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Guwahati
Guwahati
(/ɡʊwəˈhɑːti/ ( listen) Pragjyotishpura
Pragjyotishpura
in ancient Assam, Gauhati in the modern era) is the largest city of Assam and Northeastern India, a major riverine port city and one of the fastest growing cities in India, situated on the South Bank of the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
River.[10] The ancient cities of Pragjyotishpura
Pragjyotishpura
and Durjaya
Durjaya
(North Guwahati) were the capitals of the ancient state of Kamarupa
Kamarupa
.[11] Many ancient Hindu temples are in the city, giving it the name "City of Temples".[12] Dispur, the capital of Assam, is in the circuit city region located within Guwahati
Guwahati
and is the seat of the Government of Assam. Guwahati
Guwahati
lies between the banks of the Brahmaputra River
Brahmaputra River
and the foothills of the Shillong
Shillong
plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west and the town of Narengi to the east. It is gradually being expanded as North Guwahati
North Guwahati
to the northern bank of the Brahmaputra. The noted Madan Kamdev
Madan Kamdev
is situated 30 kilometres (19 mi) from Guwahati. The Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC), the city's local government, administers an area of 328 square kilometres (127 sq mi), while the Guwahati
Guwahati
Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is the planning and development body of greater Guwahati
Guwahati
Metropolitan Area. Guwahati
Guwahati
is the largest city in Northeast India.[5] The Guwahati
Guwahati
region hosts diverse wildlife including rare animals such as Asian elephants, pythons, tigers, rhinoceros, gaurs, primate species, and endangered birds.[13][14]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Ancient History 2.2 Medieval History

3 Urban morphology 4 Geography

4.1 Climate

5 Administration & Governance 6 Police 7 Judiciary 8 Infrastructure 9 Demographics

9.1 Population

10 Economy 11 Transport

11.1 Air 11.2 Rail 11.3 Road 11.4 Water

12 Education 13 Sports 14 Media & telecommunications 15 Growth issues 16 Notable people 17 See also 18 References 19 Bibliography 20 External links

Etymology[edit] Once known as Pragjyotishpura
Pragjyotishpura
(the Light of the East), Guwahati derives its name from the Assamese words "Guwa" meaning areca nut and "Haat" meaning market.[15] History[edit] Ancient History[edit] Guwahati's myths and history go back several thousands of years. Although the exact date of the city's beginning is unknown, references in the epics, Puranas, and other traditional histories of India, lead many to assume that it is one of the ancient cities of Asia. Epigraphic sources place the capitals of many ancient kingdoms in Guwahati. It was the capital of the kings Narakasura
Narakasura
and Bhagadatta according to the Mahabharata.[16] Located within Guwahati
Guwahati
is the ancient Shakti temple of Goddess Kamakhya in Nilachal hill Made by Ahoms (an important seat of Tantric and Vajrayana
Vajrayana
Buddhism), the ancient and unique astrological temple Navagraha in Chitrachal Hill, and archaeological remains in Basistha and other archaeological locations of mythological importance.[17]

A view of Kamakhya Temple

The Ambari[18] excavations trace the city to the Non Hindu kingdoms of Shunga-Kushana period of Indian history, between the 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD. During earlier periods of the city's history it was known as Pragjyotishpura, and was the capital of Assam
Assam
under the Kamarupa
Kamarupa
kingdom. Descriptions by Xuanzang
Xuanzang
(Hiuen Tsang) reveal that during the reign of the Varman king Bhaskaravarman
Bhaskaravarman
(7th century AD), the city stretched for about 30 li (15 km or 9.3 mi).[19] . Archaeological evidence by excavations in Ambari, and excavated brick walls and houses discovered during construction of the present Cotton College's auditorium suggest the city was of economic and strategic importance until the 9th-11th century AD.[20] Medieval History[edit]

35-feet-high statue of Ahom general Lachit Borphukan and his army in the middle of the Brahmaputra

