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Gummersbach is a town in the
state
state
of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, being the district seat of the Oberbergischer Kreis. It is located east of Cologne.


History

In 1109 Gummersbach was mentioned in official documents for the first time. The document in question concerned the lowering of the episcopal tax for the church in Gummersbach by Archbishop Frederick I (Archbishop of Cologne), Frederick I. At that time the name of the town was spelled as ''Gumeresbracht''. Gummersbach received town privileges in 1857. In 1855 Gummersbach's industrial history began with the foundation of the company Steinmüller. With the company's success the little village began to grow to a town. After going out of business most of the company's area was unused. Due to the fact that by the time this area made up half of the downtown area the town of Gummersbach bought this area to develop it. Today (2016) a multifunctional arena, a shopping mall, university buildings and offices have already been built.


The coat of arms

The arms were granted on July 27, 1892. Gummersbach developed rapidly from a small village to a large town during the early 19th century, due to the metal and textile Industry (economics), industry. The right part of the arms thus show a spindle as a symbol for the textile industry. The left part shows the arms of the Counts of the County of the Mark, Mark, as the area belonged to the Mark since 1287.


Communities, localities and villages

Apfelbaum – Becke – Berghausen – Bernberg – Birnbaum – Börnchen – Bracht – Bredenbruch – Brink – Bruch – Brunohl – Berghausen – Deitenbach – Derschlag – Dieringhausen – Drieberhausen – Dümmlinghausen – Elbach – Erbland – Erlenhagen – Flaberg – Frömmersbach – Grünenthal – Gummeroth – Hardt – Hardt-Hanfgarten – Helberg – Herreshagen – Hesselbach – Höfen -Hömel – Hülsenbusch – Hunstig – Kalkuhl – Karlskamp – Koverstein – Lantenbach – Lieberhausen – Liefenroth – Lobscheid – Lützinghausen – Luttersiefen – Mühle – Neuenhaus – Neuenschmiede – Niedergelpe – Niedernhagen – Niederseßmar – Nochen – Oberrengse – Ohmig -Peisel – Piene – Rebbelroth – Recklinghausen – Reininghausen – Remmelsohl – Rodt – Rospe – Schneppsiefen – Schönenberg – Schusterburg – Sonnenberg – Steinenbrück – Straße – Strombach – Unnenberg – Veste – Vollmerhausen – Waldesruh – Wasserfuhr – Windhagen – Wörde – Würden


Main sights

* The ''Vogteihaus'', former residence of the Vogt, built in 1700. It is also referred to as ''die Burg'' ("the castle"), and lies in the town center, on the Kaiserstraße. * The ''Bunte Kerke'' ("colourful church") in the village Lieberhausen, a Protestant church with medieval wall paintings. * The Protestant church of the village Hülsenbusch, rebuilt in the 18th century after a fire, in Baroque architecture, Baroque style.


Education

* Communal elementary schools in the towncentre and the districts Becke, Bernberg, Derschlag, Dieringhausen, Hülsenbusch, Niederseßmar, Steinenbrück and Windhagen * Jakob Moreno school, school for learning-disabled children * Town secondary school Gummersbach-Hepel, http://www.rs-hepel.de/ * Town secondary school Gummersbach-Steinberg * Town high school – Lindengymnasium, http://www.lindengymnasium.de/ * Occupational lecture Gummersbach * Business school Gummersbach * Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering Science, https://www.th-koeln.de/informatik-und-ingenieurwissenschaften/ * Educational center for technology and economy * Music school Gummersbach e.V. * Town comprehensive school, http://gesamtschulegm.de * Waldorf School Oberberg, http://fws-oberberg.de


Twin towns – sister cities

Gummersbach is Sister city, twinned with: * Afantou, Greece (2001) * Burg bei Magdeburg, Burg, Germany (1990) * La Roche-sur-Yon, France (1968)


Sport

The men's team VfL Gummersbach was one of the most successful Team handball, handball teams of Europe in the 1970s and 1980s.


Notable people

* Heiner Brand, (born 1952), former handball player and former coach of the handball national team * Afu Thomas (Thomas Derksen), German internet celebrity in China
German version
/ref> * , call-in radio show host * Harald Fischer, doctor killed in State of Palestine, Palestine on November 15, 2000 * Wolfgang Karius, conducting, conductor, organist, and harpsichordist * Hella von Sinnen, TV personality * Jan Sosniok, movie actor * Adele Bloesch-Stöcker, Swiss-German violinist and composer * , former district administrator and Member of Parliament, member of the German parliament of Social Democratic Party of Germany, SPD * Jürgen Habermas, (born 1929), well known philosopher


References


External links

*
Marksteine Gummersbacher Geschichte
A survey about the most important historical events
Steinmüllergelände
– official website of the city development project Steinmüller terrain

{{Authority control Towns in North Rhine-Westphalia Oberbergischer Kreis