HOME
The Info List - HTML5


--- Advertisement ---



HTML5[a] is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web. It is the fifth and current major version of the HTML
HTML
standard. It was published in October 2014 by the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium (W3C)[2][4] to improve the language with support for the latest multimedia, while keeping it both easily readable by humans and consistently understood by computers and devices such as web browsers, parsers, etc. HTML5
HTML5
is intended to subsume not only HTML 4, but also XHTML 1 and DOM Level 2 HTML.[5] HTML5
HTML5
includes detailed processing models to encourage more interoperable implementations; it extends, improves and rationalizes the markup available for documents, and introduces markup and application programming interfaces (APIs) for complex web applications.[6] For the same reasons, HTML5
HTML5
is also a candidate for cross-platform mobile applications, because it includes features designed with low-powered devices in mind. Many new syntactic features are included. To natively include and handle multimedia and graphical content, the new <video>, <audio> and <canvas> elements were added, and support for scalable vector graphics (SVG) content and MathML for mathematical formulas. To enrich the semantic content of documents, new page structure elements such as <main>, <section>, <article>, <header>, <footer>, <aside>, <nav> and <figure>, are added. New attributes are introduced, some elements and attributes have been removed, and others such as <a>, <cite> and <menu> have been changed, redefined or standardized. The APIs and Document Object Model
Document Object Model
(DOM) are now fundamental parts of the HTML5
HTML5
specification[6] and HTML5
HTML5
also better defines the processing for any invalid documents.[7]

Contents

1 History

1.1 "Thoughts on Flash" 1.2 Last call, candidacy, and recommendation stages 1.3 Timeline

2 Features and APIs 3 Features

3.1 Markup 3.2 New APIs 3.3 X HTML5
HTML5
(XML-serialized HTML5) 3.4 Error handling 3.5 Popularity 3.6 Differences from HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.x

4 Logo 5 Digital rights management 6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] The Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group
Web Hypertext Application Technology Working Group
(WHATWG) began work on the new standard in 2004. At that time, HTML 4.01 had not been updated since 2000,[8] and the World Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web Consortium
(W3C) was focusing future developments on XHTML 2.0. In 2009, the W3C allowed the X HTML
HTML
2.0 Working Group's charter to expire and decided not to renew it.[9] W3C
W3C
and WHATWG
WHATWG
are currently working together on the development of HTML5.[9] The Mozilla Foundation
Mozilla Foundation
and Opera Software
Opera Software
presented a position paper at a World Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web Consortium
(W3C) workshop in June 2004,[10] focusing on developing technologies that are backward compatible with existing browsers,[11] including an initial draft specification of Web Forms 2.0. The workshop concluded with a vote—8 for, 14 against—for continuing work on HTML.[12] Immediately after the workshop, WHATWG
WHATWG
was formed to start work based upon that position paper, and a second draft, Web Applications 1.0, was also announced.[13] The two specifications were later merged to form HTML5.[14] The HTML5
HTML5
specification was adopted as the starting point of the work of the new HTML
HTML
working group of the W3C
W3C
in 2007. WHATWG
WHATWG
published the First Public Working Draft of the specification on 22 January 2008.[15] "Thoughts on Flash"[edit] While some features of HTML5
HTML5
are often compared to Adobe Flash, the two technologies are very different. Both include features for playing audio and video within web pages, and for using Scalable Vector Graphics. However, HTML5
HTML5
on its own cannot be used for animation or interactivity – it must be supplemented with CSS3
CSS3
or JavaScript. There are many Flash capabilities that have no direct counterpart in HTML5
HTML5
(see Comparison of HTML5
HTML5
and Flash). HTML5's interactive capabilities became a topic of mainstream media attention around April 2010[16][17][18][19] after Apple Inc.'s then-CEO Steve Jobs issued a public letter titled "Thoughts on Flash" in which he concluded that "Flash is no longer necessary to watch video or consume any kind of web content" and that "new open standards created in the mobile era, such as HTML5, will win".[20] This sparked a debate in web development circles suggesting that, while HTML5
HTML5
provides enhanced functionality, developers must consider the varying browser support of the different parts of the standard as well as other functionality differences between HTML5
HTML5
and Flash.[21] In early November 2011, Adobe announced that it would discontinue development of Flash for mobile devices and reorient its efforts in developing tools using HTML5.[22] On July 25, 2017, Adobe announced that both the distribution and support of Flash will cease by the end of 2020.[23] Last call, candidacy, and recommendation stages[edit] On 14 February 2011, the W3C
W3C
extended the charter of its HTML
HTML
Working Group with clear milestones for HTML5. In May 2011, the working group advanced HTML5
HTML5
to "Last Call", an invitation to communities inside and outside W3C
W3C
to confirm the technical soundness of the specification. The W3C
W3C
developed a comprehensive test suite to achieve broad interoperability for the full specification by 2014, which was the target date for recommendation.[24] In January 2011, the WHATWG renamed its "HTML5" living standard to "HTML". The W3C
W3C
nevertheless continued its project to release HTML5.[25] In July 2012, WHATWG
WHATWG
and W3C
W3C
decided on a degree of separation. W3C will continue the HTML5
HTML5
specification work, focusing on a single definitive standard, which is considered as a "snapshot" by WHATWG. The WHATWG
WHATWG
organization will continue its work with HTML5
HTML5
as a "Living Standard". The concept of a living standard is that it is never complete and is always being updated and improved. New features can be added but functionality will not be removed.[26] In December 2012, W3C
W3C
designated HTML5
HTML5
as a Candidate Recommendation.[27] The criterion for advancement to W3C Recommendation is "two 100% complete and fully interoperable implementations".[28] On 16 September 2014, W3C
W3C
moved HTML5
HTML5
to Proposed Recommendation.[29] On 28 October 2014, HTML5
HTML5
was released as a W3C
W3C
Recommendation,[30] bringing the specification process to completion.[2] On 1 November 2016, HTML
HTML
5.1 was released as a W3C Recommendation.[31]. On 14 December 2017, HTML
HTML
5.2 was released as a W3C Recommendation.[32]. Timeline[edit] The combined timelines for HTML
HTML
5.0, HTML
HTML
5.1 and HTML
HTML
5.2:

