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The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), commonly known as the Humvee, is a four-wheel drive military light truck produced by AM General.[7] It has largely supplanted the roles previously performed by the original jeep, and others such as the Vietnam War-era M151 jeep, the M561 "Gama Goat", their M718A1 and M792 ambulance versions, the Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicle
Commercial Utility Cargo Vehicle
(CUCV), and other light trucks. Primarily used by the United States
United States
military, it is also used by numerous other countries and organizations and even in civilian adaptations. The Humvee's widespread use in the Gulf War
Gulf War
of 1991, where it negotiated the treacherous desert terrain, helped inspire civilian Hummer
Hummer
versions. After going through a replacement process, the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
(JLTV) was chosen as its successor.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Usage in combat 1.2 Modifications 1.3 Alternatives 1.4 Replacement and future

2 Design features 3 Variants

3.1 Major HMMWV A0/A1/A2 versions 3.2 M1113 Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV) 3.3 International versions 3.4 Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle

4 Operators

4.1 Civilian sales

5 Replicas 6 Similar vehicles 7 See also 8 Notes 9 External links

History[edit] Since the WWII era Bantam Reconnaissance Car, the United States
United States
Army had relied on jeeps to transport small groups of soldiers. The jeep was built around a requirement for a compact vehicle with a folding windshield that was actually shorter than the Volkswagen Beetle. It seated three with a 660 lb (300 kg) payload and weighed just over one ton. By the 1970s, the U.S. Army had tried larger militarized civilian trucks, but even these no longer satisfied newer requirements. In 1977, Lamborghini
Lamborghini
developed the Cheetah model in an attempt to meet the Army contract specifications. In 1979, the U.S. Army drafted final specifications for a High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV), which was to replace all the tactical vehicles in the 1/4 to 1 1/4-ton range,[8] namely the M151 quarter-ton jeep and M561 Gama Goat, as one "jack-of-all-trades" light tactical vehicle to perform the role of several existing trucks.[9][unreliable source?] The specification called for excellent on and off-road performance, the ability to carry a large payload, and improved survivability against indirect fire.[10] Compared to the jeep, it was larger and had a much wider track, with a 16 in (410 mm) ground clearance, double that of most sport-utility vehicles. The new truck was to climb a 60 percent incline and traverse a 40 percent slope. The air intake was to be mounted flush on top of the right fender (or to be raised on a stovepipe to roof level to ford 5 ft (1.5 m) of water[11] and electronics waterproofed to drive through 2.5 ft (0.76 m) of water were specified. The radiator was to be mounted high, sloping over the engine on a forward-hinged hood. Out of 61 companies that showed interest, only three submitted prototypes.[10] In July 1979, AM General, a subsidiary of American Motors Corporation began preliminary design work. Less than a year later, the first prototype was in testing. Chrysler Defense and Teledyne Continental also produced competing designs. In June 1981, the Army awarded AM General
AM General
a contract for development of several more prototype vehicles to be delivered to the government for another series of tests. The original M998 A0 series had a curb weight of 5,200 lb (2,400 kg), a payload of 2,500 lb (1,100 kg), a 6.2 L (380 cu in) V-8 diesel engine, and a three-speed automatic transmission. The three companies were chosen to design and build eleven HMMWV prototypes, which covered over 600,000 miles in trials which included off-road courses in desert and arctic conditions. AM General
AM General
was awarded an initial contract in 1983 for 2,334 vehicles, the first batch of a five-year contract that would see 55,000 vehicles delivered to the U.S. military, including 39,000 vehicles for the Army; 72,000 vehicles had been delivered to U.S. and foreign customers by the Persian Gulf War
Gulf War
of 1991, and 100,000 were delivered by the Humvee's 10th anniversary in 1995.[9] Ft. Lewis, Washington and the 2nd Battalion 1st Infantry, 9th Infantry Division was the testing unit to employ HMMWV in the new concept of a motorized division. Yakima Training Center in Yakima, Washington was the main testing grounds for HMMWVs from 1985 through December 1991, when the motorized concept was abandoned and the division inactivated. Usage in combat[edit] HMMWVs first saw combat in Operation Just Cause, the U.S. invasion of Panama
Panama
in 1989. The HMMWV was designed primarily for personnel and light cargo transport behind front lines, not as a front line fighting vehicle. Like the previous jeep, the basic HMMWV has no armor or protection against chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear threats. Nevertheless, losses were relatively low in conventional operations, such as the Gulf War. Vehicles and crews suffered considerable damage and losses during the Battle of Mogadishu in 1993 due to the nature of the urban engagement. However, the chassis survivability allowed the majority of those crews to return to safety, though the HMMWV was never designed to offer protection against intense small arms fire, much less machine guns and rocket-propelled grenades. With the rise of asymmetric warfare and low intensity conflicts, the HMMWV was pressed into service in urban combat roles for which it was not originally intended.[12] After Operation Restore Hope in Somalia, the military recognized a need for a more protected HMMWV and AM General
AM General
developed the M1114, an armored HMMWV to withstand small arms fire. The M1114 has been in production since 1996, seeing limited use in the Balkans
Balkans
before deployment to the Middle East. This design is superior to the M998 with a larger, more powerful turbocharged engine, air conditioning, and a strengthened suspension system. More importantly, it boasts a fully armored passenger area protected by hardened steel and bullet-resistant glass. With the increase in direct attacks and guerrilla warfare in Iraq, AM General
AM General
diverted the majority of its manufacturing power to producing these vehicles. Humvees were sent into Afghanistan
Afghanistan
following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, where they proved invaluable during initial operations. In the early years before IEDs became prevalent, the vehicle was liked by troops for its ability to access rough, mountainous terrain. Some soldiers would remove features from Humvees, including what little armor it had and sometimes even entire doors, to make them lighter and more maneuverable for off-road conditions and to increase visibility. With the onset of the Iraq
Iraq
War, Humvees proved very vulnerable to IEDs; in the first four months of 2006, 67 U.S. troops died in Humvees. To increase protection, the U.S. military hastily added-on armor kits to the vehicles. Although this somewhat improved survivability, bolting on armor made the Humvee
Humvee
an "ungainly beast," increasing weight and putting strain on the chassis, which led to unreliability. Armored doors that weighed hundreds of pounds were difficult for troops to open and the newly armored turret made Humvees top heavy and increased the danger of rollovers. The U.S. Marine Corps decided to start replacing Humvees in combat with MRAPs in 2007, and the U.S. Army stated that the vehicle was "no longer feasible for combat" in 2012.[9][10] The HMMWV has become the vehicular backbone of U.S. forces around the world. Over 10,000 HMMWVs were employed by coalition forces during the Iraq
Iraq
War.[citation needed] The Humvee
Humvee
has been described as "the right capability for its era" to provide payload mobility in protected areas, but that conflicts exposing it to full-spectrum threat environments that it was never designed to operate or be survivable in led to adding protection at the cost of mobility and payload.[9]

A U.S. Marine Corps M1123 HMMWV in 2004, equipped with a bolt-on MAK armor kit.

