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Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
(Vietnamese: [hâːm ŋi], Arabic: هام نغي‎; born Nguyễn Phúc Minh, a.k.a. Nguyễn Phúc Ưng Lịch, 3 August 1872 - 4 January 1943), was the eighth Emperor of the Vietnamese Nguyễn Dynasty. He reigned for only one year (1884–85).[1]

Contents

1 Biography 2 Exile

2.1 Marriage

3 Death 4 Images 5 See also 6 References

6.1 Bibliography

7 External links

Biography[edit] On 4 July 1885, a nationwide insurrection against the French broke out under the leadership of the two regents Nguyễn Văn Tường
Nguyễn Văn Tường
and Tôn Thất Thuyết. The French stormed the palace and Tôn Thất Thuyết took Emperor Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
and three empresses into hiding. Hàm Nghi went to the hills and jungles around Laos
Laos
along with Tôn Thất Thuyết's force. While they waged guerrilla warfare against the French occupation forces, the French replaced Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
with his brother, Đồng Khánh, who was enthroned as the Son of Heaven. In October 1888, after a series of setbacks, Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
was hiding in an isolated house near the spring of the Nai river, with Tôn Thất Thiệp, the second son of Tôn Thất Thuyết, and only a few attendants.[2] There, he was betrayed by the head of his Muong guards, Trương Quang Ngọc, and captured on 1 November, while Thiệp was killed. He was then turned over to French officers on 2 November.[3]

Cần Vương movement
Cần Vương movement
declaration .

Exile[edit] On 12 December 1888, he was exiled to Algeria. There he married a French Algerian woman named Marcelle Laloë on 4 November 1904. They had three children, Prince Minh-Duc, Princess Nhu May and Princess Nhu Lý. Marriage[edit]

Wedding of Emperor Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
in Algeria

Wedding of Emperor Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
in Algeria

Death[edit] He died in 1943 and was buried in Thonac
Thonac
cemetery, near Sarlat, Dordogne, France. In 2002, Vietnam
Vietnam
sent a delegation to France
France
to seek permission from Princess Nhu Lý (Countess De La Besse, died 2005, in her 97th year) to move her father's remains to the former Imperial capital of Huế. Her family has presently refused.[4] Most cities in Vietnam, regardless of the political orientation of the government, have named major streets after him.[5] Images[edit]

Emperor Hàm Nghi

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Emperor Hàm Nghi.

Algeria– Vietnam
Vietnam
relations Giao Hoang, who was Prime Minister at the time that the French took over Tống Duy Tân, who attempted to install Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
as the leader of an independent Vietnam.

References[edit]

^ Bruce M. Lockhart, William J. Duiker Historical Dictionary of Vietnam
Vietnam
2006 Page 150 " Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
(1872-1943). Emperor (r. 1884—1885) of the Nguyén dynasty after establishment of the French protectorate in 1884. Brother of Emperor Kiến Phúc, ... ^ Spencer Tucker - Vietnam
Vietnam
- 1999 Page 36 "In july 1885 Vietnamese nationalists acting in the name of Emperor Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
led a brief rebellion, launching a major attack on the French at the fort of Mang Cá near the capital. This failed, whereupon Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
fled to Quang Tri Province and ..." ^ Baille, 1890; Devillers, 1998, pp. 398–469; Gosselin, 1900, pp. 150–56; Gosselin, 1904. ^ Nguyên Cao Duc, Georges. Un empereur aimé: Hàm Nghi
Hàm Nghi
2007, p.5 ^ Vietnam
Vietnam
Country Map. Periplus Travel Maps. March 2002. ISBN 0-7946-0070-0. 

Bibliography[edit]

Baille. "Souvenirs d’Annam 1886–1890" E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie, Paris (1890, viii + 266 pp.) Devillers, Philippe. "Français et Annamites. Partenaires ou ennemis? 1856–1902", Denoël, 1998, 517 pp.; ISBN 2-207-24248-X (2-207-24248-X) Gosselin, Charles. "Le Laos
Laos
et le Protectorat Français". Librairie académique Didier, Perrin & Cie, Paris (1900, 349 pp.) Available here or here Gosselin, Charles. "L’empire d’Annam". Préface de Pierre Baudin, Perrin. Cie: Paris (1904, xxvi + 560 pp.) Bergoend, Isabelle. "Le Dagobert optique". Editions Thierry Marchaisse (2015, 240 pp.)

External links[edit]

The Nguyen Phuoc Dynasty
Dynasty
Genealogy, page 8, http://4dw.net/royalark

Preceded by Emperor Kiến Phúc Nguyễn Dynasty Succeeded by Emperor Đồng Khánh

v t e

Emperors of the Nguyễn dynasty

Gia Long Minh Mạng Thiệu Trị Tự Đức Dục Đức Hiệp Hòa Kiến Phúc Hàm Nghi Đồng Khánh Thành Thái Duy Tân Khải Định Bảo Đại

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 583412

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