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Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
[ˈɟøɲɟøʃ] is a town in Heves
Heves
county in Hungary, 80 km (50 mi) east of Budapest. Situated at the foot of the Sár-hegy and Mátra
Mátra
mountains, it is the home of numerous food production plants, including milk production and sausage factories. It is also the home of many vineyards on the slopes of the Sárhegy. The Art-Nouveau and Baroque buildings around the main square were reconstructed after a disastrous fire started in the local hospital in 1917,[1] destroying a number of buildings housing important Jewish institutions and leaving in all around 8,000 homeless.[2]

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Sights to visit 4 Notable residents

4.1 Politics 4.2 Sports

5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

6 Gallery 7 References 8 External links

Name[edit]

Baroque Church of Saint Bernard of Gyöngyös

The meaning of the town's name is "Made of Pearls"; Croats from Hungary
Hungary
call this city Đunđuš (pronounced as "Dyun-dyush"). The 16/17th-century historian Miklós Istvánffy
Miklós Istvánffy
wrote that the name of the town comes from the Hungarian word for mistletoe (fagyöngy literally "wood-pearl"), which is abundant in the local woods. History[edit] Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
was home to a large Jewish community before World War II. In 1942, anti-Jewish laws were adopted in the province, affecting the Jews of the town.[3] Following the occupation of Hungary
Hungary
by the German army in March 1944, 1800 Jews were locked in a ghetto. Some will be saved by an Hungaria Righteous Among the Nations
Righteous Among the Nations
but most of were deported to Auschwitz
Auschwitz
and killed.[4] Sights to visit[edit] There are many monuments and places of interest in the town, such as the Orczy mansion, home of the Mátra
Mátra
Museum, Saint Bartholomew's Church (Saint Bartholomew Church, Gyöngyös, Hungary) in the center of town, and its Treasury. Notable residents[edit]

Gyöngyi Horváth, sociologist, conference organiser Rudolph Ritter von Brudermann
Rudolph Ritter von Brudermann
(1851-1941), general of Austria-Hungary during the First World War Béla Kerékjártó
Béla Kerékjártó
(1898-1946), mathematician Sandor Kenyeres
Sandor Kenyeres
(1949-), property developer, scientific philanthropist, and cultural visionary Gedeon Richter
Gedeon Richter
(1872-1944), pharmacist, business magnate, philanthropist, founder of Gedeon Richter
Gedeon Richter
plc, pioneer of the Hungarian pharmaceutical industry Soma Visontai (1854-?), lawyer, deputy Paul Vay de Vaya (1735-1800), Major General (1794), Feldmarschall-leutnant (1799-1800) Margit Gréczi
Margit Gréczi
(1941-), painter

Politics[edit]

Gábor Vona
Gábor Vona
(1978-), politician, leader of the political party Jobbik Gábor Fodor (1962-), jurist, politician, leader of the Hungarian Liberal Party Pál Almásy
Pál Almásy
(1818-1882), lawyer, politician, Speaker of the House of Representatives (1849) Károly Kamermayer
Károly Kamermayer
(1829-1897), jurist, councillor, the first mayor of Budapest
Budapest
(1873-1896) József Balázs (1965-), politician

Sports[edit]

Viktor Szabó
Viktor Szabó
(1986-), footballer Dárius Csillag (1995-), footballer Dávid Ficsór (1986-), footballer Gergő Gohér
Gergő Gohér
(1987-), footballer András Herczeg
András Herczeg
(1956-), football manager, former player, manager of Debreceni VSC Zsófia Kovács
Zsófia Kovács
(1988-), professional triathlete József Éles (1969-), former handball player, handball coach of the Dominican Republic women's national team Attila Szekrényessy (1913-1995), pair skater Gabriella Csépe (1973-), former breaststroke swimmer Gabriella Csépe, Olympic swimmer László Polgár
László Polgár
(1946-), chess teacher and educational psychologist

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hungary Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
is twinned with:

Pieksämäki, Finland Ringsted, Denmark Sanok, Poland Shusha, Azerbaijan[5] (de facto,  Nagorno-Karabakh) Târgu Secuiesc, Romania Zeltweg, Austria

Gallery[edit]

Aerial photograph of the water tower, built in 1927.

References[edit]

^ Charles Hebbert; Norm Longley; Dan Richardson (2002). Hungary
Hungary
(Rough Guide Travel Guides). Rough Guides Ltd. p. 323. ISBN 1-85828-917-3.  ^ Adrian Phillips, Jo Scotchmer (2010). Bradt Travel Guides. Hungary. p. 222. ISBN 1-84162-285-0.  ^ http://db.yadvashem.org/righteous/family.html?language=en&itemId=4015314 ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=181 ^ A declaration of fraternization between Gyöngyös, at the foot of the Mátra, the highest mountain range in Hungary, and the occupied Shusha
Shusha
town of Azerbaijan.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gyöngyös.

Official website in Hungarian and English Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
(in Hungarian) at gyongyos.info

v t e

Towns and villages of Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
District

Towns (2)

Gyöngyös
Gyöngyös
(district seat) Gyöngyöspata

Villages (23)

Abasár Adács Atkár Detk Domoszló Gyöngyöshalász Gyöngyösoroszi Gyöngyössolymos Gyöngyöstarján Halmajugra Karácsond Kisnána Ludas Markaz Mátraszentimre Nagyfüged Nagyréde Pálosvörösmart Szűcsi Vámosgyörk Vécs Visonta Visznek

v t e

Heves
Heves
County

City with county rights

Eger
Eger
(county seat)

Towns

Bélapátfalva Füzesabony Gyöngyös Gyöngyöspata Hatvan Heves Kisköre Lőrinci Pétervására Verpelét

Large villages

Kál Parád Recsk

Villages

Abasár Adács Aldebrő Andornaktálya Apc Átány Atkár Balaton Bátor Bekölce Besenyőtelek Boconád Bodony Boldog Bükkszék Bükkszenterzsébet Bükkszentmárton Csány Demjén Detk Domoszló Dormánd Ecséd Egerbakta Egerbocs Egercsehi Egerfarmos Egerszalók Egerszólát Erdőkövesd Erdőtelek Erk Fedémes Feldebrő Felsőtárkány Gyöngyöshalász Gyöngyösoroszi Gyöngyössolymos Gyöngyöstarján Halmajugra Heréd Hevesaranyos Hevesvezekény Hort Istenmezeje Ivád Kápolna Karácsond Kerecsend Kisfüzes Kisnána Kömlő Kompolt Ludas Maklár Markaz Mátraballa Mátraderecske Mátraszentimre Mezőszemere Mezőtárkány Mikófalva Mónosbél Nagyfüged Nagykökényes Nagyréde Nagytálya Nagyút Nagyvisnyó Noszvaj Novaj Ostoros Parádsasvár Pély Petőfibánya Poroszló Rózsaszentmárton Sarud Sirok Szajla Szarvaskő Szentdomonkos Szihalom Szilvásvárad Szúcs Szűcsi Tarnabod Tarnalelesz Tarnaméra Tarnaörs Tarnaszentmária Tarnaszentmiklós Tarnazsadány Tenk Terpes Tiszanána Tófalu Újlőrincfalva Vámosgyörk Váraszó Vécs Visonta Visznek Zagyvaszántó Zaránk

Other topics

History Geography Government Economy Culture Tourism

Coordinates: 47°47′N 19°56′E / 47.783°N 19.933°E / 47.783; 19.933

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234309

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