Gutian County
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(;
Foochow Romanized Foochow Romanized, also known as Bàng-uâ-cê (BUC for short; ) or Hók-ciŭ-uâ Lò̤-mā-cê (), is a Latin alphabet The Latin alphabet or Roman alphabet is the collection of letters originally used by the ancient Romans to write the ...
: ''Kŭ-chèng Gâing'') is a county lying in the northeastern
Fujian Fujian (; alternately romanized as Fukien or Hokkien) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnat ...

Fujian
province, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of
Ningde Ningde (; Foochow Romanized: Nìng-dáik), also known as Mindong (; Foochow Romanized: Mìng-dĕ̤ng; lit. East of Fujian), is a prefecture-level city located along the northeastern coast of Fujian province, People's Republic of China. It border ...

Ningde
City and is located in the southwest part of the municipality. It is also known as "the town of the former worthy", as
Zhu Xi Zhu Xi (; ; October 18, 1130 – April 23, 1200), W-G Chu Hsi, also known by his courtesy name Yuanhui (or Zhonghui), and self-titled Hui'an, was a Chinese Confucian , Shanxi Shanxi (; Postal romanization, formerly romanised as Sh ...

Zhu Xi
, a famous Chinese scholar once lived there. It is also known as Kutien or Kucheng. *Area: *Population: 429,463


History

The county was set up in the
Tang Dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum between 690 and 705. It was preceded by the Sui dynasty and followed by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. H ...
by Liujiang in 741 AD. Since
Zhuxi
Zhuxi
, one of the famous scholars in China, lived there, it is also called "the town of the former worthy." In 1895 the county was the site of a massacre of Christian missionaries.


Geography

The
Min River (Fujian) The Min River (; Foochow Romanized: ''Mìng-gĕ̤ng''; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Bân-kang; Kienning Colloquial Romanized: Ma̿ing-gó̤ng) is a -long river in Fujian province, People's Republic of China. It is the largest river in Fujian, and an important w ...
runs through Gutian, covering a distance of .


Scenic Areas

There are a number of scenic areas in Gutian. * The thousand-year-old
Auspicious Tower Auspicious is a Latin-derived word originally pertaining to the taking of 'Augury, auspices' by the augurs of ancient Rome. It may refer to: * Luck * Auspicious number in numerology * Eight auspicious symbols; see Ashtamangala * Auspicious wedding ...
(). * The
Xishan Academy of Classical LearningXishan may refer to the following locations in China: *Western Hills (西山), mountain range in the west of Beijing *Western Mountains (西山), mountain range located 12 km west of Kunming in Yunnan *Xishan (, ''Xīshān'', lit. "Tin Hill"), ...
(), where
Zhuxi
Zhuxi
once taught. * The
Linshui Palace Linshui County () is a CPRC, county in the east of Sichuan province, China, administratively governed by the prefecture-level city of Guang'an; it is the easternmost county-level division of Guang'an, bordering Chongqing municipality to the east. ...
(). * The
Temple of Paradise A temple (from the Latin word ) is a building reserved for religious or spiritual rituals and activities such as prayer and sacrifice. The term typically used for such buildings belonging to all faiths where a more specific term such as church ( ...
(). * The
Green Screen Lake Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum. It is evoked by light which has a dominant wavelength of roughly 495570 Nanometre, nm. In subtractive color systems, used in painting and color printing, it is created by ...
().


Subdivision

Gutian has jurisdiction over 8 towns and 7 villages. It has a total population of 430,000. *
Shanyang TownShanyang may refer to the following locations in China: *Shanyang County (山阳县), county in Shaanxi **Shanyang Formation (山阳组), geological formation *Shanyang District (山阳区), Jiaozuo, Henan *Huai'an District, Jiangsu, formerly Shanya ...
() * Hetang town () *Daqiao, Gutian County, Daqiao Town () *Pinghu Town () *Xincheng, Gutian County, Xincheng Town () *Huangtian Town () *Fengdu Town () *Shuikou Town () *Dajia Village () *Zhuoyang Village () *Jixiang Village () *Songji Village () *Hubin Village () *Panyang Village () *Fengpu Village ()


Agriculture

Gutian county is known as "The Land of Fungi" (). Fungal exports include snow fungus (''Tremella fuciformis'') () and shiitake (''Lentinula edodes'') (). Other exports include perch (), carp (), honey peaches (), reddish slab stones () and Younai plums ().


Communications and public works

Gutian's transportation systems include railways, highways and seaways. Waifu () Railway is long. Abundant water resources have led to the building of the first national underground hydropower station, Gutian Xishui Hydroelectric Power Station, which has the largest volume in East China.


Miscellaneous

Gutian is the original home of many countrymen residing abroad. The number of overseas Chinese from this area amounts to more than 200,000, many now resident in Sitiawan, Perak in Malaysia. It is also a "national model county", which is famous for its culture, physical education and broadcasting TV programs.


Climate


See also

* Kucheng Massacre


References

{{Authority control Gutian County, County-level divisions of Fujian