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Gurgaon
Gurgaon
(also known as Gurugram) district is one of the 22 Districts of Haryana
Haryana
in northern India. Gurgaon
Gurgaon
(Gurugram) city is the administrative headquarters of the district. District Magistrate
District Magistrate
& Deputy Commissioner of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district is Vinay Pratap Singh, an IAS officer. The population is 15,14,085.[1] It is one of the southern districts of Haryana. On its north, it is bounded by the district of Jhajjar and the Union Territory of Delhi. Faridabad district
Faridabad district
lies to its east. On its south, lie the districts of Palwal
Palwal
and Nuh. To its west lies Rewari
Rewari
district.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Sub-Divisions 4 Industries 5 Demographics 6 Seevalso 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] According to Mahabharata
Mahabharata
(900 BCE), the area was granted by the eldest Pandava
Pandava
king Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
to their teacher Dronacharya. Later is passed in the hands of Maurya empire
Maurya empire
to invaders like Parthian and Kushan, and Yaudheya
Yaudheya
after they expelled Kushanas from the area between Yamuna
Yamuna
and Satluj. Yodheyas was sujugated by king Rudradaman I of Indo-Scythians
Indo-Scythians
and later by Gupta Empire
Gupta Empire
and then by Hunas, who were overthrown by Yashodharman
Yashodharman
of Mandsaur
Mandsaur
and then by Yashovarman of Kannauj. Area was also ruled by Harsha
Harsha
(590 - 467 CE), Gurjara-Pratihara
Gurjara-Pratihara
(mid 7th century CE to 11th century). Tomara dynasty, who founded Dhillika in 736 CE, were earlier tributaries of Partiharas, overthrew Partiharas. Tomaras were defeated by who were in turn were overthrown in 1156 CE by king Visaladeva Chauhan of Chauhan Dynasty. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj Chauhan
conquered the area of Gurgaon, Nuh, Bhiwani
Bhiwani
and Rewari
Rewari
in 1182 CE. After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj Chauhan
in 1192 CE, the area came under Qutb al-Din Aibak (1206 CE) of Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
who defeated and killed Prithviraj's son Hemraj who had invaded Mewat are from Alwar. Meo who were all Hindus during those times, killed Sayyid Wajih-ud-din who was sent to subjugate Meos, but they were later suppressed by nephew of Aibak called Miran Hussain Jang and those Meo who remained Hindus were forced to pay Islamic religious tax Jizya
Jizya
and others were forced to convert to Islam. In 1249 CE, Balban
Balban
killed 2000 rebellious Meos. Meo rebels took away large number of camels of Balban's army in 1257-58 CE. In 1260 CE, Balban
Balban
retaliated by overrunning the area and killing 250 Meo prisoners and slaughtered 12,000 women, children and surviving men. At the time of invasion of Timur
Timur
in 1398 CE, Sambar Pal, titled Bahadur Nahar, of Hindu Jadu clan was the prominent king of the area who constructed the fort called Kotla Bahadur Nahar near Kotla lake at Kotla village of Nuh. Sambar Pal was converted to Islam
Islam
with new name Raja Nahar Khan and became founder of Khanzada Rajputs after submitting to Timur. In 1421 CE, Sayyid dynasty
Sayyid dynasty
king of Delhi, Khizr Khan defeated Bahadur Nahar's converted son Jalal Khan of Mewat and kotla fort. When in 1425, converted grandsons of Bahadur Nahar named Jalal Khan and Abdul Qadir (Jallu and Qaddu) revolted, they were defeated by delhi Sultan Mubarak Shah ( 1421– 1434 CE) who overran Mewat and killed Qaddu. Jallu continued the native Mewati rebellion against the Delhi
Delhi
sultanate. In 1527, Hasan Khan Mewati, a descendant of Sambar Pal, sided with Rajput king Rana Sanga
Rana Sanga
and they were defeated by Babur
Babur
at Battle of Khanwa
Battle of Khanwa
where Hassan Khan Mewati was killed by Mughals and his son Naher Khan II ruled Mewat as a vassal of Mughals. Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
sent Jai Singh I
Jai Singh I
to crush the revolting Khanzada Mewati chief Ikram Khan. After the death of Aurangzeb, Bahadurgarh
Bahadurgarh
and Farrukhnagar
Farrukhnagar
in the north were under the Baloch nawabs who were granted jagir in 1713 CE by Mughal king Farrukhsiyar, central area of Badshapur was under Hindu Badgujar Rajput king Hathi Singh and south including Nuh were under the great Jat king of Bharatpur State, Maharaja Suraj Mal. During Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
the area was conquered by their French generals in late 18th century and they granted Farukhnagar to George Thomas and Jharsa (Badshahpur) to Begum Sumro and south area including Nuh stayed under the Bharatpur king and their vassal relatives, one of whom was Nahar Singh.[2][3][4] Geography[edit] This district contains many small hill ranges which are part of the Aravali and Mangar Bani ranges. Sub-Divisions[edit] The district is headed by Deputy Commissioner who is the chief officer of the district. The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions headed by Sub-Divisional Magistrates: Gurgaon
Gurgaon
North, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
South and Pataudi, which are further divided into five revenue tehsils, namely, Gurgaon, Sohna, Pataudi, Farukh Nagar, Manesar
Manesar
and four sub-tehsils namely Wazirabad, Badshahpur, Kadipur and Garhi Harsaru and also comprises four rural development blocks, Pataudi, Sohna, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
and Farrukhnagar. There are 4 Haryana
Haryana
Vidhan Sabha constituencies located in this district: Pataudi, Badshahpur, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
and Sohna.[5] All of these are part of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituency.[6] Industries[edit] A large number of industries and offices have been established in Gurgaon
Gurgaon
city, Manesar
Manesar
and Sohna
Sohna
Road. Cyber City on NH8 is a popular location where most Multi National Companies (MNC) have taken large office spaces. All SEZs in Haryana
Haryana
State are in Gurgaon, except Sonipat[7] SEZ zones have special jurisdiction, favourable to businesses. While many other modern commercial clusters have come up on Udyog Vihar, Manesar, Rajiv Chowk, Sohna
Sohna
Road, Golf Course Road etc. Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district has a population of 1,514,085,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[9] or the US state of Hawaii.[10] This gives it a ranking of 328th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 1,241 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,210/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 73.93%.[8] Gurgaon
Gurgaon
has a sex ratio of 853 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 84.4%.[8]