At the Bridgeport, California
Bridgeport, California
Mountain Warfare Training Center in March 1997, a test HMMWV drives through the snow, equipped with Mattracks
Mattracks
treads.

Modifications[edit]

Humvee
Humvee
maintenance with engine exposed by Czech Army
Czech Army
in Afghanistan

Humvee
Humvee
interior

In December 2004, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld
Donald Rumsfeld
came under criticism from U.S. troops and their families for not providing better-equipped HMMWVs.[13] Rumsfeld pointed out that, prior to the war, armor kits were produced only in small numbers per year. As the role of American forces in Iraq
Iraq
changed from fighting the Iraqi Army to suppressing the guerrilla insurgency, more armor kits were being manufactured, though perhaps not as fast as production facilities were capable. Even more advanced kits were also being developed. While these kits are much more effective against all types of attacks, they weigh from 1,500 to 2,200 lb (680 to 1,000 kg) and have some of the same drawbacks as the improvised armor.[14] Unlike similar-size civilian cargo and tow trucks, which typically have dual rear wheels to reduce sway, the HMMWV has single rear wheels due to its independent rear suspension coupled with the body design.

A HMMWV equipped with Raytheon
Raytheon
surface-to-air missiles, on display at the Paris Air Show
Paris Air Show
in June 2007.

Most up-armored HMMWVs hold up well against lateral attacks, when the blast is distributed in all different directions, but offers little protection from a mine blast below the truck, such as buried improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and land mines. Explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) can also defeat the armor kits, causing casualties. The armor kits fielded include the Armor Survivability Kit (ASK), the FRAG 5, FRAG 6, as well as upgrade kits to the M1151.[15][16] The ASK was the first fielded, in October 2003, adding about 1,000 pounds (450 kg) to the weight of the vehicle.[17] Armor Holdings
Armor Holdings
fielded an even lighter kit, adding only 750 pounds (340 kg) to the vehicle's weight.[18] The Marine Armor Kit (MAK), fielded in January 2005, offers more protection than the M1114, but also increases weight.[19] The FRAG 5 offered even more protection but was still inadequate to stop EFP attacks.[20] The FRAG 6 kit is designed to do just that, however its increased protection adds over 1,000 lb (450 kg) the vehicle over the FRAG 5 kit, and the width is increased by 2 feet (61 cm). In addition, the doors may require a mechanical assist device to open and close.[21] Another drawback of the up-armored HMMWVs occurs during an accident or attack, when the heavily armored doors tend to jam shut, trapping the troops inside.[22] As a result, HMMWVs were fitted with hooks on their doors, so that another vehicle can rip the door off, freeing the troops inside.[23] In addition, Vehicle Emergency Escape (VEE) windows, developed by BAE Systems, were fielded for use on the M1114 uparmored HMMWV, with 1,000 kits ordered.[24]

A U.S. military M997 ambulance, emblazoned with the Red Cross.

Soldiers of 3rd BCT/ 25th ID, use an M153 CROWS atop an M115A1 HMWVV at the Battle Area Complex, Schofield Barracks, Hawaii, 2017.

The soldier manning the exposed crew-served weapon on top of the vehicle is extremely vulnerable. In response, many HMMWVs have been fitted with basic gun shields or turrets, as was the case with M113 APCs after they were first deployed in Vietnam. The U.S. military is currently evaluating a new form of protection, developed by BAE Systems as well as systems designed by the Army, which are already in theater.[25] The new gunner's seat is protected by 1.5 to 2 feet (46 to 61 cm) high steel plates with bullet-proof glass windows. Additionally, some HMMWVs have been fitted with a remotely operated CROWS weapon station, which slaves the machine gun to controls in the back seat so it can be fired without exposing the crew. The Boomerang anti-sniper system was also fielded by some HMMWVs in Iraq
Iraq
to immediately give troops the location of insurgents firing on them. Another weakness for the HMMWV has proven to be its size, which limited its deployment in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
because it is too wide for the smallest roads and too large for many forms of air transport compared to jeep or Land Rover-sized vehicles (which are nearly two feet narrower). This size also limits the ability for the vehicle to be manhandled out of situations. Alternatives[edit] The Army purchased a purpose-built armored car, the M1117 Armored Security Vehicle also known as an armored personnel carrying vehicle (APC), in limited numbers for use by the United States Army
United States Army
Military Police Corps. In 2007, the Marine Corps announced an intention to replace all HMMWVs in Iraq
Iraq
with MRAPs due to high loss rates, and issued contracts for the purchase of several thousand of these vehicles, which include the International MaxxPro, the BAE OMC RG-31, the BAE RG-33
RG-33
and Caiman, and the Force Protection Cougar,[26][27][28][29][30] which were deployed primarily for mine clearing duties. Heavier models of infantry mobility vehicles (IMV) can also be used for patrol vehicles.[31] The MaxxPro
MaxxPro
Line has been shown to have the highest rate of vehicle rollover accidents to its very high center of gravity and immense weight. The massive weight of these vehicles combined with their high center of gravity also greatly reduces their utility in off-road situations versus the HMMWV, which was the primary cause for the push for the Oshkosh M-ATV
Oshkosh M-ATV
to be developed quickly.[citation needed] Replacement and future[edit] Main article: Humvee
Humvee
replacement process The Humvee replacement process
Humvee replacement process
being undertaken by the U.S. military focused on interim replacement with MRAPs and long-term replacement with the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
Joint Light Tactical Vehicle
(JLTV). The HMMWV has evolved several times since its introduction and was used in tactical roles for which it was never originally intended. The military pursued several initiatives to replace it, both in the short and long terms. The short term replacement efforts utilized commercial off-the-shelf vehicles as part of the Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) program. These vehicles were procured to replace Humvees in combat theaters. The long term replacement for the Humvee
Humvee
is the JLTV which is designed from the ground up. The Future Tactical Truck Systems (FTTS) program was initiated to make an analysis of potential requirements for a Humvee
Humvee
replacement. Various prototype vehicles such as the MillenWorks Light Utility Vehicle, and the ULTRA AP
ULTRA AP
have been constructed as part of these efforts. The JLTV contract was awarded to Oshkosh in August 2015.[32] The U.S. Marine Corps issued a request for proposals (RFP) in 2013 for its Humvee
Humvee
sustainment modification initiative to upgrade 6,700 expanded capacity vehicles (ECVs). The Marines plan to field the JLTV, but do not have enough funding to completely replace all Humvees, so they decided to continue sustaining their fleet. Key areas of improvement include upgrades to the suspension to reduce the amount of force transferred to the chassis, upgrading the engine and transmission for better fuel efficiency, enhancements to the cooling system to prevent overheating, a central tire inflation system to improve off-road mobility and ride quality, and increased underbody survivability. Testing of upgraded Humvees was to occur in 2014, with production and installation occurring from 2015 through 2018. Older A2 series Humvees make up half the current fleet, and 4,000 are to be disposed of through foreign military sales and transfers. By 2017, the Marines' light tactical vehicle fleet is to consist of 3,500 A2 series Humvees, 9,500 ECV Humvees, and 5,000 JLTVs, with 18,000 vehicles in total. Humvees in service with the Marine Corps will be upgraded through 2030.[33] The Marines shelved the Humvee
Humvee
modernization effort in March 2015 due to budget cuts.[34] Several companies are offering modifications to maintain the remaining U.S. military Humvee
Humvee
fleets. Oshkosh Corporation
Oshkosh Corporation
is offering Humvee upgrades to the Marine Corps in addition to its JLTV offering, which are modular and scalable solutions providing varying levels of capabilities at a range of price points that can be provided individually or as complete solutions. Their approach is centered around the TAK-4 independent suspension system, which delivers greater off-road profile capability, improved ride quality, an increase in maximum speed, greater whole-vehicle durability, and restored payload capacity and ground clearance.[35] Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
developed a new chassis and power train for the Humvee
Humvee
that would combine the mobility and payload capabilities of original vehicle variants while maintaining the protection levels of up-armored versions. The cost to upgrade one Humvee
Humvee
with Northrop Grumman's features is $145,000.[36][37] Textron
Textron
has offered another Humvee
Humvee
upgrade option called the Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle (SCTV) that not only restores mobility but improves survivability over armored Humvee levels. Although the SCTV costs more at $200,000 per vehicle, the company claims it can restore the Humvee
Humvee
for operational use, combining Humvee-level mobility and transportability with MRAP-level underbody protection as a transitional solution until the JLTV is introduced in significant numbers.[38][39] One suggested future role for the Humvee
Humvee
is as an autonomous unmanned ground vehicle (UGV). If converted to a UGV, the vehicle could serve as a mobile scout vehicle with armor features removed to enhance mobility and terrain accessibility, since there would be no occupants needed to protect. Because there will still be tens of thousands of Humvees in the U.S. inventory after the JLTV enters service, it could be a low-cost way to build an unmanned combat vehicle fleet. Autonomy features would allow the Humvees to drive themselves and one soldier to control a "swarm" of several vehicles.[9] Although the Army plans to buy 49,100 JLTVs and the Marine Corps 5,500, they are not a one-for-one replacement for the Humvee
Humvee
and both services will still be left operating large fleets. For the Marines, 69 JLTVs will replace the 74 Humvees in all active infantry battalions to cover its expeditionary forces. The Marine JLTV order is planned to be completed by 2022, leaving the remainder of the Corps' 13,000-strong Humvee
Humvee
force scattered around support organizations while soft-skinned Humvees will provide support behind the forward deployed Marine Expeditionary Unit. The Army does not plan to replace Humvees in the Army National Guard, and is considering options on how many of its 120,000 vehicles will be replaced, sustained, or modernized. Even if half of the force is replaced by JLTVs, the entire planned order will not be complete until 2040. If upgrades are chosen for the remaining Humvees, the cost would likely have to not exceed $100,000 per vehicle.[40] The Humvee
Humvee
is expected to remain in U.S. military service until at least 2050.[41] Ambulance
Ambulance
variants of the Humvee
Humvee
will especially remain in active use, as the JLTV couldn't be modified to serve as one due to weight issues.[42] Design features[edit]