The city was the seat of the Borphukan, the civil military authority of the Lower Assam
Assam
region appointed by the Ahom kings. The Borphukan's residence was in the present Fancy Bazar area, and his council-hall, called Dopdar, was about 300 yards (270 m) to the west of the Bharalu stream. The Majindar Baruah, the personal secretary of the Borphukan, had his residence in the present-day deputy commissioner's residence.[21] The Mughals invaded Assam
Assam
seventeen times, and they were defeated by the Handful of Ahoms in Battle of Itakhuli and Battle of Saraighat. During the Battle of Saraighat, fought in Saraighat
Saraighat
in 1671, the Mughals were overrun due to the strong leadership and hard work of Lachit Borphukan. The great embankment called ‘Mumai-Kota Gorh’, named after an incident in which Lachit had to slay (Kota) his own maternal uncle (Mumai) for being lazy in building the embankment (Gorh) that runs along the outskirts of the city, stands as a proof of the hard work and war-readiness on the part of the Ahoms. There was an ancient boat yard in Dighalipukhuri, probably used by the Ahoms in medieval times.[17] Medieval constructions include temples, ramparts, etc. in the city.[22][23] Urban morphology[edit]

Guwahati's urban morphology

Guwahati's 'urban form' radiates from a central core with growth corridors radiating and extending towards the south, east and west. In the past few decades, southern Guwahati
Guwahati
areas such as Ganeshguri, Beltola, Hatigaon, Six Mile and Panjabari began forming a southern sub-center surrounding the capital complex at Dispur. The core area[24] consists of the old city with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fancy Bazaar and Uzan Bazaar, with each area facilitating unique urban activities.[10][25]

The smallest inhabited riverine island in the world, Peacock Island, on the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
river

Guwahati
Guwahati
at dusk

Among the city corridors, the most important is the corridor formed along the Guwahati- Shillong
Shillong
(GS) Road towards the south (almost 15 km [9.3 mi] from the city-center). The GS Road corridor is an important commercial area with retail, wholesale and commercial offices developed along the main road; it is also a densely built residential area in the inner parts. The capital complex of Assam
Assam
at Dispur
Dispur
is situated in this corridor. This corridor has facilitated the growth of a southern city sub-center at Ganeshguri, along with other residential areas to the south developed during the past few decades.[10][25] The corridor extending towards the west (around 30 km [19 mi] from the city-center) contains a rail-road linking not only Guwahati
Guwahati
but also other parts of the northeastern region east of Guwahati
Guwahati
to western Assam
Assam
and the rest of India. The corridor links residential and historically important areas such as Nilachal Hill (Kamakhya), Pandu, and Maligaon
Maligaon
(headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways) before it separates into two – one towards North Guwahati
North Guwahati
via the Saraighat
Saraighat
Bridge and the other continuing west towards LGB International Airport via Gauhati University (Jalukbari). There are also many river ports/jetties along this corridor.[10][25] The third major corridor extends towards the east (around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city-center) linking Noonmati (Guwahati Refinery) and Narengi, and has facilitated residential growth along it. Highway NH-37, which encircles the city's southern parts and links the southern corridor in Noumile to the western corridor in Jalukbari is currently supporting rapid development. Similarly, the VIP Road linking Zoo Road with the eastern corridor and recently completed Hengerabari- Narengi Road are also supporting massive residential development to the east.[10][25] Guwahati
Guwahati
is one among 98 Indian cities which will be upgraded to Smart Cities under a project embarked on by Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. With the grade of a Smart city, Guwahati
Guwahati
will have highly up-to-date and radical provisions like regular and continuous electric supply, first-rate traffic and transport system, superior health care and many other prime utilities. Under this scheme, the city will use digital technology that will act as the integral mechanism of the aforesaid facilities and thereby further elevate the lifestyle of the citizens of Guwahati.[26][27] Geography[edit]

City view from Sarania Hill

To the south-west of the city lies Dipor Bil, a permanent freshwater lake with no prominent inflows apart from monsoon run-off from the hills that lie to the south of the lake. The lake drains into the Brahmaputra, 5 km (3.1 mi) to the north, and acts as a natural stormwater reservoir for the city.[28][29] Climate[edit] Guwahati
Guwahati
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
Aw).[30] The average annual temperature is 22.2 °C, with extremes ranging from 40.6 °C recorded on 24 April 2014 to 2.0 °C recorded in January 1964.

