HADDON HALL is an
English country house on the River Wye near
Derbyshire , one of the seats of the
Duke of Rutland . It
is currently occupied by Lord Edward Manners (brother of the current
Duke ) and his family. In form a medieval manor house, it has been
described as "the most complete and most interesting house of
period". The origins of the hall date to the 11th century. The
current medieval and Tudor hall includes additions added at various
stages between the 13th and the 17th centuries.
Vernon family acquired the Manor of Haddon by a 12th-century
marriage between Sir Richard de Vernon and Alice Avenell, daughter of
William Avenell II. Four centuries later, in 1563,
Dorothy Vernon ,
the daughter and heiress of Sir George Vernon , married John Manners,
the second son of
Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland . A legend grew
up in the 19th century that Dorothy and Manners eloped. The legend has
been made into novels, dramatisations and other works of fiction. She
nevertheless inherited the Hall, and their grandson, also John Manners
, inherited the Earldom in 1641 from a distant cousin. His son,
another John Manners , was made 1st
Duke of Rutland in 1703. In the
20th century, another John Manners, 9th
Duke of Rutland , made a
life's work of restoring the hall.
* 1 History
* 2 Layout
* 3 In literature and the arts
* 4 In cinema and television
* 5 References
* 6 Sources
* 7 External links
Haddon Hall's long gallery c.1890
The origins of the hall date to the 11th century.
William Peverel ,
illegitimate son of
William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror , held the manor of Haddon
in 1087, when the survey which resulted in the
Domesday Book was
undertaken. Though it was never a castle, the manor of Haddon was
protected by a wall after a licence to build one was granted in 1194.
The hall was forfeited to the Crown in 1153 and later passed to a
tenant of the Peverils, the Avenell family. Sir Richard de Vernon
acquired the manor in 1170 after his marriage to Alice Avenell, the
daughter of William Avenell II. The Vernons built most of the hall,
except for the Peveril Tower and part of the Chapel, which preceded
them, and the Long Gallery , which was built in the 16th century.
Richard's son, Sir William Vernon , was a
High Sheriff of Lancashire
Chief Justice of Cheshire. Prominent later family members include
Sir Richard Vernon (1390–1451), also a
High Sheriff , MP and Speaker
of the House of Commons . His son Sir William was Constable of
England and succeeded him as
Treasurer of Calais and MP for Derbyshire
and Staffordshire; his grandson Sir Henry Vernon KB (1441–1515)
Governor and Treasurer to
Arthur, Prince of Wales
Arthur, Prince of Wales , married Anne
Talbot daughter of the
Earl of Shrewsbury and rebuilt Haddon Hall.
Courtice Pounds as John Manners in
Haddon Hall , 1892
Sir George Vernon (c. 1503 – August 31, 1565) had two daughters,
Margaret and Dorothy . Dorothy married John Manners, the second son of
Thomas Manners, 1st Earl of Rutland in 1563. Sir George supposedly
disapproved of the union, possibly because the Manners were
Protestants while the Vernons were Catholics, or possibly because the
second son of an earl had uncertain financial prospects. According to
legend, Sir George forbade John Manners from courting the famously
beautiful and amiable Dorothy and forbade his daughter from seeing
Manners. Shielded by the crowd during a ball given at
Haddon Hall by
Sir George in 1563, Dorothy slipped away and fled through the gardens,
down stone steps and over a footbridge where Manners was waiting for
her, and they rode away to be married. If indeed the elopement
happened, the couple were soon reconciled with Sir George, as they
inherited the estate on his death two years later. Their grandson,
also John Manners of Haddon , inherited the Earldom in 1641, on the
death of his distant cousin, George, the 7th Earl of Rutland , whose
Belvoir Castle .
That John Manners' son was John, the 9th Earl , and was made 1st Duke
of Rutland in 1703. He moved to Belvoir Castle, and his heirs used
Haddon Hall very little, so it lay almost in its unaltered
16th-century condition, as it had been when it passed in 1567 by
marriage to the Manners family . In the 1920s, another John Manners ,
the 9th Duke of Rutland, realised its importance and began a lifetime
of meticulous restoration, with his restoration architect Harold
Brakspear. The current medieval and Tudor hall includes small sections
of the 11th-century structure, but it mostly comprises additional
chambers and ranges added by the successive generations of the Vernon
family. Major construction was carried out at various stages between
the 13th and the 16th centuries. The banqueting hall (with minstrels'
gallery), kitchens and parlour date from 1370, and the St. Nicholas
Chapel was completed in 1427. For generations, whitewash concealed and
protected their pre-Reformation frescoes.
The 9th Duke created the walled topiary garden adjoining the
stable-block cottage, with clipped heraldic devices of the boar's head
and the peacock, emblematic of the Vernon and Manners families. Haddon
Hall remains in the Manners family to the present day and is occupied
by Lord Edward Manners, brother of the 11th
Duke of Rutland .
