The GULF OF AQABA (Arabic : خليج العقبة, Khalij
al-Aqabah) or GULF OF EILAT (Hebrew : מפרץ אילת, Mifrats
Eilat) is a large gulf at the northern tip of the
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Cities * 1.2 Extent
* 2 Geology * 3 Ecology * 4 History * 5 Tourism * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
The gulf is east of the
The gulf measures 24 kilometres (15 mi) at its widest point and
stretches some 160 kilometres (99 mi) north from the Straits of Tiran
Like the coastal waters of the Red Sea, the gulf is one of the world's premier sites for diving. The area is especially rich in coral and other marine biodiversity and has accidental shipwrecks and vessels deliberately sunk in an effort to provide a habitat for marine organisms and bolster the local dive tourism industry.
At this northern end of the gulf are three important cities: Taba in
The largest population center is Aqaba, with a population of 108,000
(2009), followed by
International Hydrographic Organization
The gulf is one of two gulfs created by the
Trade across the
At the northern edge, the ancient city of Ayla (in present-day Aqaba
) was a commercial hub for the
Nabateans . The Romans built the Via
Traiana Nova , which joined the King's Highway at
The Marine Twilight Zone Research and Exploration program (MTRX) was
set up in 2003 by the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences of
The gulf is one of the most popular diving destinations in the world. About 250,000 dives are performed annually in Eilat's 11 km coastline, and diving represents 10% of the tourism income of this area.
The Landscape of
Wadi Rum to the east of the northern edge of the
gulf is a popular destination. Other destinations are the ruins of the
iron-age civilization of Ayla in the city of
Whales , orcas , dolphins , dugongs , and whale sharks live in the gulf as well.
* ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International
Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived (PDF) from the original on 8
October 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
* ^ Klinger, Yann; Rivera, Luis; Haessler, Henri; Maurin,
Jean-Christophe (August 1999). "Active Faulting in the Gulf of Aqaba:
New Knowledge from the Mw 7.3 Earthquake of 22 November 1995" (PDF).
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. Seismological
Society of America . 89 (4): 1025–1036. Archived (PDF) from the
original on 25 January 2014
* ^ Ben-Shaprut, O; Goodman-Tchernov, B (2009). "Exploring the
\'Marine Twilight Zone\' in the Gulf of Eilat, Red Sea, Israel". In:
Pollock NW, ed. Diving for Science 2009. Proceedings of the American
Academy of Underwater Sciences 28th Symposium. Dauphin Island, AL:
AAUS; 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
* ^ Artificial Reefs and Dive Tourism in Eilat, Israel. Dan
Wilhelmsson, Marcus C. Öhman, Henrik Ståhl and Yechiam Shlesinger.
Ambio, Vol. 27, No. 8, Building Capacity for Coastal Management (Dec.,
1998), pp. 764-766 Published by: Allen Press on behalf of Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences "Archived copy". Archived from the
original on 2016-05-27. Retrieved 2006-08-13. . the United Nations
Environment Programme . Retrieved on December 17. 2014
* ^ Sciara di N.G., Smeenk C., Rudolph P., Addink M., Baldwin R.,
Cesario A., Costa M., Feingold D., Fumagalli M., Kerem D., Goffman O.,
Elasar M., Scheinin A., Hadar N.. 2014. Summary review of cetaceans of
the Red Sea.
* ^ "Dugongs in the
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