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Highway systems of South Korea

Expressways National Local

Gyeongbu Expressway

Hangul 경부고속도로

Hanja 京釜高速道路

Revised Romanization Gyeongbu Gosok Doro

McCune–Reischauer Kyŏngbu Kosok Toro

Highway bus lane on Gyeongbu Expressway in South Korea

The Gyeongbu Expressway (Korean: 경부고속도로; Gyeongbu Gosokdoro) ( Asian Highway Network
Asian Highway Network
) is the second oldest and most heavily travelled expressway in South Korea, connecting Seoul
Seoul
to Suwon, Daejeon, Gumi, Daegu, and Busan. It has the route number 1, signifying its role as South Korea's most important expressway. The entire length from Seoul
Seoul
to Busan
Busan
is 416 km and the posted speed limit is 100 km/h, enforced primarily by speed cameras.

Contents

1 History 2 Compositions

2.1 Speed limit

3 List of Facilities 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit]

February 1968 - Construction begins at the behest of South Korean President Park Chung-hee. 21 December 1968 - Seoul- Suwon
Suwon
segment opens to traffic. 30 December 1968 - Suwon- Osan
Osan
segment opens to traffic. 29 September 1969 - Osan- Cheonan
Cheonan
segment opens to traffic. 10 December 1969 - Cheonan- Daejeon
Daejeon
segment opens to traffic. 19 December 1969 - Busan- Daegu
Daegu
(via Gyeongju) segment opens to traffic. 7 July 1970 - The last segment, the mountainous Daejeon- Daegu
Daegu
segment, opens to traffic, completing South Korea's first long-distance limited access expressway. December 1987 - Work begins to widen to six lanes in selected areas. Some areas are widened to 8 or 10 lanes by 1996. February 1995 - Bus-only lane (essentially an HOV-9) established between the northern terminus and Sintanjin for important holidays. 14 July 2000 - Eight vehicles, including three buses and a five-ton truck, collide near Gimcheon, killing 18 and injuring over 100. 25 August 2001 - All expressways in South Korea
South Korea
reorganize under a pattern modeled after the United States' Interstate Highway System. The Gyeongbu Expressway's route number of 1 is the only one not to change; however, its kilometer markers change from a north-south progression to south-north. December 2002 - Korea National Expressway Corporation passes control of the northernmost 9 km stretch of expressway (between Yangjae and Hannam Bridge) to the City of Seoul. 1 July 2008 - Bus lane enforcement between Seoul
Seoul
and Osan
Osan
(Sintanjin on weekends) becomes daily between 6 AM and 10 PM. On 1 October this is adjusted to 7 AM to 9 PM weekdays, 9 AM to 9 PM weekends.

Compositions[edit] Speed limit[edit]

Cheonan
Cheonan
JC ~ Yangjae IC : 110km/h Guseo IC ~ Cheonan
Cheonan
JC : 100km/h

List of Facilities[edit]