A U.S. Air Force airman in Southwest Asia
Southwest Asia
stands in the ringmount of a FRAG 6-reinforced HMMWV, 2010.

The Humvee
Humvee
seats 4 with an available fully enclosed metal cabin with a vertical windshield. The body is constructed from lightweight and rust-resistant aluminum, instead of conventional steel. It has all-wheel drive with an independent suspension and helical gear-reduction hubs similar to portal axles which attach towards the top rather than center of each wheel to allow the drivetrain shafts to be raised for a full 16 in (410 mm) of ground clearance. The body is mounted on a narrow steel frame with boxed rails and five cross members for rigidity. The rails act as sliders to protect the drivetrain which is nestled between and above the rails.[43] Raising the drivetrain into the cabin area and lowering the seats into the frame creates a massive chest-high transmission hump which separates passengers on each side and lowers the overall center of gravity compared to most trucks where the body and passengers are above the frame.[44] The vehicle also has disc brakes on all 4 wheels, and 4-wheel Portal axle
Portal axle
double-wishbone suspension. The brake discs are not mounted at the wheels as on conventional automobiles, but are inboard, attached to the outside of each differential. The front and rear differentials are Torsen
Torsen
type, and the center differential is a regular, lockable type. Torque-biasing differentials allows forward movement as long as at least one wheel has traction. It runs on specialized 37 × 12.5 radial tires with low-profile runflat devices. Some HMMWVs are equipped with an optional central tire inflation system (CTIS), which enables pressure to be lowered for soft ground or raised for hard pavement. While it is optimized for off-road mobility, it can drive at highway speeds of 55 mph (89 km/h) at maximum weight with a top speed of 70 mph (110 km/h).[45] HMMWVs are well suited for air mobile operations as they are transportable by C-130 or larger combat transports, droppable by parachute, and can be sling-loaded from helicopters, though there are smaller vehicles such as the Growler which were designed to fit into smaller craft such as the V-22. In combat conditions, the HMMWV can be delivered by the Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System
Low Altitude Parachute Extraction System
which pulls the vehicle out of the open rear ramp just above the ground without the aircraft having to land.

Humvee
Humvee
fording

There are at least 17 variants of the HMMWV in service with the U.S. military. HMMWVs serve as cargo/troop carriers, automatic weapons platforms, ambulances (four litter patients or eight ambulatory patients), M220 TOW missile carriers, M119 howitzer
M119 howitzer
prime movers, M1097 Avenger Pedestal Mounted Stinger platforms, MRQ-12 direct air support vehicles, S250 shelter carriers, and other roles. The HMMWV is capable of fording 2.5 ft (76 cm) normally, or 5 ft (1.5 m) with the deep-water fording kits installed.

A U.S. Army HMMWV firing a BGM-71 TOW
BGM-71 TOW
missile.

Optional equipment includes a winch (maximum load capacity 6,000 lb (2,700 kg) and supplemental armor. The M1025/M1026 and M1043/M1044 armament carriers provide mounting and firing capabilities for the M134 Minigun, the Mk 19 grenade launcher, the M2 heavy machine gun, the M240G/B machine gun and M249 LMG. The M1114 "up-armored" HMMWV, introduced in 1996, also features a similar weapons mount.[46] In addition, some M1114 and M1116 up-armored and M1117 Armored Security Vehicle
M1117 Armored Security Vehicle
models feature a Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (CROWS), which allows the gunner to operate from inside the vehicle, and/or the Boomerang anti-sniper detection system. Recent improvements have also led to the development of the M1151
M1151
model, which quickly rendered the previous models obsolete. By replacing the M1114, M1116, and earlier armored HMMWV types with a single model, the U.S. Army hopes to lower maintenance costs. The latest iteration of the Humvee
Humvee
series can be seen in the M1151A1 and later up-armored A1-versions. It has a stronger suspension and larger 6.5 liter turbo-diesel engine to accommodate the weight of up to 680 kg (1,500 lb) of additional armor. The armor protection can be installed or taken off depending on the operating environment, so the vehicles can move more efficiently without armor when there is no threat of attack. There is some underbody armor that moderately protects against mines and roadside bombs. Other improvements include Vehicle Emergency Escape (VEE) windows that can be quickly removed so troops inside can escape in the event of a rollover, jammed door, or the vehicle catching fire, and a blast chimney that vents the force of a bomb blast upwards and away from the occupants. The M1151A1 has a crew of four, can carry 2,000 lb (910 kg) of payload, and can tow a 4,000 lb (1,800 kg) load. On roads, it has a top speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) and a range of 480 km (300 mi).[47] Variants[edit]

