Guy Mountfort
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Guy Mountfort (4 December 1905 – 23 April 2003) was an
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
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advertising
executive, amateur
ornithologist Ornithology is a branch of zoology that concerns the "methodological study and consequent knowledge of birds with all that relates to them." Several aspects of ornithology differ from related disciplines, due partly to the high visibility and th ...
and conservationist. He is known for writing the pioneering ''A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe'', published in 1954.


Biography

Born in
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London
, Mountfort was the author of the 1954 ''A Field Guide to the Birds of Britain and Europe'', with illustrations by
Roger Tory Peterson Roger Tory Peterson (August 28, 1908 – July 28, 1996) was an American naturalist Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organism In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, ...
and distribution maps by Philip Hollom. The book was the first to provide a portable, accurate, illustrated guide to essentially all birds likely to be seen in Britain, and its design influenced all subsequent field guides. In 1961 he created the
World Wide Fund for Nature The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization An international non-governmental organization (INGO) is an organization which is independent of government involvement and extends the concept of a non-go ...
(then the World Wildlife Fund) with
Victor Stolan Victor Stolan (born 1893) provided "the germ of the idea"Sir Arthur Norman (industrialist), Arthur Norman (1981) The story of the World Wildlife Fund. Contemporary Review vol 239, 23-29. that led Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson with him to start the ...
,
Sir Julian Huxley Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (22 June 1887 – 14 February 1975) was an English evolutionary biologist Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolution, evolutionary processes (natural selection, common descent, spe ...
,
Sir Peter Scott Sir Peter Markham Scott, (14 September 1909 – 29 August 1989) was a British ornithologist, conservation movement, conservationist, painter, naval officer, broadcaster and Sportsperson, sportsman. The only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Fa ...
and
Max Nicholson Edward Max Nicholson (12 July 1904 – 26 April 2003) was a pioneering environmentalism, environmentalist, ornithology, ornithologist and internationalism (politics), internationalist, and a founder of the World Wide Fund for Nature, World Wild ...
. In 1956 he led a n expedition to the Coto Donana with the resulting Book Portrait of a Wilderness illustrated by Eric Hosking. In 1963, he led a party of naturalists and including Huxley, George Shannon
James Ferguson-Lees Ian James Ferguson-Lees (8 January 1929 in Italy – 11 January 2017) was a British ornithology, ornithologist. He became known as a member of the British Birds Rarities Committee who was responsible, with John Nelder and Max Nicholson, for publicly ...
and D. Ian M. Wallace which made the first ornithological expedition to
Azraq Azraq ( ar, الأزرق meaning "blue") is a small town in Zarqa Governorate Zarqa Governorate ( ar, محافظة الزرقاء ''Muħāfazat az-Zarqāʔ'', local dialects ''ez-Zergā'' or ''ez-Zer'a'') is the third largest governorate in Jor ...
in Jordan. The expedition's recommendations eventually led to the creation of the
Azraq Wetland Reserve The Azraq Wetland Reserve is a List of nature reserves in Jordan, nature reserve located in the town of Azraq, Jordan, Azraq in the eastern desert of Jordan. An oasis for migratory birds, rscn-azraq wetland reserve was established in 1978 and cove ...
and other protected areas. Papers from the expedition are in the United Kingdom's National Archives. He was appointed an OBE in 1970, for services to ornithology. In 1972 he led the campaign to save the
Bengal tiger The Bengal tiger is a tiger The tiger (''Panthera tigris'') is the largest extant taxon, living Felidae, cat species and a member of the genus ''Panthera''. It is most recognisable for its dark vertical stripes on orange fur with a ...

Bengal tiger
, persuading
Indira Gandhi Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi (; ''née'' Nehru; 19 November 1917 – 31 October 1984) was an Indian politician and a central figure of the Indian National Congress The Indian National Congress (often called the Congress Party o ...

Indira Gandhi
to create nine tiger reserves in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
, with eight others in
Nepal Nepal (; ne, नेपाल ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ( ne, सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल ), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is ma ...

Nepal
and
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Bangladesh
.


Bibliography

* ''The Hawfinch'' (1957) New Naturalist Monograph No.15. Collins: London. * ''Portrait of a Wilderness: The story of the Coto Doñana Expeditions'' (1958)
HutchinsonHutchinson may refer to: Places United States * Hutchinson, Kansas * South Hutchinson, Kansas * Hutchinson, Minnesota * Hutchinson, Pennsylvania * Hutchinson, West Virginia, in Logan County * Hutchinson, Marion County, West Virginia * Hutchinso ...
: London. ** 2nd edition (1968)
David & Charles David & Charles Ltd is an English publishing company. It is the owner of the David & Charles imprint, which specialises in craft and lifestyle publishing. David and Charles Ltd acts as distributor for all David and Charles Ltd books and cont ...
: Newton Abbott. * ''Portrait of a River: the wildlife of the Danube from the Black Sea to Budapest'' (1962) Hutchinson: London. * ''Portrait of a Desert: the story of an expedition to Jordan'' (1965) Collins: London. * ''The Vanishing Jungle: the story of the World Wildlife Fund Expeditions to Pakistan'' (1969) Collins: London. * ''Tigers'' (1973) David & Charles: Newton Abbott. * ''So Small a World'' (1974) Hutchinson: London. * ''Back from the Brink - Successes in wildlife conservation'' (1978)
HutchinsonHutchinson may refer to: Places United States * Hutchinson, Kansas * South Hutchinson, Kansas * Hutchinson, Minnesota * Hutchinson, Pennsylvania * Hutchinson, West Virginia, in Logan County * Hutchinson, Marion County, West Virginia * Hutchinso ...
: London. * ''Saving the Tiger'' (1981) Michael Joseph: London. * ''A field guide to the birds of Britain and Europe'' by Roger Peterson, Guy Mountfort, P.A.D. Hollom. Collins, 1954 ** 1965 edition: revised and enlarged in collaboration with I.J. Ferguson-Lees and D.I.M. Wallace ** 1971 impression: ** 2004 edition: ** With a
foreword A foreword is a (usually short) piece of writing sometimes placed at the beginning of a book or other piece of literature Literature broadly is any collection of written Writing is a medium of human communication Communication ( ...
by
Sir Peter Scott Sir Peter Markham Scott, (14 September 1909 – 29 August 1989) was a British ornithologist, conservation movement, conservationist, painter, naval officer, broadcaster and Sportsperson, sportsman. The only child of Antarctic explorer Robert Fa ...
** Dedicated: "For Anna, Paul, Oliver and Stephen, who one day will know why Grandpa thought the protection of wildlife so important for their future." *''Wild India - The Wildlife and Landscapes of India'' by Guy Mountfort, Hashim Tyabji and Gerald Cubitt, New Holland Publishers - 2007 - 3rd Edition:


References


External links


''Guardian'' obituary'' Guy Mountfort, Julian Huxley and others started WWF''
{{DEFAULTSORT:Mountfort, Guy 1905 births 2003 deaths Scientists from London English ornithologists New Naturalist writers Officers of the Order of the British Empire 20th-century British zoologists