.[10] The average yearly rainfall is 1,056.3 millimetres (41.59 in). The wettest year was 1975 with 1,500.7 millimetres (59.08 in), and the driest year was 1978 with 654.6 millimetres (25.77 in).[10] Transport[edit] With easy access to the Sea and Yangtze River, transportation is very convenient. Less than 2 hrs driving distance to Shanghai Pudong International Airport, about 40 mins driving distance to Nantong Xindong International Airport and Nantong Railway Station which has high speed bullet train. Has multiple entry to the national Highway system, i.e. G40 express way. Close to Port of Nantong, Haimen is currently developing its own county level sea port in DongZaoGang town. Easy access to Sutong Bridge to cross the Yangtze.A ferry service is also available. References[edit]

^ Google (2014-07-02). "Haimen" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.  ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. 陆一飞 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government (2010-03-10). 市政府关于市长副市长市长助理分工的通知 (in Chinese). Haimen. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Boundary & Area". Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ a b c Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Geographical Location". Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Department of Economic & Social Affairs (2008). Demographic Yearbook 2005, Volume 57. United Nations Publications. p. 272. ISBN 978-92-1-051099-8. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ a b China National Philatelic Corporation (CNPC). "Area Code and Postal Code in Jiangsu Province". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ a b c d Haimen Municipal People's Government (2009-12-09). 建置沿革 (in Chinese). Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Administrative Division". Retrieved 2010-07-30.  ^ a b c Haimen Municipal People's Government. "Weather & Cliamte". Retrieved 2010-07-30. 

External links[edit]

(in Chinese) Regional topographical map (in simplified Chinese) 行政区划 (Administrative Divisions of Haimen) (in simplified Chinese) 地理位置 (Geography of Haimen) Haimen City English guide (Jiangsu.NET) (in English) (in Chinese) "Illustrated Album of Yangzhou Prefecture", from 1573-1620, has illustrations of Haimen

Places adjacent to Haimen

Tongzhou

Yellow Sea

Haimen

Qidong

Changshu, Nantong Chongming, Shanghai, Yangtze River

v t e

County-level divisions of Jiangsu Province

Nanjing (capital)

Sub-provincial city

Nanjing

Xuanwu District Qinhuai District Jianye District Gulou District Pukou District Luhe District Qixia District Yuhuatai District Jiangning District Lishui District Gaochun District

Prefecture-level cities

Wuxi

Binhu District Huishan District Xishan District Liangxi District Xinwu District Jiangyin City Yixing City

Xuzhou

Yunlong District Gulou District Jiawang District Tongshan District Quanshan District Pizhou City Xinyi City Suining County Pei County Feng County

Changzhou

Zhonglou District Tianning District Xinbei District Wujin District Jintan District Liyang City

Suzhou

Gusu District Huqiu District Wuzhong District Xiangcheng District Wujiang District Kunshan City Taicang City Changshu City Zhangjiagang City

Nantong

Chongchuan District Gangzha District Tongzhou District Haimen City Qidong City Rugao City Rudong County Hai'an County

Lianyungang

Haizhou District Lianyun District Ganyu District Guanyun County Donghai County Guannan County

Huai'an

Qingjiangpu District Huai'an District Huaiyin District Hongze District Jinhu County Xuyi County Lianshui County

Yancheng

Tinghu District Yandu District Dafeng District Dongtai City Sheyang County Funing County Binhai County Xiangshui County Jianhu County

Yangzhou

Guangling District Hanjiang District Jiangdu District Yizheng City Gaoyou City Baoying County

Zhenjiang

Jingkou District Runzhou District Dantu District Yangzhong City Danyang City Jurong City

Taizhou

Hailing District Gaogang District Jiangyan District Jingjiang City Taixing City Xinghua City

Suqian

Sucheng District Suyu District Shuyang County Siyang County Sihong County

v t e

Cities along the Yangtze

Province-level

Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)

Yunnan

Lijiang (SIchuan see below) Dongchuan

Sichuan

Panzhihua (Yunan see above) Yibin Luzhou

Chongqing

Jiangjin Central Chongqing Fuling Wanzhou

Hubei

Yichang Yidu Zhijiang Songzi Jingzhou Shishou (Hunan see below) Honghu Chibi Wuhan Ezhou Huangshi Huanggang Wuxue

Hunan

Yueyang Linxiang

Jiangxi

Ruichang Jiujiang

Anhui

Anqing Chizhou Tongling Wuhu Ma'anshan

Jiangsu

Nanjing Yizheng Jurong Zhenjiang Yangzhou Taizhou Yangzhong Taixing Danyang Changzhou Jingjiang Jiangyin Zhangjiagang Rugao Nantong Changshu Taicang Haimen Qidong

Shanghai

Baoshan Pudong

Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities alon

.