Guimaras [ɡimaˈɾas] (Hiligaynon: Kapuoran sang Guimaras; Kinaray-a:
Probinsiya kang Guimaras; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Guimaras) is an
island province in the
Philippines located in the region of Western
Visayas. Among the smallest provinces, its capital is Jordan. The
province is situated in the
Panay Gulf, between the islands of Panay
and Negros. To the northwest is the province of
Iloilo and to the
southeast is Negros Occidental. The whole island is part of the Metro
Iloilo-Guimaras, one of the twelve metropolitan areas of the
The province consists primarily of
Guimaras Island, and also includes
Inampulugan, Guiwanon (or Guiuanon), Panobolon, Natunga, Nadulao, and
many surrounding islets. Geologists[who?] have concluded that the
island once formed one landmass with Panay.
Guimaras, formerly known as Himal-us, was a sub-province of Iloilo
until it was made an independent province on May 22, 1992.
1.1 Spanish era
1.2 American era
1.3 Provincial status
Guimaras oil spill
8 See also
10 External links
About 1581, Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa, Spanish governor and
Captain-General of the Philippine Islands, established a settlement in
Guimaras for the purpose of Christianising the island's natives. He
and his subordinates organized the pueblicitos or villages of Nayup
under the patronage of Saint Peter the Apostle, and Igang with Saint
Anne as patroness.
Guimaras occurred around the same time the friars
were making inroads in Panay. The
Augustinians established the visitas
(chapelries) of Nayup and Igang as subordinate to Oton, Iloilo. Gómez
Pérez Dasmariñas, the 7th Spanish Governor-General, noted in a 20
June 1591 report to King Philip II that the friars of Oton made
regular visits to the island.
In 1742, the island came under the jurisdiction of Dumangas – now
known as Iloilo, until 1751 when the Augustinian Order was replaced by
the Jesuits, after which the
Dominican order took over Guimaras. The
Jesuits, who had established a school in
Iloilo and had missions in
Molo and Arevalo, took charge of the island. By 1755, it was organized
into a regular parish. When the population increased considerably, the
island was given its municipal status with a seat of government at
Tilad (today Buenavista).
Under American rule, the Guimarasnons were given the opportunity to
elect their municipal president in 1908.
Douglas MacArthur, a fresh graduate from West Point as a Second
Lieutenant at the age of 23, came to
Iloilo as the head of the company
of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. They constructed roads and the Santo
Rosario Wharf, presently named MacArthur's Wharf, which are still in
use today. In November 1903, while working on Guimaras, he was
ambushed by a pair of Filipino brigands or guerrillas; he shot and
killed both with his pistol.
In 1942, Japanese Imperial forces landed on
Guimaras Island as the
Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan began its occupation of the country during the Second
World War.[further explanation needed]
In 1945, the combined
United States and
Philippine Commonwealth forces
Guimaras Island, attacking the Japanese and defeating them
in the Battle of Guimaras, which led to the liberation of the
island.[further explanation needed]
Guimaras gained its status as a sub-province of
Republic Act 4667, which was enacted by Congress on 18 June 1966.
It was proclaimed as a regular and full-fledged province on 22 May
1992 after a plebiscite was conducted to ratify the approval of its
conversion pursuant to Section 462 of R.A. 7160.
Guimaras acquired its provincial status, President Fidel
V. Ramos appointed Emily Relucio-López as its first Governor.
The province of
Guimaras was originally composed up of three
municipalities: Buenavista, Jordan, and Nueva Valencia. In 1995,
Republic Act No. 7896 and
Republic Act No. 7897, the
Sibunag and San Lorenzo were created. The two new
municipalities officially acquired their municipal status after the
May 8, 1995 plebiscite held simultaneously with the local election.
Ernesto L. Gedalanga was the first appointed mayor of
Arsenio Zambarrano was also appointed mayor of San Lorenzo. The
temporary seat of government of the Municipality of
Sibunag is at
Barangay Dasal while the temporary seat of Government of the
Municipality of San Lorenzo is at
Guimaras oil spill
In August 2006, the
Guimaras oil spill
Guimaras oil spill occurred. The 998-ton M/T Solar
1, chartered by
Petron (the Philippines’ largest oil refiner),
carrying 2.4 million litres of bunker fuel, sank 17 kilometres
(11 mi) off the island's southern coast, contaminating 24 square
kilometres (9.3 sq mi). The
Philippine Coast Guard
Philippine Coast Guard called
this the worst oil spill in the country’s history. According to
officials, 1,100 hectares (2,700 acres) of mangroves were affected,
including parts of the Taklong Island National Marine Reserve.
Guimaras comprises primarily of
Guimaras Island, and the minor islets
of Inampulugan, Guiwanon (or Guiuanon), Panobolon, Natunga, Nadulao
and many more. The province covers a total area of 604.57 square
kilometres (233.43 sq mi) occupying the southeastern
section of the
Western Visayas region.