HMMWV with a Phoenix satellite communications dish

Major HMMWV A0/A1/A2 versions[edit] With the introduction of the A1 series the number of models was reduced, with further designation revisions when the A2 series was introduced[48]

M56/M56A1 Coyote Smoke Generator Carrier (mounted on a HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) M707 Knight (replaced, originally mounted on a M1025A2 HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) M966/M966A1 TOW Missile Carrier, basic armor, without winch M996 Mini-ambulance, two-litter, hard top (type classified but not produced) M997/M977A1/M977A2 Maxi-ambulance, four-litter, basic armor M998/M998A1 Cargo/troop Carrier without winch M998 HMMWV Avenger (mounted on a HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) M1025/M1025A1 Armament Carrier, basic armor, without winch M1025A2 Armament/TOW Missile Carrier, basic armor M1026/M1026A1 Armament Carrier, basic armor, with winch M1035/M1035A1/M1035A2 Soft top Ambulance, two-litter M1036 TOW Missile Carrier, basic armor, with winch M1037 Shelter Carrier, without winch M1037 Shelter Carrier MSE M1038/M1038A1 Cargo/troop Carrier with winch M1042 Shelter Carrier, with winch M1043/M1043A1 Armament Carrier, supplemental armor, without winch M1043A2 Armament Carrier, supplemental armor M1044/M1044A1 Armament Carrier, supplemental armor, with winch M1045/M1045A1 TOW Missile Carrier, supplemental armor, without winch M1045A2 TOW Missile Carrier, supplemental armor M1046/M1046A1 TOW Missile Carrier, supplemental armor, with winch M1069 Tractor for M119 105-mm Gun M1097/M1097A1 Heavy Hummer
Hummer
Variant (HHV) M1097A2 base platform M1097A2 Cargo/Troop Carrier/Prime Mover (replacing the M998A1) M1097A2 Shelter Carrier M1097 Heavy HMMWV Avenger (mounted on a HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) Packhorse – Attachment to convert an M1097 to tractor version for semi-trailers XM1109 Up-Armored Heavy Hummer
Hummer
Variant (UA-HHV) (replaced by M1114) M1123 Troop/cargo (U.S. Marines specific M1097A2) Active Denial System (mounted on a HMMWV) Ground Mobility Vehicle (special ops variant) IMETS
IMETS
(mounted on a HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) ZEUS-HLONS (mounted on a HMMWV; not a Type Classified HMMWV) Scorpion – Version fitted with 2B9 Vasilek
2B9 Vasilek
82 mm automatic mortar. This is a heavy chassis HMMWV developed in 2004 by engineers at the U.S. Army's Picatinny Arsenal. The mortar itself can fire on single shots or on automatic using 4 round clips. Range for direct fire is 1,000m and indirect fire is 4,000m. It is also intended to provide another means of destroying roadside bombs but at a safer standoff range. Only one has been produced.[49]

M1113 Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV)[edit] Under contract to the US Army, AM General
AM General
developed the M1113 Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV). The M1097A2 is the basis for the Expanded Capacity Vehicle (ECV).[50] The ECV provided the payload capacity allowing for larger and heavier communications shelters, improved armor protection level for scouts, military police, security police, and explosive ordnance disposal platforms.[48]

An M1114 with a Kevlar Wrapped Turret returns from a Combat Logistics Patrol (CLP) mission to CAMP Adder

In late 1995, production of the M1114 based on the improved ECV chassis began. The M1114 meets Army requirements for a scout, military police, and explosive ordnance disposal vehicle with improved ballistic protection levels. The M1114 provides protection against 7.62 mm armor-piercing projectiles, 155 mm artillery air bursts and 12 lb (5.4 kg) anti-tank mine blasts. In June 1996, the U.S. Army purchased an initial 390 M1114s for operations in Bosnia. The U.S. Air Force has a number of M1114 vehicles that differ in detail from the U.S. Army model. Under the designation M1116, the type was specifically designed and tailored to the needs of the U.S. Air Force.[48] The M1116 features an expanded cargo area, armored housing for the turret gunner, and increased interior heating and air conditioning system. The M1114 and M1116 received armor at O'Gara-Hess & Eisenhardt Armoring Company of Fairfield, Ohio. The M1145 offers the protection of the M1114 and M1116 for Air Force Air Support Operations Squadrons (ASOS). Designed to protect Forward Air Controllers, modifications include perimeter ballistic protection, overhead burst protection, IED protection, mine blast protection, and 'white glass' transparent armor.[51] Prior to the introduction of the latest armored HMMWV variants, and between 1993 and June 2006, Armor Holdings
Armor Holdings
produced more than 17,500 armored HMMWVs (more than 14,000 between 2003-2007), all but about 160 of the earliest models were M1114, with smaller numbers of M1116 and M1045.[48] These extended capacity HMMWVs can drive over an 18 in (460 mm) vertical wall and carry a 6,820 lb (3,090 kg) payload.[52]

M1113 Shelter Carrier - base for special operations vehicles and communications shelter carriers[53] M1114 Up-Armored Armament Carrier M1115 TOW Carrier (no evidence of fielding) M1116 U.S. Air Force Up-Armored Armament Carrier M1121 TOW Carrier M1145 U.S. Air Force FAC M1151
M1151
Enhanced Armament Carrier (Up-Armored Capable) M1152 Enhanced Troop/Cargo/Shelter Carrier (Up-Armored Capable) M1165 Up-Armored HMMWV M1167 Up-Armored TOW Carrier[54]

An M1113 Humvee
Humvee
chassis-mounted XM1124 Hybrid-Electric diesel-series hybrid-powered HMMWV, September 2009.

Composite HMMWV – A prototype developed by TPI Composites
TPI Composites
of Rhode Island and AM General.[55] The purpose of the concept vehicle is to reduce the vehicle's weight so that it may more easily carry an up armor kit.[56] TPI's all-composite HMMWV saves approximately 900 pounds (410 kg) when compared to a current steel and aluminum HMMWV.[57][58] A prototype XM1124 Hybrid-Electric Humvee
Humvee
on an M1113 Humvee
Humvee
chassis powered by a diesel-series hybrid featuring an all-electric drive train has been developed by RDECOM/TARDEC. The vehicle has a 6 mi (9.7 km) full-electric range for silent operations.[59] It may have less emissions, save fuel in the battlefield, and can increase the survival rate in emergencies such as if one of the engines is destroyed or fails.[citation needed]

International versions[edit]

A Dongfeng (lit. "Eastwind") EQ2050
EQ2050
at the People's Revolution Military Museum of China in August 2007, during the 'Our Troops towards the Sky' exhibition.

