The Info List - Gulf Of Aden

--- Advertisement ---

The Gulf of Aden, also known as the Gulf of Berbera, (Arabic: خليج عدن‎ Ḫalīǧ ʻAdan, Somali: Gacanka Berbera) is a gulf located in the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
between Yemen, on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Djibouti, and Somalia
in the Horn of Africa. In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea
Red Sea
through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, which is more than 20 miles (32 kilometres) wide. It shares its name with the port city of Aden
in Yemen, which forms the northern shore of the gulf. Historically, the Gulf of Aden
was known as "The Gulf of Berbera", named after the ancient Somali port city of Berbera on the south side of the gulf.[1][2] However, as the city of Aden
grew during the colonial era, the name of "Gulf of Aden" was popularized. The waterway is part of the important Suez Canal
Suez Canal
shipping route between the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
in the Indian Ocean, with 21,000 ships crossing the gulf annually.[3]


1 Name 2 Geography

2.1 Limits 2.2 Hydrography

3 Commerce and trade 4 Ecology 5 Bordering countries 6 Towns and cities 7 See also 8 Images 9 Notes 10 External links

Name[edit] The name of the Gulf was inspired by the former British Crown Colony city of Aden, now part of Yemen. The Somali names are Gacanka Cadmeed or Gacanka Saylac. Geography[edit] Limits[edit] The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the limits of the Gulf of Aden
as follows:[4]

On the Northwest – The southern limit of the Red Sea
Red Sea
[A line joining Husn Murad (12°40′N 43°30′E / 12.667°N 43.500°E / 12.667; 43.500) and Ras Siyyan
Ras Siyyan
(12°29′N 43°20′E / 12.483°N 43.333°E / 12.483; 43.333)].

On the Northwest – The eastern limit of the Gulf of Tadjoura
Gulf of Tadjoura
(A line joining Obock
and Lawyacado).

On the East – The meridian of Cape Guardafui
Cape Guardafui
(Ras Asir, 51°16'E).

Hydrography[edit] The temperature of the Gulf of Aden
varies between 15 °C (59 °F) and 28 °C (82 °F), depending on the season and the appearance of monsoons. The salinity of the gulf at 10 metres (33 ft) depth varies from 35.3
along the eastern Somali coast to as high as 37.3
in the gulf's center,[5] while the oxygen content in the Gulf of Aden
at the same depth is typically between 4.0 and 5.0 mg/L.[5] Commerce and trade[edit]

A dhow in the Gulf of Aden.

The Gulf of Aden
is a vital waterway for shipping, especially for Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
oil, making it an integral waterway in the world economy.[6] Approximately 11 percent of the world's seaborne petroleum passes through the Gulf of Aden
on its way to the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
or to regional refineries.[7] The main ports along the gulf are Aden
in Yemen, Djibouti
City in Djibouti, Zeila
and Berbera
in Somaliland, and Bosaso
in Somalia. In earlier history, the city of Crater, located just south of the modern city of Aden, was an important port in regional trade. Crater was the principal harbor of the pre-Islamic kingdom of Awsan, and after its annexation by the kingdom of Saba at the end of the 5th century, played a significant role in connecting Africa
with Arabia. In the late 2000s, the gulf evolved into a hub of pirate activity. By 2013, attacks in the waters had steadily declined due to active private security and international navy patrols.[8] India receives USD 50 billion in imports and sends USD 60 billion in exports through this area annually. Due to this, and for the sake of protecting the trade of other countries, India keeps a warship escort in this area.[9] Also see Piracy in Gulf of Aden. Ecology[edit] A geologically young body of water, the Gulf of Aden
has a unique biodiversity that contains many varieties of fish, coral, seabirds and invertebrates. This rich ecological diversity has benefited from a relative lack of pollution during the history of human habitation around the gulf. However, environmental groups fear that the lack of a coordinated effort to control pollution may jeopardize the gulf's ecosphere.[10] Whales, dolphins, and dugongs[11] were once common[12] before being severely reduced by commercial hunts, including by mass illegal hunts by Soviet Union and Japan in 1960s to 70s.[13] Critically endangered Arabian humpback whales were used to be seen in large numbers,[14] and only a few large whales still occur in the gulf waters, including Bryde's whales,[15] blue whales,[16] and toothed whales inhabiting deep-seas such as sperm whales[17] and tropical bottlenose whales.[18] Bordering countries[edit]

