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GWANGMYEONG (Korean pronunciation: ; Korean : 광명시) is a city in Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province , South Korea
South Korea
. It borders Seoul
Seoul
to the east, north and northeast, Anyang
Anyang
to the southeast, and Siheung
Siheung
to the southwest.

The Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
City is home to the world's largest IKEA store at 59,000 square meters (640,000 square feet), along with a large Costco store and a Lotte Premium Outlet.

CONTENTS

* 1 Symbols * 2 History * 3 Districts * 4 Disputes on municipal annexation to Seoul
Seoul

* 5 Education

* 5.1 Library

* 6 Residential area * 7 Shopping * 8 Medical service

* 9 Transportation

* 9.1 Railroad * 9.2 Buses * 9.3 Taxis

* 10 Attractions

* 11 Industry

* 11.1 Kia Motors
Kia Motors
Sohari Plant

* 12 Notable people * 13 Sister cities * 14 See also * 15 References * 16 External links

SYMBOLS

* Tree : Ginkgo Tree * Flower : Rose
Rose
* Bird : Korean magpie

HISTORY

Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
City area was part of the old (or original) Siheung County as with Yeongdeungpo, Guro, and Geumcheon areas. It belonged to West (서면) and South townships (남면) of original Siheung
Siheung
County. In 1914, the two townships were merged into West township of "expanded" Siheung
Siheung
County.

In 1963, the northern part of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
(at that time, the northern part of West Township in Siheung
Siheung
County) area was merged into an expanded Seoul
Seoul
(i.e. districts for urban planning in Seoul. 서울시 도시계획구역) as with Gwacheon (at that time Gwacheon was a township in Siheung
Siheung
County) and Sindo township of Goyang County (now parts of Goyang City which borders Seoul). The neighbourhood of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
(Gwangmyeong-dong) and Cheolsan (Cheolsan-dong) were developed as a residence zone next to Seoul
Seoul
and it was provisionally planned to be administratively merged with Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan City . In 1974, Gwangmyeong-ri and Cheolsan-ri became a part of the county branch of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
(광명출장소) and in 1979 southern part of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
area became Soha town (소하읍). In 1981, the annexation to Seoul
Seoul
foundered as Seoul's unexpected rapid growth greatly concerned government officials. Consequently, the county branch of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
and Soha town merged and formed a new city of Gwangmyeong, instead of being annexed to Guro-gu, Seoul.

In the 1980s and the early 1990s, many apartment complexes were built in Cheolsan-dong and Haan-dong. The population increased up to 300,000. In 1995, the Seoul- Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
boundary was readjusted, in which a tiny part of Cheolsan-dong was merged into the newly created Geumcheon-gu
Geumcheon-gu
, Seoul. In 2004, Gwangmyeong Station was open, and in 2010, apartment complexes in Soha-dong were built up.

DISTRICTS

There are 18 administrative districts (dong in Korean language ) in Gwangmyeong. Specifically, these are: Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
Dong (from 1-7; Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
6-dong is also known as Okgil dong), Cheolsan Dong (4 dongs), Ha-an Dong (4 dongs), Soha Dong (2 dongs; The southern part of Soha 2-dong is also known as Iljik dong), and Hak-on dong (Gahak-dong and No-onsa dong). In 1995, a tiny section of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
was ceded to Seoul
Seoul
's newly created Geumcheon-gu
Geumcheon-gu
.

DISPUTES ON MUNICIPAL ANNEXATION TO SEOUL

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Due to its history of being part of the urban planning districts of Seoul
Seoul
until December 1982, the living sphere of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
is similar to Seoul's Yeongdeungpo (서울 영등포 생활권) rather than 'Western Gyeonggi's living sphere'(경기 서부 생활권) such as Bucheon and Anyang
Anyang
. The sewage system is linked to Seoul, though the nearest sewage treatment plant is located on the boundary between Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
and Anyang, and the city heavily relies on Seoul's telephone and transport systems (local dial code . The phone area code for Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
is Seoul's 02 and many Seoul
Seoul
buses and taxis are in business in that city); advertisements of firms in Yeongdeungpo area can be easily seen in the city. Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
not belonging to Seoul, Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
residents have to go to a district court office and a reserve soldier's drill camp (of the 51st Infantry Division, Capital Corps) in 'farther' Ansan City other than a district court in nearby Sinjeong-dong and a reserve soldier's drill camp (of the 52nd Infantry Division, CDC) in Anyang.

Proponents of the incorporation in Seoul
Seoul
argue that by annexing the city into capital Seoul, in which Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
City of Gyeonggi Province becomes Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
District of Seoul, the discord between a life zone and administrative districts, in terms of metropolitan governance, can be resolved. They also insist that by the annexation, residents in Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
can benefit from metropolitan services and governance of Seoul
Seoul
Metropolitan City, especially in public transport. Congressman and former mayor of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
Baek Jae-hyeon presented a special bill for "municipal annexation to Seoul
Seoul
for Gwangmyeong" on the floor in September 2009, though his attempt turned out in vain at last. Opponents insist that the annexation would tarnish municipal autonomy in Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
and it would also worsen balanced development of non-capital areas on the national level. The central government once proposed that Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
be merged with Bucheon other than being annexed to Seoul.