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

HTML
HTML
5.0 Candidate Rec Call for Review Recommendation

HTML
HTML
5.1 1st Working Draft

Last Call Candidate Recommendation Recommendation

HTML
HTML
5.2[33]

1st Working Draft

Candidate Recommendation Recommendation

HTML
HTML
5.3[34]

Editor’s Draft

Features and APIs[edit] The W3C
W3C
proposed a greater reliance on modularity as a key part of the plan to make faster progress, meaning identifying specific features, either proposed or already existing in the spec, and advancing them as separate specifications. Some technologies that were originally defined in HTML5
HTML5
itself are now defined in separate specifications:

HTML
HTML
Working Group – HTML
HTML
Canvas 2D Context; Web Apps Working Group – Web Messaging, Web workers, Web storage, WebSocket, Server-sent events, Web Components[35] (this was not part of HTML5
HTML5
though); Note that the Web Applications Working Group was closed in October 2015 and its deliverables transferred to the Web Platform Working Group (WPWG). IETF HyBi Working Group – WebSocket Protocol; WebRTC
WebRTC
Working Group – WebRTC; Web Media Text Tracks Community Group – WebVTT.

After the standardization of the HTML5
HTML5
specification in October 2014,[36] the core vocabulary and features are being extended in four ways.[37] Likewise, some features that were removed from the original HTML5
HTML5
specification have been standardized separately as modules, such as Microdata and Canvas. Technical specifications introduced as HTML5 extensions such as Polyglot Markup have also been standardized as modules. Some W3C
W3C
specifications that were originally separate specifications have been adapted as HTML5
HTML5
extensions or features, such as SVG. Some features that might have slowed down the standardization of HTML5
HTML5
will be standardized as upcoming specifications, instead. HTML
HTML
5.1 is expected to be finalized in 2016, and it is currently on the standardization track at the W3C. Features[edit] Markup[edit] HTML5
HTML5
introduces elements and attributes that reflect typical usage on modern websites. Some of them are semantic replacements for common uses of generic block (<div>) and inline (<span>) elements, for example <nav> (website navigation block), <footer> (usually referring to bottom of web page or to last lines of HTML
HTML
code), or <audio> and <video> instead of <object>.[38][39][40] Some deprecated elements from HTML 4.01 have been dropped, including purely presentational elements such as <font> and <center>, whose effects have long been superseded by the more capable Cascading Style Sheets.[41] There is also a renewed emphasis on the importance of DOM scripting (e.g., JavaScript) in Web behavior. The HTML5
HTML5
syntax is no longer based on SGML[42][43] despite the similarity of its markup. It has, however, been designed to be backward compatible with common parsing of older versions of HTML. It comes with a new introductory line that looks like an SGML document type declaration, <!DOCTYPE html>, which triggers the standards-compliant rendering mode.[44] Since 5 January 2009, HTML5 also includes Web Forms 2.0, a previously separate WHATWG specification.[45][46] New APIs[edit]

HTML5
HTML5
related APIs[47]

In addition to specifying markup, HTML5
HTML5
specifies scripting application programming interfaces (APIs) that can be used with JavaScript.[48] Existing Document Object Model
Document Object Model
(DOM) interfaces are extended and de facto features documented. There are also new APIs, such as:

