The Info List - Grundrisse

--- Advertisement ---

The Grundrisse
der Kritik der Politischen Ökonomie (Fundamentals of Political Economy Criticism) is a lengthy, unfinished manuscript by the German philosopher Karl Marx. The series of seven notebooks were rough-drafted by Marx, chiefly for purposes of self-clarification, during the winter of 1857-8. Left aside by Marx in 1858, it remained unpublished until 1939.


1 Contents 2 Dissemination 3 The Grundrisse's influence 4 Footnotes 5 Further reading 6 External links

Contents[edit] The Grundrisse
is very wide-ranging in subject matter and covers all six sections of Marx's economics (of which only one, the first volume of Das Kapital, ever reached a final form). It is often described as the rough draft of Das Kapital, although there is considerable disagreement about the exact relationship between the two texts, particularly around the issue of methodology. Due to its breadth and its incorporation of themes from Marx's earlier writings, the Grundrisse
is central to Marx's body of work. Its subject matter includes production, relations of production, distribution, exchange, alienation, value, labor, capitalism, the rise of technology and automation, pre-capitalist forms of social organization, and the preconditions for a communist revolution. Scholars have noted major differences between Marx's earlier writings, such as The German Ideology
The German Ideology
and The Communist Manifesto, and the late ones, Das Kapital
Das Kapital
and Grundrisse,[1] suggesting that Marx's views evolved, though the main themes remained the same. [citation needed] As Martin Nicolaus and others have argued, the Grundrisse
is crucial for understanding Marx’s mature analysis of capitalism, even though, historically, it has been far less influential in the development of the various strands of Marxist theory
Marxist theory
than earlier texts such as the Communist Manifesto, the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, and The German Ideology. Towards the end of his life, Marx, according to Nicolaus, viewed the latter “with a scepticism bordering on rejection.” The Grundrisse, on the other hand, was one of the few texts which Marx spoke of “with a tone of achievement and a sense of accomplishment.”[2] If this is true, possibly the main reason is that the more substantive first part of The German Ideology
The German Ideology
was largely written by Friedrich Engels
Friedrich Engels
while the subsequent parts, satirizing the linguistic apostasies and word-mongering of Left- Hegelian
philosophers, were written by Marx himself. French philosopher Louis Althusser
Louis Althusser
believed that Marx's thought had been misunderstood and underestimated. He condemned various interpretations of Marx—such as historicism, idealism, economism—on the grounds that they fail to realise that Marx's "science of history", historical materialism, represents a revolutionary view of social change. Althusser believed these errors to result from the notion (mistaken in his view) that Marx's entire body of work forms a coherent whole. Althusser proffered a radical "epistemological break" in Marx's thought, which can be seen by comparing the unpublished Grundrisse
and Das Kapital.[3] Dissemination[edit] The Grundrisse
became available in different languages over a period of time.[4]

1939–41 First German edition Marx–Engels Institute, Moscow 1953 Second German edition Dietz-Verlag, East Berlin 1958–65 Japanese translation 1962–78 Chinese translation 1967–8 French translation Roger Dangeville
Roger Dangeville
(International Communist Party) 1968–9 Russian translation 1968–70 Italian translation 1970–1 Spanish translation 1971 Swedish translation 1971–7 Czech translation 1972 Hungarian translation 1972–4 Romanian translation 1973 English translation 1974–5 Slovak translation 1974–8 Danish translation 1979 Serbian/Serbo-Croatian translation 1979 Turkish translation 1985 Slovenian translation 1985–7 Persian translation 1986 Polish translation 1986 Finnish translation 1989–92 Greek translation 2000 Korean translation 2008 Portuguese translation.