Religion in Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district (2011)[11]

Religion

Percent

Hinduism

93.03%

Islam

4.68%

Sikhism

1.00%

Christianity

0.64%

Jainism

0.49%

Buddhism

0.06%

Not Stated

0.09%

Seevalso[edit]

Patherheri

References[edit]

^ Haryana
Haryana
renames Gurgaon
Gurgaon
city and district to Gurgaon, published April 2016, accessed July 201 ^ Gazeteer of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
1983, Haryana
Haryana
Revenue Department, Chapter II, pp.35-45. ^ Gazeteer of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
1910", Haryana
Haryana
Revenue Department, Section B, pp.19-24. ^ Gazeteer of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
1883-84", Haryana
Haryana
Revenue Department, Chapter II, pp.19-25. ^ "District Wise Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Haryana
Haryana
website. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011.  ^ "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008" (PDF). The Election Commission of India. p. 157.  ^ http://www.sezindia.nic.in/writereaddata/pdf/ListofoperationalSEZs.pdf ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. gujjars have many villages in gurgaon. Gabon 1,576,665  ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii
Hawaii
1,360,301  ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/225-gurgaon.html

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district.

Official Web Site of District Gurgaon, Haryana Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Weather & interactive Map History of Haryana Government of Haryana Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Citizen Forum

Places adjacent to Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district

Jhajjar district South West Delhi
Delhi
district, NCT South Delhi
Delhi
district, NCT

Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district

Faridabad
Faridabad
district

Rewari
Rewari
district Mewat district Palwal
Palwal
district

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State of Haryana

Capital: Chandigarh

Topics

Outline History Tourism Geography Politics Government Governors Economy Sports

Districts and divisions

Ambala division

Ambala Kurukshetra Panchkula Yamuna
Yamuna
Nagar

Faridabad
Faridabad
division

Faridabad Nuh Palwal

Gurgaon
Gurgaon
division

Gurgaon Mahendragarh Rewari

Hisar division

Fatehabad Hisar Jind Sirsa

Karnal
Karnal
division

Kaithal Karnal Panipat

Rohtak
Rohtak
division

Bhiwani Charkhi Dadri Jhajjar Rohtak Sonipat

Major cities

Faridabad Gurgaon Panipat Yamunanagar Rohtak Hisar Karnal Sonipat Panchkula Bhiwani Sirsa Bahadurgarh Jind Kurukshetra Kaithal Rewari Palwal