Canvas;[49] Timed Media Playback;[50] Offline;[51] Editable content;[52] Drag and drop;[53] History;[54] MIME type and protocol handler registration;[55][56] Microdata;[57] Web Messaging;[58] Web Storage – a key-value pair storage framework that provides behaviour similar to cookies but with larger storage capacity and improved API.[59]

Not all of the above technologies are included in the W3C
W3C
HTML5 specification, though they are in the WHATWG
WHATWG
HTML
HTML
specification.[60] Some related technologies, which are not part of either the W3C
W3C
HTML5 or the WHATWG
WHATWG
HTML
HTML
specification, are as follows. The W3C
W3C
publishes specifications for these separately:

Geolocation; IndexedDB – an indexed hierarchical key-value store (formerly WebSimpleDB);[61] File[62] – an API intended to handle file uploads and file manipulation;[63] Directories and System – an API intended to satisfy client-side-storage use cases not well served by databases;[64] File
File
Writer – an API for writing to files from web applications;[65] Web Audio[66] – a high-level JavaScript
JavaScript
API for processing and synthesizing audio in web applications; ClassList.[67] Web cryptography API[68] WebRTC[69] Web SQL Database – a local SQL Database (no longer maintained);[70]

HTML5
HTML5
cannot provide animation within web pages. Additional JavaScript or CSS3
CSS3
is necessary for animating HTML
HTML
elements. Animation is also possible using JavaScript
JavaScript
and HTML
HTML
4[71][not in citation given], and within SVG elements through SMIL, although browser support of the latter remains uneven as of 2011. X HTML5
HTML5
(XML-serialized HTML5)[edit] XML
XML
documents must be served with an XML
XML
Internet media type (often called " MIME type") such as application/xhtml+xml or application/xml,[48] and must conform to strict, well-formed syntax of XML. X HTML5
HTML5
is simply XML-serialized HTML5
HTML5
data (e.g. not having any unclosed tags), sent with one of XML
XML
media types. HTML
HTML
that has been written to conform to both the HTML
HTML
and X HTML
HTML
specifications – and which will therefore produce the same DOM tree whether parsed as HTML
HTML
or XML – is called polyglot markup.[72] Error handling[edit]

This article possibly contains inappropriate or misinterpreted citations that do not verify the text. Please help improve this article by checking for citation inaccuracies. (September 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

HTML5
HTML5
is designed so that old browsers can safely ignore new HTML5 constructs.[6] In contrast to HTML
HTML
4.01, the HTML5
HTML5
specification gives detailed rules for lexing and parsing, with the intent that compliant browsers will produce the same results when parsing incorrect syntax.[73] Although HTML5
HTML5
now defines a consistent behavior for "tag soup" documents, those documents are not regarded as conforming to the HTML5
HTML5
standard.[73] Popularity[edit] According to a report released on 30 September 2011, 34 of the world's top 100 Web sites were using HTML5 – the adoption led by search engines and social networks.[74] Another report released in August 2013 has shown that 153 of the Fortune 500
Fortune 500
U.S. companies implemented HTML5
HTML5
on their corporate websites.[75] Since 2014, HTML5
HTML5
is at least partially supported by most popular layout engines. Differences from HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.x[edit] The following is a cursory list of differences and some specific examples.