Northern shore:


Western shore:


Southern shore:

Somaliland Somalia

Towns and cities[edit] Towns and cities on the Gulf of Aden
coast: Yemen

Aden Balhaf Bir Ali Mukalla Shokra

/ Somaliland

Berbera Bosaso Las Khorey Maydh Zeila



See also[edit]

Erythraean Sea, ancient name of the Gulf Maritime Security Patrol Area International fleet of vessels in the Gulf of Aden

Images[edit] Space Station photograph of the Gulf of Aden
and the Horn of Africa Notes[edit]

^ Dumper, Stanley, Michael, Bruce E. Cities of The Middle East
Middle East
and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC CLIO, Google Books. p. 90.  ^ Houtsma, M. Th. First encyclopaedia of Islam: 1913-1936. Google Books. p. 364.  ^ "Pirates fire on US cruise ship in hijack attempt: Yahoo!
News". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 4, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-04.  ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010.  ^ a b "Hydrographic Survey Results". Report on Cruise No. 3 of R/V "Dr. Fridtjof Nansen." - Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
Fishery and Development Programme - Pelagic Fish
Assessment Survey North Arabian Sea. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 1975. Retrieved 2011-04-23.  ^ " Earth
from Space: The Gulf of Aden
– the gateway to Persian oil". European Space Agency. 2005-03-01. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  ^ " Red Sea
Red Sea
and the Gulf of Aden" (PDF). International Tanker Owners Pollution
Federation (ITOPF). 2003. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  ^ Arnsdorf, Isaac (22 July 2013). "West Africa
Pirates Seen Threatening Oil and Shipping". Bloomberg. Retrieved 23 July 2013.  ^ Gokhale, Nitin (2011). "India Takes Fight to Pirates". the-diplomat.com. The Diplomat. Retrieved 19 April 2011.  ^ " Red Sea
Red Sea
& Gulf of Aden". United Nations Environment Programme. 2005. Archived from the original on 2005-07-01. Retrieved 2008-04-04.  ^ Nasr D.. Dugongs in the Red Sea
Red Sea
and Gulf of Aden
Archived 2015-11-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hoath R.. 2009. A Field Guide to the Mammals of Egypt. pp.112. The American University in Cairo Press. Retrieved on February 26. 2016 ^ Jackson J.. 2006. Diving with Giants. pp.59. New Holland Publishers Ltd. Retrieved on December 17. 2014 ^ http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/149/m149p013.pdf ^ https://www.pbs.org/odyssey/odyssey/20040430_log_transcript.html ^ http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/246400.pdf. ^ http://www.sailingluna.nl/Yemenn.htm ^ Anderson, R. C.; Clark, R.; Madsen, P. T.; Johnson, C.; Kiszka, J.; Breysse, O. (2006). "Observations of Longman's Beaked Whale (Indopacetus pacificus) in the Western Indian Ocean". Aq. Mamm. 32 (2): 223–231. doi:10.1578/AM.32.2.2006.223. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Gulf of Aden
at Wikimedia Commons Pollak, Richard (April 22, 2009). "The Cost of Doing Business on the Open Sea". The Nation. 

v t e

African seas

Oceans and seas

Alboran Sea Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Levantine Sea Mediterranean Sea Red Sea Southern Ocean