Culture

Dance Music Swang Haryanvi Films Haryanvi language Loarki language Mewati language

Economy

Power stations and power organisations

Places of interest

Indus Valley Civilization

Balu, Haryana Banawali Bhirrana Farmana Jognakhera Kunal Lohari Ragho Mitathal Rakhigarhi Siswal Sothi

Archaeological

Agroha Mound Chaneti Stupa Havelis: Nangal Sirohi Stepwells: Dhumaspur Baoli, Shahjahan ki Baoli

Forts

Asigarh Fort
Fort
(Hansi) Badhshapur Fort Buria Fort Chhachhrauli Fort Dhosi Hill
Hill
Fort Fatehabad Fort Farrukhnagar
Farrukhnagar
Fort Hisar-e-Firoza Fort
Fort
Kotla Indor Fort Jind
Jind
Fort Kaithal
Kaithal
Fort Gajpat Singh Fort
Fort
at Karnal Loharu Fort Madhogarh Fort Mahendragarh Fort Meham Fort Nahar Singh
Nahar Singh
Fort
Fort
at Ballabhgargh Pinjore Fort Raipur Rani Fort Fort
Fort
of King Saras of Sirsa Tosham
Tosham
Hill
Hill
Fort

Hills

Dhosi Hill
Hill
near Narnaul Kotla Hill
Hill
in Mewat Indor Hill
Hill
in Mewat Madhogarh Hill
Hill
near Mahendragarh Mahendragarh Hill Morni
Morni
Hills in Yamuna
Yamuna
Nagar Tosham
Tosham
Hill
Hill
in Bhiwani

Caves

Chyvan Rishi Cave
Cave
at Dhosi Hill Tosham
Tosham
Hill
Hill
Caverns Nar Narayan Cave
Cave
in Yamuna
Yamuna
Nagar

Historical

Bhima Devi Temple Complex
Bhima Devi Temple Complex
at Pinjore Dhosi Hill Farrukhnagar Mughal Bridge at Kernal Harsh ka Tilla at Kurukshetra Nahar Singh
Nahar Singh
Mahal Narnaul Pataudi
Pataudi
Palace Pinjore Gardens Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple Surajkund Tomb of Saikh Taiyab at Kaithal Tosham
Tosham
rock inscription State Protected Monuments Monuments of National Importance

Wildlife Sanctuary

Abubshahar Wildlife Sanctuary Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary Chhilchhila Wildlife Sanctuary Kalesar National Park Khaparwas Wildlife Sanctuary Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary Morni Nahar Wildlife Sanctuary Saraswati Wildlife Sanctuary Sohna Sultanpur Lake Bird Sanctuary

Endangered Wildlife Breeding

Chinkara Breeding Centre Kairu, Bhiwani Crocodile Breeding Centre, Kurukshetra Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centre, Pinjore Pheasant Breeding Centre Morni Pheasant Breeding Centre, Berwala Peacock & Chinkara Breading Centre, Jhabua in Rewari
Rewari
district Deer Park, Hisar

Zoos in Haryana

Bhiwani
Bhiwani
Zoo Hisar Deer Park Rohtak
Rohtak
Zoo Pipli Zoo

Herbal Parks

Shatavar Vatika Herbal Park, Hisar Ch. Surender Singh Memorial Herbal Park, Tosham Ch. Surender Singh Memorial Herbal Park, Kairu Ch. Devi Lal Herbal Nature Park

Lakes

Badkhal Lake Blue Bird Lake
Blue Bird Lake
at Hisar Damdama Lake Karna Lake Tilyar Lake
Tilyar Lake
at Rohtak

Dams

Anagpur Dam Hathnikund Barrage Kaushalya Dam Masani barrage Ottu barrage Palla barrage Pathrala barrage Tajewala Barrage

Rivers

Chautang Ghaggar-Hakra Markanda River Najafgarh Sahibi River Sarasvati River Yamuna

