The _GRUNDRISSE DER KRITIK DER POLITISCHEN ÖKONOMIE_ (_Fundamentals of Political Economy Criticism_) is a lengthy, unfinished manuscript by the German philosopher Karl Marx . The series of seven notebooks were rough-drafted by Marx, chiefly for purposes of self-clarification, during the winter of 1857-8. Left aside by Marx in 1858, it remained unpublished until 1939.
* 1 Contents * 2 Dissemination * 3 The _Grundrisse\'_s influence * 4 Footnotes * 5 Further reading * 6 External links
The _Grundrisse_ is very wide-ranging in subject matter and covers all six sections of Marx's economics (of which only one, the first volume of _ Das Kapital _, ever reached a final form). It is often described as the rough draft of _Das Kapital_, although there is considerable disagreement about the exact relationship between the two texts, particularly around the issue of methodology .
Due to its breadth and its incorporation of themes from Marx's earlier writings, the _Grundrisse_ is central to Marx's body of work. Its subject matter includes production , relations of production , distribution , exchange , alienation , value , labor , capitalism , the rise of technology and automation , pre-capitalist forms of social organization, and the preconditions for a communist revolution. Scholars have noted major differences between Marx's earlier writings, such as _ The German Ideology _ and _ The Communist Manifesto _, and the late ones, _Das Kapital_ and _Grundrisse_, suggesting that Marx's views evolved, though the main themes remained the same.
As Martin Nicolaus and others have argued, the _Grundrisse_ is crucial for understanding Marx’s mature analysis of capitalism, even though, historically, it has been far less influential in the development of the various strands of Marxist theory than earlier texts such as the _Communist Manifesto_, the _Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 _, and _The German Ideology_. Towards the end of h