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The Gulf of Suez
Suez
(Arabic: خليج السويس‎, translit. khalīǧ as-suwais; formerly بحر القلزم, baḥar al-qulzum, lit. "Sea of Calm") is a gulf at the northern end of the Red Sea, to the west of the Sinai Peninsula. Situated to the east of the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
is the smaller Gulf of Aqaba. The gulf was formed within a relatively young but now inactive Gulf of Suez
Suez
Rift rift basin, dating back about 26 million years.[1] It stretches some 300 kilometres (190 mi) north by northwest, terminating at the Egyptian city of Suez
Suez
and the entrance to the Suez
Suez
Canal. Along the mid-line of the gulf is the boundary between Africa
Africa
and Asia.[2] The entrance of the gulf lies atop the mature Gemsa oil and gas field.[3]

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Extent

2 Geology 3 Ecology 4 References 5 External links

Geography[edit] The gulf occupies the northwestern arm of the Red Sea
Red Sea
between Africa and the Sinai Peninsula. It is the third arm of the triple junction rift system, the second arm being the Gulf of Aqaba. The length of the gulf, from its mouth at the Strait of Gubal (alternate name: Strait of Jubal)[4] to its head at the city of Suez, is 195 miles (314 km), and it varies in width from 12 to 20 miles (19 to 32 km). Extent[edit] The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the southern limit of the gulf as "A line running from Ras Muhammed (27°43'N) to the South point of Shadwan
Shadwan
Island (34°02'E) and thence Westward on a parallel (27°27'N) to the coast of Africa".[5] Geology[edit] Main article: Gulf of Suez
Suez
Rift The gulf sedimentary basin stratigraphic section consists of prerift Paleozoic
Paleozoic
to Oligocene
Oligocene
clastic rocks and carbonates, and synrift and postrift Miocene
Miocene
to Holocene
Holocene
clastics and evaporites.[6]:236 Three large oil fields are in the gulf: the El Morgan discovered in 1964, Belayim discovered in 1955, and the October Field discovered in 1977.[6]:238 The October Field produces from the Cretaceous
Cretaceous
Nubia Formation, the Upper Cretaceous
Cretaceous
Nezzazat Formation, the Miocene
Miocene
Nukhul Formation, and the Miocene
Miocene
Asl Member of the Upper Rudeis Formation.[6]:236 Ecology[edit] Further information: Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
§ Wildlife References[edit]

^ http://geoinfo.amu.edu.pl/wpk/geos/GEO_2/GEO_PLATE_T-37.HTML Detailed geological information on the Gulf ^ "ISS EarthKAM: Images: Collections: Composite: Gulf of Suez, Egypt and Saudi Arabia". Archived from the original on 2003-10-27.  ^ "USGS Open File
File
Report OF99-50-A Red Sea
Red Sea
Basin Province (Province Geology)".  ^ "Madiq jubal". Tageo.com database of geographic coordinate information.  ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010.  ^ a b c Lelek, J.J., Shepherd, D.B., Stone, D.M., and Abdine, A.S., 1992, October Field, In Giant Oil and Gas Fields of the Decade, 1978-1988, AAPG Memoir 54, Halbouty, M.T., editor, Tulsa: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, ISBN 0891813330

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gulf of Suez.

Satellite photographs of the Gulf, and of the Suez
Suez
Canal

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237280

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