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Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
(Chinese: 河僊,河仙) is a district-level town pf Kiên Giang Province, Mekong Delta
Mekong Delta
in Vietnam. Area: 8,851.5 ha, population (2002): 39,957. The town borders Cambodia
Cambodia
to the west. Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
is a popular tourist site of the region thanks to its beautiful beaches and landscapes.

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Transportation 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

Mạc Cửu
Mạc Cửu
mausoleum

A settlement and a port seem to have existed at the site of the present town of Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
from a very early period. Ptolemy's Geography identified a town there[citation needed] as Akadra and that it was the port for the Cambodian district of Pithonobaste - Banteay Meas, all this being part of the Kingdom of Funan. The local capital of this district, also called Banteay Meas, was not on the coast, but located about a day's journey up the Giang-thành river. The name Banteay Meas, (Khmer: បន្ទាយមាស, Thai: บันทายมาศ; lit: "golden ramparts"), referred to the bamboo fortifications once used about the town. The town of Hà Tiên was originally known under the Khmer, name of Piem or Peam (Khmer: ព឵ម, Thai: เปียม, Chinese: 港口; also Pie, Pam, Bam), the Khmer for "port", "harbour" or "river mouth", while the Vietnamese called it Mang-Kham, from the Vietnamese term for the Khmers, "mang". It was through this port that Buddhism
Buddhism
is said to have reached Cambodia, brought there by chance when a ship carrying Buddhaghosa
Buddhaghosa
was blown there by a storm in 415 AD.[1] Many works incorrectly referred to Hà-Tiên as “Panthaimas", the early name of the district in which it was located. It was variously spelled as Panday-mas (Khmer), Ponteamass (English), Phutthaimat (Thai: พุทไธมาศ) or Banthaimat (Thai: บันทายมาศ), Ponthiamas or Pontheaymas (French), Pontiano (Robert’s Map, 1751), Panthai-mas, Bantaimas, Pontiamas, Pontaimas, Bantay-mas, Banteay M’eas, Pontiamas, Pontiamasse, Po-taimat, and infinite other variations.[2] Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
was established by a small group of Chinese people, mostly men who supported the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
and were opposed to the Qing Dynasty, led by Mo Jiu (Mạc Cửu). When they arrived in Đàng Trong (as southern Vietnam
Vietnam
was called while under the rule of the Nguyễn lords), the Nguyễn lords
Nguyễn lords
ordered the king of Cambodia
Cambodia
(then a vassal state of Đàng Trong) to grant land to these Chinese people. These people built markets in this place and turned it into a busy business town. Vietnamese people gradually arrived there. This town later was merged into Vietnamese territory when Mo Jiu delivered its sovereignty to the Nguyễn Lords. Mo Jiu was then conferred the position of ruler of this town. It was at this time that the name Hà Tiên (河仙 - "River Spirit"), referring to the guardian deity of the Giang-thành river, was conferred on the town by the Emperor Minh Vương.[3] Economy[edit] Ha Tien is the site of a large cement plant. (The cement plant is actually in Kien Luong,which is 22km south of Ha Tien)Its history goes back to the Republic of Vietnam
Vietnam
(South Vietnam), where it was one of the largest industrial projects when construction was started in April 1961.[4] Transportation[edit]

Vietnamese border gate next to Hà Tiên

Buses connect Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
to the provincial capital Rạch Giá
Rạch Giá
and many other towns in the Mekong Delta-including Châu Đốc,Can Tho,Ca Mau,Vung Tau and Saigon. A border crossing between Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
and Kampot in Cambodia
Cambodia
was opened in 2007. The border is 7 km west of Hà Tiên.Opening hours here are 07.00 to 18.00 Daily fast ferries are available to Phú Quốc
Phú Quốc
island.In the low (wet) season they normally operate twice a day-at approximately 08.00-08.30 and then 13.00-13.30 (Times vary a bit according to tides/weather etc)In the high season they run more frequently,with up to 3 fast boats(Superdong) each making up to 3 crossings every day.The trip takes about 80-90 minutesThere are also now(Sept 2016)4 car ferries operating from Ha Tien to the N/E corner of the island at Bai Thom.These run on demand,not to a fixed schedule,and can start as early as 05.00 and run until 21.00.This takes about 2.5 hours Coordinates: 10°23′N 104°29′E / 10.383°N 104.483°E / 10.383; 104.483

See also[edit]

Cancao

References[edit]

