Hebrew : הארץ) (lit. "The Land ", originally
Ḥadashot Ha'aretz –
Hebrew : חדשות הארץ, IPA: –
"News the Land " ) is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918,
making it the longest running newspaper currently still in print in
Israel, and is now published in both
Hebrew and English in Berliner
format. The English edition is published and sold together with the
International New York Times . Both
Hebrew and English editions can be
read on the Internet. In North America, it comes out as a weekly
newspaper , combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup
from the rest of the week.
It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic and
foreign issues. As of 2016, the newspaper had a weekday exposure rate
of 3.9% in Israel.
* 1 History and ownership
* 2 Management
* 3 Editorial policy and viewpoints
* 4 Formatting, circulation and reputation
* 4.1 Circulation
* 4.2 Formatting and image
* 5 Criticism
* 6 Internet editions
* 7 Offices
* 8 Journalists and writers
* 8.1 Present
* 8.2 Past
* 9 See also
* 10 References
* 11 Further reading
* 12 External links
HISTORY AND OWNERSHIP
Haaretz was first published in 1918 as a newspaper sponsored by the
British military government in Palestine. In 1919, it was taken over
by a group of socialist-oriented Zionists , mainly from Russia. The
newspaper was established on 18 June 1919 by a group of businessmen
including prominent philanthropist
Isaac Leib Goldberg , and
initially, it was called
Hadashot Ha'aretz ("News of the Land").
Later, the name was shortened to Haaretz. The literary section of the
paper attracted leading
Hebrew writers of the time.
The newspaper was initially published in
Jerusalem . From 1919 to
1922, the paper was headed by a succession of editors, among them Leib
Yaffe . It was shut down briefly due to a budgetary shortfall and
Tel Aviv at the beginning of 1923 under the editorship of
Moshe Glickson, who held the post for 15 years. The Tel Aviv
municipality granted the paper financial support by paying in advance
for future advertisements.
Salman Schocken , a wealthy German Jewish Zionist who owned a chain
of department stores in Germany, bought the paper in 1937. His son,
Gershom Schocken , became the chief editor in 1939 and held that
position until his death in 1990.
Until August 2006, the Schocken family owned 100% of the Haaretz
Group, but then the German publisher
M. DuMont Schauberg acquired 25
percent of the shares. The deal was negotiated with the help of
former Israeli ambassador to Germany,
Avi Primor . This deal was seen
as controversial in Israel as DuMont Schauberg's father, Kurt Neven
DuMont, was member of the German
Nazi party , while his publishing
house promoted Nazi ideology.
On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Russian-Israeli businessman
Leonid Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the
Haaretz Group, buying
15% from the family and 5% from M. DuMont Schauberg. This means that
the Schocken family now owns 60% and
M. DuMont Schauberg and Leonid
Nevzlin have 20% each.
In October 2012, a union strike mobilized to protest planned layoffs
Haaretz management. As a consequence, both the Haaretz
newspaper and its
TheMarker business supplement were not printed for
one day. According to
Israel Radio , it was the first time since 1965
that a newspaper did not go to press on account of a strike.
The newspaper's editorial policy was defined by
Gershom Schocken ,
who was editor-in-chief from 1939 to 1990. Schocken was succeeded as
editor-in-chief by Hanoch Marmari. In 2004 David Landau replaced
Marmari and was succeeded by
Dov Alfon in 2008. The current
editor-in-chief of the newspaper is
Aluf Benn , who replaced Alfon in
August 2011. Charlotte Halle became editor of the English Print
Edition in February 2008.
EDITORIAL POLICY AND VIEWPOINTS
Haaretz describes itself as having "a broadly liberal outlook both on
domestic issues and on international affairs". Others describe it
alternatively as liberal centre-left, or left-wing. The newspaper
opposes retaining control of the territories and consistently supports
Haaretz is editorially supportive of groups of
Israelis who are exploited or discriminated against, such as sex
workers, foreign workers, Israeli Arabs , and Ethiopian immigrants .
In 2006 the
BBC said that
Haaretz takes a moderate stance on foreign
policy and security.
David Remnick in
The New Yorker
The New Yorker described
Haaretz as "easily the most liberal newspaper in Israel", its ideology
as left-wing and its temper as "insistently oppositional". According
Ira Sharkansky , Haaretz's op-ed pages are open to a variety of
J. J. Goldberg , the editor of the American The Jewish
Daily Forward , describes
Haaretz as "Israel's most vehemently
anti-settlement daily paper". Stephen Glain of
The Nation described
Haaretz as "Israel's liberal beacon", citing its editorials voicing
opposition to the occupation, the discriminatory treatment of Arab
citizens, and the mindset that led to the
Second Lebanon War . A 2003
The International Journal of Press/Politics concluded that
Haaretz's reporting of the
Israeli–Palestinian conflict was more
favorable to Israelis than to Palestinians.
