HADLEIGH is an ancient market town and civil parish in South Suffolk
East Anglia , situated, next to the
* 1 Origin of the name * 2 History * 3 Religion * 4 Economy * 5 Culture * 6 Sport and leisure * 7 Notable people * 8 References * 9 External links
ORIGIN OF THE NAME
Skeat , in his 1913 The Place-Names of Suffolk, says this:
Spelt Hadlega, R.B. ; Hadleigh, Ipm .; Hædleage, in a late chapter, Thorpe , Diplomat, 527; Headlega, Annals of St Neot , quoted in Plummer 's ed. of the A.S.Chronicle , ii. 102; Hetlega, D.B. , p.184. In D.B. the t stands for th; and the true A.S. form appears in a Worcs. charter, dated 849, as hæðleage(gen.) with reference to Headley Heath (a tautological name) in Birch, C.S. ii. 40; see Duignan, Placenames of Worcs. The sense is 'heath-lea.' In a similar way the A.S. ð has become t in Hatfield (Herts.) which means 'heath-field'.
Guthrum , King of the Danes, is said to be buried in the grounds of St Mary's Church in the town. He was defeated by King Alfred at the battle of Edington in 878.
Hadleigh received its market charter in 1252. In 1438 administration was passed from manorial control to trustees. The market was eventually sold to Babergh District Council in the late 20th century. Pargeting at 81, High Street
Hadleigh was one of the East Anglian towns that derived its prosperity from its wool and cloth industries. It has a 15th-century timber-framed Guildhall and many fine examples of timber and brick listed buildings , some with highly detailed 17th century plasterwork or "pargeting ". Most of these buildings can be found in the High Street, Angel Street, Benton Street and the immediately surrounding area.
The town has a total of 246 listed buildings . The Georgian East House, on George Street, has been designated a Grade II listed building since 26 April 1950. In March 2013 plans by Babergh District Council to redevelop the site and build houses on the land behind were withdrawn after strong local protest. The property was once used for a range of community events and activities. Opponents of the plan had argued that the adjacent land had been used as a village green for the last 20 years.
Originating in the 14th century, the Grade II* listed Toppesfield Bridge, over the River Brett, is the oldest in the county still carrying vehicles. It was widened in 1812.
The Anglican church of St Mary the Virgin
The Anglican church of St Mary the Virgin is an active parish church
in the archdeaconry of
According to the
Annals of St Neots , a chronicle compiled in Bury St
Edmunds , king
Guthrum (later called Æthelstan, died c.890) was
buried at Headleage, which is usually identified as Hadleigh. He may
have built the original Saxon church at this site, traces of which
were revealed in the churchyard to the south of the porch, in 1829 and
in 1984. There is no real evidence, however, that
Guthrum was the
founder of the church. In the
Doomsday Book there is mention of a
church at "Hetlega" being owned by
Archbishop Lanfranc of
The deanery , with a tall Tudor gatehouse in brick built just before the Reformation, next to the church, is also a Grade I listed building. Hadleigh United Reformed Church
Like its near neighbour,
East Bergholt , Hadleigh was known during
the 16th century for its
In April 2011 the historic clock bell in the Anglican church was silenced by a pair of nesting jackdaws .
United Reformed Church , situated off Market Place, was
originally the town's
A typical example of timber framing , Benton Street
The former Kings Arms on Benton Street is a typical example of timber framing . The building, a pub for over 400 years, has sections that date to the 15th century. It was known unofficially as the "Old Monkey" and is still referred to by that name today. It is now a private residence and bed and breakfast.
The Brett Works site, off Pound Lane, was for some years the home of
Brett Valley Joinery and was later allocated by
Council as a potential site for a new foodstore. Supermarket giant
The Lady Lane Industrial estate is the location of Celotex Saint Gobain , the manufacturer of the insulation component in the cladding used at Grenfell Tower .
The annual Hadleigh Show, first held in 1840 and also known as 'the May Show', is one of the oldest one-day agricultural shows in East Anglia . Organised by the Hadleigh Farmers' Agricultural Association, the show enjoyed 12,500 visitors in 2013.
Benton End House, a Grade II* listed building on Benton Street, was
originally a large medieval farmhouse. From 1940 it was the home of
The Ansell Community Centre was set up in 2004 as a charity with the object of providing community facilities for the people of Hadleigh and surrounding area. It is a private company limited with six trustees. Membership of the ACC is open to anyone who is interested in the work of the charity. Currently there are over 30 members. The centre runs the digital cinema ("Hollywood in Hadleigh") and two lunch clubs. The ACC also organises community events such as "The Hidden Gardens of Hadleigh" and, together with churches in Hadleigh, some festivals throughout the year. The building is owned by the United Reformed Church.
SPORT AND LEISURE
Hadleigh has a Non-League football club Hadleigh United F.C. who play at Millfield. The town is also home to Hadleigh Rugby Club (HRFC). Both the football and rugby club boast thriving youth and senior sections.
The town's bowls and cricket clubs are among the oldest in Suffolk.
The bowls club was founded in 1754. The cricket club is over 200
years old and pre-dates the Marylebone
Other sporting clubs include the Hadleigh Tennis Club, Hadleigh Hares (running club), Hadleigh Cycling Club.
At Benton End Farm there is an equestrian centre and a paintball centre.
Patrick Newell , the British actor who played spymaster "Mother"
in the television series The Avengers , was born in Hadleigh.
* The town is the home of English poet and author
Pauline Stainer .
* British extreme metal band
Cradle of Filth were formed in
* The artist
Maggi Hambling was raised in Hadleigh and has one of
her paintings displayed in St Mary's Church.
* ^ A B "Census 2011: Parish Headcounts: Hadleigh". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
* ^ Skeat, Walter (1913). The Place-Names of Suffolk. Cambridge:
Cambridge Antiquarian Society . p. 78.
* ^ D. Dumville and M. Lapidge (eds) Annals of St. Neots Cambridge
* ^ "Welcome to the Hadleigh Town Council website". GB:
Hadleigh.onesuffolk.net. 22 September 2013. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
* ^ "Listed Buildings in Hadleigh, Suffolk, England".
britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
* ^ "East House, Hadleigh". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved
30 March 2013.
* ^ "Proposals for East House scrapped". Johnston Publishing Ltd.
19 March 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
* ^ Hadleigh Official Town Guide 2014, Local Authority Publishing
Co. Ltd, p.10.
* ^ "What Are Listed Buildings?". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk.
Retrieved 30 March 2013.
* ^ Dumville, David; Lapidge, Michael (1985). The Annals of St
Neots with Vita Prima Sancti Neoti, The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: a
Collaborative Edition. Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-85991-117-7 .
* ^ Tricker (2011), p. 1
* ^ "