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SOUTH GYEONGSANG PROVINCE (Korean : 경상남도, translit. Gyeongsangnam-do, Korean pronunciation: ) is a province in the southeast of South Korea
South Korea
. The provincial capital is at Changwon . It is adjacent to the major metropolitan center and port of Busan
Busan
. There is UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
Haeinsa
Haeinsa
, a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana
Tripitaka Koreana
and attracts many tourists. Automobile and petrochemical factories are largely concentrated along the southern part of the province, extending from Ulsan
Ulsan
through Busan, Changwon , and Jinju
Jinju
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography * 4 Resources * 5 Major cities * 6 Attractions * 7 Administrative divisions * 8 Religion * 9 Sister districts * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The name derives from Korean Gyeongsang, meaning 'joyous furthermore'; from gyeong (Korean)경, (Hanja) 慶 , meaning 'happy', and sang (Korean) 상, (Hanja) 尚 , meaning 'still more'). The name derives from the names of the principal cities of Gyeongju
Gyeongju
(경주; 慶州) and Sangju (상주; 尙州).

HISTORY

Before 1895, the area corresponding to modern-day Gyeongsangnam-do was part of Gyeongsang Province, one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty . In 1895, southern Gyeongsang was replaced by the districts of Jinju
Jinju
in the west and Dongnae (modern-day Busan
Busan
) in the east. In 1896, they were merged to form Gyeongsangnam-do.

The provincial capital was originally at Jinju; it moved in 1925 to Busan. In 1948, Gyeongsangnam-do became part of South Korea
South Korea
. In 1963, Busan
Busan
separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City (Jikhalsi). In 1983, the provincial capital moved from Busan
Busan
to Changwon.

In 1995, Busan
Busan
became a Metropolitan City (Gwangyeoksi), and Ulsan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Metropolitan City in 1997.

GEOGRAPHY

The province is part of the Yeongnam region , on the north by Gyeongsangbuk-do
Gyeongsangbuk-do
province, on the west Jeollabuk-do
Jeollabuk-do
and Jeollanam-do provinces, and on the south by the Korea
Korea
Strait . Most of the province is drained by the Nakdong River
Nakdong River
and its tributaries. The total area of the province is 10,533 square kilometres (4,067 sq mi).

RESOURCES

The Nakdong delta plain around Gimhae is one of the best granaries in South Korea. Agricultural products form Gyeongsangnam-do include rice , beans , potatoes , and barley . The area is renowned for its cotton , sesame , and fruits which are grown along the southern seaside. A number of marine products are caught. The province is one of the country's leading fisheries.

MAJOR CITIES

The largest cities in the region are Busan
Busan
and Ulsan
Ulsan
, which are separately administered as provincial-level Metropolitan Cities . Apart from the capital Changwon , other large or notable cities include Gimhae and Jinju
Jinju
.

ATTRACTIONS

Yeongnamru in Miryang, province Gyeongsangnam-do. A pavilion from the Joseon Dynasty

Gyeongsangnam-do is the home of Haeinsa
Haeinsa
, a Buddhist temple that houses the Tripitaka Koreana
Tripitaka Koreana
and attracts many tourists. It is in the national park around Jirisan (1,915 m) on the border with Jeollabuk-do. The temple was first built in 802.

Changnyeong
Changnyeong
county contains three major tourist attractions for the province: Upo wetland
Upo wetland
, Bugok natural hotsprings, and Hwawang mountain.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Gimhae Tongyeong
Tongyeong
Yangsan
Yangsan

Gyeongsangnam-do is divided into 8 cities (si) and 10 counties (gun). The names below are given in English, hangul , and hanja .

MAP # NAME HANGUL HANJA POPULATION (2012) SUBDIVISIONS

— SPECIFIC CITY —

1 Changwon 창원시 昌原市 1,106,081 5 ilban-gu — 2 eup, 6 myeon, 54 haengjeong-dong

2 Gimhae 김해시 金海市 531,383 1 eup, 6 myeon, 12 haengjeong-dong

— CITY —

3 Jinju
Jinju
진주시 晉州市 341,221 1 eup, 15 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong

4 Yangsan
Yangsan
양산시 梁山市 274,770 1 eup, 4 myeon, 8 haengjeong-dong

5 Geoje
Geoje
거제시 巨濟市 245,972 9 myeon, 10 haengjeong-dong

6 Tongyeong
Tongyeong
통영시 統營市 143,039 1 eup, 6 myeon, 8 haengjeong-dong

7 Sacheon
Sacheon
사천시 泗川市 117,968 1 eup, 7 myeon, 6 haengjeong-dong

8 Miryang
Miryang
밀양시 密陽市 109,967 2 eup, 9 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong

— COUNTY —

9 Haman County 함안군 咸安郡 70,443 2 eup, 8 myeon

10 Geochang County 거창군 居昌郡 63,536 1 eup, 11 myeon

11 Changnyeong
Changnyeong
County 창녕군 昌寧郡 64,297 2 eup, 12 myeon

12 Goseong County 고성군 固城郡 58,553 1 eup, 13 myeon

13 Namhae County
Namhae County
남해군 南海郡 48,899 1 eup, 9 myeon

14 Hapcheon County 합천군 陜川郡 50,713 1 eup, 16 myeon

15 Hadong County 하동군 河東郡 51,235 1 eup, 12 myeon

16 Hamyang County 함양군 咸陽郡 41,155 1 eup, 10 myeon

17 Sancheong County 산청군 山淸郡 36,079 1 eup, 10 myeon

18 Uiryeong County 의령군 宜寧郡 31,027 1 eup, 12 myeon

RELIGION

Religion in South Gyeongsang (2005) Not religious (45.2%) Buddhism
Buddhism
(40%) Protestantism
Protestantism
(8.8%) Catholicism (6%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of South Gyeongsang 40% follow Buddhism
Buddhism
and 14.8% follow Christianity
Christianity
(8.8% Protestantism and 6% Catholicism ). 45.2% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism
Muism
and other indigenous religions.

SISTER DISTRICTS

* Yamaguchi Prefecture , Japan
Japan
(July 26, 1987) * Maryland
Maryland
, United States
United States
(November 18, 1991) * Shandong Province
Shandong Province
(September 8, 1993) * East Java (May 9, 1996) * Đồng Nai Province
Đồng Nai Province
(September 1, 1996) * Khabarovsk Krai (September 14, 1996) * Jalisco
Jalisco
(March 10, 1997) * Laguna province (April 15, 1997) * Pomeranian Voivodeship (April 22, 1997) * Fejér County
Fejér County
(April 24, 1997)

SEE ALSO

* List of Korea-related topics * Igeum-dong site - complex archaeological site in Sacheon-si * Tongyeong
Tongyeong
International Music Festival

Changnyeong
Changnyeong
Temple at the base of Mount Hwawang

REFERENCES

* ^ 일반 현황 (IN KOREAN). SOUTH GYEONGSANG PROVINCE. RETRIEVED 18 MARCH 2013. * ^ "Population of Gyeongsangnam-do" (in Korean). Gyeongsangnam-do. Retrieved 2013-07-16. * ^ A B 2005 Census - Religion Results

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to GYEONGSANGNAM-DO .

* South Gyeongsang travel guide from Wikivoyage * Official website (in English)

PLACES ADJACENT TO SOUTH GYEONGSANG PROVINCE

North Jeolla Province North Gyeongsang Province