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The GROSVENOR GALLERY was an art gallery in London
London
founded in 1877 by Sir Coutts Lindsay
Coutts Lindsay
and his wife Blanche. Its first directors were J. Comyns Carr and Charles Hallé . The gallery proved crucial to the Aesthetic Movement because it provided a home for those artists whose approaches the more classical and conservative Royal Academy
Royal Academy
did not welcome, such as Edward Burne-Jones
Edward Burne-Jones
and Walter Crane
Walter Crane
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Generating station * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 Sources and further reading

HISTORY

Grosvenor Gallery
Grosvenor Gallery
plan 1899

The gallery was founded in Bond Street
Bond Street
, London, in 1877 by Sir Coutts Lindsay
Coutts Lindsay
and his wife Blanche. They engaged J. Comyns Carr and Charles Hallé as co-directors. Lindsay and his wife were well-born and well-connected, and both were amateur artists. Blanche was born a Rothschild , and it was her money which made the whole enterprise possible. Interior of the Grosvenor Gallery
Grosvenor Gallery
- West Gallery, published in The Illustrated London
London
News , 5 May 1877

The Grosvenor displayed work by artists from outside the British mainstream, including Edward Burne-Jones
Edward Burne-Jones
, Walter Crane
Walter Crane
and other members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
. In 1877 John Ruskin visited the gallery to see work by Burne-Jones. An exhibition of paintings by James McNeill Whistler
James McNeill Whistler
was also on display. Ruskin's savage review of Whistler's work led to a famous libel case, brought by the artist against the critic. Whistler won a farthing in damages. The case made the gallery famous as the home of the Aesthetic movement, which was satirised in Gilbert and Sullivan
Gilbert and Sullivan
's Patience , which includes the line, "greenery-yallery, Grosvenor Gallery".

In 1888, after a disagreement with Lindsay, Comyns Carr and Hallé resigned from the gallery to found the rival New Gallery , capturing Burne-Jones and many of the Grosvenor Gallery's other artists. The break-up of his marriage, financial constraints and personal conflicts forced Lindsay out of the gallery, which was taken over by his estranged wife.

GENERATING STATION

Upon returning from the Paris Exhibition of 1882, the Earl of Crawford recommended that Lindsay install electric lighting in the gallery. In 1883, two Marshall engines, each belted to a Siemens alternator , were installed in a yard behind the gallery. The installation was a success, and neighbours began requesting a supply. Lindsay, Crawford and Lord Wantage then set up the Sir Coutts Lindsay Co. Ltd., and in 1885 constructed the Grosvenor Power Station. This was constructed under the gallery and had a capacity of 1,000 kilowatts . The station supplied an area reaching as far north as Regent\'s Park , the River Thames
River Thames
to the south, Knightsbridge
Knightsbridge
to the west and the High Court of Justice
High Court of Justice
to the east. However the system caused a lot of trouble, so much so that Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti gave advice as to how to resolve it in 1885; by January 1886 Farranti was Chief Engineer and within a few months reworked the system to include a Hick, Hargreaves Corliss engine and two alternators to his own design as replacements for the Siemans equipment. The station was made a substation with the opening of Deptford Power Station .

SEE ALSO

* Grosvenor Gallery Library

NOTES

* ^ A B C D E Sheppard (General Editor), F. H. W. (1980). \'Bourdon Street and Grosvenor Hill Area\', Survey of London: volume 40: The Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 2 (The Buildings). Institute of Historical Research. pp. 57–63. Retrieved 23 July 2014. * ^ A B Teukolsky, Rachel (2009). The Literate Eye: Victorian Art Writing and Modernist Aesthetics (illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 113. Retrieved 29 July 2014.

SOURCES AND FURTHER READING

* Denney, Colleen (2000). At the Temple of Art: the Grosvenor Gallery, 1877–1890. Issue 1165. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press . ISBN 0-8386-3850-3 . * Hannah, Leslie (1979). Electricity Before Nationalisation, A Study in the Development of the Electricity Supply Industry in Britain to 1948. London
London
& Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers for the Electricity Council . ISBN 0-8018-2145-2 . * Lambourne, Lionel (1996). The Aesthetic Movement. London: Phaidon Press . ISBN 0-7148-3000-3 . * Snodin, Michael; Styles, John (2001). Design & The Decorative Arts, Britain 1500–1900. London: V&A Publications . ISBN 1-85177-338-X .

* v * t * e

Electricity generation
Electricity generation
in Greater London
London

Companies and organisations

CURRENT

* EDF Energy
EDF Energy
* Hardy Oil and Gas
Hardy Oil and Gas
* International Power
International Power

FORMER

* The Energy Group * Pre-nationalisation electric power companies * London
London
Electricity Board * National Power
National Power

POWER STATIONS

BIOMASS

ACTIVE

* Heathrow T2

COAL

CLOSED

* Acton Lane * Barking A, B + C * Battersea * Blackwall Point * Brimsdown * Brunswick Wharf * Croydon A + B * Deptford * Fulham * Greenwich * Grosvenor Gallery * Hackney * Kingston * Lots Road * Neasden * Stepney * West Ham * Woolwich

GAS

ACTIVE

* Barking * Citigen * Croydon * Enfield * Greenwich * Taylors Lane

CLOSED

* Bulls Bridge

FUTURE

* Barking Reach (extension)

Incinerators / Waste

ACTIVE

* Belvedere * Crossness * Edmonton * SELCHP
SELCHP

CLOSED

* Shoreditch

OIL

ACTIVE

* Greenwich (co-fired)

CLOSED

* Bankside * Belvedere * Brunswick Wharf (co-fired) * Lots Road

WIND

ACTIVE

* Dagenham

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