New parsing rules: oriented towards flexible parsing and compatibility; not based on SGML Ability to use inline SVG and MathML in text/html New elements: article, aside, audio, bdi, canvas, command, data, datalist, details, embed, figcaption, figure, footer, header, keygen, mark, meter, nav, output, progress, rp, rt, ruby, section, source, summary, time, track, video, wbr New types of form controls: dates and times, email, url, search, number, range, tel, color[76] New attributes: charset (on meta), async (on script) Global attributes (that can be applied for every element): id, tabindex, hidden, data-* (custom data attributes) Deprecated elements will be dropped altogether: acronym, applet, basefont, big, center, dir, font, frame, frameset, isindex, noframes, strike, tt

W3C
W3C
Working Group provides " HTML5
HTML5
differences from HTML
HTML
4",[77] which provides a complete outline of additions, removals and changes between HTML5
HTML5
and HTML
HTML
4. Logo[edit]

The W3C
W3C
HTML5
HTML5
logo

On 18 January 2011, the W3C
W3C
introduced a logo to represent the use of or interest in HTML5. Unlike other badges previously issued by the W3C, it does not imply validity or conformance to a certain standard. As of 1 April 2011, this logo is official.[78] When initially presenting it to the public, the W3C
W3C
announced the HTML5
HTML5
logo as a "general-purpose visual identity for a broad set of open web technologies, including HTML5, CSS, SVG, WOFF, and others".[79] Some web standard advocates, including The Web Standards Project, criticized that definition of "HTML5" as an umbrella term, pointing out the blurring of terminology and the potential for miscommunication.[79] Three days later, the W3C
W3C
responded to community feedback and changed the logo's definition, dropping the enumeration of related technologies.[80] The W3C
W3C
then said the logo "represents HTML5, the cornerstone for modern Web applications".[78] Digital rights management[edit] Industry players including the BBC, Google, Microsoft, and Netflix have been lobbying for the inclusion of Encrypted Media Extensions (EME),[81][82][83][84][85] a form of digital rights management (DRM), into the HTML5
HTML5
standard. As of the end of 2012 and the beginning of 2013, 27 organisations[86] including the Free Software Foundation[87] have started a campaign against including digital rights management in the HTML5
HTML5
standard.[88][89] However, in late September 2013, the W3C HTML
HTML
Working Group decided that Encrypted Media Extensions, a form of DRM, was "in scope" and will potentially be included in the HTML
HTML
5.1 standard.[90][91] WHATWG's " HTML
HTML
Living Standard" continued to be developed without DRM-enabled proposals.[91] Manu Sporny, a member of the W3C, said that EME will not solve the problem it's supposed to address.[92] Opponents point out that EME itself is just an architecture for a DRM plug-in mechanism.[93] The initial enablers for DRM in HTML5
HTML5
were Google[94] and Microsoft.[95] Supporters also include Adobe.[96] On 14 May 2014, Mozilla announced plans to support EME in Firefox, the last major browser to avoid DRM.[97][98] Calling it "a difficult and uncomfortable step", Andreas Gal of Mozilla explained that future versions of Firefox
Firefox
would remain open source but ship with a sandbox designed to run a content decryption module developed by Adobe.[97] While promising to "work on alternative solutions", Mozilla's Executive Chair Mitchell Baker
Mitchell Baker
stated that a refusal to implement EME would have accomplished little more than convincing many users to switch browsers.[98] This decision was condemned by Cory Doctorow
Cory Doctorow
and the Free Software Foundation.[99][100] See also[edit]