Climate data for Guwahati
Guwahati
(Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport) 1971–1990

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 28.6 (83.5) 33.7 (92.7) 37.6 (99.7) 38.9 (102) 40.3 (104.5) 38.5 (101.3) 37.5 (99.5) 38.0 (100.4) 36.8 (98.2) 36.0 (96.8) 31.0 (87.8) 30.1 (86.2) 40.6 (105.1)

Average high °C (°F) 21.6 (70.9) 25.1 (77.2) 28.1 (82.6) 29.7 (85.5) 30.0 (86) 31.9 (89.4) 31.7 (89.1) 32.1 (89.8) 31.4 (88.5) 30.2 (86.4) 26.5 (79.7) 23.4 (74.1) 27.8 (82)

Daily mean °C (°F) 14.1 (57.4) 18.0 (64.4) 21.9 (71.4) 25.3 (77.5) 26.7 (80.1) 28.4 (83.1) 28.5 (83.3) 28.8 (83.8) 27.9 (82.2) 25.0 (77) 20.2 (68.4) 16.1 (61) 22.5 (72.5)

Average low °C (°F) 8.5 (47.3) 10.9 (51.6) 15.7 (60.3) 19.9 (67.8) 22.4 (72.3) 24.8 (76.6) 25.3 (77.5) 25.4 (77.7) 24.4 (75.9) 19.9 (67.8) 14.8 (58.6) 9.8 (49.6) 15.2 (59.4)

Record low °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 3.5 (38.3) 8.5 (47.3) 10.3 (50.5) 14.4 (57.9) 18.6 (65.5) 18.9 (66) 20.3 (68.5) 19.9 (67.8) 8.9 (48) 4.0 (39.2) 3.0 (37.4) 2.0 (35.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 12 (0.47) 21 (0.83) 62 (2.44) 181 (7.13) 270 (10.63) 360 (14.17) 325 (12.8) 298 (11.73) 234 (9.21) 155 (6.1) 25 (0.98) 10 (0.39) 2,054 (80.87)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.4 2.8 5.2 12.5 15.1 16.6 20.0 15.4 13.3 5.9 2.2 0.9 111.3

Average relative humidity (%) 79 65 57 68 75 81 83 82 83 82 82 82 77

Mean monthly sunshine hours 225.5 213.8 220.1 200.6 191.1 133.1 123.7 161.6 139.0 205.8 230.9 231.7 2,276.9

Source #1: NOAA[31]

Source #2: India
India
Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[32]