Religious

Adi Badri (Haryana)
Adi Badri (Haryana)
Sarsvati udgam sthal Agroha Dham Baba Thakur Banbhori
Banbhori
Devi Brahma Sarovar Bhuteshwar Temple Jayanti Devi Temple Jyotisar Kartikeya Temple Markandeshwar Mata Mansa Devi Mandir Nada Sahib Naugaja Peer Pindara Temple Sannihit Sarovar Sita Mai Temple Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple Sheetla Mata Mandir Gurgaon St. Thomas' Church at Hisar

Offices

High Court Legislative Assembly Raj Bhavan

Public places

Kingdom of Dreams Mall of India The Oberoi

Extreme Corners of Haryana

Eastern-most point: Kalesar village Yamuna
Yamuna
riverbank in Yamuna
Yamuna
Nagar District Western-most point: Chautala-Sangari border road crossing in Sirsa district Southern-most point: Kol Gaon hill in Ferozepur Jhirka tehsil of Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district Northern-most point: Khokhra
Khokhra
village riverbank north of Chandigarh-Baddi river bridge in Panchkula
Panchkula
district

Highest-lowest of Haryana

Highest point: Karoh Peak
Karoh Peak
in Shivalik Hills
Shivalik Hills
of Panchkula
Panchkula
district Lowest natural Surface elevation point: Deepest Underground Cave: Coldest avg temp: Karoh Peak
Karoh Peak
in Shivalik Hills
Shivalik Hills
of Panchkula
Panchkula
district Hottest avg temp: Hisar Wettest avg rainfall: Morni
Morni
hills in Shivalik Hills
Shivalik Hills
of Panchkula district Driest avg rainfall: Bhiwani

Oldest of Haryana

Oldest archaeological site: Rakhigarhi
Rakhigarhi
4700 BC or 6700 years old Indus Valley Civilization in Hisar district Oldest archaeological mine site: Kaliyana hill Indus Valley Civilization stone mine (3000 BC or 5000 years old) west of Charkhi Dadri

Government and Politics

Elections

1991 1996 1998 1999 2004 2009 2014

Chief Ministers

Banarsi Das Gupta Rao Birender Singh Bansi Lal Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Bhajan Lal Devi Lal Om Prakash Chautala Hukam Singh Bhupinder Singh Hooda Manohar Lal Khattar

Governors

Dharma Vira Birendra Narayan Chakraborty Ranjit Singh Narula Jaisukh Lal Hathi Harcharan Singh Brar Surjit Singh Sandhawalia Ganpatrao Devji Tapase Saiyid Muzaffar Husain Burney Hari Anand Barari Dhanik Lal Mandal Mahaveer Prasad Babu Parmanand Om Prakash Verma Akhlaqur Rahman Kidwai Jagannath Pahadia Kaptan Singh Solanki

State agencies

Dakshin Haryana
Haryana
Bijli Vitran Nigam Debt Conciliation Board Doordarshan Haryana Foreign Investment and NRI Cell Forests Department, Haryana Department of Economic and Statistical Analysis, Haryana Department of Environment, Haryana Department of Excise & Taxation, Haryana Department of Finance, Haryana Department of Industries & Commerce, Haryana Department of Industrial Training & Vocational Education, Haryana Department of Institutional Finance & Credit Control, Haryana Department of Labour & Employment, Haryana Department of Land records & Consolidation, Haryana Department of Revenue and Disaster Management, Haryana Department of Rehabilitation, Haryana Department of Higher Education, Haryana Department of School Education, Haryana Department of Elementary Education, Haryana Haryana
Haryana
Board of School Education Haryana
Haryana
Civil Medical Services Haryana
Haryana
Environment Protection Council Haryana
Haryana
Land Record Information System Haryana
Haryana
Power Generation Corporation Limited Haryana
Haryana
Police Haryana
Haryana
Roadways Haryana
Haryana
Seeds Development Corporation Haryana
Haryana
State Directorate of Archaeology & Museums Haryana
Haryana
State Legal Services Authority, Haryana Haryana
Haryana
Tourism Corporation Limited Haryana
Haryana
Urban Development Authority Haryana
Haryana
Waqf Board State Counselling Board, Haryana Uttar Haryana
Haryana
Bijli Vitran Nigam

Sports

Venues

Chaudhary Bansi Lal Cricket Stadium Nahar Singh
Nahar Singh
Stadium Tau Devi Lal Stadium Sector 16 Stadium Mahabir Stadium