Gulfs and bays

Abu Qir Bay Acheïl Dakhlet Al Hoceima Bay Algiers Bay Algoa Bay Ambas Bay Ana Chaves Bay Angra de Cintra Antongil Bay Antsiranana Bay Arab's Gulf Baía Almeida Baía da Condúcia Baía da Corimba Baía de Mocambo Baía de Mossuril Baía de Namibe Baia de Porto Amboim Baía de Santa Marta Baía de Sucujaque Baía de Tombua Baía do Ambriz Baía do Bengo Baía do Dande Baía do Govuro Baía do Lúrio Baía do Nzeto Baía do Suto Baia dos Tigres Baie de Gorée Baie de Sangareya Baie de Yof Bandombaai Bay of Anfile Bay of Arguin Bay of Aseb Bay of Arzew Bight of Benin Bay of Beylul Bay of Edd Bay of Hawakil Bay of Langarano Bay of Saint-Augustin Bay of Tangier Benguela Bay Bera’esoli Betty’s Bay Bight of Biafra Bocock’s Bay Bombetoka Bay Bootbaai Bosluisbaai Cape Cross Bay Cape Negro Bay Chake-Chake Bay Chameis Bay Chwaka Bay Conception Bay Cuio Bay Dakhlet Nouadhibou Dalwakteah Bay Deurloopbaai Doringbaai Dungonab Bay Durissa Bay Elands Bay Enseada das Pombas Enseada de São Braz Enseada do Catumbo Enseada do Chalungo Enseada do Quicombo Enseada do Quitungo Enseada dos Três Irmãos Equimina Bay False Bay Farta Bay Fernao Veloso Bay Foul Bay Frederik se Baai Grosse Bucht Gulf of Aden Gulf of 'Agig Gulf of Gabès Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Hammamet Gulf of Sirte Gulf of Suez Gulf of Tadjoura Gulf of Tunis Gulf of Zula Hafun Bay South Hann Bay Harrison Cove Henties Bay Hirghīgo Bahir Selat’ē Horingbaai Hottentotsbaai Hurdiyo Hydra Bay Inhambane Bay Jammer Bucht John Owen Bay Kalawy Bay Kiwaiyu Bay Lambert Bay Lamu Bay Langbaai Loango Bay Lobito Bay Luanda Bay Lüderitz Bay McDougall Bay Manza Bay Maputo Bay Markusbaai Memba Bay Menai Bay Meob Bay Mietjie Frans se Baai Moraha Bahir Selat’ē Mossel Bay Möwebaai Noopbaai Oran Gulf Pemba Bay Pipas Bay Platbaai Plaatjieskraalbaai Plettenbergbaai Pointe-Noire Bay Port Alexander, Angola Prinzen Bucht Río de Oro Bay Rock Bay Roode Bay Rooiwalbaai Saint Francis Bay Saint Francis Bay (Eastern Cape) St Helena Bay Saint Sebastian Bay Saldanha Bay Sandwich Harbour Sierra Bay Skoonbergbaai Skurfbaai Slangbaai Sodwana Bay Sofala Bay Somnaasbaai Spencer Bay Struisbaai Spoegrivierbaai Swartstraat Table Bay Thysbaai Tietiesbaai Ungama Bay Walker Bay Walvis Bay (bay) Yawri Bay


Bab-el-Mandeb Bab Iskender Canal de Bolama Canal de Bolola Canal de Caió Canal de São Vicente Canal do Meio Mafia Channel Massawa Channel Mozambique Channel‎ Pemba Channel Shubuk Channel Strait of Gibraltar Strait of Sicily Straits of Tiran Zanzibar Channel

Historical seas

Aethiopian Sea Erythraean Sea Sea of Zanj

v t e

Earth's oceans and seas

Arctic Ocean

Amundsen Gulf Barents Sea Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea East Siberian Sea Greenland Sea Gulf of Boothia Kara Sea Laptev Sea Lincoln Sea Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Pechora Sea Queen Victoria Sea Wandel Sea White Sea