Computer science portal Internet portal

Cache manifest in HTML5 Comparison of layout engines (HTML5) HTML5
HTML5
in mobile devices Polyglot HTML5 Ian Hickson, Google
Google
maineditor of HTML5
HTML5
specs David Hyatt, Apple editor of HTML5
HTML5
specs

Notes[edit]

^ In the W3C
W3C
recommendation, there is no space between "HTML" and "5" in the name.[3]

References[edit]

^ "Mac Developer Library: System-Declared Uniform Type Identifiers". Apple. 2009-11-17.  ^ a b c " HTML5
HTML5
specification finalized, squabbling over specs continues". Ars Technica. 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2014-10-29.  ^ "A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML
HTML
and XHTML". 28 October 2014.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
is a W3C
W3C
recommendation". W3C
W3C
Blog. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
Differences from HTML4". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Introduction. Retrieved 2018-03-02. HTML4 became a W3C
W3C
Recommendation in 1997. While it continues to serve as a rough guide to many of the core features of HTML, it does not provide enough information to build implementations that interoperate with each other and, more importantly, with Web content. The same goes for XHTML1, which defines an XML
XML
serialization for HTML4, and DOM Level 2 HTML, which defines JavaScript
JavaScript
APIs for both HTML
HTML
and XHTML. HTML
HTML
replaces these documents.  ^ a b c " HTML5
HTML5
Differences from HTML4". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. 19 October 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2010.  ^ "1.10.2 Syntax Errors". HTML5. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "HTML 4 Errata". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 4 December 2010.  ^ a b " HTML
HTML
Specification: History". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 9 August 2017.  ^ "Position Paper for the W3C
W3C
Workshop on Web Applications and Compound Documents". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ " W3C
W3C
Workshop on Web Applications and Compound Documents (Day 1) Jun 1, 2004". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ " W3C
W3C
Workshop on Web Applications and Compound Documents (Day 2) Jun 2, 2004". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ "[whatwg] WHAT open mailing list announcement". lists.w3.org Mailing Lists. Retrieved 8 December 2015.  ^ "This Week in HTML
HTML
5 – Episode 5". WHATWG
WHATWG
Blog. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ "HTML5: A vocabulary and associated APIs for HTML
HTML
and XHTML". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 28 January 2009.  ^ "FOX News: No Flash on the iPhone? Apple's Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs
Finally Explains Why". Fox News. 29 April 2010.  ^ "TIME: Steve Jobs: 'Flash is No Longer Necessary' and Other Musings". Time. 29 April 2010.  ^ "Steve Jobs: Why Apple Banned Flash". CBS News.  ^ "FastCompany: Steve Jobs: Adobe's Flash Is Old PC History, Open Web Is the Future".  ^ "'Thoughts on Flash', by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple, Inc". Apple.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.  ^ "Is HTML5
HTML5
Replacing Flash?". Lyquix.com. Retrieved 2014-01-08.  ^ "Flash to Focus on PC Browsing and Mobile Apps; Adobe to More Aggressively Contribute to HTML5". adobe.com. Retrieved 26 February 2012.  ^ Warren, Tom (25 July 2017). "Adobe will finally kill Flash in 2020". The Verge. Vox Media.  ^ " W3C
W3C
Confirms May 2011 for HTML5
HTML5
Last Call, Targets 2014 for HTML5 Standard". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 18 February 2011.  ^ Hickson, Ian. " HTML
HTML
Is the New HTML5". Retrieved 21 January 2011.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
gets the splits". netmagazine.com. Retrieved 23 July 2012.  ^ "HTML5". W3.org. 2012-12-17. Retrieved 2013-06-15.  ^ "When Will HTML5
HTML5
Be Finished?". FAQ. WHAT Working Group. Retrieved 29 November 2009.  ^ "Call for Review: HTML5
HTML5
Proposed Recommendation Published W3C
W3C
News". W3.org. 2014-09-16. Retrieved 2014-09-27.  ^ "Open Web Platform Milestone Achieved with HTML5
HTML5
Recommendation". W3C. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 October 2014.  ^ " HTML
HTML
5.1 becomes W3C
W3C
Recommendation". www.w3.org. Retrieved 26 February 2017.  ^ " HTML
HTML
5.2 becomes W3C
W3C
Recommendation". www.w3.org. Retrieved 14 December 2017.  ^ "Plan 2014". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  ^ "Editor's Draft". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 6 September 2017.  ^ "PubStatus - WEBAPPS". www.w3.org.  ^ "HTML5, A Vocabulary and Associated APIs for HTML
HTML
and XHTML". Retrieved 10 March 2015.  ^ Leslie Sikos. " HTML5
HTML5
Became a Standard, HTML
HTML
5.1 and HTML
HTML
5.2 on the Way". Retrieved 10 March 2015.  ^ Introduction to HTML5
HTML5
video ^ IBM Developer Works New elements in HTML5: Structure and semantics ^ ICAMD.org Finalcut Silverlight Films that Videographers share Quicktime in a Flash : Video on the Web using HTML5
HTML5
and other Codecs ^ "11 Obsolete features — HTML5". W3C. Retrieved 2014-03-11.  ^ HTML5
HTML5
DTD: " HTML5
HTML5
is not SGML-based, and there will be no official DTD for it." ^ HTML
HTML
5 Reference: "Although it is inspired by its SGML origins, in practice, it really only shares minor syntactic similarities." "As HTML5
