Gwangmyeong (Korean pronunciation: [kwaŋ.mjʌŋ]; Korean:
광명시) is a city in
Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It borders
Seoul to the east, north and northeast,
Anyang to the southeast, and
Siheung to the southwest.
Gwangmyeong City is home to the world's largest
IKEA store at
59,000 square meters (640,000 square feet), along with a large
Costco store and a Lotte Premium Outlet.
4 Disputes on municipal annexation to Seoul
6 Residential area
8 Medical service
Kia Motors Sohari Plant
12 Notable people
13 Sister cities
14 See also
16 External links
Tree : Ginkgo Tree
Flower : Rose
Bird : Korean magpie
Gwangmyeong City area was part of the old (or original)
as with Yeongdeungpo, Guro, and Geumcheon areas. It belonged to West
(서면) and South townships (남면) of original
Siheung County. In
1914, the two townships were merged into West township of "expanded"
Siheung County.
In 1963, the northern part of
Gwangmyeong (at that time, the northern
part of West Township in
Siheung County) area was merged into an
Seoul (i.e. districts for urban planning in Seoul. 서울시
도시계획구역) as with
Gwacheon (at that time
Gwacheon was a
Siheung County) and Sindo township of
Goyang County (now
Goyang City which borders Seoul). The neighbourhood of
Gwangmyeong (Gwangmyeong-dong) and Cheolsan (Cheolsan-dong) were
developed as a residence zone next to
Seoul and it was provisionally
planned to be administratively merged with
Seoul Metropolitan City. In
1974, Gwangmyeong-ri and Cheolsan-ri became a part of the county
Gwangmyeong (광명출장소) and in 1979 southern part of
Gwangmyeong area became Soha town (소하읍). In 1981, the annexation
Seoul foundered as Seoul's unexpected rapid growth greatly
concerned government officials. Consequently, the county branch of
Gwangmyeong and Soha town merged and formed a new city of Gwangmyeong,
instead of being annexed to Guro-gu, Seoul.
In the 1980s and the early 1990s, many apartment complexes were built
in Cheolsan-dong and Haan-dong. The population increased up to
300,000. In 1995, the Seoul-
Gwangmyeong boundary was
readjusted, in which a tiny part of Cheolsan-dong was merged into the
newly created Geumcheon-gu, Seoul. In 2004,
Gwangmyeong Station was
open, and in 2010, apartment complexes in Soha-dong were built up.
There are 18 administrative districts (dong in Korean language) in
Gwangmyeong. Specifically, these are:
Gwangmyeong Dong (from 1-7;
Gwangmyeong 6-dong is also known as Okgil dong), Cheolsan Dong (4
dongs), Ha-an Dong (4 dongs), Soha Dong (2 dongs; The southern part of
Soha 2-dong is also known as Iljik dong), and Hak-on dong (Gahak-dong
and No-onsa dong). In 1995, a tiny section of
Gwangmyeong was ceded to
Seoul's newly created Geumcheon-gu.
Disputes on municipal annexation to Seoul
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Due to its history of being part of the urban planning districts of
Seoul until December 1982, the living sphere of
Gwangmyeong is similar
to Seoul's Yeongdeungpo (서울 영등포 생활권) rather than
'Western Gyeonggi's living sphere'(경기 서부 생활권) such as
Bucheon and Anyang. The sewage system is linked to Seoul, though the
nearest sewage treatment plant is located on the boundary between
Gwangmyeong and Anyang, and the city heavily relies on Seoul's
telephone and transport systems (local dial code. The phone area code
Gwangmyeong is Seoul's 02 and many
Seoul buses and taxis are in
business in that city); advertisements of firms in Yeongdeungpo area
can be easily seen in the city.
Gwangmyeong not belonging to Seoul,
Gwangmyeong residents have to go to a district court office and a
reserve soldier's drill camp (of the 51st Infantry Division, Capital
Corps) in 'farther'
Ansan City other than a district court in nearby
Sinjeong-dong and a reserve soldier's drill camp (of the 52nd Infantry
Division, CDC) in Anyang.
Proponents of the incorporation in
Seoul argue that by annexing the
city into capital Seoul, in which
Gwangmyeong City of Gyeonggi
Gwangmyeong District of Seoul, the discord between a
life zone and administrative districts, in terms of metropolitan
governance, can be resolved. They also insist that by the annexation,
Gwangmyeong can benefit from metropolitan services and
Seoul Metropolitan City, especially in public transport.
