Haaretz (Hebrew: הארץ) (lit. "The Land [of Israel]", originally
Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – Hebrew: חדשות הארץ,
IPA: [χadaˈʃot haˈʔaʁets] – "News of the Land [of
Israel]") is an Israeli newspaper. It was founded in 1918, making
it the longest running newspaper currently still in print in Israel,
and is now published in both
Hebrew and English in the Berliner
format. The English edition is published and sold together with the
International New York Times. Both
Hebrew and English editions can be
read on the Internet. In North America, it is published as a weekly
newspaper, combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup
from the rest of the week.
It is known for its left-wing and liberal stances on domestic and
foreign issues. As of 2016, the newspaper had a weekday exposure rate
of 3.9% in Israel.
1 History and ownership
3 Editorial policy and viewpoints
4 Formatting, circulation and reputation
4.2 Formatting and image
6 Internet editions
8 Journalists and writers
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
History and ownership
Haaretz was first published in 1918 as a newspaper sponsored by the
British military government in Palestine. In 1919, it was taken
over by a group of socialist-oriented Zionists, mainly from
Russia. The newspaper was established on 18 June 1919 by a group
of businessmen including the philanthropist Isaac Leib Goldberg, and
initially, it was called
Hadashot Ha'aretz ("News of the Land").
Later, the name was shortened to Haaretz. The literary section of
the paper attracted leading
Hebrew writers of the time.
The newspaper was initially published in Jerusalem. From 1919 to 1922,
the paper was headed by a succession of editors, among them Leib
Yaffe. It was closed briefly due to a budgetary shortfall and reopened
Tel Aviv at the beginning of 1923 under the editorship of Moshe
Glickson, who held the post for 15 years. The
Tel Aviv municipality
granted the paper financial support by paying in advance for future
Salman Schocken, a Jewish businessman who left Germany in 1934 after
the Nazis had come to power, bought the paper in December 1935.
Schocken was active in Brit Shalom, also known as the
Jewish–Palestinian Peace Alliance, a body supporting co-existence
between Jews and Arabs which was sympathetic to a homeland for both
peoples. His son, Gershom Schocken, became the chief editor in 1939
and held that position until his death in 1990.
Until August 2006, the Schocken family owned 100% of the Haaretz
Group, but then the German publisher
M. DuMont Schauberg
M. DuMont Schauberg acquired 25%
of the shares. The deal was negotiated with the help of the former
Israeli ambassador to Germany, Avi Primor. This deal was seen as
controversial in Israel as DuMont Schauberg's father, Kurt Neven
DuMont, was member of the Nazi party, while his publishing house
promoted Nazi ideology.
On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Russian-Israeli businessman
Leonid Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the
Haaretz Group, buying
15% from the family and 5% from M. DuMont Schauberg. This means
that the Schocken family now owns 60% and M. DuMont Schauberg and
Leonid Nevzlin have 20% each.
In October 2012, a union strike mobilized to protest planned layoffs
Haaretz management. As a consequence, both the Haaretz
newspaper and its
TheMarker business supplement were not printed for
one day. According to Israel Radio, it was the first time since 1965
that a newspaper did not go to press on account of a strike.
The newspaper's editorial policy was defined by Gershom Schocken, who
was editor-in-chief from 1939 to 1990. Schocken was succeeded as
editor-in-chief by Hanoch Marmari. In 2004 David Landau replaced
Marmari and was succeeded by
Dov Alfon in 2008. The current
editor-in-chief of the newspaper is Aluf Benn, who replaced Alfon in
August 2011. Charlotte Halle became editor of the English Print
Edition in February 2008.
Editorial policy and viewpoints
Haaretz describes itself as having "a broadly liberal outlook both on
domestic issues and on international affairs". Others describe it
alternatively as liberal, centre-left, or left-wing. The
newspaper opposes retaining control of the territories and
consistently supports peace initiatives.
Haaretz is editorially
supportive of groups of Israelis who are exploited or discriminated
against, such as sex workers, foreign workers, Israeli Arabs, and
In 2006, the
BBC said that
Haaretz takes a moderate stance on foreign
policy and security.
David Remnick in
The New Yorker
The New Yorker described
Haaretz as "easily the most liberal newspaper in Israel", its ideology
as left-wing and its temper as "insistently oppositional".