^ G. E. Gerini, “Notes on the Early Geography of Indo-China”, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 1897, p. 557; review of G. E. Gerini, Researches in Ptolemy's Geography of Eastern Asia (Further India and Indo-Malay Archipelago) (London, Royal Asiatic Society, 1909), in The Geographical Journal, vol. 37, no.1, January 1911, p. 82; Nicholas Sellers, The Princes of Hà-Tiên (1682-1867): the Last of the Philosopher-Princes and the Prelude to the French Conquest of Indochina: a Study of the Independent Rule of the Mac Dynasty in the Principality of Hà-Tiên, and the Establishment of the Empire of Vietnam, Brussels, Thanh-long, 1983, p. 9. ^ Nicholas Sellers, The Princes of Hà-Tiên (1682-1867): the Last of the Philosopher-Princes and the Prelude to the French Conquest of Indochina: a Study of the Independent Rule of the Mac Dynasty in the Principality of Hà-Tiên, and the Establishment of the Empire of Vietnam, Brussels, Thanh-long, 1983, p. 164. ^ Nicholas Sellers, The Princes of Hà-Tiên (1682-1867): the Last of the Philosopher-Princes and the Prelude to the French Conquest of Indochina: a Study of the Independent Rule of the Mac Dynasty in the Principality of Hà-Tiên, and the Establishment of the Empire of Vietnam, Brussels, Thanh-long, 1983, p. 24. ^ Đặng Phong
Đặng Phong
(2004), Kinh tế Miền Nam Việt nam thời kỳ 1955 - 1975, Nhà xuất bản Khoa học xã hội, Hanoi, page 286

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ha Tien.

Hà Tiên
Hà Tiên
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Districts of the Mekong Delta
Mekong Delta
Region (Đồng bằng Sông Cửu Long)

Cần Thơ

Bình Thủy Cái Răng Ninh Kiều Ô Môn Phong Điền Cờ Đỏ Vĩnh Thạnh Thốt Nốt Thới Lai

An Giang Province

Long Xuyên An Phú Châu Đốc Châu Phú Châu Thành Chợ Mới Phú Tân Tân Châu Thoại Sơn Tịnh Biên Tri Tôn

Bạc Liêu
Bạc Liêu
Province

Bạc Liêu Đông Hải Giá Rai Hòa Bình Hồng Dân Phước Long Vĩnh Lợi

Bến Tre
Bến Tre
Province

Bến Tre Ba Tri Bình Đại Châu Thành Chợ Lách Giồng Trôm Mỏ Cày Bắc Mỏ Cày Nam Thạnh Phú

Cà Mau
Cà Mau
Province

Cà Mau Cái Nước Đầm Dơi Năm Căn Ngọc Hiển Phú Tân Thới Bình Trần Văn Thời U Minh

Đồng Tháp Province

Cao Lãnh Sa Đéc Châu Thành Hồng Ngự
Hồng Ngự
Town Hồng Ngự
Hồng Ngự
District Lấp Vò Tân Hồng Tam Nông Thanh Bình Tháp Mười

Hậu Giang Province

Vị Thanh Châu Thành Châu Thành A Ngã Bảy Long Mỹ Phụng Hiệp Vị Thủy

Kiên Giang Province

Rạch Giá An Biên Châu Thành Giồng Riềng Gò Quao Giang Thành Hòn Đất Kiên Hải Kiên Lương Tân Hiệp Vĩnh Thuận U Minh Thượng Phú Quốc

Long An Province

Tân An Bến Lức Cần Đước Cần Giuộc Châu Thành Đức Hòa Đức Huệ Kiến Tường Mộc Hóa Tân Hưng Tân Thạnh Tân Trụ Thạnh Hóa Thủ Thừa Vĩnh Hưng

Sóc Trăng
Sóc Trăng
Province

Sóc Trăng Châu Thành Kế Sách Long Phú Cù Lao Dung Mỹ Tú Mỹ Xuyên Thạnh Trị Vĩnh Châu Ngã Năm

Tiền Giang Province

Mỹ Tho Châu Thành Cai Lậy Cái Bè Gò Công Chợ Gạo Gò Công
Gò Công
Đông Gò Công
Gò Công
Tây Tân Phước Tân Phú Đông

Trà Vinh
Trà Vinh
Province

Trà Vinh Càng Long Châu Thành Cầu Kè Tiểu Cần Cầu Ngang Trà Cú Duyên Hải

Vĩnh Long
Vĩnh Long
Province

Vĩnh Long Bình Minh Bình Tân Long Hồ Mang Thít Tam Bình Tr

.