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The Group of 77
Group of 77
(G77) at the United Nations
United Nations
is a coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.[1] There were 77 founding members of the organization, but by November 2013 the organization had since expanded to 134 member countries (including China).[2] Since China participates in the G77 but does not consider itself to be a member, all official statements are issued in the name of The Group of 77
Group of 77
and China. Egypt
Egypt
holds the Chairmanship for 2018. The group was founded on 15 June 1964, by the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the United Nations
United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).[3] The first major meeting was in Algiers in 1967, where the Charter of Algiers was adopted and the basis for permanent institutional structures was begun. There are Chapters of the Group of 77
Group of 77
in Geneva
Geneva
(UN), Rome
Rome
(FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Paris
Paris
(UNESCO), Nairobi
Nairobi
(UNEP) and the Group of 24
Group of 24
in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
( International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund
and World Bank).

Contents

1 Policies 2 Members

2.1 Current founding members[8] 2.2 Other current members 2.3 China 2.4 Former members

3 Presiding countries[11] 4 Group of 24 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Policies[edit] The group has been credited with common stance against apartheid and for supporting global disarmament.[4] It has been supportive of the New International Economic
Economic
Order.[4][5] It has been subject to criticism for its lackluster support, or outright opposition, to pro-environmental initiatives, which the group considers secondary to economic development and poverty-eradication initiatives.[4][6][7] Members[edit]

Group of 77
Group of 77
countries as of 2013

As of July 2017, the group comprises all of the UN member states (along with the State of Palestine), excluding the following countries:

Members of the Council of Europe, except for Bosnia Herzegovina Members of the Organisation for Economic
Economic
Co-operation and Development, except for Chile Members of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
Free Trade Area, except for Tajikistan Two Pacific microstates: Palau
Palau
and Tuvalu.

Current founding members[8][edit]

 Afghanistan  Algeria  Argentina  Benin[a]  Bolivia  Brazil  Burkina Faso[b]  Burundi  Cambodia  Cameroon  Central African Republic  Chad  Chile  Colombia   Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
(Kinshasa)  Congo (Brazzaville)  Costa Rica  Dominican Republic  Ecuador  Egypt[c]  El Salvador  Ethiopia  Gabon  Ghana  Guatemala  Guinea  Haiti  Honduras  India  Indonesia  Iran  Iraq  Jamaica  Jordan  Kenya  Kuwait  Laos  Lebanon  Liberia  Libya  Madagascar  Malaysia  Mali  Mauritania  Morocco  Myanmar[d]    Nepal  Nicaragua  Niger  Nigeria  Pakistan  Panama  Paraguay  Peru  Philippines  Rwanda  Saudi Arabia  Senegal  Sierra Leone  Somalia  Sri Lanka[e]  Sudan  Syria  Tanzania[f]  Thailand  Togo  Trinidad and Tobago  Tunisia  Uganda  Uruguay  Venezuela  Vietnam  Yemen

^ Joined as Dahomey. ^ Joined as Upper Volta. ^ Joined as the United Arab Republic. ^ Joined as Burma. ^ Joined as Ceylon. ^ Joined as the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Other current members[edit]

 Angola  Antigua and Barbuda  Bahamas  Bahrain  Bangladesh  Barbados  Belize  Bhutan  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Botswana  Brunei  Cape Verde  Comoros  Ivory Coast  Cuba  Djibouti  Dominica  Equatorial Guinea  Eritrea  Fiji  Gambia  Grenada  Guinea-Bissau  Guyana  Kiribati  Lesotho  Malawi  Maldives  Marshall Islands  Mauritius Micronesia  Mongolia  Mozambique  Namibia  North Korea  Nauru  Oman  Palestine  Papua New Guinea  Qatar  Saint Kitts and Nevis  Saint Lucia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Samoa  São Tomé and Príncipe  Seychelles  Singapore  Solomon Islands  South Africa  South Sudan  Suriname  Swaziland  Tajikistan  Timor-Leste  Tonga  Turkmenistan  United Arab Emirates  Vanuatu  Zambia  Zimbabwe

China[edit] The Group of 77
Group of 77
lists China as one of its members.[2] The Chinese government provides consistent political support to the G77 and has made financial contributions to the Group since 1994, but it does not consider itself to be a member.[9] As a result, official statements of the G77 are delivered in the name of The Group of 77
Group of 77
and China.[10] Former members[edit]

  New Zealand
New Zealand
signed the original "Joint Declaration of the Developing Countries" in October 1963, but pulled out of the group before the formation of the G77 in 1964 (it joined the OECD
OECD
in 1973).   Mexico
Mexico
was a founding member, but left the Group after joining the OECD
OECD
in 1994. It had presided over the group in 1973–1974, 1983–1984; however, it is still a member of G-24.   South Korea
South Korea
was a founding member, but left the Group after joining the OECD
OECD
in 1996.  Yugoslavia was a founding member; by the late 1990s it was still listed on the membership list, but it was noted that it "cannot participate in the activities of G77." It was removed from the list in late 2003.[citation needed] It had presided over the group in 1985–1986. Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
is the only part of former Yugoslavia that is currently in G77.   Cyprus
Cyprus
was a founding member, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2004.   Malta
Malta
was admitted to the Group in 1976, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2004.   Palau
Palau
joined the Group in 2002, but withdrew in 2004, having decided that it could best pursue its environmental interests through the Alliance of Small Island States.   Romania
Romania
was admitted to the Group in 1976, but was no longer listed on the official membership list after its accession to the EU in 2007.