FORMATTING, CIRCULATION AND REPUTATION
Front page of the
Hebrew and English editions
In 2016, the newspaper's readership fell to an all-time low of 3.9%
on weekdays, far behind other national newspapers in Israel : Israel
Hayom had an exposure rate of 39.7%,
Yedioth Ahronoth 34.9%, Israel
Post 7.2%, and
FORMATTING AND IMAGE
Compared to other mass circulation papers in Israel ,
smaller headlines and print. Less space is devoted to pictures, and
more to political analysis. Opinion columns are generally written by
regular commentators rather than guest writers. Its editorial pages
are considered influential among government leaders. Apart from the
Haaretz publishes feature articles on social and environmental
issues, as well as book reviews, investigative reporting, and
political commentary. In 2008 the newspaper itself reported a paid
subscribership of 65,000, daily sales of 72,000 copies, and 100,000 on
weekends. The English edition has a subscriber base of 15,000. As of
June 2011, readership was 5.8% of the public, down from 6.4% the prior
year. In 2012, amid falling circulation,
Haaretz was undergoing
severe cuts (reportedly firing around 20% of its total workforce, and
lowering salaries by between 15 and 35%), and cuts continued through
Despite its historically relatively low circulation in Israel,
Haaretz has for many years been described as Israel's most influential
daily newspaper. Its readership includes members of Israel's
intelligentsia and members of its political and economic elites. In
1999, surveys show that
Haaretz readership has a higher-than-average
education, income, and wealth and that most are Ashkenazim . While
some have argued that it functions for Israel much as The New York
Times does for the United States, as a newspaper of record, others
have compared its strongly left-liberal bias to Fox News's
conservative bias. In 2007,
Shmuel Rosner , the newspaper's former
U.S. correspondent, told
The Nation that "people who read it are
better educated and more sophisticated than most, but the rest of the
country doesn't know it exists." According to former editor of the
paper, Hanoch Marmari, the newspaper has lost its political influence
in Israel, because it became "detached" from the country's political
Andrea Levin , executive director of the American pro-Israel
Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting (CAMERA), said the
newspaper was doing "damage to the truth" and sometimes making serious
factual errors but not often correcting them.
According to The
Jerusalem Post ,
Haaretz editor-in-chief David
Landau said at the 2007
Limmud conference in Moscow that he had told
his staff not to report about criminal investigations against Prime
Ariel Sharon in order to promote Sharon's 2004–2005 Gaza
disengagement plan .
In April 2017,
Haaretz was at the center of controversy in Israel
when it published an op-ed by a staff writer that said the religious
right is worse than
Hezbollah . Widespread condemnation followed,
including from Prime Minister
Benjamin Netanyahu , President Reuven
Rivlin , and other government ministers and MPs , as well as from
Isaac Herzog .
Haaretz operates both
Hebrew and English language websites. The two
sites offer up-to-the-minute breaking news, live Q"> , the English
online edition has an
Alexa rank of 2,683 worldwide and 2,861 in the
United States. The two sites fall under the supervision of Lior
Kodner, the head of digital media for the
Haaretz Group. Individually,
Simon Spungin is the editor of Haaretz.com (English) and Avi Scharf is
the editor of Haaretz.co.il (Hebrew).
Haaretz building is located on Schocken Street in south Tel Aviv
JOURNALISTS AND WRITERS
Ruth Almog – literature, publicist
Moshe Arens – columnist
* Noam Ben Ze\'ev – music critic
Aluf Benn – editor-in-chief
Meron Benvenisti – political columnist
Bradley Burston – political columnist
* Lily Galili
* Doram Gaunt – food columnist
* Avirama Golan
Michael Handelzalts – theater critic, columnist
Amos Harel – military correspondent
* Israel Harel – columnist
* Danna Harman – feature writer
Amira Hass – Ramallah-based Palestinian affairs correspondent.
Avi Issacharoff – military correspondent
Sayed Kashua – satiric columnist, author
* Uri Klein – film critic
Yitzhak Laor – publicist
Alex Levac – photo columnist
Gideon Levy – Palestinian affairs columnist
* Yoel Marcus – political commentator, publicist
Merav Michaeli – cultural and political commentator
* Amir Oren – military affairs
Anshel Pfeffer – political and military affairs
* Tsafrir Rinat – environmental issues
* Doron Rosenblum – satirist, publicist
Tom Segev – historian, political commentator
Ari Shavit – political columnist
* Yair Sheleg – Jewish religious affairs
* Nehemia Shtrasler – economic affairs, publicist
* Simon Spungin – Managing Editor, English Edition
* Ze\'ev Sternhell – political commentary
* Yossi Verter – political reporter
* Esther Zandberg – architecture
Benny Ziffer – literature, publicist
Passengers on board a
Short Scion , 1939. The
second passenger on the left is reading Haaretz.
* Ehud Asheri
* Yoram Bronowski – literary critic, TV critic
* Arie Caspi
Amos Elon – correspondent, editor, writer
* Tami Litani
Yossi Melman – former intelligence correspondent
* Ran Reznick – health issues
Natasha Mozgovaya – former U.S. correspondent
Danny Rubinstein – former Arab affairs analyst
* Gideon Samet – political commentator
Yossi Sarid – politician, publicist
* Ze\'ev Schiff – military and defense analyst
Daniel Ben Simon
* Ruth Sinai – social welfare and humanitarian issues
Gidi Avivi – popular music critic
* Ze\'ev Segal – law
Daniel Rogov – food and wine critic
Akiva Eldar – diplomatic affairs analyst
* Aviva Lori
Pavel Wolberg – photographer
* Journalism portal
* Israel portal
Culture of Israel
Economy of Israel
List of newspapers in Israel
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access-date= requires url= (help )(subscription required)
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to HAARETZ .
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* "About Haaretz". Haaretz. 12 July 2001.
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