Guntur district is an administrative district in the Coastal Andhra
region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The administrative seat
of the district is located at Guntur, the largest city of the district
in terms of area and population. It has a coastline of
approximately 100 km and is situated on the right bank of Krishna
River, that separates it from
Krishna district and extends till it
empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded on the south by Prakasam
district and on the west by the state of Telangana. It has an area
of 11,391 km2 (4,398 sq mi) and is the 2nd most
populous district in the state, with a population of 4,889,230 as per
2011 census of India.
The district is often referred to as the Land of Chillies. It is
also a major centre for agriculture, education and learning. It
exports large quantities of chillies and tobacco. Amaravati, the
proposed capital of
Andhra Pradesh is situated in
Guntur district, on
the banks of River Krishna.
2.1 Post Independence
5 Administrative divisions
Education and research
11 See also
13 External links
The district derives its name from its district headquarters,
Brahmi Script inscribed on a Railing Pillar at Velpuru
Sanskrit name (ancient Vedic culture) for
Garthapuri. The 'Agasthyeswara Sivalayam' in the old city of
an ancient temple for Siva.
It has inscriptions on two stones in 'Naga Lipi' (ancient script). It
is said that
Agastya built the temple in the last Treta-
Swayambhu Linga and hence the name. The 'Nagas' were said to have
ruled the region. The place of
Sitanagaram and the Guthikonda Caves
can be traced (through Vedic Puranas) back to the last Treta-
Yuga (Traditional Time scale: 1.7 to 0.5 million years
District is home to the second oldest evidence of human
habitation in India, in the form of
Palaeolithic (old stone age)
implements. Ancient history can be traced from the time of Sala kings
who ruled during the 5th century BCE. The earliest reference to
Guntur, a variant of Guntur, comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I
(922–929 CE), the
Vengi Chalukyan King.
Guntur also appears in two
inscriptions dated 1147 and 1158 CE.
Since the beginning of
Guntur stood in the forefront in
matters of culture, education and civilisation. Gautama Buddha
preached at Dharanikota/Dhanyakatakam near
Guntur and conducted
Kalachakra ceremony, which takes its antiquity to 500 BCE.
Buddhist monk writes: "On the full moon of the month
Caitra in the year following his enlightenment, at the great stupa of
Dhanyakataka, the Buddha emanated the mandala of "The Glorious Lunar
Mansions" (Kalachakra). Buddhists established universities in
ancient times at Dhanyakataka and Amaravathi. Scores of Buddhist
stupas were excavated in the villages of
Guntur district. Acharya
Nagarjuna, an influential
Buddhist philosopher taught at
Nagarjunakonda and is said to have discovered
Mica in 200 BCE. Chinese
Buddhist monk Hiuen Tsang (Xuanzang) visited Amaravati
in 640 C.E., stayed for sometime and studied 'Abhidhammapitakam'. He
observed that there were many Viharas and some of them were deserted,
which points out that
Hinduism was gaining ground at that time.
Xuanzang wrote a glorious account of the place, Viharas and
monasteries that existed.
Guntur was successively ruled by famous dynasties such as the
Satavahanas, Andhra Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Ananda Gotrikas,
Vishnukundina, Kota Vamsa, Chalukyas, Cholas, Kakatiyas, Reddys,
Vijayanagara and Qutb Shahis during ancient and medieval times. The
famous battle of
Palnadu which is enshrined in legend and literature
as Palnati Yuddham was fought in
Guntur district in 1180 CE.
Guntur became part of the
Mughal empire in 1687 CE when the emperor
Aurangzeb conquered the
Qutb Shahi sultanate of Golconda, of which
Guntur was then a part. In 1724 CE, Asaf Jah, viceroy of the empire's
southern provinces, declared his independence as the
Hyderabad. The coastal districts of Hyderabad, known as the Northern
Circars, were occupied by the French in 1750. Raja Vasireddy
Venkatadri Nayudu (1783–1816) shifted his capital from Chintapalli
Krishna district to
Amaravati across the river Krishna. He ruled
with munificence and built many temples in
brought under the control of the
British East India Company
British East India Company in 1788,
and became a district of
Guntur region played a significant role in the struggle for
independence and the formation of Andhra Pradesh. The northern,
Telugu- speaking districts of
Madras state, including Guntur,
advocated to become a separate state after independence. The new state
Andhra Pradesh was created in 1953 from the eleven northern
districts of Madras. In 1970, part of
Guntur district was split off to
become part of the Prakasam district.