IC: Interchange, JC: Junction, SA: Service Area, TG: Tollgate

No. Name Korean Name Hanja
Hanja
Name La- nes Connections Notes Location

Busan 부산 시점 釜山 6 National Route 7() Jungang-daero   Geumjeong Busan

1 Guseo IC 구서 나들목 久瑞나들목 Byeonyeong-ro  

1-1 Yeongnak IC 영락 나들목 永樂나들목    

TG Busan
Busan
TG 부산 요금소 釜山料金所    

2 Nopo IC 노포 나들목 老圃나들목 National Route 7()  

2-1 Nopo JC 노포 분기점 老圃分岐點 Busan
Busan
Ring Expressway  

SA Yangsan
Yangsan
SA 양산 휴게소 梁山休憩所   Seoul-bound Only Yangsan Gyeongnam

3 Yangsan
Yangsan
JC 양산 분기점 梁山分岐點 Jungang Expressway
Jungang Expressway
Branch  

4 Yangsan
Yangsan
IC 양산 나들목 梁山나들목 National Route 35  

5 Tongdosa IC 통도사 나들목 通度寺나들목 National Route 35   Ulju Ulsan

6 W. Ulsan
Ulsan
IC (Samnam) 서.울산 나들목 (삼남) 西蔚山나들목 (三南) National Route 35  

7 Eonyang JC 언양 분기점 彦陽分岐點 Ulsan
Ulsan
Expressway  

4

SA Eonyang SA 언양 휴게소 彦陽休憩所    

SA Gyeongju
Gyeongju
SA 경주 휴게소 慶州休憩所   Busan-bound Only Gyeongju Gyeongbuk

9 Gyeongju
Gyeongju
IC 경주 나들목 慶州나들목 National Route 7 National Route 35  

SA Geoncheon SA 건천 휴게소 乾川休憩所   No Gas Station on Busan-bound

10 Geoncheon IC 건천 나들목 乾川나들목 National Route 20  

11 Yeongcheon
Yeongcheon
IC 영천 나들목 永川나들목 National Route 4   Yeongcheon

6

SA Pyeongsa SA 평사 휴게소 坪沙休憩所   Busan-bound only Gyeongsan

SA Gyeongsan
Gyeongsan
SA 경산 휴게소 慶山休憩所   Seoul-bound only

12 Gyeongsan
Gyeongsan
IC 경산 나들목 慶山나들목 Local Route 919  

8

13 E. Daegu
Daegu
JC 동대구 분기점 東大邱分岐點 Jungang Expressway   Dong-gu Daegu

14 Dodong JC 도동 분기점 道洞分岐點 Iksan-Pohang Expressway  

16 N. Daegu
Daegu
IC 북대구 나들목 北大邱나들목 National Route 4 National Route 5 Sincheon-daero Seobyeonnam-ro   Buk-gu

17 Geumho JC 금호 분기점 琴湖分岐點 Jungang Expressway Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway
Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway
Branch  

18 Chilgok
Chilgok
Logistics IC 칠곡물류 나들목 漆谷物流나들목 National Route 4   Chilgok Gyeongbuk

19 Waegwan IC 왜관 나들목 倭館나들목 National Route 4 Local Route 79  

SA Chilgok
Chilgok
SA 칠곡 휴게소 漆谷休憩所    

20 S.Gumi IC 남구미 나들목 南龜尾나들목 National Route 33   Gumi

21 Gumi IC 구미 나들목 龜尾나들목 National Route 33  

22 Gimcheon
Gimcheon
JC 김천 분기점 金泉分岐點 Jungbu Naeryuk Expressway   Gimcheon

22-1 E. Gimcheon
Gimcheon
IC 동김천 나들목 東金泉나들목   EX

SA Gimcheon
Gimcheon
SA 김천 휴게소 金泉休憩所    

23 Gimcheon
Gimcheon
IC 김천 나들목 金泉나들목 National Route 4  

6

SA Chupungnyeong SA 추풍령 휴게소 秋風嶺休憩所    

24 Chupungnyeong IC 추풍령 나들목 秋風嶺나들목 National Route 4 in Chupungnyeong SA

25 Hwanggan IC 황간 나들목 黃澗나들목 National Route 4   Yeongdong Chungbuk

SA Hwanggan SA 황간 휴게소 黃澗休憩所    

26 Yeongdong IC 영동 나들목 永同나들목 National Route 4  

4

SA Geumgang SA 금강 휴게소 錦江休憩所     Okcheon

27 Geumgang IC 금강 나들목 錦江나들목 National Route 4 in Geumgang SA

SA Okcheon
Okcheon
SA 옥천 휴게소 沃川休憩所    

28 Okcheon
Okcheon
IC 옥천 나들목 沃川나들목 National Route 4  

6

29 Biryong JC 비룡 분기점 飛龍分岐點 Tongyeong- Daejeon
Daejeon
Expressway Daejeon
Daejeon
Southern Ring Expressway   Dong-gu Daejeon

30 Daejeon
Daejeon
IC 대전 나들목 大田나들목 National Route 17 Korail Daejeon
Daejeon
Station   Daedeok-gu

31 Hoedeok JC 회덕 분기점 懷德分岐點 Dangjin-Yeongdeok Expressway Honam Expressway
Honam Expressway
Branch  

8

SA Sintanjin SA 신탄진 휴게소 新灘津休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

32 Sintanjin IC 신탄진 나들목 新灘津나들목 National Route 17  

SA Jugam SA 죽암 휴게소 竹岩休憩所     Cheongju Chungbuk

33 S. Cheongju
Cheongju
IC 남청주 나들목 南淸州 나들목 National Route 17 Cheongnamdae Daecheong Lake  

34 Cheongju
Cheongju
JC 청주 분기점 淸州分岐點 Dangjin-Yeongdeok Expressway  

10

35 Nami JC 남이 분기점 南二分岐點 Jungbu Expressway  

6

36 Cheongju
Cheongju
IC 청주 나들목 淸州나들목 National Route 36  

SA Oksan SA 옥산 휴게소 玉山休憩所   Busan-bound Only

36-1 Oksan IC 옥산 나들목 玉山나들목 Local Route 507 Local Route 508 Hi-pass
Hi-pass
Only

SA Cheongju
Cheongju
SA 청주 휴게소 淸州休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