Administration & Governance[edit] Dispur, the capital of Assam, lies in Guwahati. The passing of North Eastern (Reorganization Areas) Act in 1971 by the Indian Parliament accorded Meghalaya
Meghalaya
the status of a full-fledged state. After the creation of Meghalaya
Meghalaya
as a separate state, Shillong
Shillong
continued to be the joint capital of both Assam
Assam
and Meghalaya. However, in 1972, the Government of Assam
Assam
decided to shift the capital to Dispur. Accordingly, the first sitting of the Budget Session of the Assam Legislative Assembly was held at Dispur
Dispur
on 16 March 1973.[33] Dispur houses the Secretariat of Assam
Assam
Government, the Assam
Assam
Assembly House, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) Regional Office, the North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd (NEDFi) House and the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC).[34] Guwahati Municipal Corporation (GMC) is the local body responsible for governing, developing and managing the city. GMC is further divided into 31 municipal wards.[35] Guwahati
Guwahati
Metropolitan Development Authority (GMDA) is an agency responsible for planning and development of the greater Guwahati
Guwahati
Metropolitan Area and for revising the Guwahati
Guwahati
Master Plan and Building Bylaws to cover an area of 3,214 square kilometres (1,241 sq mi) by 2025.[36] Guwahati
Guwahati
consists of four assembly constituencies: Jalukbari, Dispur, Gauhati East and Gauhati West,[37] all of which are part of Gauhati (Lok Sabha constituency).[38] Police[edit] Guwahati
Guwahati
is the headquarters of Assam
Assam
Police. The city is under the Police Commissionerate of Guwahati
Guwahati
headed by the Commissioner of Police, Guwahati. It is divided into three districts: East Police District, Central Police District and West Police District, each headed by a Deputy Commissioner of Police. Each police district consists of officers, not below the rank of Assistant Commissioner of Police, functioning as executive magistrates within a said metropolitan area.[39] Judiciary[edit] Guwahati
Guwahati
is the principal seat of the Gauhati High Court. It acts as the High Court of Assam
Assam
and also of Nagaland, Mizoram
Mizoram
and Arunachal Pradesh with their outlying benches of Kohima, Aizawl
Aizawl
and Itanagar respectively. Gauhati High Court
Gauhati High Court
came in effect from 5 April 1948. It initially had its sittings at Shillong
Shillong
but was shifted to Gauhati from 14 August 1948.[40] Guwahati
Guwahati
also houses the Court of the District & Sessions Judge, Kamrup established in 1920. It is a lower court of the district judiciary having territorial jurisdiction over the greater Guwahati area only.[41] Infrastructure[edit] The city has a comparatively high quality of life. A 2006 survey ranked Guwahati
Guwahati
17th among all the large and medium-sized Indian cities.[42] The city provides competitive residential and working environments with beautiful landscapes, pleasant climate, modern shopping areas, modern apartments and bungalows, and considerably developed social infrastructure. A centrally funded four-lane, ambitious East-West Corridor will pass through Guwahati
Guwahati
and connect all the state capitals of Northeast India. Completion of the project will boost the vital upliftment of the whole region.[10]

Guwahati
Guwahati
from Kamakhya Hill

The city still needs attention to improve its infrastructure. Funding from the Asian Development Bank
Asian Development Bank
is providing assistance to improve Guwahati's transportation infrastructure along with a substantial amount from Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
(JNNURM) for its development.[10] Demographics[edit] Population[edit] Guwahati
Guwahati
is one of the fastest growing cities in India.[10] It is estimated that Guwahati
Guwahati
metro will house 2.8 million residents by 2025.[43][better source needed]

Religions in Guwahati

Religion

Percent of population

Hinduism

84.74%

Islam

12.45%

Jainism

0.96%

Christianity

0.93%

Others†

0.94%

Distribution of religions †Includes Sikhism
Sikhism
(0.36%) and Buddhism
Buddhism
(<0.2%).

The percentage of child population of Guwahati
Guwahati
is 9.40%. The average literacy rate is stated to be 91.47% with male literacy at 94.24% and female literacy at 88.50%. The sex ratio has been recorded to be 933 females per 1000 males and child sex ratio to be 940 girls per 1000 boys.[44] Economy[edit] Pandu, located on the banks of the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
at the western part of the city, is an ancient urban area that acted as the chief military base for the Ahoms against external invasions. Due to extensive fortification ('Gorh') surrounding Pandu, it acts as a natural river harbour and is formally called Gar-Pandu. Pandu
Pandu
port falls under Dhubri-Sadiya National Waterway-2 and is an important terminal cum transit point for goods and cargo as well as passenger and tourist vessels. Construction of both low-level and high-level jetty of fixed terminal, capable of handling container vessels, has been completed and has further enhanced revenue generation for the city.[45][46] Manufacturing sector in Guwahati
Guwahati
contributes a substantial share to the economy of the city. Petroleum manufacturing is an important economic activity of the city. The Guwahati Refinery is the most important manufacturing industry in the city. Located at Noonmati, the refinery was set up by the Indian Oil Corporation Limited as the first public sector refinery of India
India
as well as the refinery of Indian Oil since 1962. It was built with an initial crude processing capacity of 0.75 million metric tons per annum (MMTPA) at the time of its commission which was gradually increased to 1.0 MMTPA. It produces various products and supplies them to the other northeast states and also beyond to Siliguri through the Guwahati-Siliguri pipeline. The various products produced by the refinery include Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), Kerosene Oil, Turbine Fuel (aviation use), Motor Spirit, High Speed Motor Diesel, Light Diesel Oil and Raw Petroleum Coke. There is also an LPG bottling plant in the city.[47][better source needed] Tea manufacturing and processing is another important activity of Guwahati. Assam
Assam
is one of the highest tea-producing areas in the world, contributing 80% of India's export and 55% of the country's total tea production. So high is the production of tea in Assam
Assam
that it is the biggest industry of the state. The headquarters of the Assam Branch Indian Tea Association (ABITA) is located at Guwahati. The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC), located adjacent to the capital complex at Dispur, is the world's largest CTC tea auction centre and the second largest in terms of total tea auctioned. The inaugural sale took place on 25 September 1970 and the first lot of tea was auctioned at the price of Rs. 42.50 which, during those days, was a big achievement.[48][better source needed] Many centralised, private and international banks have set up their branches in the city with the Reserve Bank Of India
India
having one of its own at Pan Bazaar.[49][50][51] Transport[edit]