Atlantic Ocean

Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Alboran Sea Archipelago Sea Argentine Sea Baffin Bay Balearic Sea Baltic Sea Bay of Biscay Bay of Bothnia Bay of Campeche Bay of Fundy Black Sea Bothnian Sea Caribbean Sea Celtic Sea English Channel Foxe Basin Greenland Sea Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Gulf of Lion Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Maine Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Saint Lawrence Gulf of Sidra Gulf of Venezuela Hudson Bay Ionian Sea Irish Sea Irminger Sea James Bay Labrador Sea Levantine Sea Libyan Sea Ligurian Sea Marmara Sea Mediterranean Sea Myrtoan Sea North Sea Norwegian Sea Sargasso Sea Sea of Åland Sea of Azov Sea of Crete Sea of the Hebrides Thracian Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Wadden Sea

Indian Ocean

Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Bali Sea Bay of Bengal Flores Sea Great Australian Bight Gulf of Aden Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Oman Gulf of Suez Java Sea Laccadive Sea Mozambique Channel Persian Gulf Red Sea Timor Sea

Pacific Ocean

Arafura Sea Banda Sea Bering Sea Bismarck Sea Bohai Sea Bohol Sea Camotes Sea Celebes Sea Ceram Sea Chilean Sea Coral
Sea East China Sea Gulf of Alaska Gulf of Anadyr Gulf of California Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Fonseca Gulf of Panama Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin Halmahera Sea Koro Sea Mar de Grau Molucca Sea Moro Gulf Philippine Sea Salish Sea Savu Sea Sea of Japan Sea of Okhotsk Seto Inland Sea Shantar Sea Sibuyan Sea Solomon Sea South China Sea Sulu Sea Tasman Sea Visayan Sea Yellow Sea

Southern Ocean

Amundsen Sea Bellingshausen Sea Cooperation Sea Cosmonauts Sea Davis Sea D'Urville Sea King Haakon VII Sea Lazarev Sea Mawson Sea Riiser-Larsen Sea Ross Sea Scotia Sea Somov Sea Weddell Sea

Landlocked seas

Aral Sea Caspian Sea Dead Sea Salton Sea

  Book   Category

v t e

Regions of Africa

Central Africa

Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Cape Lopez Mayombe Igboland


Maputaland Pool Malebo Congo Basin Chad Basin Congolese rainforests Ouaddaï highlands Ennedi Plateau

East Africa

African Great Lakes

Albertine Rift East African Rift Great Rift Valley Gregory Rift Rift Valley lakes Swahili coast Virunga Mountains Zanj

Horn of Africa

Afar Triangle Al-Habash Barbara Danakil Alps Danakil Desert Ethiopian Highlands Gulf of Aden Gulf of Tadjoura

Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean

Comoros Islands

North Africa


Barbary Coast Bashmur Ancient Libya Atlas Mountains

Nile Valley

Cataracts of the Nile Darfur Gulf of Aqaba Lower Egypt Lower Nubia Middle Egypt Nile Delta Nuba Mountains Nubia The Sudans Upper Egypt

Western Sahara

West Africa

Pepper Coast Gold Coast Slave Coast Ivory Coast Cape Palmas Cape Mesurado Guinea region

Gulf of Guinea

Niger Basin Guinean Forests of West Africa Niger Delta Inner Niger Delta

Southern Africa


Central Highlands (Madagascar) Northern Highlands


North South

Thembuland Succulent Karoo Nama Karoo Bushveld Highveld Fynbos Cape Floristic Region Kalahari Desert Okavango Delta False Bay Hydra Bay


Aethiopia Arab world Commonwealth realm East African montane forests Eastern Desert Equatorial Africa Françafrique Gibraltar Arc Greater Middle East Islands of Africa List of countries where Arabic is an official language Mediterranean Basin MENA MENASA Middle East Mittelafrika Negroland Northeast Africa Portuguese-speaking African countries Sahara Sahel Sub-Saharan Africa Sudan (region) Sudanian Savanna Tibesti Mountains Tropical Africa

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 242512