36-1 Oksan JC 옥산 분기점 玉山分岐點 Asan- Cheongju
Cheongju
Expressway  

SA Cheonan
Cheonan
SA 천안 휴게소 天安休憩所   Busan-bound Only Cheonan Chungnam

37 Mokcheon IC 목천 나들목 木川나들목 National Route 21 Independence Hall of Korea  

38 Cheonan
Cheonan
JC 천안 분기점 天安分岐點 Nonsan- Cheonan
Cheonan
Expressway  

8

SA Cheonansamgeori SA 천안삼거리 휴게소 天安三거리休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

39 Cheonan
Cheonan
IC 천안 나들목 天安나들목 National Route 1 Local Route 23 Dujeong Station Cheonan
Cheonan
Station  

SA Manghyang SA 망향 휴게소 望鄕休憩所   Busan-bound Only

39-1 N. Cheonan
Cheonan
IC 북천안 나들목 北天安나들목 National Route 34

SA Ipjang SA 입장 휴게소 笠場休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

40 Anseong
Anseong
IC 안성 나들목 安城나들목 National Route 38   Anseong Gyeonggi

SA Anseong
Anseong
SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Busan-bound Only

41 Anseong
Anseong
JC 안성 분기점 安城分岐點 Pyeongtaek–Jecheon Expressway  

SA Anseong
Anseong
SA 안성 휴게소 安城休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

42 Osan
Osan
IC 오산 나들목 五山나들목 National Route 1

Osan

42-1 Dongtan JC 동탄 분기점 東炭分岐點 Capital Region 2nd Ring Expressway Suwon-Munsan Expressway   Hwaseong

43A Giheung-Dongtan IC 기흥동탄나들목 基興東炭나들목 National Route 43 Samsung Electronics (Giheung Campus)   Suwon

43B Giheung IC 기흥나들목 基興나들목 National Route 43 Seoul-bound Only Yongin

SA Giheung SA 기흥 휴게소 基興休憩所   Busan-bound Only

44 Suwon·Singal IC 수원신갈 나들목 水原新葛나들목 National Route 42  

45 Singal JC 신갈 분기점 新葛分岐點 Yeongdong Expressway  

10

SA Jukjeon SA 죽전 휴게소 竹田休憩所   Seoul-bound Only

TG Seoul
Seoul
TG 서울 요금소 서울 料金所     Seongnam

47 Pangyo IC 판교 나들목 板橋나들목 Local Route 23 Busan-bound Only

48A Pangyo JC 판교 분기점 板橋分岐點 Seoul
Seoul
Ring Expressway  

48B Daewang-Pangyo IC 대왕판교 나들목 大往板橋나들목 Local Route 23 Busan-bound Only Small Car Only

SA Seoul
Seoul
Underground Rendezvous SA 서울 만남의 광장 휴게소 서울 만남의 廣場 休憩所   Busan-bound Only Seocho Seoul

49 Yangjae IC 양재 나들목 良才나들목 National Route 47 Yangjae Citizen's Forest Station  

Seoul 서울 종점 서울 終點 Yangjae-Hannam Motorway  

See also[edit]

Roads and expressways in South Korea Transport in South Korea List of Korea-related topics

References[edit]

External links[edit]

MOLIT South Korean Government Transport Department

v t e

Public transport in the Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan Area

Railways

High-speed rail
High-speed rail
(KTX, SRT)

Gyeongbu Line Honam Line Suseo Line

Metropolitan Subway Lines

Line 1 Line 2 Line 3 Line 4 Line 5 Line 6 Line 7 Line 8 Line 9 Gyeongui–Jungang (K1, K3) Gyeongchun (P1) Bundang (K2) Suin (K2) Gyeonggang (K4) Shinbundang AREX Incheon 1 (I1) Incheon 2 (I2) Everline U Line Ui LRT

Under construction

Gimpo Goldline
Gimpo Goldline
(2018) Seohae Line (2018) Sillim (2021)

Planned

Indeogwon– Suwon
Suwon
(2021) Sinansan (2023) Dongbuk Line (2024) Wolgot–Pangyo (2027) Seoul
Seoul
LRT lines GTX Incheon 3

