HMS Northampton (1876)


HMS ''Northampton'' was a
armoured cruiser The armored cruiser was a type of warship A warship or combatant ship is a naval ship that is built and primarily intended for naval warfare. Usually they belong to the armed forces of a state. As well as being armed, warships are designed ...

armoured cruiser
built for the
Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is combat Combat ( French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapon A ...
in the 1870s. She was sold for
scrap Scrap consists of recyclable Recycling is the process of converting waste materials into new materials and objects. The recovery of energy from waste materials is often included in this concept. The recyclability of a material depe ...
in 1905.

Design and description

The ''Nelson''-class ships were designed as enlarged and improved versions of
HMS ''Shannon''
HMS ''Shannon''
to counter the threat of enemy armoured ships encountered abroad. The ships had a
length between perpendiculars Length between perpendiculars (often abbreviated as p/p, p.p., pp, LPP, LBP or Length BPP) is the length of a ship A ship is a large watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (fro ...
of , a
beam Beam may refer to: Streams of particles or energy *Light beam, or beam of light, a directional projection of light energy **Laser beam *Particle beam, a stream of charged or neutral particles **Charged particle beam, a spatially localized group ...
of and a deep draught of . ''Northampton'' displaced , about more than ''Shannon''. The steel-hulled ships were fitted with a
ram Random-access memory (RAM; ) is a form of computer memory In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic proces ...
and their crew numbered approximately 560 officers and other ranks.Parkes, p. 239 The ship had two 3-cylinder,
inverted compound steam engines
inverted compound steam engines
, each driving a single propeller, using steam provided by 10 oval
boiler A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order ...

s. The cylinders of the ''Northampton''s engines could be adjusted in volume to optimize steam production depending on the demand. They were troublesome throughout the ship's life and she was always about slower than her sister despite repeated efforts to improve her speed. The engines produced and she failed achieve her designed speed of on her
sea trial A sea trial is the testing phase of a watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and fu ...
s, only making . The ''Nelson''-class ships carried a maximum of of coal which gave them an economical range of at a speed of . They were
barque A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel A sailing ship is a sea-going vessel that uses sails mounted on Mast (sailing), masts to harness the power of wind and propel the vessel. There is a variety of sail plans that propel sailin ...

-rigged with three
mast Mast, MAST or MASt may refer to: Engineering * Mast (sailing) , a vertical spar on a sailing ship * Flagmast, a pole for flying a flag * Guyed mast , a structure supported by guy-wires * Mooring mast , a structure for docking an airship * Radio m ...

Construction and career

''Northampton'', named after the eponymous town, was
laid down Laid may refer to: *"Get laid", a slang term for sexual intercourse Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is a sexual activity Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans e ...
Robert Napier and Sons Messrs Robert Napier and Sons was a famous firm of ClydeClyde may refer to: People * Clyde (given name) * Clyde (surname) Places For townships see also Clyde Township (disambiguation), Clyde Township Australia * Clyde, New South Wales * Clyde, ...
at their shipyard in
Govan Govan ( ; Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig ), also known as Scots Gaelic and Gaelic, is a Goidelic language The Goidelic or Gaelic languages ( ga, teangacha Gaelacha; gd, cànanan Goidhealach; gv, çhengaghyn Gaelgag ...

, Scotland, launched on 18 December 1876, and completed on 7 December 1879. ''Northampton'' was
flagship A flagship is a vessel used by the commanding officer The commanding officer (CO) or sometimes, if the incumbent is a general officer A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, spac ...
of the
North America and West Indies Station The North America and West Indies Station was a formation Formation may refer to: Linguistics * Back-formation, the process of creating a new lexeme by removing or affixes * Word formation, the creation of a new word by adding affixes Mathem ...
until she was placed in reserve in 1886. She was hulked as a boys' training ship in 1894 and used in home waters. Captain Herbert Arthur Walton Onslow was in command from July 1897 to February 1902. After a refit in late 1899, she left in March 1900 for an extended recruiting cruise until August that year, visiting
Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a port and island city status in the United Kingdom, city with Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority status in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, southern England. It is the most densely populated city in the Unit ...

Plymouth Plymouth () is a port city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

, Queenstown,
Tarbert Tarbert ( gd, An Tairbeart) is a place name in Scotland and Ireland. Places named Tarbert are characterised by a narrow strip of land, or isthmus. This can be where two lochs nearly meet, or a causeway out to an island. Etymology All placenames ...
Foynes Foynes (; ) is a town and major port in County Limerick County Limerick ( ga, Contae Luimnigh) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dic ...
Lough Swilly Lough Swilly () in Ireland is a glacial fjord or sea inlet lying between the western side of the Inishowen, Inishowen Peninsula and the Fanad Peninsula, in County Donegal. Along with Carlingford Lough and Killary Harbour it is one of three glaci ...
Campbeltown Campbeltown (; gd, Ceann Loch Chille Chiarain or ) is a town and former royal burgh A royal burgh was a type of Scottish burgh A burgh is an autonomous The federal subject in Russia">Federal subjects of Russia">federal subject ...

, Holyhead and Torbay. In November 1901 she put up at Chatham Dockyard for alterations and a refit, and was not finished until June the following year, when she was back as a training cruiser. Captain William G. White was in command in 1902, when she took part in the Fleet review (Commonwealth realms), fleet review held at Spithead on 16 August 1902 for the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, coronation of King Edward VII. Captain Arthur John Horsley was appointed in command in October 1902. She was sold for breaking up in 1905 to Thos. W. Ward, of Morecambe.Lyon & Winfield, p. 268



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External links

Shipping Times: Clydebuilt Database

{{DEFAULTSORT:Northampton Nelson-class cruisers Victorian-era cruisers of the United Kingdom Ships built on the River Clyde Ships built in Govan 1876 ships