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Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
is a colonial township in eastern Havana, Cuba, and one of the 15 municipalities (or boroughs) of the city. It is famous for its historical Santería
Santería
and is home to the first African Cabildo in Havana. It was the site of the Battle of Guanabacoa, a skirmish between British and Spanish troops during the Battle of Havana
Havana
during the Seven Years' War.

Contents

1 Overview 2 The Jewish Community 3 Notable people 4 Climate 5 References 6 External links

Overview[edit] The town of Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
is found situated in the province of La Havana, some five kilometers to the southeast of La Havana
Havana
(city) and south of the city of Regla. It rests on a small hill bordered by rivers.[3] Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
was also the home of a small community of Florida
Florida
Indians, mostly Apalachees and Yamasees, who, along with Spanish forces, were evacuated from Florida
Florida
in 1764, following the conclusion of the Seven Years' War.[4][5] The Jewish Community[edit] It is unknown when the Jewish Community developed in the town of Guanabacoa. In the late 1920s Samuel Epstein, owner of Aetna Knitted Fabrics from New York’s Lower East Side, established Sedanita in rented facilities in Guanabacoa. The company imported $75,000 worth of equipment for the production of underwear, shawls, and scarves; it employed 200 workers. But, Jewish-owned businesses do not constitute a Jewish community. Sedanita moved to San José de las Lajas after it was sold to the Brandon family evidently in the late 1930s. It is clear that earlier there were other Jewish-owned light manufacturing plants in Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
as well. In the 1930s these included the factory of Charles Shapiro. From available evidence Shapiro’s business went well. After Sedanita moved out, Shapiro bought the building that the Epstein’s rented, and used it to expand his own knitting and dying company. By the 1940s there was a Jewish Community in Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
headquartered in the Centro Israelita at Calle Martí 252. There was also a WIZO branch. Records of the founding of the community are missing. The Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
community apparently was business-oriented, and basing a community upon businesses is problematic. Even during the 1950s the Jewish community in Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
was in decline. It was one of the early casualties of emigration after the Castro Revolution.[6] Notable people[edit] Three of the greatest personalities of Cuban music were born in this town: Ernesto Lecuona, Rita Montaner, and Ignacio Villa (Bola de Nieve). Four Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
players were also born here: Emilio Palmero (1895), Tony Ordeñana (1918), Rene Valdez (1929), and Evelio Hernández (1931), as well as the television news reporter Rick Sanchez. The township was also the childhood home of Cuban singer, Lucrecia Saez Perez, hailed by many as a successor to the great Celia Cruz. The fictional Peña family featured in the PBS
PBS
comedy series ¿Qué Pasa, USA? were natives of Guanabacoa. Climate[edit] This area typically has a pronounced dry season. According to the Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
system, Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
has a tropical savanna climate, abbreviated "Aw" on climate maps.[7] References[edit]

^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^ Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^ "Guanabacoa" (in Spanish). La ciudad de Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
se encuentra situada en la provincia de La Habana, a unos cinco kilómetros al suroeste de la ciudad de La Habana y sur de la ciudad de Regla. La ciudad descansa sobre una colina no muy alta bordeada por ríos.  ^ Joseph Antonio Gelabert, Havana, April 10, 1764, Archivo General de las Indias, Santo Domingo, leg. 2574. ^ Gelabert, Juan Esteban de Peña, and Juan Josef Elixio de la Puente, Havana, April 10, 1764, Archivo General de las Indias, Santo Domingo, leg. 2574. ^ Levinson, Jay. Jewish Community of Cuba: The Golden Years, 1906-1958, Westview Publishing Company, Nashville, Tennessee, (February 2006). ISBN 0-9776207-0-0 ^ Climate Summary for Guanabacoa

External links[edit]

Cuba
Cuba
portal

Media related to Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
at Wikimedia Commons

(in Spanish) Guanabacoa
Guanabacoa
(town's history prior to 1960)

v t e

Municipalities and wards of Havana

Arroyo Naranjo

Callejas Calvario-Fraternidad Eléctrico Guinera Los Pinos Managua Mantilla Párraga Poey Víbora Park

Boyeros

Altahabana-Capdevila Armada-Aldabo Boyeros Calabazar Nuevo Santiago Santiago de las Vegas Wajay

Centro Habana

Cayo Hueso Colón Dragones Los Sitios Pueblo Nuevo

Cerro

Armada Cerro El Canal Las Cañas Latinoamericano Palatino Pilar-Atares

Cotorro

Alberro Cuatro Caminos Lotería San Pedro-Centro Cotorro Santa Maria del Rosario Magdalena-Torriente

Diez de Octubre

Acosta Jesús del Monte La Víbora Lawton Luyanó Santos Suárez Sevillano Tamarindo Vista Alegre

Guanabacoa

Chivas-Roble Debeche-Nalon Hata-Naranjo Mañana-Habana Nueva Minas-Barreras Peñalver-Bacuranao Villa I Villa II

La Habana del Este

Alamar Este Alamar-Playa Alturas de Alamar Camilo Cienfuegos Campo Florido Cojímar Guanabo
Guanabo
(incl. Santa María del Mar, Tarará) Guiteras

La Habana Vieja

Belén Catedral Jesús María Plaza Vieja Prado San Isidro Tallapiedra

La Lisa

Alturas de La Lisa Arroyo Arenas Balcón Arimao El Cano-Valle Grande-Bello 26 y Morado Punta Brava San Agustín Versalles-Coronela

Marianao

CAI-Los Ángeles Libertad Pocito-Palmas Pogoloti-Belén-Finlay Santa Felicia Zamora-Cocosolo

Playa

Ampliación Almendares Buena Vista (incl. Puentes Grandes) Ceiba Cubanacán Miramar Santa Fe Siboney Sierra

Plaza de la Revolución

Colón-Nuevo Vedado El Carmelo Nuevo Vedado-Puentes Grandes Plaza Príncipe Rampa Vedado Vedado-Malecón

Regla

Casablanca Guaicanimar Loma Modelo

San Miguel del Padrón

Diezmero Dolores-Veracruz Jacomino Luyanó Moderno Rocafort San

.