Saraighat
Saraighat
Bridge on the Brahmaputra

Air[edit]

Inside LGB International Airport

Guwahati
Guwahati
is served by the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, in Borjhar, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) west from the heart of the city. With all major domestic and international airlines flying into Guwahati, it is the thirteenth busiest airport in India
India
in total passenger traffic. Daily and weekly flights are available to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Bangkok, Paro and other important destinations. Rail[edit]

Guwahati
Guwahati
Railway Station

The city of Guwahati
Guwahati
and the northeastern region falls under the Northeast Frontier Railway
Northeast Frontier Railway
(NFR) Zone of the Indian Railways. The Guwahati
Guwahati
railway station, located in Paltan Bazaar area of Guwahati, is the major railway station of the city. It lies along the Barauni-Guwahati Line and Guwahati–Lumding section, categorised as an A-1 railway station under Lumding railway division. There are three more railway stations in the city – the Kamakhya Junction
Kamakhya Junction
for passenger and goods services, the New Guwahati
Guwahati
Junction (near Noonmati) for only freight services and Azara Railway Station, also primarily used for freight services. There are regular trains connecting Guwahati
Guwahati
to and from other major cities of the country. Rajdhani Express, Poorvottar Sampark Kranti Express, Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
Mail, Kamrup Express, Northeast Express, Saraighat
Saraighat
Express and Garib Rath are some significant trains running to and from Guwahati. The train with the longest route in India, Vivek Express, which runs from Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
in Upper Assam
Assam
to Kanyakumari
Kanyakumari
in southern tip of India passes through Guwahati
Guwahati
Junction.[52] Road[edit] The length of surfaced roads within the city is 218 km (135 mi). National Highway 27 connects Guwahati
Guwahati
with the states West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and Gujarat. This highway connects Guwahati
Guwahati
with Silchar
Silchar
and further connecting the city to the states of Manipur, Mizoram
Mizoram
and Tripura. National Highway 17 from Sevoke
Sevoke
in West Bengal
West Bengal
terminates in Jalukbari and connects Guwahati
Guwahati
with the major cities of Dhubri
Dhubri
and Cooch Behar. National Highway 15 and its several secondary roads runs through both the banks of River Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
and connects the Guwahati
Guwahati
with the cities of Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh
Dibrugarh
and the states of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.[53] The public transportation is well developed in the city. Buses are the major means of public transport in Guwahati. The Assam
Assam
State Transport Corporation (ASTC) and private operators provide the city bus services within the city. ASTC operates the Volvo
Volvo
air-conditioned bus services within the city as well as to the LGBI airport. In addition to this, there are a number of bus operators which regularly run day and night buses from Guwahati
Guwahati
to neighbouring towns and cities. Rupnath Brahma Inter-State Bus Terminus (ISBT), located at Betkuchi area on NH-37, is the most significant terminal cum transit point for buses plying between Guwahati
Guwahati
and other destinations in Assam
Assam
and Northeast India. The areas of Adabari and Paltan Bazaar also act as nodal points in providing bus services to towns and cities in Assam
Assam
and adjoining states.[52][54] A metro rail project has also been planned to relieve the hectic traffic conditions on the streets.[55][56] Water[edit] The Inland Water Transport Department is headquartered at Pandu
Pandu
port in Guwahati. The waterways transportation services in Guwahati
Guwahati
are used for transporting bulk goods and cargo, and for movement of passenger and tourist vessels. Ferry services are available for transportation of people from different ports along the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
to Pandu
Pandu
port.[52] Education[edit] Further information: List of educational institutions in Guwahati Guwahati
Guwahati
is the major educational hub of Northeast India.[57] Among the esteemed institutions is the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
Guwahati
(IIT), an autonomous institute dedicated in the field of technical studies in India.The Indian Institute of Information Technology Guwahati. The Cotton College is yet another century-old autonomous institution in the fields of Science and Arts.

Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati

Guwahati
Guwahati
has numerous educational institutes such as Gauhati University, Cotton University, Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences, Assam
Assam
Science and Technology University, Gauhati Commerce College, Handique Girls College, National Law University and Judicial Academy, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Assam Engineering College, Assam
Assam
Institute of Management, Assam
Assam
Don Bosco University, Assam
Assam
Down Town University and Royal Global University, Tata Institute of Social Sciences. Sports[edit]

Rongmon Statue at Sarusajai (IGA) Stadium

Guwahati
Guwahati
features the multi-purpose Nehru Stadium which hosts mainly cricket and football; while the Kanaklata Indoor Stadium in the R.G. Baruah Sports Complex (in the Ulubari locality) is one of the oldest sports complex in the city.[58] There are smaller stadiums in Maligaon (the North-East Frontier Railway Stadium) and in Paltan Bazaar where the Sports Authority of India
India
(SAI) complex is located. The sporting infrastructure specially constructed for the 33rd National Games in 2007 include a large stadium at Sarusajai—the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium, the Dr. Zakir Hussain Aquatic Complex, and the Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi A.C. Indoor Hall. Other new sports structures include the Maulana Md. Tayabullah Hockey Stadium at Bhetapara, the Deshbhakta Tarun Ram Phookan Indoor Stadium at Ulubari, Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium at Amingaon, Chachal Tennis Complex and Tepesia Sports Complex.[59] The other renovated sports complexes include Ganesh Mandir Indoor Stadium at Khanapara, Rudra Singha Sports Complex at Dispur
Dispur
and Gauhati University Sports Stadium. The Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium was also the main venue of 2016 South Asian Games, which was held from 5 to 16 February 2016. Indra Gandhi Athletic Stadium also hosted the Himalayan Region Games in 2017. Indra Gandhi Athletic Stadium also hosted the FIFA U-17 World Cup
FIFA U-17 World Cup
India
India
in 2017.[60]

Sarusajai Stadium

Guwahati
Guwahati
is home to professional football team NorthEast United FC
NorthEast United FC
of Indian Super League.[61] The Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium
Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium
presents one of the finest football atmospheres in the country. They play their home games at Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium. ACA Stadium is a cricket stadium located at Barsapara in Guwahati.[62]

Professional sports clubs based in the city

Club Sport League Stadium

NorthEast United FC Football Indian Super League Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium

Northeastern Warriors Badminton Premier Badminton
Badminton
League Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi Indoor Stadium

Guwahati
Guwahati
F.C. Football I-League 2nd Division Nehru Stadium, North-East Frontier Railway Stadium

Gauhati Town Club Football GSA Super League, Youth League U18 Judges Field

FC Green Valley Football GSA Super League, Assam
Assam
State Premier League Nehru Stadium

Media & telecommunications[edit]