HTML5
is no longer formally based upon SGML, the DOCTYPE no longer serves this purpose, and thus no longer needs to refer to a DTD." ^ Shannon Suetos (26 April 2010). "HTML5: Worth the Hype?". instantshift.com. Retrieved 21 October 2012.  ^ "Web Forms 2.0". 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2014-02-11.  obsolescence notice ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ Sergey Mavrody "Sergey's HTML5
HTML5
& CSS3
CSS3
Quick Reference. 2nd Edition". Belisso Corp., 2012. ISBN 978-0-9833867-2-8 ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne; Pieters, Simon. " HTML5
HTML5
differences from HTML4". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 29 June 2017.  ^ "Get Started with HTM Canvas". www.syntaxxx.com.  ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ "Offline Web Applications". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ "The History interface". w3.org.  ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ "HTML". whatwg.org.  ^ " Web Messaging specification". whatwg.org.  ^ " Web Storage specification". whatwg.org.  ^ href. "1 Introduction — HTML
HTML
Standard". Whatwg.org. Retrieved 2014-01-08.  ^ "Indexed Database". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ " File
File
API". W3.org. Retrieved 2014-01-08.  ^ " File
File
API". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ "Filesystem API". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ " File
File
API: Writer". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ "Web Audio API". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 2018-03-02.  ^ MDN. "element.classList".  ^ "Web Cryptography API". www.w3.org.  ^ " WebRTC
WebRTC
1.0: Real-time Communication Between Browsers". www.w3.org.  ^ "Web SQL Database". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. ^ Williamson, James (2010). "What HTML5
HTML5
is (and what it isn't)". Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ Graff, Eliot. "Polyglot Markup: HTML-Compatible X HTML
HTML
Documents". W3C. Retrieved 6 July 2013.  ^ a b "FAQ – WHATWG
WHATWG
Wiki". WHATWG. Retrieved 26 August 2011.  ^ "Percentage of Web sites Using HTML5". binvisions. Retrieved 21 October 2011.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
Popularity Among Fortune 500
Fortune 500
Companies". INCORE. Retrieved 5 March 2013. ^ " HTML5
HTML5
form additions". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 13 October 2014.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
Differences from HTML4". FAQ. World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2018.  ^ a b " W3C
W3C
HTML5
HTML5
Logo FAQ". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 21 January 2011. Is this W3C's "official" logo for HTML5? Yes, as of 1 April 2011.  ^ a b " HTML5
HTML5
Logo: Be Proud, But Don't Muddy the Waters!". The Web Standards Project. Retrieved 22 January 2011.  ^ "The HTML5
HTML5
Logo Conversation". World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Consortium. Retrieved 21 January 2011.  ^ Encrypted Media Extensions draft specification of the W3C ^ Peter Bright (16 April 2013). " Netflix
Netflix
coming to HTML5
HTML5
just as soon as the DRM ducks are in a row". Ars Technica.  ^ Manu Sporny (26 January 2013). "DRM in HTML5".  ^ "Tell W3C: We don't want the Hollyweb". Free Software Foundation. May 2013.  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
webpage locks 'would stifle innovation'". BBC
BBC
News Online. 30 May 2013.  ^ "Une coalition de vingt-sept organisations demande au W3C
W3C
de garder les menottes numériques (DRM) hors des standards du Web". 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ "Tell W3C: We don't want the Hollyweb - Free Software Foundation". www.defectivebydesign.org.  ^ Stallman, Richard (2013-05-02). "The W3C's Soul at Stake". The Free Software Foundation. Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ Lord, Timothy (2013-04-16). " Netflix
Netflix
Wants to Go HTML5, but Not Without DRM". Retrieved 2014-05-14.  ^ "New Charter for the HTML
HTML
Working Group from Philippe Le Hegaret on 2013-09-30 (public-html-admin@w3.org from September 2013)". Lists.w3.org. 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2014-01-08.  ^ a b Danny O'Brien (2013-10-02). "Lowering Your Standards: DRM and the Future of the W3C". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2013-10-03.  ^ Manu Sporny (2013-01-26). "DRM in HTML5". The Beautiful, Tormented Machine. Manu Sporny. Archived from the original on 2014-04-25. Retrieved 2014-05-16.  ^ Scott Gilbertson (2013-02-12). "DRM for the Web? Say It Ain't So". Webmonkey. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-03-21.  ^ "Releasenotes for Google
Google
Chrome 25.0.1364.87".  ^ " HTML5
HTML5
Video in IE 11 on Windows 8.1".  ^ Adobe Support for Encrypted Media Extensions Adobe.com. 19 June 2013. ^ a b Gal, Andreas (2014-05-14). "Reconciling Mozilla's Mission and W3C
W3C
EME". Mozilla. Retrieved 2014-05-20.  ^ a b Baker, Mitchell (2014-05-14). "DRM and the Challenge of Serving Users". Mozilla. Retrieved 2014-05-20.  ^ Doctorow, Cory (2014-05-14). "Firefox's adoption of closed-source DRM breaks my heart". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-05-20.  ^ "FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support Digital Rights Management". Free Software Foundation. 2014-05-14. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HTML5.

