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Guan Ying (died 176 BC), posthumously known as Marquis Yi of Yingyin, was a Chinese military general and politician who served as a
chancellor Chancellor ( la, links=no, cancellarius) is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. The original chancellors were the '' cancellarii'' of Roman courts of justice—ushers, who sat at the ''cancelli'' or lattice wo ...
of the
Western Han dynasty The Han dynasty () was the second imperial dynasty of China (202 BC – 220 AD), established by the rebel leader Liu Bang and ruled by the House of Liu. Preceded by the short-lived Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) and a warring interregnum know ...
.


Life

Guan Ying was from Suiyang (), which is present-day Shangqiu,
Henan Henan (; Chinese postal romanization, alternatively Honan) is a landlocked Provinces of China, province of China, in the Central China, central part of the country. Henan is often referred to as Zhongyuan or Zhongzhou (), which literally mean ...
. He served under
Liu Bang Emperor Gaozu of Han (256 – 1 June 195 BC), born Liu Bang () with courtesy name Ji (季), was the founder and first emperor of the Han dynasty, reigning in 202–195 BC. His temple name was "Taizu" while his posthumous name was Emperor ...
, the founding emperor of the Han dynasty, and joined him in rebelling against the
Qin dynasty
Qin dynasty
. He also fought on Liu Bang's side during the
Chu–Han Contention The Chu–Han Contention (206–202 BC) was an interregnum period between the Qin dynasty and the Han dynasty The Han dynasty () was the second Dynasties in Chinese history, imperial dynasty of China (202 BC – 220 AD), established by ...
and assisted him in overcoming his rival,
Xiang Yu Xiang Yu (, –202 BC), born Xiang Ji (項籍), was the Ba Wang (霸王) or ''Hegemon-King'' of Western Chu during the Chu–Han Contention period (206–202 BC) of China. A noble of the Chu state, Xiang Yu rebelled against the Qin dynasty ...
. After Liu Bang became emperor and established the Han dynasty, Guan Ying served as General of Chariots and Cavalry (). He assisted Liu Bang in putting down Chen Xi's rebellion and killed Hou Chang (), one of Chen Xi's commanders, near Quni (; around west of present-day Baoding, Hebei) in 196BC. Following Liu Bang's death, Empress Lü and her clan seized power from the Liu family and controlled the Han government – this event is historically known as the Lü Clan Disturbance. When the prince Liu Xiang, Prince of Qi, Liu Xiang rebelled against the Lü clan, Guan Ying was appointed General-in-Chief () and ordered to lead an army to suppress the revolt. However, he led his troops elsewhere instead and combined forces with Zhou Bo, Chen Ping (Han dynasty), Chen Ping and others who were loyal to the Liu family to oust the Lü clan from power and install Emperor Wen of Han, Liu Heng (Emperor Wen), a son of Liu Bang, on the throne. After becoming emperor, Emperor Wen appointed Guan Ying as Grand Marshal () and subsequently promoted him to the position of Chancellor (China), Chancellor. Guan Ying died in office after about a year and was given the posthumous name Marquis Yi ().


References


Citations


Bibliography

* Sima Qian et al. ''Records of the Grand Historian'' (''Shi Ji'') vol. 95. * Ban Gu et al. ''Book of Han'' (''Han Shu'') vol. 41. * 176 BC deaths Han dynasty generals from Henan Han dynasty politicians from Henan Politicians from Shangqiu {{China-mil-bio-stub