The district suffers from
Naxalite insurgency and is a part of the Red
Districts of Andhra Pradesh
Guntur district occupies an area of approximately 11,391 square
kilometres (4,398 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to
Indonesia's Bangka Island. The
Krishna River forms the
northeastern and eastern boundary of the district, separating Guntur
Krishna District. The district is bounded on the
southeast by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Prakasam District, on
the west by Mahbubnagar District, and on the northwest by Nalgonda
Guntur Coast by NASA
Guntur Coast is located on the south east coast of India (also known
as the Coromandel Coast) (quotes from NASA site).
River Krishna merges
Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal at the coastal area of
Guntur district. The braided
stream channels, broad floodplain, and extensive sandbars suggest that
this part of the
Krishna River flows through relatively flat terrain
and carries substantial amounts of sediment, especially during the
monsoon season. Surya Lanka near
Bapatla Bobbara Lanka in
tourist beaches in
As of 2011[update] census of India, the district had a population of
4,887,813 with a density of 193 persons per sq.km. The total
population constitute, 24,450,521 males and 2,447,292 females –a
ratio of 1003 females per 1000 males. The total urban population is
16,52,738 (33.81%).:19 There are 29,60,441 literates with a
literacy rate of 67.40%.:20
See also: List of villages in
Guntur district and List of revenue
divisions in Andhra Pradesh
The district is divided into four Revenue divisions, namely, Guntur,
Narasaraopet and Gurazala. These are sub-divided into 57
Mandals, which are in turn divided as 57 Panchayat Samiti (Block)s,
712 villages and 14 towns. These 14 towns includes, 1 municipal
corporation, 12 municipalities and 1 census town.
division was formed in the year 2013.
Guntur city is the only
municipal corporation and
Vaddeswaram is categorised as a census
town. The 12 municipalities in the district are Mangalagiri,
Sattenapalli, Tadepalle, Tenali, Ponnur, Bapatla, Repalle,
Narasaraopet, Chilakaluripet, Vinukonda, Macherla, Piduguralla.
The below table categorises 57 mandals into their respective revenue
divisions in the district:
Places of historical importance in
District are Amaravathi,
Bapatla, Ponnur, Bhattiprolu, Vinukonda, Kotappakonda, Undavalli
caves, Gurazala, Macherla,
Tenali and the
archaeological museum in Guntur.
Lord Hanuman temple, Ponnur
Prolaya Vema Reddi built number of Lord
Shiva temples during his
reign.Number of temples were constructed in
Krishna valley during the
reign of Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu. Tall towers (Gaali Gopuram) of
these temples in many villages and towns of
Guntur district stand
testimony to his devotion and munificence. Some of the famous
destinations are Nadivelamma Talli Temple in Rajavolu, and there will
be annual festival on
Full moon day
Full moon day in the month of Chaitra maas.
Amaravathi temple, the abode of Lord Shiva, present in the form of a
15 ft (4.6 m)
Shiva Linga. The Auspicious Hill of
Mangalagiri town, is dedicated to
Lord Narasimha with three temples of
Panakala Narasimha Swamy on the hill, Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy at the
foot of the temple, Gandala Narasimha Swamy at the top of the hill,
are also famous. Other famous temples are Bhavanarayanaswami temple in
Bapatla, Sri Laxmi Chennakesava Swamy Temple in Macherla,
Kotappakonda, Pedakakani, Vykuntapuram in Tenali.
Tobacco Drying at Grandhasiri village in
District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is
₹49,722 crore (US$7.6 billion) and it contributes 9.5% to the
Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per
capita income at current prices was ₹82,026 (US$1,300). The primary,
secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute ₹16,111
crore (US$2.5 billion), ₹8,770 crore (US$1.3 billion) and
₹24,841 crore (US$3.8 billion) respectively to the GDDP.
The major products contributing to the GVA of the district from
agriculture and allied services are, paddy, cotton kapas, chillies,
banana, milk, meat and fisheries. The GVA to the industrial and
service sector is contributed from construction, electricity,
manufacturing, transport and education.
General Hospital in Guntur
Healthcare is provided by government and private institutions. The
Guntur Government Hospital provides free healthcare. The nonprofit
or charity hospitals are the Sanakara Eye Hospital.