EDUCATION

There are 9 high schools, 10 middle schools, 21 elementary schools. Prior to 2013, middle school students who wished to go to high school had to take the entrance exam. Gwangmyeong-buk High School and Jinseong High School are traditionally well known for higher standards of students' academic ability.

LIBRARY

* GwangMyeong Jungang library * CheolSan library * HaAn library

RESIDENTIAL AREA

Since Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
is a commuter town bordering Seoul, it's mostly a residential area. The northwestern part of Gwangmyeong, namely Gwangmyeong-dong, is mostly composed of low-storeyed detached houses, while the eastern part, namely Cheolsan-dong and Haan-dong, consists of high-storeyed apartment complexes. Throughout the late 2000s, old public low-storeyed apartment complexes (저층 주공아파트) in Cheolsan-dong were rebuilt into private high-storeyed apartment complexes (고층 민간아파트). In 2010, some parts of Soha-dong was developed to newly built public apartment complexes.

SHOPPING

The world's largest IKEA store located near the KTX
KTX
Gwangmyeong Station in Seoul
Seoul
Capital Area , South Korea
South Korea
. Entrance to the world's largest IKEA store and skybridge to the Lotte Premium Outlets

Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
is home to the world's largest IKEA and a large Lotte Premium Outlets that is connected into the IKEA. The city is also home to a large Costco
Costco
warehouse which also serves as the headquarters of Costco
Costco
Korea. A large Korean-style traditional market, Gwangmyeong Market, is located in Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
crossroads with Gwangmyeongsageori Station . Modern shopping malls are in Cheolsan Station , Haan crossroads and Soha-dong ( E-mart and Costco
Costco
). Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
residents can also use shopping malls ( Lotte Mart and Homeplus ) in nearby Guro-gu and Geumcheon-gu. Clothes outlets are located in nearby Gasan-dong in Seoul.

MEDICAL SERVICE

A local general hospital, Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
Seongae Hospital is in Cheolsan-dong and it is recently affiliated with Medial School of Kwandong University . A university hospital, Korea University Medical Center at Guro is located in nearby Guro-dong, Seoul. A public medical centre is in southernmost Haan-dong.

Many private clinics are located along with business areas in the city.

TRANSPORTATION

RAILROAD

* Korail
Korail

* Seoul
Seoul
Subway Line 1 Doksan Station
Doksan Station
Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
Shuttle

( Geumcheon-gu
Geumcheon-gu
, Seoul
Seoul
) ← Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong

* KTX
KTX

( Seoul
Seoul
) ← Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
→ (Southern Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province)

* SMRT

* Seoul
Seoul
Subway Line 7

(Gasan Digital Complex ) ← Cheolsan — Gwangmyeongsageori → (Cheonwang )

BUSES

* Hwayeong Bus Corporation : a local bus firm in Gwangmyeong * many Seoul
Seoul
buses are in business in Gwangmyeong, as their garages are located in that city.

TAXIS

As of 1999 (provisional)/2004 (permanent), Gwangmyeong's taxi business district was consolidated to Guro and Geumcheon, Seoul. The taxi fare is the same as that of Seoul
Seoul
taxis.

ATTRACTIONS

The tombs of Yi Sun Shin (not to be confused with the more famous admiral of the same name ) and Lee Won Ik are in the city, just north of Gwangmyeong Station . Lee Won Ik's cultural relics are also on display here. The city is also home to the Gwangmyeong Velodrome , the largest domed structure in South Korea.

INDUSTRY

The city, though small, hosts many firms. In total, there are 630 companies employing 11,636 people.

The city was officially planned to promote small businesses. Such workers can take merits of getting fee of rent, land and even costs for investment.

KIA MOTORS SOHARI PLANT

In 1973, The Kia Motors
Kia Motors
located its Sohari Plant in Soha-dong, Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
City, becoming the country's first integrated automobile assembly plant.

As Kia's car factory nearest to Seoul, it has convenient access to labor and other resources and can conveniently provide completed goods to the Seoul
Seoul
metropolitan area.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Historical figures

* General "Muuigong" Lee Sun-sin - a person with the same name of more famous Admiral "Chungmugong" Yi Sun-sin * Lee Won-ik

Singers

* Onew
Onew

Comedian

* Kim Jun-hyeon - alumni of Gwangmyeong
Gwangmyeong
High School (Chuncheon -born)

SISTER CITIES

* Austin , United States * Liaocheng , China * Osnabrück , Germany * Yamato, Kanagawa , Japan * Jecheon , North Chungcheong Province , South Korea

SEE ALSO

* Geography of South Korea
South Korea

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.ikea.com/kr/ko/about_ikea/newsitem/2014-12-18 * ^ http://gwangmyeong.grandculture.net/Contents/Index?contents_id=GC031C010105 * ^ A news article.(in Korean) http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=100&oid=001&aid=0002855678 * ^ The original text of the proposed bill.(in Korean) http://www.ok100.or.kr/view.php?id=sub31&no=12 * ^ ktx.gm.go.kr * ^ * ^ He was Yeonguijeong in the era of Gwanghaegun * ^ 광명시, 해외전시회 참여 중소기업 임차료 등 지원Newsis 2008.01.16 * ^ " Kia Motors
Kia Motors
Overview". Edmunds.com. * ^ City official page

EXTERNAL LINKS

* City government website (in English) * City Council website (in Korean)

* v * t * e

Gyeonggi
Gyeonggi
Province

Suwon