Latest version of HTML HTML
HTML
Media Extensions Working Group HTML.next, Feature requests for future versions of HTML

v t e

Rich Internet applications

Basic frameworks

Adobe Flash Apache Flex Apache Pivot Cappuccino Curl Google
Google
Web Toolkit HTML5 JavaFX JVx Lively Kernel Moonlight Silverlight OpenLaszlo Qt Quick SproutCore XULRunner Meteor

Site-specific browsers

Adobe AIR Curl Fluid Gollum Google
Google
Chrome

Gears

Mozilla Prism

Category List of frameworks

v t e

World Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web Consortium
(W3C)

Products and standards

Recommendations

ActivityPub ARIA Canonical XML CDF CSS DOM Geolocation API HTML
HTML
(HTML5) ITS JSON-LD Linked Data Notifications MathML Micropub OWL P3P PLS RDF RDF Schema SISR SKOS SMIL SOAP SRGS SRI SSML SVG SCXML SPARQL Timed text VoiceXML Web storage WSDL Webmention WebSub XForms XHTML XHTML+RDFa XInclude XLink XML XML
XML
Base XML
XML
Encryption XML
XML
Events XML
XML
Information Set XML
XML
namespace XML
XML
Schema XML
XML
Signature XOP XPath XPath
XPath
2.0 XPointer XProc XQuery XSL XSL-FO XSLT (elements)

Notes

IndieAuth JF2 Post Type Discovery XAdES XHTML+SMIL XUP

Working drafts

CCXML CURIE EME InkML MSE RIF SMIL Timesheets sXBL WICD XFDL XFrames XBL XMLHttpRequest

Guidelines

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines

Initiative

Multimodal Interaction Activity (MMI) Markup Validation Service Web Accessibility Initiative WebPlatform