Greek Army M1114GR HMMWV with the ability to mount a 9M133 Kornet
9M133 Kornet
on top, April 2007.

Bulgaria
Bulgaria
– Bulgarian HMMWVs have been fitted with PKS general purpose machine guns. Bulgaria
Bulgaria
usually replaces Western machine guns on its vehicles to simplify maintenance, since the country is an active producer of Russian weapons. EQ2050/SQF2040 – Chinese versions of the HMMWV. There are at least two Chinese automobile manufacturers building HMMWV copies. Both HMMWV copies rely heavily on imported U.S.-made parts, including the chassis, gear box, and diesel engine. Both manufacturers claimed that they will be able to gradually increase the percentage of indigenous-made content on the vehicles in the future, since the PLA is unlikely to accept any equipment that relies largely on foreign made parts. Egypt
Egypt
– AOI equips HMMWVs with anti-armor weaponry, including: TOW, Milan, or HOT missiles. Georgia – Georgian HMMWVs have been fitted with PK general purpose machine guns. Greece
Greece
– Greek HMMWVs, built entirely by ELVO
ELVO
in Greece, are equipped to fire the Russian 9M133 Kornet
9M133 Kornet
ATGM. They have storage room for 10 missiles. Another version, the M1115GR, is equipped with the HK GMG 40. Israel's Plasan
Plasan
has developed armored versions of the HMMWV, assembled by ELVO
ELVO
in Greece
Greece
as the M1114GR, M1115GR and M1118GR.[60] ELVO
ELVO
also produced the Ambulance
Ambulance
version, a SOF version, and an engineering version of the HMMWV for the Hellenic Army. Israel
Israel
Plasan
Plasan
has also designed and supplied an HMMWV armored protection kit for the Portuguese Army,[61] and a different version assembled by Automotive Industries
Automotive Industries
in Nazareth for the Israel
Israel
Defense Forces. Mexico
Mexico
– The Dirección General de Industria Militar (DGIM), the Mexican Army's prime wholly owned military manufacturer, builds the HMMWV under license in Mexico[62][63] after a small amount of American-built Humvees proved to be reliable within the Mexican army. Mexican HMMWVs are similar to the American built models but are slightly longer. They feature a standard selective shift automatic transmission connected to a Mercedes Benz diesel engine and an anti-spalling layer in the passenger cabin. Many are equipped with bulletproof windows and a layer of armor unique to these Mexican HMMWVs. In 2010, Mexico
Mexico
displayed a wagon variant with a second gun hatch to cover the rear of the vehicle.[62] This version also featured a more powerful V-12 engine
V-12 engine
and civilian road wheels to increase top speed capabilities in urban areas. Poland
Poland
– Polish Land Forces operate 222 HMMWVs (5 unknown variants are operated by special forces). Over 200 are used by the 18th Airborne Battalion which is a part of the 6th Air Assault Brigade. The used variants are designated as follows: Tumak-2 – M1043A2, Tumak-3 – M1025A2, Tumak-4 – M1097A2, Tumak-5 – M1045A2, Tumak-6 – M1097A2 (variant used for transport of special containers), Tumak-7 – M1035A2. All vehicles are modified to meet Polish road regulations and are equipped with Polish communication devices. 140 HMMWVs are equipped with Fonet digital internal communication device. 120 Tumak-2s and Tumak-3s have a rotatable mount which can be fitted with either the UKM-2000P 7.62 mm general purpose machine gun or the NSW-B 12.7 mm heavy machine gun. Tumak-5s are used by anti-tank subunits and are armed with a dismountable Spike missile.[64] Additionally Polish forces of ISAF operate 120 HMMWVs on loan from the U.S. forces. Switzerland
Switzerland
– Early MOWAG Eagle
MOWAG Eagle
light armored vehicles utilized the HMMWV chassis, although the latest uses a Duro III
Duro III
chassis. The Eagle is an NBC-tight, air conditioned and armor protected vehicle. It is in service and available in several configurations with varying levels of armor protection. The Eagle can be fitted with a wide assortment of armaments. Turkey
Turkey
Otokar Cobra
Otokar Cobra
– is a wheeled armoured vehicle developed by Turkish firm Otokar which uses some mechanical components, sub-systems and some parts of the HMMWV.[65][66]

Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle[edit] Textron's Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle (SCTV) is a protective capsule that can increase Humvee
Humvee
survivability to MRAP
MRAP
levels while significantly improving mobility; the modifications come in five kits, but all five need to be installed before the vehicle can be properly called an SCTV. The vehicle features a monocoque V-shaped hull and angled sides to help deflect rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs) with scalable levels of protection. It has greater engine power, replacing the 6.5 liter diesel engine with a Cummins
Cummins
6.7 liter diesel and Allison 6-speed transmission, as well as a stronger transmission and suspension, improved brakes, higher ground clearance, and new onboard instrumentation. Fuel capacity is increased from 27 gallons to 40 and the battery and fuel cells are moved from under the rear seat to the rear of the vehicle. Also included are a powerful air conditioner and heating system, run-flat tires, a thermal guard liner under the roof, sharp edges removed from inside the cabin, blast attenuating seats, and a folding gunner's turret allowing rapid deployment from a cargo aircraft or shipboard below deck. Although heavier than the Humvee, the SCTV is half the weight and costs $150,000 less than a comparably survivable MRAP. The basic version is a four-passenger armament carrier, but it can be configured as a nine-passenger troop carrier, air-defense vehicle, flatbed cargo truck, or field ambulance depending on the type of Humvee
Humvee
it is converted from.[39][67][68] Work began on the SCTV in 2008 in anticipation of U.S. military upgrades, but it was shelved once they made the JLTV a priority. Textron
Textron
then focused on selling the SCTV upgrade package to up to 25 countries operating the global fleet, a potential market of up to 10,000 vehicles. The upgrade can enhance survivability of previously soft-skinned versions, sometimes sold by the U.S. as Excess Defense Articles, while costing and weighing less than a comparable MRAP. By 2015, Colombia
Colombia
had installed the SCTV into three Humvees for testing, and Ukraine
Ukraine
had shown interest in upgrading their old-model Humvees recently supplied by the U.S.[67][68][69] Ukraine
Ukraine
ordered three SCTVs in February 2016.[70] Operators[edit] See also: Humvee
Humvee
manufacturing in China § Operators

HMMWV operator map: dark blue shows original HMMWV operators, light blue shows copied PRC HMMWV operators

U.S. Marine Corps HMMWVs in the Philippines
Philippines
deliver food packs after Typhoon Ketsana, 2009.

A HMMWV firing an AGM-114 Hellfire
AGM-114 Hellfire
missile.

U.S. Marines pushing an M1114 HMMWV during a ' Humvee
Humvee
Push' competition, in 2016.

A Spanish Navy Marines M-966 equipped with BGM-71 TOW
BGM-71 TOW
anti-tank missile.

The Mars Institute's Moon-1 HMMWV Rover waits for C-130 airlift at Cambridge Bay, Canada
Canada
in 2009.

  Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
has ordered 3,334 more in 2010 and 2011 for its National Police, National Guard and other military.[71] 950 M1114 vehicles delivered to the army by November 2012.[72]   Albania
Albania
– 248 on order, gifted by US[73][74]  Argentina[75]   Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
– 100+ HMMWV use by Azerbaijani army and peacekeeping force[76]   Bahrain
Bahrain
– Vehicles sold under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]  Bolivia[75]   Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
– 25 in 2010[77] and 44 donated by the U.S. in 2017.[78]   Bulgaria
Bulgaria
– 52 vehicles, 50 are the up-armored M1114 variant, and two are ambulances.[79]   Canada
Canada
– small numbers (M1113 and M1117) in use by Joint Task Force 2 (JTF-2) and Special
Special
Operations Regiment (CSOR).[80] Used in Afghanistan.[81]   Chad
Chad
– Vehicles sold under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]  Colombia[75]   Czech Republic
Czech Republic
– Mainly 601st Special
Special
Forces Group.[82]   Denmark
Denmark
– 30[83]   Djibouti
Djibouti
– Vehicles sold under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]  Ecuador[75]  Egypt[75]   Ethiopia
Ethiopia
– Vehicles sold under the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]  Georgia[84][85]   Honduras
Honduras
– Vehicles procured via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Iraq
Iraq
– During the Iraq
Iraq
War, stockpiled U.S. military HMMWVs were given to the Iraqi Army, Iraqi Security Forces. The Iraqi Military has more than 10,000+ Humvees.[86] Some of these have been captured by the Islamic State in Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant in the 2014 uprising.[87][88][89][90]  Israel[91] Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant – 2,300[92] Kataib Hezbollah[93]  Kazakhstan[94]   Kenya
Kenya
– Several vehicles in use by security forces.[95]   Kuwait
Kuwait
– Vehicles sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Lebanon
Lebanon
– 1,300+ vehicles[96] Libya
Libya
– 200 donated by the U.S. Army in July 2013.[97]  Macedonia - 10 to 90, modified at Eurokompozit, armed with PK[citation needed]   Moldova
Moldova
– 90 vehicles[98]   Mexico
Mexico
– Vehicles sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75] 3,000 vehicles in service.[99]  Montenegro[100][content verification needed] New Zealand
New Zealand
– Borrowed U.S. vehicles in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
were modified by Special
Special
Air Service replaced by Pinzgauer. The Army used a small number of U.S. either free/leased vehicles in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
until 2013.[101] Oman
Oman
– Vehicles sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Peru
Peru
– 34 vehicles (12 M-1151A1 deployed in Haiti as part of the UN peacekeeping contingent, 22 M-1165A1 Special
Special
Ops operated by the 19th Commando Battalion). Possible upcoming purchase of 100 additional vehicles.[102]  Philippines[75]  Poland   Romania
Romania
M1113: 100, M1114: 22[citation needed]   Russia
Russia
Many M1113 and M1151/52 obtained in Poti Senaki Gori etc. during 2008 war, undisclosed amount used previous in Caucasus Wars, tested Kornet and other systems (KBP).   Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
– Vehicles were sold to Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
by the U.S. under the Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Senegal
Senegal
– 23 vehicles donated by the U.S. seen in action as recently as 2017.[103][104]   Spain
Spain
- 123 vehicles, used only by the Infantería de Marina[105] and the Guardia Civil. The Spanish Army, the Spanish Air Force and the Spanish National Police
Spanish National Police
they use the URO VAMTAC, a similar vehicle, produced in Spain.   Serbia
Serbia
– 40 vehicles, 17 unarmored and 4 armored vehicles, donated to the Serbian Armed Forces by the US government in 2013, 19 more donated in 2017.[106][107]   Sudan
Sudan
– Vehicles sold by the U.S. under the Foreign Military Sales program.[75] Syria
Syria
– Captured from ISIS[citation needed]   Taiwan
Taiwan
– Vehicles sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75] 7,000+ vehicles[108]   Tanzania
Tanzania
– Vehicles sold by the U.S. under the Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
– 6+ Dongfeng EQ2050[109]   Tunisia
Tunisia
– 52 vehicles donated by the U.S. in May 2015 and some sold via the U.S. Foreign Military Sales program.[75]   Ukraine
Ukraine
– ~110 vehicles (since 2001) at the 95th Airmobile Brigade,[110] 10 vehicles were donated to the Polish–Ukrainian Peace Force Battalion (POLUKRBAT). Reports say that after the Battle of Debaltseve insurgents were seen driving around in 'Humvee-like' vehicle.[111][112]   United States
United States
- 230,000 [3]  Uganda[75]  Thailand: Royal Thai Army[citation needed]  Lithuania 200 vehicles[citation needed]

Civilian sales[edit] In December 2014, the Department of Defense began auctioning off some 4,000 used Humvees to the public. While some have been transferred to domestic law enforcement agencies, this is the first time the military vehicles have been made available for civilian ownership. The idea is to sell them with starting bids at $10,000 each, for off-road use only, rather than simply scrapping them as a way to save money and repurpose them. M998, M998A1, M1038, and M1038A1 model Humvees are available, which are out of U.S. service and lack armor. AM General has been opposed to resale of military Humvees to the general public, primarily because surplus government vehicles would have cut into sales related to the civilian Hummer
Hummer
model, whose production ended in 2010.[113] The first sales from auction occurred on 17 December 2014 for 25 of the Humvees. Bids ranged from $21,500 for a 1989 M1038 to $41,000 for a 1994 AM General
AM General
M998A1. The average bid was around $30,000 and the sale of the 25 vehicles netted $744,000 total.[114] Replicas[edit] Kits have been produced for the general market to turn a sedan into a Humvee
Humvee
lookalike. An alternative is to buy a preconstructed (or "turnkey") wombat. Various kits exist, but one of the more well known is the Volkswagen Beetle-based "Wombat". This was previously named "HummBug", until the threat of a lawsuit from General Motors forced changes to the name and the grill design to make it look less like the real thing.[115][116] It can be purchased/built for about US$18,000; this puts it considerably cheaper than the actual HMMWV ($56,000), or Hummer. In Australia, a Gold Coast-based company called Rhino Buggies produces replicas of the Hummer
Hummer
H1 based on the Nissan Patrol
Nissan Patrol
4WD vehicle for around A$30,000.[117] In the U.S., there are four companies that offered Hummer-look-alike rebody kits that can be mated to GM fullsize trucks and Suburban chassis and, in some cases, Ford, Dodge, and even Cadillac applications. Some models are; Urban Gorilla from Urban Manufacturing, Endeavor SB400 and SB4x400 from Forever Off-Road, the Jurassic Truck Corporation T-Rex, and the Bummer from Tatonka Products An additional company offers plans so for chassis building. The kits range from two-door fiberglass models to steel tube and sheet metal constructions.[118] Similar vehicles[edit]