According to Ira Sharkansky, Haaretz's op-ed pages are open to a
variety of opinions. J. J. Goldberg, the editor of the American
The Jewish Daily Forward, describes
Haaretz as "Israel's most
vehemently anti-settlement daily paper". Stephen Glain of The
Haaretz as "Israel's liberal beacon", citing its
editorials voicing opposition to the occupation, the discriminatory
treatment of Arab citizens, and the mindset that led to the Second
Lebanon War. A 2003 study in The International Journal of
Press/Politics concluded that Haaretz's reporting of the
Israeli–Palestinian conflict was more favorable to Israelis than to
Palestinians, but less so than that of The New York Times. In
2016, Jeffrey Goldberg, the editor-in-chief of The Atlantic, wrote "I
like a lot of the people at Haaretz, and many of its positions, but
the cartoonish anti-Israelism and anti-Semitism can be
Formatting, circulation and reputation
Front page of the
Hebrew and English editions
In 2016, the newspaper's readership fell to an all-time low of 3.9% on
weekdays, far behind other national newspapers in Israel: Israel
Hayom had an exposure rate of 39.7%,
Yedioth Ahronoth 34.9%, Israel
Post 7.2%, and
Formatting and image
Compared to other mass circulation papers in Israel,
smaller headlines and print. Less space is devoted to pictures, and
more to political analysis. Opinion columns are generally written by
regular commentators rather than guest writers. Its editorial pages
are considered influential among government leaders. Apart from
Haaretz publishes feature articles on social and
environmental issues, as well as book reviews, investigative
reporting, and political commentary. In 2008, the newspaper itself
reported a paid subscribership of 65,000, daily sales of 72,000
copies, and 100,000 on weekends. The English edition has a
subscriber base of 15,000. As of June 2011, readership was 5.8% of
the public, down from 6.4% the prior year. In 2012, amid falling
Haaretz was undergoing severe cuts (reportedly firing
around 20% of its total workforce, and lowering salaries by between 15
and 35%), and cuts continued through 2013.
Despite its historically relatively low circulation in Israel, Haaretz
has for many years been described as Israel's most influential daily
newspaper. Its readership includes members of Israel's
intelligentsia and members of its political and economic elites.
In 1999, surveys show that
Haaretz readership has a
higher-than-average education, income, and wealth and that most are
Ashkenazim. Some have said that it functions for Israel much
The New York Times
The New York Times does for the United States, as a newspaper of
record,. In 2007, Shmuel Rosner, the newspaper's former U.S.
The Nation that "people who read it are better
educated and more sophisticated than most, but the rest of the country
doesn't know it exists." According to former editor of the paper,
Hanoch Marmari, the newspaper has lost its political influence in
Israel, because it became "detached" from the country's political
Andrea Levin, executive director of the American pro-Israel Committee
for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting (CAMERA), said the newspaper was
doing "damage to the truth" and sometimes making serious factual
errors but not often correcting them.
According to The
Haaretz editor-in-chief David Landau
said at the 2007
Limmud conference in Moscow that he had told his
staff not to report about criminal investigations against Prime
Ariel Sharon in order to promote Sharon's 2004–2005 Gaza
In April 2017,
Haaretz published an op-ed by a staff writer that said
the religious right is worse than Hezbollah. Condemnation
followed, including from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President
Reuven Rivlin, and other government ministers and MPs, as well as from
Opposition Leader Isaac Herzog.
Haaretz operates both Hebrew and English language websites.
The two sites offer up-to-the-minute breaking news, live Q&A
sessions with newsmakers from Israel, the Palestinian territories and
elsewhere, and blogs covering a range of political standpoints and
opinions. As of 5 October 2014[update], the English online
edition has an
Alexa rank of 2,683 worldwide and 2,861 in the United
States. The two sites fall under the supervision of Lior Kodner,
the head of digital media for the
Haaretz Group. Individually, Simon
Spungin is the editor of Haaretz.com (English) and Avi Scharf is the
editor of Haaretz.co.il (Hebrew).
Haaretz building is located on Schocken Street in south Tel
Journalists and writers
Ruth Almog – literature, publicist
Moshe Arens – columnist
Noam Ben Ze'ev – music critic
Aluf Benn – editor-in-chief
Meron Benvenisti – political columnist
Bradley Burston – political columnist
Doram Gaunt – food columnist
Michael Handelzalts – theater critic, columnist
Amos Harel – military correspondent
Israel Harel – columnist
Danna Harman – feature writer
Amira Hass – Ramallah-based Palestinian affairs correspondent.
Avi Issacharoff – military correspondent
Sayed Kashua – satiric columnist, author
Uri Klein – film critic
Yitzhak Laor – publicist
Alex Levac – photo columnist
Gideon Levy – Palestinian affairs columnist
Yoel Marcus – political commentator, publicist
Merav Michaeli – cultural and political commentator
Amir Oren – military affairs
Anshel Pfeffer – political and military affairs
Tsafrir Rinat – environmental issues
Doron Rosenblum – satirist, publicist
Tom Segev – historian, political commentator
Ari Shavit – political columnist
Yair Sheleg – Jewish religious affairs
Nehemia Shtrasler – economic affairs, publicist
Simon Spungin – Managing Editor, English Edition
Ze'ev Sternhell – political commentary
Yossi Verter – political reporter
Esther Zandberg – architecture
Benny Ziffer – literature, publicist
Passengers on board a
Palestine Airways Short Scion, 1939. The second
passenger on the left is reading Haaretz.
Yoram Bronowski – literary critic, TV critic
Amos Elon – correspondent, editor, writer
Yossi Melman – former intelligence correspondent
Ran Reznick – health issues
Natasha Mozgovaya – former U.S. correspondent
Danny Rubinstein – former Arab affairs analyst
Gideon Samet – political commentator
Yossi Sarid – politician, publicist
Ze'ev Schiff – military and defense analyst
Daniel Ben Simon
Ruth Sinai – social welfare and humanitarian issues
Gidi Avivi – popular music critic
Ze'ev Segal – law
Daniel Rogov – food and wine critic
Akiva Eldar – diplomatic affairs analyst
Pavel Wolberg – photographer
Culture of Israel
Economy of Israel
List of newspapers in Israel
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