Guillaume Budé (Latin: Guilielmus Budaeus; 26 January 1467 –
23 August 1540) was a French scholar.
4 See also
7 External links
Budé was born in Paris. He went to the
University of Orléans
University of Orléans to
study law, but for several years, being possessed of ample means, he
led an idle and dissipated life. When about twenty-four years of age,
he was seized with a sudden passion for study, and made rapid
progress, particularly in Latin and Greek.
The work which gained him greatest reputation was his De Asse et
Partibus Eius (1514), a treatise on ancient coins and measures. He was
held in high esteem by Francis I, who was persuaded by him, and by
Jean du Bellay, bishop of Narbonne, to found the Collegium Trilingue,
afterwards the Collège de France, and the library at Fontainebleau,
which was removed to
Paris and was the origin of the Bibliothèque
Nationale. He also induced Francis to refrain from prohibiting
printing in France, which had been advised by the Sorbonne in 1533.
Earlier, he had been sent by Louis XII to
Rome as ambassador to Leo X,
and in 1522 was appointed maître des requêtes and was several times
prévôt des marchands.
When he died, in Paris, his request was that he should be buried at
night, and his widow's open profession of
Protestantism at Geneva
(where she retired after his death), caused him to be suspected of
leanings towards Calvinism. Sections of his correspondence with
Erasmus also suggest this religious inclination. At
the time of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, the members of his
family were obliged to flee from France. Some took refuge in
Switzerland, where they worthily upheld the traditions of their house,
while others settled in
Swedish Pomerania under the name Budde or
Buddeus (see Johann Franz Buddeus).
Budé was also the author of Annotationes in XXIV. libros Pandectarum
(1508), which, by the application of philology and history, had a
great influence on the study of Roman law, and of Commentarii linguae
Graecae (1529), an extensive collection of lexicographical notes,
which contributed greatly to the study of
Greek literature in
France. Epistolae (1520, 8vo) is a collection that contains only a
small part of the voluminous correspondence of Bude, written in Greek
with remarkable purity.
Guillaume Budé corresponded with the most learned men of his time,
amongst them Erasmus, who called him the "marvel of France", and
Thomas More. He wrote with equal facility in Greek and Latin.
Guillaume was the son of
Jean Budé (d. 1502) and Catherine Le Picart.
He married Roberte Le Lieur when she was about 15 years old. Their
Dreux Budé (d. 1547), married Marthe Paillart
François (d. 1550)
Greek scholars in the Renaissance
^ a b c d e f One or more of the preceding
sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public
domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budé, Guillaume".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
^ McNeil, David O. (1975). Guillaume Bude and Humanism in the Reign of
Francis I. Google Books: Geneve Librairie Droz. p. 7.
ISBN 9782600030571. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
^ Sylie Charton le Clech, Chancellerie et Culture (1993), 324
Loys Leroy (or Regius), Vita G. Budaei (1540)
D. Rebitté, G. Budé, restaurateur des études grecques en France
E. de Budé, Vie de G. Budé (1884), who refutes the idea of his
ancestor's Protestant views
D'Hozier, La Maison de Budé
L. Delaruelle, Études sur l'humanisme français (1907)
Guillaume Budé and Humanism in the Reign of Francis I
Guillaume Budé at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
Budé, Guillaume, "De Asse et Partibus Ejus", 1528 at Google Books
Budé, Guillaume, "De Asse et Partibus Ejus", 1542 at Google Books
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guillaume Budé.
ISNI: 0000 0001 2103 6035
BNF: cb12073087h (data)