The Grundrisse's influence[edit] The translation of the Grundrisse
into English in 1973 had a profound effect on the then-emerging field of cultural studies.[5] Stuart Hall, at that time the director of the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies at the University of Birmingham, led several seminars on Marx's introduction to the Grundrisse, particularly "The method of political economy." These seminars culminated in the publication of a working paper titled “Marx’s Notes on Method: A ‘Reading’ of the ‘1857 Introduction.’”[6] According to Greg Wise, in that working paper, Hall lays the groundwork for theories of overdetermination and articulation, both of which would be used in a study of mugging in the United Kingdom, Policing the Crisis.[5] Footnotes[edit]

^ Wood, Ellen Meiksins (2002) The Origins of Capitalism: A Longer View London: Verso p.35 ^ Nicolaus, Martin. "The Unknown Marx," New Left Review I/48, March–April 1968 ^ Althusser, Louis; Balibar, Etienne (2009). Reading Capital. London and New York: Verso.  ^ Musto, Marcello. "Karl Marx's Grundrisse" (PDF). Routledge.  ^ a b Wise, Greg (2003). "Reading Hall Reading Marx". Cultural Studies. 17 (2): 105–112. doi:10.1080/0950238032000071668.  ^ Hall, Stuart (2003). "Marx's Notes on Method: A 'Reading' of the '1857 Introduction.'". Cultural Studies. 17 (2): 113–149. doi:10.1080/0950238032000114868. 

Further reading[edit]

Bottomore, Tom, ed. A Dictionary of Marxist Thought. Oxford: Blackwell, 1998. Harvey, David. The Limits of Capital. London: Verso, 2006. Lallier, Adalbert G. The Economics of Marx’s Grundrisse: an Annotated Summary. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1989. Mandel, Ernest. The Formation of the Economic Thought of Karl Marx: 1843 to Capital. London: Verso, 2015. Mandel, Ernest. Marxist Economic Theory. New York: Monthly Review Press, 1970. Negri, Antonio. Marx Beyond Marx: Lessons on the Grundrisse. Brooklyn: Autonomedia, 1989. Postone, Moishe. Time, Labor, and Social Domination: A Reinterpretation of Marx's Critical Theory. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Uchida, Hiroshi. Marx's Grundrisse
and Hegel's Logic. Terrell Carber, ed. London: Routledge, 2015.

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Grundrisse

Complete text (English html format), Marxists Internet Archive, www.marxists.org/

v t e

Works by Karl Marx
Karl Marx
and Friedrich Engels



Capital, Volume I
Capital, Volume I
(1867) Capital, Volume II
Capital, Volume II
(1885, posthumous) Capital, Volume III
Capital, Volume III
(1894, posthumous)

Other works

Scorpion and Felix
Scorpion and Felix
(1837) Oulanem (1839) The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature (1841) "The Philosophical Manifesto of the Historical School of Law" (1842) Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right
Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right
(1843) "On the Jewish Question" (1843) "Notes on James Mill" (1844) Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
(1844, published 1927) "Theses on Feuerbach" (1845, published 1888) The Poverty of Philosophy
The Poverty of Philosophy
(1847) "Wage Labour and Capital" (1847) The Class Struggles in France, 1848–1850 (1850) The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon
The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon
(1852) Grundrisse
(1857, published 1939) A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy
A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy
(1859) Theories of Surplus Value
Theories of Surplus Value
(three volumes, 1862) "Value, Price and Profit" (1865) "The Belgian Massacres" (1869) "The Civil War in France" (1871) Critique of the Gotha Program (1875) Mathematical manuscripts of Karl Marx
Karl Marx

Marx and Engels

The German Ideology
The German Ideology
(1845, published 1932) The Holy Family (1845) The Communist Manifesto
The Communist Manifesto
(1848) The Civil War in the United States (1861) Marx/Engels Collected Works
Marx/Engels Collected Works
(1975 - 2004) Marx-Engels-Gesamtausgabe
(1975 - today)


The Condition of the Working Class in England
The Condition of the Working Class in England
(1845) Principles of Communism
(1847) The Peasant War in Germany (1850) "The Part Played by Labour in the Transition from Ape to Man" (1876) Anti-Dühring
(1878) Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (1880) Dialectics of Nature
Dialectics of Nature
(1883) The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State (1884) Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy
Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Philosophy
(1886) Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany
Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Germany
(1896, posthumous)

See also

Marx's notebooks on the history of technology Tendency of the rate of profit to fall

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 180307