Presiding countries[11][edit]

Presiding countries of the G77 since 1970. Colors show the number of times a country has held the position. Gray = never, Yellow = once, Orange = twice, Red = thrice

Presiding country Year

 India 1970–1971

 Peru 1971–1972

 Egypt 1972–1973

 Iran 1973–1974

 Mexico 1974–1975

 Madagascar 1975–1976

 Pakistan 1976–1977

 Jamaica 1977–1978

 Tunisia 1978–1979

 India 1979–1980

 Venezuela 1980–1981

 Algeria 1981–1982

 Bangladesh 1982–1983

 Mexico 1983–1984

 Egypt 1984–1985

 Yugoslavia 1985–1986

 Guatemala 1987

 Tunisia 1988

 Malaysia 1989

 Bolivia 1990

 Ghana 1991

 Pakistan 1992

 Colombia 1993

 Algeria 1994

 Philippines 1995

 Costa Rica 1996

 Tanzania 1997

 Indonesia 1998

 Guyana 1999

 Nigeria 2000

 Iran 2001

 Venezuela 2002

 Morocco 2003

 Qatar 2004

 Jamaica 2005

 South Africa 2006

 Pakistan 2007

 Antigua and Barbuda 2008

 Sudan 2009

 Yemen 2010

 Argentina 2011

 Algeria 2012

 Fiji 2013

 Bolivia 2014

 South Africa 2015

 Thailand 2016

 Ecuador 2017

 Egypt 2018

Group of 24[edit] Main article: Group of 24

G-24 countries.   Member nations   Observer nations

The Group of 24
Group of 24
(G-24) is a chapter of the G-77 that was established in 1971 to coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues and to ensure that their interests were adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters. Every member of the G-24, except for Mexico, is also a member of the G77. Although membership in the G-24 is strictly limited to 24 countries, any other member of the G-77 can join discussions. See also[edit]

United Nations
United Nations
portal International relations portal

Non-Aligned Movement Third World North–South divide South–South cooperation G20 developing nations Politics of global warming List of country groupings List of multilateral free-trade agreements

References[edit]

^ About the Group of 77:Aims ^ a b "The Member States of the Group of 77". The Group of 77
Group of 77
at the United Nations.  ^ About the Group of 77:Establishment ^ a b c Satpathy (2005). Environment Management. Excel Books India. p. 30. ISBN 978-81-7446-458-3.  ^ Malgosia Fitzmaurice; David M. Ong; Panos Merkouris (2010). Research Handbook on International Environmental Law. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 567–. ISBN 978-1-84980-726-5.  ^ Jan Oosthoek; Barry K. Gills (31 October 2013). The Globalization
Globalization
of Environmental Crisis. Taylor & Francis. pp. 93–. ISBN 978-1-317-96895-5.  ^ Howard S. Schiffman (3 May 2011). Green Issues and Debates: An A-to-Z Guide. SAGE Publications. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-1-4522-6626-8.  ^ Signed the "JOINT DECLARATION OF THE SEVENTY-SEVEN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES". ^ "七十七国集团(Group of 77, G77)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of China. July 2016. 中国不是77国集团成员,但一贯支持其正义主张和合理要求,与其保持良好合作关系,在经社领域一般以“77国集团加中国”的模式表达共同立场。中国自1994年开始每年向其捐款,2014年起捐款每年5万美元。  ^ "Statement on behalf of the Group of 77
Group of 77
and China by H.E. Mr. Horacio Sevilla Borja, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Ecuador
Ecuador
to the United Nations, at the opening session of the 4th Prepcom established by General Assembly resolution 69/292: Development of an international legally binding instrument under UNCLOS on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction (New York, 10 July 2017)". www.g77.org. Mr. Chair, I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Group of 77
Group of 77
and China.  ^ "Presiding Countries of the Group of 77
Group of 77
in New York". The Group of 77 at the United Nations. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Group of 77.

Official website Adam Sneyd, "Group of 77", in Globalization
Globalization
and Autonomy Online Compendium, edited by William D. Coleman and Nancy Johnson[permanent dead link] Official website of the Group of 24

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