The total of core road network of the district is 1,274.632 km
(792.020 mi). It includes, 458.230 km (284.731 mi) of
existing and a proposed length of 816.403 km
(507.289 mi). There exists 406 km (252 mi) of rail
network in the district.
Education and research
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government,
aided and private schools, under the School
Education Department of
the state. As per the school information report for the
academic year 2015–16, there are a total of 4,739 schools. They
include, 32 government, 2,839 mandal and zilla parishads, 2
residential, 1329 private, 14 model, 24 Kasturba Gandhi Balika
Vidyalaya (KGBV), 296 municipal and 203 other types of schools.
The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and
high schools of the district are 637,031. The district being home
to the capital city, it is experiencing a growth in private
international schools as well. The Central Board of Secondary
Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of
Education are the different types of syllabus followed by
different schools. The medium of instruction followed by different
schools are English, Telugu and Urdu.
There are several junior colleges which are under government,
residential, social welfare, disabled welfare, private aided and
unaided for the purpose of imparting (10+2) education and the students
sit for the certificate of Board of Intermediate Education. AC
college is the oldest private aided college of the district,
established in 1885. The higher education colleges have various
fields of study like medical, nursing, degree, post graduate,
polytechnic, law, teaching, pharmacy, engineering, veterinary etc.
Nagarjuna University is a state university which has
fourteen autonomous colleges as per Universities Grant
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University
Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University at
Lam is a public agricultural university, equipped with a Regional
Agricultural Research Station.
Timeline of Guntur
People from Guntur
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Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Archived
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^ a b c "
District Census Handbook – Guntur" (PDF). Census of India.
The Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Retrieved 13 May
Guntur district a role model for development". The Hindu. Retrieved
6 June 2017.
^ "About Guntur". AP Capital Region Development Authority. Retrieved
27 April 2015.
^ Babu, J. Ravindra (2009). Universalisation of Elementary Education:
A Study of
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Retrieved 9 June 2017.
^ Buddha's Preaching of the
Kalachakra Tantra at the Stupa of
Dhanyakataka, H. Hoffman, in: German Scholars on India, Vol. I, 1973,
pp. 136–140, Varanasi
^ Taranatha; The history of the Kālacakra tradition in Sambhala and
^ "Xuanzang's Journey". odiseos.net. Archived from the original on 13
^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids.
Retrieved 11 October 2011.
^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme".
IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories:
Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th
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Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government
of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations
Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
^ a b "New
Gurazala revenue division created". The Hindu. Gurazala
Guntur District). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
^ "Ten new revenue divisions created". The Hindu. Hyderabad. 4 April
2013. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
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pp. 14–15, 46. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
^ "Urban Local Bodies". Commissioner & Director of Municipal
Administration – Government of Andhra Pradesh. National Informatics
Centre. Retrieved 13 February 2015.
^ http://www.kotappakonda.com Kotappakonda.com
^ a b c "Economy of
Andhra Pradesh Economic
Development Board. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
^ "New Blocks for
Guntur Government Hospital by Government". My
Guntur. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
^ "Sanakara Eye Foundation". giftofvision.org. Retrieved 10 April
^ "Sankara Eye Hospital goes hi-tech". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 1
^ ":: APRDC ::".
Andhra Pradesh Road Development Corporation.
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Education Department" (PDF). School
Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27
December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
^ "The Department of School
Education – Official AP State Government
Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016.
Retrieved 7 November 2016.
^ "School Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education.
Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
^ "Student Information Report". Commissionerate of School Education.
Child info 2015–16,
Education – Andhra Pradesh.
Retrieved 8 November 2016.
^ "Schools, colleges brace for rush". The Hans India. Retrieved 23
^ "74 GMC schools switch to English medium – Times of India". The
Times of India. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
^ Mallikarjun, Y. (29 February 2016). "Classrooms in State-run schools
set to go digital". The Hindu. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
^ a b "List of colleges in
Guntur district" (PDF). Board of
Intermediate Education. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
^ "Educational Institutions and Strength at a Glance" (PDF). Official
Guntur District. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
^ "Autonomous colleges" (PDF). University Grants Commission. Retrieved
28 September 2016.
^ "Autonomous colleges list" (PDF). Universities Grants Commission.
Retrieved 27 September 2016.
^ Reporter, Staff (14 June 2016). "Marketing Department moves to
capital region". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
^ Jonathan, P. Samuel (29 July 2014). "It is final, Lam to get Agri
University". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
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