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Guimaras
Guimaras
[ɡimaˈɾas] (Hiligaynon: Kapuoran sang Guimaras; Kinaray-a: Probinsiya kang Guimaras; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Guimaras) is an island province in the Philippines
Philippines
located in the region of Western Visayas. Among the smallest provinces, its capital is Jordan. The province is situated in the Panay
Panay
Gulf, between the islands of Panay and Negros. To the northwest is the province of Iloilo
Iloilo
and to the southeast is Negros Occidental. The whole island is part of the Metro Iloilo-Guimaras, one of the twelve metropolitan areas of the Philippines. The province consists primarily of Guimaras
Guimaras
Island, and also includes Inampulugan, Guiwanon (or Guiuanon), Panobolon, Natunga, Nadulao, and many surrounding islets.[3] Geologists[who?] have concluded that the island once formed one landmass with Panay. Guimaras, formerly known as Himal-us, was a sub-province of Iloilo until it was made an independent province on May 22, 1992.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Spanish era 1.2 American era 1.3 Provincial status 1.4 Guimaras
Guimaras
oil spill

2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Economy 5 Transportation 6 Government 7 Tourism 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Spanish era[edit] About 1581, Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa, Spanish governor and Captain-General of the Philippine Islands, established a settlement in Guimaras
Guimaras
for the purpose of Christianising the island's natives. He and his subordinates organized the pueblicitos or villages of Nayup under the patronage of Saint Peter the Apostle, and Igang with Saint Anne as patroness. Evangelization of Guimaras
Guimaras
occurred around the same time the friars were making inroads in Panay. The Augustinians
Augustinians
established the visitas (chapelries) of Nayup and Igang as subordinate to Oton, Iloilo. Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas, the 7th Spanish Governor-General, noted in a 20 June 1591 report to King Philip II that the friars of Oton made regular visits to the island. In 1742, the island came under the jurisdiction of Dumangas – now known as Iloilo, until 1751 when the Augustinian Order was replaced by the Jesuits, after which the Dominican order
Dominican order
took over Guimaras. The Jesuits, who had established a school in Iloilo
Iloilo
and had missions in Molo and Arevalo, took charge of the island. By 1755, it was organized into a regular parish. When the population increased considerably, the island was given its municipal status with a seat of government at Tilad (today Buenavista). American era[edit] Under American rule, the Guimarasnons were given the opportunity to elect their municipal president in 1908.[4] Douglas MacArthur, a fresh graduate from West Point as a Second Lieutenant at the age of 23, came to Iloilo
Iloilo
as the head of the company of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. They constructed roads and the Santo Rosario Wharf, presently named MacArthur's Wharf, which are still in use today. In November 1903, while working on Guimaras, he was ambushed by a pair of Filipino brigands or guerrillas; he shot and killed both with his pistol.[5] In 1942, Japanese Imperial forces landed on Guimaras
Guimaras
Island as the Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
began its occupation of the country during the Second World War.[further explanation needed] In 1945, the combined United States
United States
and Philippine Commonwealth
Philippine Commonwealth
forces landed on Guimaras
Guimaras
Island, attacking the Japanese and defeating them in the Battle of Guimaras, which led to the liberation of the island.[6][further explanation needed] Provincial status[edit] Guimaras
Guimaras
gained its status as a sub-province of Iloilo
Iloilo
through Republic Act
Republic Act
4667,[7] which was enacted by Congress on 18 June 1966. It was proclaimed as a regular and full-fledged province on 22 May 1992 after a plebiscite was conducted to ratify the approval of its conversion pursuant to Section 462 of R.A. 7160.[8] Shortly after Guimaras
Guimaras
acquired its provincial status, President Fidel V. Ramos appointed Emily Relucio-López as its first Governor. The province of Guimaras
Guimaras
was originally composed up of three municipalities: Buenavista, Jordan, and Nueva Valencia. In 1995, through Republic Act
Republic Act
No. 7896 and Republic Act
Republic Act
No. 7897,[9][10] the municipalities of Sibunag
Sibunag
and San Lorenzo were created. The two new municipalities officially acquired their municipal status after the May 8, 1995 plebiscite held simultaneously with the local election. Ernesto L. Gedalanga was the first appointed mayor of Sibunag
Sibunag
and Arsenio Zambarrano was also appointed mayor of San Lorenzo. The temporary seat of government of the Municipality of Sibunag
Sibunag
is at Barangay
Barangay
Dasal while the temporary seat of Government of the Municipality of San Lorenzo is at Barangay
Barangay
Cabano. Guimaras
Guimaras
oil spill[edit] In August 2006, the Guimaras oil spill
Guimaras oil spill
occurred. The 998-ton M/T Solar 1, chartered by Petron
Petron
(the Philippines’ largest oil refiner), carrying 2.4 million litres of bunker fuel, sank 17 kilometres (11 mi) off the island's southern coast, contaminating 24 square kilometres (9.3 sq mi). The Philippine Coast Guard
Philippine Coast Guard
called this the worst oil spill in the country’s history. According to officials, 1,100 hectares (2,700 acres) of mangroves were affected, including parts of the Taklong Island National Marine Reserve.[11] Geography[edit] Guimaras
Guimaras
comprises primarily of Guimaras
Guimaras
Island, and the minor islets of Inampulugan, Guiwanon (or Guiuanon), Panobolon, Natunga, Nadulao and many more. The province covers a total area of 604.57 square kilometres (233.43 sq mi)[12] occupying the southeastern section of the Western Visayas
Western Visayas
region. The province has 5 municipalities. There is only one legislative district of Guimaras
Guimaras
which encompasses all five towns.