Congressman and former mayor of
Gwangmyeong Baek Jae-hyeon presented a
special bill for "municipal annexation to
Seoul for Gwangmyeong" on
the floor in September 2009, though his attempt turned out in
vain at last. Opponents insist that the annexation would tarnish
municipal autonomy in
Gwangmyeong and it would also worsen balanced
development of non-capital areas on the national level. The central
government once proposed that
Gwangmyeong be merged with
than being annexed to Seoul.
There are 9 high schools, 10 middle schools, 21 elementary schools.
Prior to 2013, middle school students who wished to go to high school
had to take the entrance exam. Gwangmyeong-buk High School and
Jinseong High School are traditionally well known for higher standards
of students' academic ability.
GwangMyeong Jungang library
Gwangmyeong is a commuter town bordering Seoul, it's mostly a
residential area. The northwestern part of Gwangmyeong, namely
Gwangmyeong-dong, is mostly composed of low-storeyed detached houses,
while the eastern part, namely Cheolsan-dong and Haan-dong, consists
of high-storeyed apartment complexes. Throughout the late 2000s, old
public low-storeyed apartment complexes (저층 주공아파트) in
Cheolsan-dong were rebuilt into private high-storeyed apartment
complexes (고층 민간아파트). In 2010, some parts of Soha-dong
was developed to newly built public apartment complexes.
The world's largest
IKEA store located near the
Seoul Capital Area, South Korea.
Gwangmyeong is home to the world's largest
IKEA and a large Lotte
Premium Outlets that is connected into the IKEA. The city is also home
to a large
Costco warehouse which also serves as the headquarters of
Costco Korea. A large Korean-style traditional market, Gwangmyeong
Market, is located in
Gwangmyeong crossroads with Gwangmyeongsageori
Station. Modern shopping malls are in Cheolsan Station, Haan
crossroads and Soha-dong (
E-mart and Costco).
can also use shopping malls (
Lotte Mart and Homeplus) in nearby
Guro-gu and Geumcheon-gu. Clothes outlets are located in nearby
Gasan-dong in Seoul.
A local general hospital,
Gwangmyeong Seongae Hospital is in
Cheolsan-dong and it is recently affiliated with Medial School of
Kwandong University. A university hospital, Korea University Medical
Center at Guro is located in nearby Guro-dong, Seoul. A public medical
centre is in southernmost Haan-dong.
Many private clinics are located along with business areas in the
Seoul Subway Line 1
(Geumcheon-gu, Seoul) ← Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong → (Southern
Seoul Subway Line 7
(Gasan Digital Complex) ← Cheolsan — Gwangmyeongsageori →
Hwayeong Bus Corporation : a local bus firm in Gwangmyeong
Seoul buses are in business in Gwangmyeong, as their garages are
located in that city.
As of 1999 (provisional)/2004 (permanent), Gwangmyeong's taxi business
district was consolidated to Guro and Geumcheon, Seoul. The taxi fare
is the same as that of
The tombs of Yi Sun Shin (not to be confused with the more famous
admiral of the same name) and Lee Won Ik are in the city, just
Gwangmyeong Station. Lee Won Ik's cultural relics are also on
display here. The city is also home to the
Gwangmyeong Velodrome, the
largest domed structure in South Korea.
The city, though small, hosts many firms. In total, there are 630
companies employing 11,636 people.
The city was officially planned to promote small businesses. Such
workers can take merits of getting fee of rent, land and even costs
Kia Motors Sohari Plant
In 1973, The
Kia Motors located its Sohari Plant in Soha-dong,
Gwangmyeong City, becoming the country's first integrated automobile
As Kia's car factory nearest to Seoul, it has convenient access to
labor and other resources and can conveniently provide completed goods
Seoul metropolitan area.
Lee Sun-sin - a person with the same name of more
famous Admiral "Chungmugong" Yi Sun-sin
Kim Jun-hyeon - alumni of
Gwangmyeong High School (Chuncheon-born)
Austin, United States
Yamato, Kanagawa, Japan
Jecheon, North Chungcheong Province, South Korea
Geography of South Korea
^ "이케아 광명점 12월 18일 오픈 - IKEA".
^ "디지털광명문화대전에 오신 것을 환영합니다".
^ A news article.(in Korean)
^ The original text of the proposed bill.(in Korean)
Yeonguijeong in the era of [[Gwanghaegun]publisher=
^ 광명시, 해외전시회 참여 중소기업 임차료 등
Kia Motors Overview". Edmunds.com.
^ City official page
City government website (in English)
City Council website (in Korean)
(no district subdivisions)
(no district subdivisions)
(no district subdivisions)
Cities in South Korea
Metropolitan autonomous city
Note: A also a provincial capital; B also designated as a
special-status city; C a county, not a city; D also designated as an
administrative city; and E