Deprecated

C-HTML HDML JSSS PGML VML XHTML+MathML+SVG

Organizations

Advisory Committee (AC) World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Foundation

Elected groups

Advisory Board (AB) Technical Architecture Group (TAG)

Working groups

CSS Geolocation Social Web SVG Web Hypertext Application Technology (WHATWG) Web Platform

Closed groups

Device Description (DDWG) HTML WebOnt ( Semantic Web Activity)

Software

CERN httpd Libwww

Browsers

Line Mode (1990–) Arena (1993–98) Agora (1994–97) Argo (1994–97) Amaya (browser/editor, 1996–2012)

Conferences

International World Wide Web
World Wide Web
Conference (IW3C)

Steering Committee (IW3C2) First conference ("WWW1", 1994)

v t e

Web browsers

Comparison

lightweight

History List

for Unix

Timeline Usage share

Features

Ad filtering Augmented browsing Bookmarks

Bookmarklet Live bookmark Smart Bookmarks

Browser extension Browser security Browser synchronizer

comparison

Cookies Download manager Favicon Incremental search Plug-in Privacy mode Tabs Universal Edit Button

Web standards

Acid tests Cascading Style Sheets HTML HTML5 JavaScript MathML SVG WebGL XHTML

Protocols

HTTP HTTPS OCSP SPDY SSL/TLS WebSocket WPAD

Related topics

BrowserChoice.eu CRL iLoo Internet suite Man-in-the-browser Mobile Web Offline reader PAC Pwn2Own Rich Internet application Site-specific browser Widget World Wide Web XML

Desktop

Blink-based

Brave Chrome Chromium Dragon Falkon Opera Sleipnir Slimjet SRWare Iron UC Browser Vivaldi Yandex Browser Sputnik SafeZone Whale

Gecko-based

AT&T Pogo Avant Camino Firefox

Conkeror GNU IceCat IceDragon Swiftfox Swiftweasel TenFourFox Timberwolf Tor Browser Waterfox xB Browser

Galeon Ghostzilla Goanna

Basilisk Pale Moon

K-Meleon Kazehakase Kirix Strata Lotus Symphony Lunascape Mozilla

Beonex Communicator Classilla Netscape SeaMonkey

Trident-based

AOL Explorer Avant Deepnet Explorer GreenBrowser Internet Explorer Lunascape Maxthon MediaBrowser MenuBox NeoPlanet NetCaptor SlimBrowser SpaceTime UltraBrowser WebbIE ZAC Browser

WebKit-based

Arora Avant Dooble Epic Flock Fluid iCab Konqueror Lunascape Maxthon Midori OmniWeb Origyn Web Browser Otter Browser QtWeb rekonq Safari Shiira SlimBoat surf Torch Uzbl Epiphany WebPositive xombrero

Text-based

ELinks Emacs/W3 Line Mode Browser Links Lynx w3m

Other

abaco Amaya Arachne Arena Charon Dillo eww Gazelle HotJava IBM Home Page Reader IBrowse KidZui Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge Mosaic Mothra NetPositive NetSurf Qihoo 360 Secure Browser

Mobile

Blink-based

Android Browser Chromium

Brave Chrome for Android Opera Mobile Silk

Firefox
Firefox
Focus for Android

Gecko-based

Firefox
Firefox
for Android MicroB Minimo Waterfox

WebKit-based

BOLT Dolphin Browser Chrome for iOS Firefox
Firefox
for iOS Firefox
Firefox
Focus for iOS Maxthon Mercury Browser Nokia Browser for Symbian Opera Coast Rockmelt Safari Steel

Other

Blazer CM Browser Deepfish Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
Mobile Iris Browser Konqueror
Konqueror
Embedded Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge NetFront Opera Mini Skweezer Skyfire Teashark ThunderHawk UC Browser Vision WinWAP

Television and video game console

Gecko-based

Kylo

Presto-based

Internet Channel

WebKit-based

Google
Google
TV Nintendo 3DS Internet Browser Nintendo DS & DSi Browser NetFront Steam Overlay Wii U Internet Browser

Other

MSN TV

Software no longer in development shown in italics

Category Commons Internet porta

.