Municipality [i] Population ±% p.a. Area[12] Density Brgy.

(2015)[2] (2010)[13]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

10°41′49″N 122°38′52″E / 10.6970°N 122.6479°E / 10.6970; 122.6479 (Buenavista) Buenavista 7001289000000000000♠28.9% 50,437 46,703 +1.48% 128.26 49.52 390 1,000 36

10°39′40″N 122°35′27″E / 10.6611°N 122.5909°E / 10.6611; 122.5909 (Jordan) Jordan † 7001207000000000000♠20.7% 36,096 34,791 +0.70% 126.11 48.69 290 750 14

10°31′35″N 122°32′23″E / 10.5265°N 122.5396°E / 10.5265; 122.5396 (Nueva Valencia) Nueva Valencia 7001228000000000000♠22.8% 39,810 37,852 +0.96% 137.12 52.94 290 750 22

10°35′29″N 122°42′09″E / 10.5913°N 122.7024°E / 10.5913; 122.7024 (San Lorenzo) San Lorenzo 7001150000000000000♠15.0% 26,112 24,032 +1.59% 93.04 35.92 280 730 12

10°30′10″N 122°37′49″E / 10.5028°N 122.6304°E / 10.5028; 122.6304 (Sibunag) Sibunag 7001127000000000000♠12.7% 22,158 19,565 +2.40% 120.04 46.35 180 470 14

Total 174,613 162,943 +1.33% 604.57 233.43 290 750 98

 †  Provincial capital      Municipality

^ The globe  icon marks the town center.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Guimaras

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1990 117,990 —    

1995 126,470 +1.31%

2000 141,450 +2.43%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

2007 151,238 +0.93%

2010 162,943 +2.75%

2015 174,613 +1.33%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][13][13]

The population of Guimaras
Guimaras
in the 2015 census was 174,613 people,[2] with a density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre or 750 inhabitants per square mile. The people of the province, called Guimarasnon, speak Hiligaynon and Kinaray-a
Kinaray-a
as the primary languages, as it was once a sub-province of Iloilo. Filipino and English are widely spoken and understood.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Mangoes galore in the Guimaras
Guimaras
Manggahan Festival

The province is basically agricultural with mangoes, palay, coconuts, livestock, poultry and fishing as major products. Its major industries are tourism, fruit processing, coconut processing, fish farming, handicrafts making, mining, quarrying and lime production.

Guimaras
Guimaras
greenery

Guimaras
Guimaras
is well known for its agricultural crops, particularly the mangoes, where some +50,000 of these trees are planted. The island province is famous for producing one of the sweetest mangoes in the world, thus earning the nickname " Mango
Mango
Capital of the Philippines" from local and foreign tourists. Guimaras
Guimaras
mangoes are reportedly served at the White House
White House
and Buckingham Palace.[14][15][16] Guimaras' largest event of the year is the Manggahan Festival (the Mango Festival).[17] The variety of mangoes produced are also best for making dried mangoes, jam and other special delicacies.