Expressways

#1 #15 #35 #37 #50 #60 #100 #110 #120 #130

Buses

Seoul Gyeonggi-do Incheon Seoul
Seoul
Express Bus Terminal Central City Dongseoul Bus Terminal Sangbong Intercity Bus Terminal Seoul
Seoul
Nambu Bus Terminal

Airports

Incheon International Gimpo International Seoul
Seoul
Airfield

Maglev and Monorail

Incheon Airport Maglev Wolmi Monorail

Related topics

T-money Upass Mybi KTX Family Card hi-pass CashBee

v t e

South Korean expressways

South–North

1 (Gyeongbu) 15 (Seohaean) 17 (Pyeongtaek–Paju) 25

Honam Nonsan–Cheonan

27 (Suncheon–Wanju) 29 (Sejong—Pocheon) 35

Tongyeong–Daejeon Jungbu

37 (2nd Jungbu) 45 (Jungbu Naeryuk) 55 (Jungang) 65 (Donghae)

West–East

10 (Namhae) 12

Muan–Gwangju Gwangju–Daegu

16 (Ulsan) 20 (Iksan–Pohang) 30 (Dangjin–Yeongdeok) 32 (Asan–Cheongju) 40 (Pyeongtaek–Jecheon) 50 (Yeongdong) 52 (Gwangju–Wonju) 60 (Seoul–Yangyang)

Belt

100 ( Seoul
Seoul
Ring) 300 ( Daejeon
Daejeon
Southern Ring) 400 (Capital Region 2nd Ring) 600 ( Busan
Busan
Ring)

Metropolitan Area

110 (2nd Gyeongin) 120 (Gyeongin) 130 (Incheon Int'l Airport)

Branch

102 (Namhae Branch 1) 104 (Namhae Branch 2) 105 (Namhae Branch 3) 151 (Seocheon–Gongju) 153 (Pyeongtaek–Siheung) 171

Osan–Hwaseong Yongin–Seoul

251 (Honam Branch) 253 (Gochang–Damyang) 301 (Sangju–Yeongcheon) 451 (Jungbu Naeryuk Branch) 551 (Jungang Branch)

Planned

14 (Hamyang–Ulsan) 17 (Iksan–Pyeongtaek) 173 (Iksan–Pyeongtaek Branch) 202 (Iksan–Pohang Branch) 255 (Gangjin–Gwangju) 500 (Gwangju Ring) 700 ( Daegu
Daegu
Ring)

Abolished

Namhae Branch 3 Guma Branch Gimcheon–Yeongcheon

v t e

Expressway 1 Gyeongbu Expressway ()

Busan
Busan
Beginning1

Guseo IC

Yeongnak IC Busan
Busan
TG Nopo IC

Yangsan
Yangsan
JC

#551

Yangsan
Yangsan
IC Tongdosa Hipass IC Tongdosa IC W. Ulsan
Ulsan
IC Eonyang JC

#16

Gyeongju
Gyeongju
IC Geoncheon IC Yeongcheon
Yeongcheon
IC Gyeongsan
Gyeongsan
IC E. Daegu
Daegu
JC2

#55

Dodong JC2

#20

N. Daegu
Daegu
IC2 Geumho JC2

#55 #451

Chilgok
Chilgok
Logistics IC Waegwan IC S.Gumi IC Gumi IC Gimcheon
Gimcheon
JC

#45

E. Gimcheon
Gimcheon
IC Gimcheon
Gimcheon
IC Chupungnyeong IC Hwanggan IC Yeongdong IC Geumgang IC Okcheon
Okcheon
IC Biryong JC

#35 #300

Daejeon
Daejeon
IC Hoedeok JC3

#30 #251

Sintanjin IC3 S. Cheongju
Cheongju
IC3 Cheongju
Cheongju
JC3

#30

Nami JC

#35

Cheongju
Cheongju
IC Mokcheon IC Cheonan
Cheonan
JC

#25

Cheonan
Cheonan
IC N. Cheonan
Cheonan
IC Anseong
Anseong
IC Anseong
Anseong
JC

#40

Osan
Osan
IC Dongtan JC

#400

Giheung–Dongtan IC Giheung IC Suwon–Singal IC Singal JC

#50

Seoul
Seoul
TG Pangyo IC Pangyo JC

#100

Daewang–Pangyo IC Yangjae IC

1

1: not reiteration section of , 2: reiteration section of #55 Jungang Expressway, 3: reiteration section of #30 Dangjin–Ye

.