The province has 5 municipalities. There is only one legislative
Guimaras which encompasses all five towns.
10°41′49″N 122°38′52″E / 10.6970°N 122.6479°E /
10.6970; 122.6479 (Buenavista)
10°39′40″N 122°35′27″E / 10.6611°N 122.5909°E /
10.6611; 122.5909 (Jordan)
10°31′35″N 122°32′23″E / 10.5265°N 122.5396°E /
10.5265; 122.5396 (Nueva Valencia)
10°35′29″N 122°42′09″E / 10.5913°N 122.7024°E /
10.5913; 122.7024 (San Lorenzo)
10°30′10″N 122°37′49″E / 10.5028°N 122.6304°E /
10.5028; 122.6304 (Sibunag)
† Provincial capital
^ The globe icon marks the town center.
Population census of
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority
The population of
Guimaras in the 2015 census was 174,613 people,
with a density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre or 750
inhabitants per square mile.
The people of the province, called Guimarasnon, speak Hiligaynon and
Kinaray-a as the primary languages, as it was once a sub-province of
Iloilo. Filipino and English are widely spoken and
Mangoes galore in the
Guimaras Manggahan Festival
The province is basically agricultural with mangoes, palay, coconuts,
livestock, poultry and fishing as major products. Its major industries
are tourism, fruit processing, coconut processing, fish farming,
handicrafts making, mining, quarrying and lime production.
Guimaras is well known for its agricultural crops, particularly the
mangoes, where some +50,000 of these trees are planted. The island
province is famous for producing one of the sweetest mangoes in the
world, thus earning the nickname "
Mango Capital of the Philippines"
from local and foreign tourists.
Guimaras mangoes are reportedly
served at the
White House and Buckingham Palace. Guimaras'
largest event of the year is the Manggahan Festival (the Mango
Festival). The variety of mangoes produced are also best for
making dried mangoes, jam and other special delicacies.
From Guimaras, a view of
Iloilo City across the
Located southeast of Panay,
Guimaras is separated from
Iloilo by the
Iloilo Strait, a narrow channel which takes about twenty to twenty
five minutes to cross by pump boat from Ortiz in
Iloilo City to
Jordan, Guimaras. Other ferries leave from the Parola wharf in Iloilo
to Buenavista. The Parola wharf is used exclusively during rough
weather conditions especially by ferries from Jordan-Ortiz. A
roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry travels around five times a day but is
mostly used to transport cargoes such as sacks of charcoals and root
Guimaras to Iloilo.
There is also a pump boat service connecting the town of San Lorenzo
Pulupandan in Negros Occidental.
House of Representatives: Lucille Nava (Liberal Party)
Governor: Samuel T. Gumarin (Liberal Party)
Vice Governor: John Edward G. Gando (Liberal Party)
List of islands of the Philippines
Taklong Island National Marine Reserve
^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines:
National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 January
^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)".
Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA.
Retrieved 20 June 2016.
^ Official map of province Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback
Machine.. Province of Guimaras
Guimaras History". Islands Philippines.
^ Clayton, James, D. (1970). "Volume 1, 1880–1941", The Years of
MacArthur. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. pp. 87–89.
^ "US Army in WW II". Robert Ross Smith.
Republic Act No. 4667 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Guimaras
in the Province of Iloilo". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved
20 December 2015.
^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil
Republic Act No. 7896; An Act Creating the Municipality of Sibunag
in the Province of Guimaras". Official Gazette of the Republic of the
Philippines. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
Republic Act No. 7897 - An Act Creating the Municipality of San
Lorenzo in the Province of Guimaras". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library.
Retrieved 20 December 2015.
^ Ombion, Karl G.; Lachica, Ryan B. (2006). "
Guimaras Oil Spill Ship
Found Unfit for Sailing". Bulatlat. Archived from the original on 9
January 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2016. As of press time, the ship’s
sinking has already caused an oil spill contaminating 200 kilometers
of the coastline of Nueva Valencia,
Sibunag and San Lorenzo towns.
This has reportedly affected more than 20 sq. kms of coral reefs,
1,100 has. of the Taclong national marine reserve in Nueva Valencia,
at least 4,000 fishermen and 17,000 households in several coastal
^ a b "Province: Guimaras". PSGC Interactive.
Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January
^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western
Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and
Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
^ Alexander R. Bautista. "The hidden jewel that is Guimaras". Manila
Standard Today. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02.
^ Stefanie. "Journey of a lifetime". blogspot.
^ "Philippine Mangoes Naihain na sa
White House at Buckingham Palace".
^ "Manggahan Festival". guimaras.gov. Archived from the original on
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Media related to
Guimaras at Wikimedia Commons
Provincial Government of Guimaras
Geographic data related to
Guimaras at OpenStreetMap
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Iloilo / Santa Ana Bay (
Guimaras Strait / Negros Occidental
Province of Guimaras
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