Associations

Haryana
Haryana
Archery Association Haryana
Haryana
Cricket Association

Teams

Haryana
Haryana
cricket team Haryana
Haryana
football team Bhiwani
Bhiwani
Boxing Club

Portal: Haryana Category: Haryana Wikiproject: Haryana

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Minority Concentrated Districts in India

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Nicobar

Arunachal Pradesh

East Kameng Lower Subansiri Changlang Tirap Tawang West Kameng Papum Pare

Assam

Kokrajhar Dhubri Goalpara Bongaigaon Barpeta Darrang Morigaon Nagaon Cachar Karimganj Hailakandi Kamrup North Cachar Hills

Bihar

Araria Kishanganj Purnia Katihar Sitamarhi Pashchim Champaran Darbhanga

Delhi

North East

Haryana

Gurgaon Sirsa

Jammu & Kashmir

Leh

Jharkhand

Sahibganj Pakaur Ranchi Gumla

Karnataka

Gulbarga Bidar

Kerala

Wayanad

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Maharashtra

Parbhani Buldana Washim Hingoli

Manipur

Thoubal Senapati Tamenglong Churachandpur Ukhrul Chandel

Meghalaya

West Garo Hills

Mizoram

Lawngtlai Mamit

Odisha

Gajapati

Sikkim

North

Uttar Pradesh

Bulandshahar Budaun Barabanki Kheri Shahjahanpur Moradabad Sambhal Rampur Jyotiba Phule Nagar Bareilly Pilibhit Bahraich Shrawasti Balrampur Siddharthnagar Bijnor Lucknow Saharanpur Muzaffarnagar Meerut Baghpat Ghaziabad

Uttarakhand

Haridwar Udham Singh Nagar

West Bengal

Uttar Dinajpur Dakshin Dinajpur Maldah Murshidabad Birbhum Nadia South 24 Parganas Barddhaman Koch Bihar Haora North 24 Parganas Kolkata

Source: "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 

v t e

Hindu Temples in Haryana

Ambala

Ambika Devi temple Baba Balak Nath temple

Bhiwani

Radha Swami Dinond Star temple

Charkhi Dadri

Hanuman Temple Keekar Vasni

Faridabad

Parson temple ISKON temple

Fatehabad

Shyam mandir Bhisnoi mandir

Gurgaon

Eklavya temple Gurugram
Gurugram
Bhim Kund Shiva temple Sheetla Mata Mandir Gurgaon Ancient Shiv Temple

Hisar

Agroha Dham Bua Kanwari Dham

Jhajjar

Mata Bhimeshwari Devi

Jind

Bhuteshwar Temple Jayanti Devi Temple Pindara Temple

Kaithal

Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex

Karnal

Sita Mai Temple

Kurukshetra

Brahma Sarovar Jyotisar Kartikeya Temple, Pehowa Markandeshwar Mahadev temple Sannihit Sarovar Sthaneshwar Mahadev Temple 48 kos parikrama

Mahendragarh

Dhosi Hill

Nuh

Jhirkeshwar mahadev

Palwal

Panchkula

Bhima Devi Temple Complex Mata Mansa Devi Mandir Kali Mata Temple

Panipat

Shri Devi temple

Rewari

Baba Thakur Basuda Bhairon temple Ghanteshwar Mandir

Rohtak

Durga mandir Sai mandir Shiv mandir

Sirsa

Dera Baba Sarsai Nath Dera Jiwan Nagar Ram Dev Mandir of Kagdana

Sonipat

Bharam Puri Maharaj Shiv Temple Dadi Rani Ridhana mandir Tirath Satkumbha temple

Yamuna
Yamuna
Nagar

Adi Badri Sarasvati Udgam Sthal temple Kapal Mochan Bilaspur

Coordinates: 28°15′N 77°10′E / 28.250°N 77.167°E / 28.250; 77.167

v t e

Gurgaon
Gurgaon
district topics

Cities and towns

Dundahera Farrukhnagar Gurgaon Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Rural Samaspur Pataudi Sohna Kanhai Manesar

Monuments

Pataudi
Pataudi
Palace

Transport

Delhi
Delhi
Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Expressway Kundli–Manesar– Palwal
Palwal
Expressway NH 8

Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
constituencies

Gurgaon

Education

Institutions

Econo

.