Hummer
Hummer
H1, H2, and H3. The H1 is a civilian derivative of the HMMWV, while the H2 and H3 are based on regular GM truck chassis and styled after it. Humvee
Humvee
C-Series – Civilian version developed and made by AM General. It is planned for release worldwide in 2015 Agrale Marruá
Agrale Marruá
– Brazil AMZ Tur
AMZ Tur
Polish military vehicle. In middle future AMZ Turs can replace all of Polish Tumaks. Dongfeng EQ2050
Dongfeng EQ2050
- Chinese military vehicle Dozor-B
Dozor-B
– Ukrainian military vehicle GAZ Tigr
GAZ Tigr
– Russian military vehicle, currently in service. Hawkei
Hawkei
- Australian military vehicle Iveco LMV
Iveco LMV
– Italian military vehicle KM1 Kia Light Tactical Vehicle – South Korea military vehicle, KM1 will be in service with the Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Army
with production in 2016. Kohkidohsha ("high-mobility car") the military version of the Toyota Mega Cruiser. The Kohkidohsha is in service with the Japan Self Defense Forces. Komatsu LAV
Komatsu LAV
- Japanese military vehicle BJ2022
BJ2022
– Chinese military vehicle, currently in service. LSV (Light Specialist Vehicle) is a new vehicle built by Tata Motors and is undergoing trials for the Indian Army. Mahindra Axe
Mahindra Axe
is a vehicle planned to be manufactured by Mahindra in India.[119] Marine Multi-Purpose Vehicle (MMPV) – Philippines MOWAG Eagle
MOWAG Eagle
– Swiss military vehicle Oshkosh L-ATV
Oshkosh L-ATV
– U.S. military vehicle Pindad Komodo
Pindad Komodo
– Indonesian military vehicle Renault Sherpa French military vehicle Tiuna
Tiuna
– Venezuelan military vehicle T-98 Kombat
T-98 Kombat
– Russian civilian SUV VLEGA Gaucho
VLEGA Gaucho
– Argentinian-Brazilian military vehicle URO VAMTAC
URO VAMTAC
(Vehículo de Alta Movilidad Táctico) Spanish four-wheeled military vehicle manufactured by UROVESA. SPECTRE light vehicle
SPECTRE light vehicle
– U.S. light air-portable utility/special forces-type vehicle that was at one time promoted as a possible HMMWV replacement.

See also[edit]

List of "M" series military vehicles. Dongfeng Motor
Dongfeng Motor
Corporation EQ2050, a Chinese derivative. Iveco LMV
Iveco LMV
– an Italian four-wheel drive military vehicle, similar to the Humvee
Humvee
in appearance and design. Lamborghini
Lamborghini
Cheetah, an Italian prototype contender for the original HMMWV contract. Otokar Cobra, a light armoured vehicle utilizing HMMWV parts. Sandstorm, a HMMWV modified into an autonomous vehicle. URO VAMTAC
URO VAMTAC
– a Spanish four-wheel drive military vehicle, similar to the Humvee
Humvee
in appearance and design. Toyota Mega Cruiser
Toyota Mega Cruiser
– a Japanese four-wheel drive military vehicle, similar to the Humvee
Humvee
in appearance and design.

Notes[edit]

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Humvee
Upgrade Seen as Inevitable Archived 3 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine. – Nationaldefensemagazine.org, February 2013 ^ Marines Shelve Humvee
Humvee
Upgrades Due to Budget Cuts - DoDBuzz.com, 20 March 2015 ^ Oshkosh Defense Answers USMCs' Light Vehicle Needs – ASDnews.com, 2013-09-24 ^ Northrop Grumman
Northrop Grumman
Pitching New Humvee
Humvee
Chassis to Army[permanent dead link] - Nationaldefensemagazine.org, 2014-10-07 ^ Richard Sisk Northrop Offers Back-to-the-Future Upgrade to Humvee Fleet - Military.com, 2014-10-14 ^ Textron
Textron
offers armoured HMMWV solution – Shephardmedia.com, 2014-10-15 ^ a b Textron
Textron
Land Systems presented Survivable Combat Tactical Vehicle System at AUSA 2014 – Armyrecognition.com, 21 October 2014 ^ Oshkosh Awaits Protests After JLTV Win – Defensenews.com, 29 August 2015 ^ AM General
AM General
Secures Six-Year, $428.3 Million Contract To Provide The Army With M997A3 HMMWV Configured Ambulances – PRNewswiew.com, 8 September 2015 ^ Pentagon Selects 1st Army, Marine Units to Receive JLTV - Military.com, 14 June 2017 ^ "2006 Hummer
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H1 Duramax Diesel Engine – Diesel Power Magazine". Truck Trend. 20 October 2006. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "2004 Hummer
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LLC – Mobility solutions for the 21st Century. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "M1114 Enhanced Capability HMMWV". Tech.military.com. Retrieved 2012-05-06.  ^ The HMMWV Built For Hard Time – Strategypage.com, 30 May 2014 ^ a b c d " AM General
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Unveil Army's First All-Composite Military Vehicle". Tmcnet.com. Retrieved 2010-11-27. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ " TPI Composites
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May Buy US Armor for Its Humvees – Defenseone.com, 13 October 2015 ^ Textron
Textron
Shops Protective Humvee
Humvee
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Textron
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HMMWV Humvee
Humvee
M1151B1 exhibits in SITDEF 2013 – Infodefensa.com, 19 May 2013 ^ Partner, p. 21. 2008. ^ Burr, Llyod (29 August 2012). "NZ troops 'beg for, borrow or steal' decent gear". Newshub. Retrieved 13 August 2016.  ^ "Broken link". Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2011.  ^ Morgan, Scott. "The U.S. Gives 23 Humvee
Humvee
to the Senegalese Armed Forces". Embassy of the United States
United States
in Dakar, Senegal. Dakar. Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2017.  ^ Bisaccio, Derek (19 January 2017). "Senegalese PTL-02s in this convoy? via @DOlusegun". Twitter. Retrieved 29 January 2017.  ^ Javier Sánchez. "Vehículo ligero multipropósito HUMMER" (in Spanish). Revistanaval.com. Retrieved 10 March 2010.  ^ "Beta News". Beta.rs. 28 May 2013. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013.  ^ "US Donation for the Serbian Armed Forces" (Press release). Ministry of defence Republic of Serbia. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 7 June 2017.  ^ "Military to replace its Humvee
Humvee
fleet - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2017-12-28.  ^ "China Delivers 20 MengShi 4×4 army light utility vehicle to Trinidad and Tobago". Army Recognition. 25 June 2015. Archived from the original on 27 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.  ^ In columns of Ukrainian Airmobile Forces who are deploying around Crimea they were noted to be in American Humvees. Military panorama. 12 March 2014 ^ YouTube. Retrieved 13 May 2016.  ^ "Debaltseve Under Rebel Control". 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2015-02-26.  ^ Surplus Humvee
Humvee
auctions to public a first for DoD – Armytimes.com, 12 December 2014 ^ Humvees Sell for up to $42K in First Public Auction of Military Truck – Defensetech.org, 17 December 2014 ^ speedsterforsale (2009-06-28). "VW "Hummbug" For Sale". Vwforsale.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2012-05-06.  ^ "The Wombat-a hummdinger of a sport utility vehicle!". Kitcar.com. 6 January 1990. Archived from the original on 18 June 2012. Retrieved 6 May 2012.  ^ Rhino Buggies web site http://www.rhinobuggies.com.au/ ^ http://www.fourwheeler.com/how-to/body-chassis/131-9809-hummer-look-alike-rebody-kits/ ^ אמיר בוחבוט (22 March 2007). "חדשותה"חיה הרעה" של היחידות המיוחדות". Nrg.co.il. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Humvees.