The Dainik Asom building at Chandmari

Assamese daily newspapers published from the city are Dainik Agradoot, Asomiya Pratidin, Asomiya Khobor, Amar Asom, Dainik Janambhumi, Janasadharan, Niyomiya Barta, Dainik Asam, Ajir Asom and Gana Adhikar. English dailies are The Assam
Assam
Tribune, The Sentinel, The Telegraph, The Times of India
India
and Eastern Chronicle. Eclectic Northeast Magazine[63] is a leading Guwahati-based monthly Northeast magazine with an online version. G Plus
G Plus
is the only English weekly tabloid published from Guwahati.[64] Doordarshan Kendra Guwahati
Guwahati
provides composite satellite television services to Northeast India. The Guwahati-based 24-hour regional news channels include News Live, DY 365, Pratidin Time, Prag News, Assam Talks and News 18 Assam/North-East. The Guwahati
Guwahati
Radio Station of state-owned All India
India
Radio was inaugurated on 1 July 1948 as Shillong- Guwahati
Guwahati
Station.[65] The Headquarter of the Shillong- Guwahati
Guwahati
Station was shifted from Shillong to Guwahati
Guwahati
in 1953.[65] It is a full-fledged Regional broadcasting station with 3 channels; the Guwahati
Guwahati
A & B Channels are AM Channels and the CBS Channel is a FM Channel. The other FM stations include 92.7 BIG FM, Radio Gup-Shup 94.3 FM, Red FM 93.5 and Radio Mirchi. Telecom services are BSNL, Aircel, Airtel, Vodafone, Reliance, Idea Cellular
Idea Cellular
and Jio. Growth issues[edit]

Increase in population

Guwahati
Guwahati
has seen a rapid rise in population in the past few years. People from other parts of the state and the region routinely migrate to the city chiefly for education and occupation resulting in undesirable expansion of population in the city, which further brings with it many collateral problems in the city.[66]

Price rise

One of the economic problems that the citizens of Guwahati
Guwahati
have to put up with is the hike in prices of many essentials, chiefly vegetable, poultry and fish. The prices of these commodities keep escalating at an inordinate rate because of which the buyers find it difficult to buy these items. Vegetables are transported into Assam
Assam
from West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
and Meghalaya
Meghalaya
and the truckers en route have to pay considerable amount of money as tax at various check posts.[67][68] It is one of the causes of rise in prices of vegetables in the markets of Guwahati. The prices of locally available vegetables and fruits undergo large markup because of transportation expenses grounds, besides intra-State check posts taxes. In addition to these, the wholesale dealers as well as the retail sellers augment the prices of the commodities according to their own desires. The prices of poultry, mainly chicken that reach the city markets from places like Chaygaon
Chaygaon
and Barpeta
Barpeta
have been soaring rapidly because of similar factors. There has been steep rise in the prices of fishes as well, the prominent varieties of which being Rohu ("Rou"), Catla ("Bahu"), Walking catfish ("Magur") and Monopterus ("Kuchia") among many others.[69][70] Notable people[edit]

Narakasura, founder of Naraka dynasty Bhagadatta, ruler of Naraka dynasty Vajradatta, ruler of Naraka dynasty Pushyavarman, founder of Kamrup Kingdom Bhaskaravarman, ruler of Kamarupa Durgabar Kayastha, medieval litterateur Nabakanta Barua, poet/educator Indira Goswami, novelist/educator Himanta Biswa Sarma, education and health minister of state Angaraag Mahanta, singer and composer Shiva Thapa, boxer and Olympian Abu Nechim, cricketer Zubeen Garg, singer, actor, music director, composer Arnab Goswami, journalist Nayyara Noor, singer

See also[edit]

India
India
portal Assam
Assam
portal

Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
Valley Film Festival Battle of Saraighat Gauhati High Court History of Beltola Kamrup List of people from Assam List of colleges affiliated to Gauhati University List of educational institutions in Guwahati Personalities from Western Assam Pragjyotishpura Pragjyotisha Kingdom Saraighat
Saraighat
Bridge Tourism in North East India Varman dynasty

References[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

Baruah, Swarna Lata (1993). Last Days of Ahom Monarchy: A History of Assam
Assam
from 1769 to 1826. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Limited. ISBN 978-81-215-0462-1.  Gait, Sir Edward Albert (1906). A History of Assam. Thacker, Spink & Company. 

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