The hall stands on a sloping site, and is structured around two
courtyards; the upper (north-east) courtyard contains the Peverel or
Eagle Tower and the Long Gallery, the lower (south-west) courtyard
houses the Chapel, while the Great Hall lies between the two. As was
normal when the hall was built, many of the rooms can only be reached
from outside or by passing through other rooms, making the house
inconvenient by later standards. A plan of
IN LITERATURE AND THE ARTS
Poster: 1906 production of
Dorothy Vernon of
The estate at Haddon Hall,
The hall has figured prominently in a number of literary and stage
works, including the following, all of which describe the
* A story entitled King of the Peak – A
Derbyshire Tale, written
by Allan Cunningham , was published in the London Magazine in 1822.
* An 1823 novel, The King of the Peak – A Romance, in three
volumes, was written by William Bennett (1796–1879), writing under
the pseudonym Lee Gibbons.
* "The Love Steps of Dorothy Vernon", a short story by Eliza
Meteyard (1816–1879), writing under a pseudonym in 1849, was the
first full-blown version of the legend. It was first published in the
December 29, 1849 issue of
Eliza Cook 's Journal and then in The
Reliquary, October 1860, p. 79.
* A light opera , called
Haddon Hall , with music by Arthur Sullivan
and a libretto by
Sydney Grundy , premiered in London in 1892.
* A novel called
Dorothy Vernon of
Haddon Hall was written in 1902
Charles Major and became a best seller.
* A play of the same name, based on Major's novel, was written by
American playwright Paul Kester. It debuted on Broadway in 1903.
Fred Terry and his wife
Julia Neilson adapted that play for
London, calling it Dorothy o' the Hall, where it played in 1906.
* A 1924 film , starring
Mary Pickford , was adapted by American
screenwriter Waldemar Young (grandson of
Brigham Young ) from the
* The Hall features in
Philip Hensher 's 2008 novel The Northern
Frederick Booty , the English watercolourist, painted Haddon Hall
several times, including pictures of the peacocks in the gardens.
IN CINEMA AND TELEVISION
The interior and exterior of
Haddon Hall (including the Long Gallery)
were used in 1986 as Prince Humperdinck's castle in The Princess Bride
. In 1990, the hall was the set for the castle of the giants at
Harfang in the BBC's adaptation of
The Silver Chair , one of C.S.
Chronicles of Narnia .
Franco Zeffirelli chose
Haddon Hall as
the location for his 1996 film Jane Eyre , and the Hall featured in
the 1998 film Elizabeth . It also appeared in the 2005 film version of
Pride -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type:
* ^ A B Gotch JA, The Growth of the English House, 1909
* ^ Davis, Philip. "English Licences to Crenellate: 1199-1567", The
Castle Studies Group Journal 20, 2007, pp. 226–45
* ^ "Haddon Hall", PeakDistrictInformation.com, accessed 26 July
* ^ A B "Haddon Hall: History and Virtual Tour; Owners of Haddon
Hall", HaddonHall.co.uk, accessed 15 November 2012
* ^ A B C Brydges, Edgerton. Collins's Peerage of England, Vol. VII
(1812), pp. 399–401
* ^ Trutt, p. 24
* ^ Walford, Edward. "Tales of Our Great Families: The Heiress of
Haddon Hall". 1877,
Haddon Hall Books edition 2010, accessed 10
* ^ Trutt, p. 7
* ^ A B Trutt, p. 8; Although it is known that Dorothy's older
sister, Margaret, had been married for several years before Dorothy's
marriage, in many versions of the legend, the ball is a pre-wedding
celebration for Margaret.
* ^ See "Haddon Hall". Britain Express, accessed 6 September 2011;
and "Haddon Hall" Archived 2007-08-16 at the
Wayback Machine ..
Picturesque England, mspong.org, accessed 6 September 2011. The story
was briefly mentioned in the personal journal of Absalom Watkin in
1817, after a visit to the Hall and its caretaker William Hage, but in
its full-blown form, it was first published (or first documented, if
one believes it to be history rather than legend) in The King of the
Peak – A
Derbyshire Tale, written by Allan Cunningham in 1822 and
published in the monthly London Magazine. The story was romanticized
further and published in many forms thereafter.
* ^ "
Haddon Hall – the Estate". The Gilbert and Sullivan Archive,
accessed 6 September 2011
* ^ Trutt (2006), p. 26
* ^ Trutt (2006), p. 39
* ^ "
Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall" - first Broadway production
* ^ Smith, p. 28, fn.1
* ^ Trutt, David. Introduction and libretto to Dorothy o\' the
Hall, accessed 5 August 2010
* ^ The 1924
Mary Pickford film,
Dorothy Vernon of Haddon Hall
* ^ Art auction results for Frederick Booty. Findartinfo.com.
Retrieved 23 March 2010.
* ^ "
Thornfield Hall in Masterpiece Theatre\'s Jane Eyre,
hookedonhouses.net, 12 January 2009
* ^ Jane Eyre at IMDB.com, 30 January 2011
* ^ "A Tudor Feast at Christmas
* ^ Hordley, Chris (20 October 2017). "Where was BBC\'s Gunpowder
Filmed?". Creative England. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
* Rayner, Samuel. The History and Antiquities of
Haddon Hall (1836)
* Trutt, David,
Dorothy Vernon of
Haddon Hall (2006)