Army fact file AM General
AM General
HMMWV page HMMWV variants, specs, and pictures

v t e

AM General

Subsidiaries

American Motors Corporation Vehicle Production Group

Products

Hummer Humvee Jeep DJ M1151 M35 2½ ton cargo truck M939 Truck

Related

Humvee
Humvee
replacement process MacAndrews & Forbes Holdings Renco Group

v t e

Equipment of the United States
United States
Air Force

Active service & Aircraft designation

A - Attack

A/OA-10A/C Thunderbolt II AC-130H/U/J/W Spectre/Spooky II/Ghostrider/Stinger II

B - Strategic bomber

B-1B Lancer B-2A Spirit B-52H Stratofortress

C - Cargo transport

C-5A/B/C Galaxy C-5M Super Galaxy C-12C/D/F Huron C-17A Globemaster III C-20B Gulfstream III C-20H Gulfstream IV C-21A Learjet C-27J Spartan C-37A Gulfstream V C-40B/C Clipper C-130E/H/J/J-30 Hercules CV-22B Osprey

E - Electronic warfare

E-3B/C Sentry E-4B E-8C Joint STARS E-9A Widget E-11A BACN EC-130H Compass Call EC-130J Commando Solo

F - Air superiority & Multirole fighter

F-15C/D Eagle F-15E Strike Eagle F-16C/D Fighting Falcon F-22A Raptor F-35A Lightning II

H - Search and rescue

HC-130P/N King HC-130J Combat King II HH-60G/MH-60G Pave Hawk

K - Tanker

KC-10A Extender KC-135E/R/T Stratotanker

L - Cold weather

LC-130H

M - Multi-mission

CV-22 Osprey MC-130E/H/J/P Combat Talon I/Combat Talon II/Commando II/Combat Shadow MC-12W Liberty

O - Observation

OC-135B Open Skies

Q - Remotely Piloted

MQ-1 Predator MQ-9 Reaper RQ-4A Global Hawk RQ-11B Raven RQ-170 Sentinel

R - Reconnaissance

RC-26B Condor RC-135S/U/V/W COBRA BALL/Combat Sent/Rivet Joint Scan Eagle RU-2S Dragon Lady Wasp III

T - Trainer

T-1A Jayhawk T-6A Texan II (A)T-38A/B/C Talon II TG-10B/C/D TG-15A/B Diamond T-52A

U - Utility

UH-1N Iroquois UH-1H/N/V Huey UV-18A/B Twin Otter U-28A

V – VIP/staff transport

VC-9C VC-25A (Air Force One) C-32A/B (Air Force Two) C-40B/C Clipper

W – Weather reconnaissance

WC-130J Hercules WC-135W Constant Phoenix

Other/undesignated

An-26 (6th SOS) CN-235-100 (427th SOS) Mi-8 (6th SOS)

Space systems

Launch vehicle

Atlas V Delta II Delta IV

Satellite

Advanced Extremely High Frequency
Advanced Extremely High Frequency
(AEHF) Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
(DMSP) Defense Satellite Communications System
Defense Satellite Communications System
(DSCS) Defense Support Program
Defense Support Program
(DSP) Global Positioning System
Global Positioning System
(GPS) Milstar
Milstar
Satellite Communications System Space-Based Infrared System
Space-Based Infrared System
(SBIRS) Wideband Global SATCOM

Ground systems

C2

AN/USQ-163 Falconer AN/GSQ-272 Sentinel

Ground-based radar

AN/FPQ-16 Perimeter Acquisition Attack Characterization System (PARCS) AN/FPS-123 Early Warning Radar (EWR) AN/FPS-132 Upgraded Early Warning Radar (UEWR) AN/FPS-85 AN/FPS-133 Air Force Space Surveillance System
Air Force Space Surveillance System
(AFSSS) AN/FSQ-114 Ground-Based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) AN/FSQ-224 Morón Optical Space Surveillance (MOSS) Rapid Attack, Identification, Detection, and Reporting System (RAIDRS)

Ground vehicle

HMMWV LSSV R-5 Refueler R-9 Refueler R-11 Refueler C300

Munitions

Bomb

Mk-82 Mk-84 GBU-8 GBU-10 Paveway II GBU-12 Paveway II GBU-15 GBU-24 Paveway III GBU-27 Paveway III GBU-28 GBU-31 JDAM GBU-32 JDAM GBU-38 JDAM GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb GBU-44/B Viper Strike GBU-53/B Small Diameter Bomb
Small Diameter Bomb
II GBU-54 Laser JDAM CBU-87 Combined Effects Munition CBU-89 Gator CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon BLU-109/B Bomb BLU-116 Bunker Buster B61 Nuclear Bomb B83 Nuclear Bomb

Gun

GAU-8 Avenger M61 Vulcan GAU-12 GAU-13 GAU-19 M240 L/60 Bofors M102 ATK GAU-23/A M2 Browning Minigun

Missile

AIM-7M Sparrow AIM-9M/X Sidewinder LGM-30G Minuteman III AGM-65A/B/D/E/G/G2/H/K Maverick AGM-84 Harpoon AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile AGM-84H/K Standoff Land Attack Missile - Expanded Response AGM-86B/C/D Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) AGM-88A/B/C High-speed Anti-radiation Missile (HARM) AGM-114 Hellfire
AGM-114 Hellfire
Air-to-Surface Missile (ASM) AIM-120B/C Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) AGM-130
AGM-130
Powered Standoff Weapon AGM-154A Joint Standoff Weapon (JSOW) AGM-158 Joint Air-to-Surface Stand-off Missile (JASSM) AGM-176 Griffin Zuni rocket

Target

BQM-34 Firebee BQM-167 Subscale Aerial Target MQM-107 Streaker QF-4 Aerial Target

Small arms

Sidearm/PDW

M11 Pistol M9 Pistol M17 Pistol MP5 submachine gun USAF Pilot's Survival Knife

Rifle/Carbine

GUU-5/P Carbine M4 carbine M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) M16A2 Rifle M24 Sniper
Sniper
Weapon System M107 Long Range Sniper
Sniper
Rifle Mk 14 Mod 0 Enhanced Battle Rifle

Support/CQB

M60 machine gun M2HB Browning machine gun M240B Medium Machine Gun M249 light machine gun M1014 shotgun Remington 870 MCS shotgun

Ordnance

M136 AT4
AT4
Light Anti-tank Weapon M18A1 Claymore Mine M67 Fragmentation Grenade M72 Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW) M79 grenade launcher MK-19 automatic grenade launcher

Uniforms & other equipment

Airman Battle Uniform
Airman Battle Uniform
(ABU) Airman Combat Uniform (ACU) Flight Suit Physical Training Uniform Service Dress Uniform Mess dress CMU –

.