Transportation[edit]

From Guimaras, a view of Iloilo
Iloilo
City across the Iloilo
Iloilo
Strait.

Located southeast of Panay, Guimaras
Guimaras
is separated from Iloilo
Iloilo
by the Iloilo
Iloilo
Strait, a narrow channel which takes about twenty to twenty five minutes to cross by pump boat from Ortiz in Iloilo
Iloilo
City to Jordan, Guimaras. Other ferries leave from the Parola wharf in Iloilo to Buenavista. The Parola wharf is used exclusively during rough weather conditions especially by ferries from Jordan-Ortiz. A roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferry travels around five times a day but is mostly used to transport cargoes such as sacks of charcoals and root crops from Guimaras
Guimaras
to Iloilo. There is also a pump boat service connecting the town of San Lorenzo to Pulupandan
Pulupandan
in Negros Occidental. Government[edit]

House of Representatives: Lucille Nava (Liberal Party) Governor: Samuel T. Gumarin (Liberal Party) Vice Governor: John Edward G. Gando (Liberal Party)

Tourism[edit]

Manggahan Festival Taklong Island

etc. See also[edit]

List of islands of the Philippines Taklong Island National Marine Reserve

References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 30 January 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Official map of province Archived 2011-05-11 at the Wayback Machine.. Province of Guimaras ^ " Guimaras
Guimaras
History". Islands Philippines.  ^ Clayton, James, D. (1970). "Volume 1, 1880–1941", The Years of MacArthur. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. pp. 87–89. ISBN 0-395-10948-5.  ^ "US Army in WW II". Robert Ross Smith.  ^ " Republic Act
Republic Act
No. 4667 - An Act Creating the Subprovince of Guimaras in the Province of Iloilo". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 20 December 2015.  ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project.  ^ " Republic Act
Republic Act
No. 7896; An Act Creating the Municipality of Sibunag in the Province of Guimaras". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 20 December 2015.  ^ " Republic Act
Republic Act
No. 7897 - An Act Creating the Municipality of San Lorenzo in the Province of Guimaras". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 20 December 2015.  ^ Ombion, Karl G.; Lachica, Ryan B. (2006). " Guimaras
Guimaras
Oil Spill Ship Found Unfit for Sailing". Bulatlat. Archived from the original on 9 January 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2016. As of press time, the ship’s sinking has already caused an oil spill contaminating 200 kilometers of the coastline of Nueva Valencia, Sibunag
Sibunag
and San Lorenzo towns. This has reportedly affected more than 20 sq. kms of coral reefs, 1,100 has. of the Taclong national marine reserve in Nueva Valencia, at least 4,000 fishermen and 17,000 households in several coastal villages.  ^ a b "Province: Guimaras". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ Alexander R. Bautista. "The hidden jewel that is Guimaras". Manila Standard Today. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02.  ^ Stefanie. "Journey of a lifetime". blogspot.  ^ "Philippine Mangoes Naihain na sa White House
White House
at Buckingham Palace". GMA News.  ^ "Manggahan Festival". guimaras.gov. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. 

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

Download coordinates as: KML · GPX

Media related to Guimaras
Guimaras
at Wikimedia Commons Provincial Government of Guimaras Geographic data related to Guimaras
Guimaras
at OpenStreetMap

Places adjacent to Guimaras

Iloilo Iloilo
Iloilo
Strait

Iloilo
Iloilo
/ Santa Ana Bay ( Panay
Panay
Gulf)

Guimaras

Guimaras Strait
Guimaras Strait
/ Negros Occidental

Guimaras
Guimaras
Strait Negros Occidental

v t e

Province of Guimaras

Jordan (capital)

Municipalities

Buenavista Jordan Nueva Valencia San Lorenzo Sibunag

Articles related to Guimaras

v t e

Western Visayas
Western Visayas
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Iloilo
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Aklan Antique Capiz Guimaras Iloilo Negros Occidental

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